Lecture 3. Audio and Video For the Web

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Lecture 3. Audio and Video For the Web

  1. 1. Audio for the Web Digital Journalism Workshop Saturday, February 21, 2009
  2. 2. When to go with audio What are the advantages of audio over video, text and photo? What are situations when audio would be appropriate and useful? Saturday, February 21, 2009
  3. 3. When to go with audio Not a lot of visuals Interesting interviews Can broaden up your text story full-length interviews and comments links to full audio in the text story Saturday, February 21, 2009
  4. 4. When to go with audio Can take it with you and listen in a gym or in a car Can do something else while listening Saturday, February 21, 2009
  5. 5. Introducing audio Your audience should know what the audio is about and why it can be interesting short paragraph describing audio maybe photo (if relevant) Saturday, February 21, 2009
  6. 6. Shooting video for the Web Saturday, February 21, 2009
  7. 7. Video structure Saturday, February 21, 2009
  8. 8. Video structure Films scenes shots static moving Saturday, February 21, 2009
  9. 9. extreme close-up Saturday, February 21, 2009
  10. 10. static shots long medium close-up extreme close-up Saturday, February 21, 2009
  11. 11. Shots Bust shot Two-shot (or three-shot) Over-the-shoulder shot Saturday, February 21, 2009
  12. 12. What is closure? our minds fill in information that we cannot actually see on-screen Saturday, February 21, 2009
  13. 13. moving tilt pan zoom Saturday, February 21, 2009
  14. 14. Tips for Great Video Planning is a key (what shots will you need?) Let’s brainstorm a story on sustainability in Ithaca Use a tripod (even when moving around) Saturday, February 21, 2009
  15. 15. Tips for Great Video You need four shots for everything you want/need to record wide shot (10 sec) medium shot (10 sec) two close-ups (face and hands)(5-10 sec) medium and close-ups work well with interviews You will have enough footage to work with and it is easier to edit Saturday, February 21, 2009
  16. 16. Tips for Great Video Mind the Light! Avoid shooting against the sources of light Beware of shadows Saturday, February 21, 2009
  17. 17. Tips for Great Video Remember the rules of photo composition The Rule of Thirds Patterns Natural frame Leading lines Saturday, February 21, 2009
  18. 18. Tips for Great Video Change your point of view (it always works) put your camera on the ground put your camera up Saturday, February 21, 2009
  19. 19. Tips for Great Video Subject perspective shots follow the feet of a mailman try to go beyond eye-level (practice and experiment) Saturday, February 21, 2009
  20. 20. Tips for Great Video Experiment with shifting focus from background to foreground need to have a tripod Saturday, February 21, 2009
  21. 21. Opening your video Avoid starting your video with a talking head use visuals to introduce a story One way to start is to use a series of quick sound bites Saturday, February 21, 2009
  22. 22. Opening your video Open with your strongest shot Define your story within first 15-20 seconds Or don’t define your story Saturday, February 21, 2009
  23. 23. Opening your video You can open with a black screen and sounds Change your shots to keep viewers interested Saturday, February 21, 2009
  24. 24. Video Interview Ask your source to look at you instead of looking at camera (leave enough nose room) Avoid making comments and sounds during an interview Beware of distracting sounds (AC, car, washing machine) Don’t be afraid to ask the same question several times Saturday, February 21, 2009
  25. 25. Video Interview Use a clip on mic Take some shots of the person walking around the office, sitting, talking to someone, etc. Saturday, February 21, 2009

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