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Approaches in teaching and learning mathematics


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Approaches in teaching and learning mathematics

  1. 1. Approaches in Teaching and Learning Mathematic
  2. 2. COOPERATIVE LEARNING <ul><li>A group of pupils carrying out activities under the supervision and guidance of a teacher . </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils exchange ideas through discussion with the aim to solve a problem or to carry out a project together . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher monitors pupils’ behaviour and provides task assistance . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher evaluates pupils’ learning outcome and helps them to formulate a conclusion . </li></ul>
  3. 3. CONTEXTUAL LEARNING <ul><li>Pupils process new knowledge with reference to their memory and everyday life experience . </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils’ minds always seek meaning to new knowledge in context, that is, in relation to his current environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should relate pupils’ learning with their environment and life experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Contextual learning focuses on hands-on and minds-on. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MASTERY LEARNING <ul><li>The whole curriculum content is broken down into small units so that they can be easily mastered . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher makes sure that all students have mastered a unit taught before proceed to the next unit . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should be clear with the expected learning outcome of each unit and have an assessment at the end of each unit to determine whether the learning outcome is achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher carries out enrichment or remedial activities based on pupils’ achievement before proceeding to the next unit . </li></ul>
  5. 5. CONSTRUCTIVISM <ul><li>Pupils construct their own knowledge by testing ideas and approaches based on their prior knowledge and experience . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should engage pupils’ curiosity and create interest in gaining new knowledge . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should lead pupils to explore and investigate by using systematic inquiry . </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should help to explain the concept involved and make connection to their previous experiences . </li></ul>
  6. 6. SELF ACCESS LEARNING <ul><li>Pupils access learning materials and acquire knowledge and skills independently . </li></ul><ul><li>Learning materials are created based on the pupils’ needs, interests, level of achievement and learning style. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should provide pupils with learning skills and train them to self access learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher should guide the pupils when needed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. FUTURE STUDIES <ul><li>Teacher leads pupils to understand the most important issues, problems and opportunities they may face and teach them the skills they need to continue to look ahead on their own . </li></ul><ul><li>In future studies approach, teacher provides pupils with the necessary techniques for becoming independent thinkers and lifelong learners </li></ul>