Future of education: Learning and teaching in an ICT revolutionising world

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This was a presentation for High Level policy makers in the EC s in the FAR horizon project

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  • The Evolution of the human species is closely connected to the ability to communicate intelligently, Pre-historic man developed somewhere in the evolution complex language to cooperate Prehistoric men: although there are many different opinions on it is safe to say that speech was developed around half a million or even two million year ago. This capability made it possible to communicate over voice distance directly but not further The communication pattern changed dramatically when humans started to depict and sculpture object and also introduce very basic symbols, which started and also here opinions of scientist differs somewhere between 100 000 and 50 000 years ago, the revolution cause by this was that communication now also could take place over distance and over time (we can still understand part of this communication) Than only 10 000 to 5000 years later somehow humans started to use complex writing to communicate (here you see a Sumerian Clay tablet from about 5000 yr before christ). It became possible to communicate complex matters as astronomy, commercial activities and history of rulers and priest which we now can understand for large parts. Since the writing was only understood by the upper-class and sometimes even only by the clerical elite the writing was usually used for hierarchical purposes Much more recently about 500 years ago it became possible to multiply texts though book printing which suddenly created a situation in which more and more people started to communicate through writing and reading although the communication maintained a strong one way character from author to reading usually more prosperous or clerical audience About 100 years a new revolution took place by mass education in large parts of the world followed by others, directly after this new media emerged where suddenly not only written and printed material was produced but where communication also contained picture movies and sound that was recorded and transmitted over long distances. Also here the character of communication was quite strongly dominated by one way traffic. Than in this frame of evo and revolution we are only very recently let us say the last two decade confronted by a new enormous communication revolution which is the ICT revolution that is based on immensely fast growing computing capacity and complete interconnectiveness of through the Internet . This revolutions makes it possible to coomuniate over time and enormous distance from ervywhere to evryone by evwryone Some scholars assume the development of primitive language-like systems (proto-language) as early as Homo habilis , while others place the development of primitive symbolic communication only with Homo erectus (1.8 million years ago) or Homo heidelbergensis (0.6 million years ago) and the development of language proper with Homo sapiens sapiens less than 100,000 years ago.
  • This evening and tomorrow we will discuss on what actually needs to be learned to prepare people on the outcome of the revolution or even more important to survive the revolution the best way they can
  • ICT revolution society is the consequence of the fast development of computing devices and the internet that together with the development of audiovisual recording and transmission caused a revolution in the ways we communicate in society. This revolution includes all aspects of life as personal relations, business, banking, security, science technology etc etc. Therefore ICT literacy and fluency have become as important as reading and writing . Furthermore does the development of ICT applications for different professions requires specific training
  • The scores for PISA tests on basic language skills and calculus are positively correlated with the economic growth which justifies the investments in the quality of education from the economic perspective
  • Ther is also a tremendous effect of ICT on the Economic performances In High Income countries but even stronger in low income countries
  • Example UK situation in other countries may
  • The needs for ICT skill development in the population is very high but we need it to learn from our teachers which are also in need of ……………………….
  • The needs for ICT skill development in the population is very high but we need it to learn from our teachers which are also in need of ……………………….
  • Future of education: Learning and teaching in an ICT revolutionising world

    1. 1. The need for visionary policiesfor teaching and learning for an ICT revolutionizing Society Far horizon working dinner 2 December, 2010 Brussels Teaching and learning for an ICT revolutionizing world
    2. 2. Communicative revolutions in human society Total interconnectivity Mass education Mass media Book printing Writing Picture and symbol communicationOral communication through language Years ago 6 5 4 3 2 1 10 10 10 10 10 10
    3. 3. Commonalities• All these communication(r)evolutions had in common that they accompanied large innovative changes in society• Speech made it possible to coordinate action (during hunting) and to teach the fabrication of tools• Written language made it possible to have commerce and to keep record of possessions and to create proto science that was needed for effective agriculture• Book printing coincides with what we nowadays call the age of enlightment and made it possible to create industrialisation and the modern state with its famous paperwork• The present revolution allows us to communicate world wide and can be seen in the frame of the globalisation that takes place• All of the revolutions not only had great impact on society but also on what we needed to learn to survive in the transformed world from speaking to writing and reading to typing and peresenting through different audio and visual means as well as computerssimulations ,websites , weblogs and so on
    4. 4. The characteristics of the ICT revolution• Speed and range of communication• Global immediate communication and data transfer from many people to many people, Giga bytes per second• Multimedia• Written information but also symbolic, audio and visual (real recordings)• Real mass communication• Almost everyone can send and receive• Storage an full communication over time• Information including real audio-visual recording built up over time, communication to next generations• Processing and Translation• Programming gives continuously new ways to process and visualize information in useful ways• Interconnectiveness of people, computer-systems, datacollections , real time measurements and observation systems – and manufacturing systems - the internet of things
    5. 5. Clear relation educational output and Economic growth PISATable taken from OECD report: The High Cost of Low Educational Performance THE LONG-RUN ECONOMIC IMPACT OF IMPROVING PISA OUTCOMES,OECD 2010
    6. 6. ICT and Economic growth
    7. 7. But what about the relation of education and ICT and Economy• Will the effects multiply?? What do we know about this?• What about the combination of high ICT investments and high basic PISA skills in upcoming economies?• Especially if these skills are also focused on ICT use and development and deployment in society?• What are actually basic skills/competencies of the coming decades
    8. 8. ICT competence will become a basic competence• ICT literacy or even fluency is seen as one of the basic competences in the future decades• Without this people can hardly survive in an ICT saturated world (Inspired by Technology, Driven by Pedagogy A Systemic Approach to technology-Based School Innovations , OECD 2010 )
    9. 9. But what about the relation of education and ICT and Economy In the report : The Future of Learning: European Teachers’ Visions. Report on a foresight consultation at the 2010 e Twinning Conference, Sevilla, 5-7 February 2010 we read:Based on the results of the group work, the workshop participants considered the followingcompetences as very important for 2025:Digital competences. This includes the competence to efficiently, confidently and critically usethe technologies of 2025 in an efficient and targeted way. Information skills, such assearching, sifting, organizing, managing and evaluating information; judging the relevanceand trustworthiness of sources and avoiding knowledge overload are considered a crucialpart of future digital competences. Creating digital content was also considered important.Communication. Both mother tongue fluency and competences in foreign languages are very important, but the emphasis will be on using them as ameans for communication with other people, not on grammatical correctness per se.Global citizenship. This is a versatile competence of understanding and being able to analysz the surrounding world, being social and part of the society,and assuming responsibility for taking care of the environment, also for future generations.Learning to learn. Being motivated to pursue one’s own learning progress and knowing how to process information, assigning meaning to it andconverting it into knowledge, are important. People need to be able to set their own goals, strategies and evaluate risks. Theyneed to live their lives as a continuous learning experience.Working collaboratively. Collaboration was seen as a crucial skill that needs to be learned and practiced from early on in education, and remains animportant form of working and interacting for all employees – including teachers. People need to learn to listen to others,negotiate and accept others’ ideas, understand and work in different roles in teams, andparticipate in communities .Continuous skills updating. All employees, and especially teachers, need to be committed tocontinuous updating of skills related to their work. They need to be prepared to do this intheir initial training and supported during their working lives. This skill includesautonomy, lifelong learning, flexibility and preparedness for continuous change anddevelopment,innovation and creativity.
    10. 10. Not everyone will achieve these competencies http://www.21stcenturychallenges.org/focus/the-reasons-for-digital-exclusion/ It is clear that ICT and ICT literacy and fluency will make us more competitive. But there is another side of the ICT revolution coin which is exclusion of ICT and everything which is connected to this Using the internet is now a daily activity for most people both at home and at work. But 17m people in the UK still do not have access to the web.
    11. 11. Especially elderly will stay excludedExclusion projection UK : http://research.freshminds.co.uk/files/u1/shminds_report_understandingdigitalinclusion.pdf
    12. 12. Teachers need to be thaughtPRESENT PERCEPTIONS OF HIGH + MODERATE NEED OF ICT SKILLS DEVELOPMENT BY EXPERIENCE AND SEX OF TEACHER S Graph: With many thanks to Francesc Pedro of OECD
    13. 13. Schools need to be equipped and updated 30 yrs Moore’s Law Desktop PC, 2 GB , HD 500 GB, many classrooms - 2010 virtual classroom and new tools and gadgets to observe, learn and work, Create and communicate in wwwATARI 64Kb , HD 720 Kb,computer classroom exceptionCOMPUTE! ISSUE 40 / SEPTEMBER 1983 30 yrs OS development
    14. 14. Curricula and visions on what has to be learned need to change• Curricula need to take into account what need to be learned in the fast changing ICT environment• ICT changes not only the societal and economic dynamics in fundamental way but also professions and disciplines• To develop curricula and learning material as well as teaching strategies incorporating the fast developing ICT, school and government have to develop common visions on the approach of these changes and the way to implement these in curriculum, learning environment and teaching practice on a continuous basis
    15. 15. What needs to be done• Awareness of government, teachers , school management and teacher training has to be raised. Digital literacy and fluency need to be part of the basic educational objectives• Training of teachers and implementation of new curricula that prepare people on the ICT (or Digital) revolutionizing world need not only professional support but require continuous high levels of additional investment• These investments should come from additional Private and Public funding from the ICT industry which will pay back itself through innovation and higher national productivity in combination with increased use of ICT in society but probably to a far lesser extent by productivity increase of education itself.• The level of this investment need depends on the speed of change of hardware and software , and their user friendliness which needs to be traded off to the investments required
    16. 16. What needs to be done• To prevent a further widening of digital gaps between countries and different groups within the population special attention should be given to digital analphabetism as well as sex- and age related differences in uptake of the new technologies as well as differences between countries and regions• To acquire competencies school but also households need all to be connected to the internet• To realize successful policies, joint efforts are needed from different policy areas as employment, innovation , social policy and education

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