removal•Much of Jackson’s popularity was based on his battles against the Amerindians of Florida in the years before Florida became U.S. property.
removal• When Southern farmers decided that they needed more land for their plantations and wanted to expand on to Amerindian territory, Jackson was only too happy to help.
removal• He convinced Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which gave the President the authority to trade Amerindians land in the area of the Louisiana Purchase for their land east of the Mississippi River.
removal• Many Amerindian groups went along with this, but the so-called “Five Civilized Tribes” (Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole) did not.
removal• These tribes were forced to leave their ancestral land, leaving their acres and acres of cultivated land for the hard prairie of the Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma.
removal•The Cherokee, who had assimilated the most into white American culture, tried to fight the removal act through the court system.
removal• In the Supreme Court case of Worcester v. Georgia, the Cherokee sued to be able to stay on their land in Georgia and John Marshall agreed with them.
removal• Jackson, again not a big supporter of the Amerindians, was supposed to have remarked that “John Marshall has made his decision. Now let him enforce it.”
removal• The Cherokees were forced to take a 116-day, 1,000 mile walk from Georgia to the Oklahoma Territory that became known as the Trail of Tears, as 1 out of 4 Cherokees died during the journey.