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Trail of tears


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Trail of tears

  1. 1. The Trail of Tears
  2. 2. What is the Trail of Tears? The Trail of Tears was a forced relocation of Native Americans from their homelands to Indian Territory.
  3. 3. The two main reasons that caused the beginning of the Cherokee migration were: Gold was discovered in Georgia and white settlers wanted to get that gold and the thirst for expansion. The Government, under President Andrew Jackson, authorized the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This act was to force the Native Americans off of their ancestral lands.
  4. 4. Ideas of the Indians Versus the Americans Indians -Land is not for sale, it is for everyone -Live on the land they got from a higher spirit Americans -Land is to buy and to own -Buy land to find gold and other resources
  5. 5. “Being Indian is an attitude, a state of mind, a way of being in harmony with all things and all beings. It is allowing the heart to be the distributor of energy on this planet; to allow feelings and sensitivities to determine where energy goes; bringing aliveness up from the Earth and from the Sky, putting it in and giving it out from the heart.” -Brooke Medicine Eagle
  6. 6. “The Five Civilized Tribes” -This was the name given by whites to the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole. -They called them this because they gave up many of their ways to live peacefully with the whites. -Most had given up hunting to become farmers. -Many had learned to read and write: The Cherokee had their own written language, a newspaper, and a constitution modeled on the U.S. Constitution.
  7. 7. Living Places of the Cherokee: -Georgia -North and South Carolina -Kentucky -Virginia -Tennessee All states were at or near the East-Coast.
  8. 8. The Cherokee lived peacefully side by side with whites, but tensions between Georgia and the Cherokee Nation were brought to a crisis by the discovery of gold in Georgia in 1829, resulting in the Georgia Gold Rush, the first gold rush in U.S. history. Hopeful gold speculators began trespassing on Cherokee lands.
  9. 9. Leaders of Both Parties Cherokee Indians Leader: Sequoyah American Settlers Leader: Andrew Jackson
  10. 10. Removing the Indians from their Lands... -By the time Andrew Jackson became president, only 125,000 Native Americans still lived east of the Mississippi. -Jackson believed that the Government should be organized to benefit the great body of the United States- the planter, the mechanic, and the laborer. -Andrew Jackson had a goal to remove the remaining Indians to a new Indian Territory in the West (present-day Oklahoma). -The Indians called Andrew Jackson Sharp Knife.
  11. 11. The Indian Removal Act -The Indian Removal Act, part of a United States government policy known as Indian removal, was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 26, 1830. -It allowed the president to make treaties in which Native Americans in the East traded their lands for new territory on the Great Plains.
  12. 12. The Trail of Tears -More than 17,000 Cherokee were dragged from their homes in Georgia and herded west by federal troops -4,000 died during the walk to Indian Territory
  13. 13. The Trail of Tears -Thousands of Creeks were also taken from Alabama in handcuffs, and marched west. -One soldier called it, “The cruelest work I ever knew.” -Many whites were ashamed and appalled by the treatment of Indians and protested in Washington D.C.