• The homesteaders, those people who farmed land they received from the Homestead Act, had a difficult time farming the open range and often struggled through years with falling crop prices and rising farm debt.
• Wheat, which required very little water in order to grow, became one of the staple crops of the Great Plains, and helped the region earn the nickname, “breadbasket of
• As people moved west to seek their fortune, some stopped along the way to try their hand at raising cattle on the , an area of land with thick grass that belonged to the government.
• After raising the cattle on the open range, ranchers would send their cattle on the long drive, a two-month journey to the railroad where they could be sent anywhere they needed to go.
• By 1890, the U.S. Census Bureau declared the end of the frontier in the United States, because “unsettled area has been so broken into by isolated bodies of settlement.”
• Historian Frederick Jackson Turner credited the frontier and the ability of the Americans to expand into it and develop it into something worthwhile as an example of what the United States was all about.