Strategies in teaching mathematics


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Strategies in teaching mathematics

  1. 1. Strategies in TeachingMathematics
  2. 2. Strategy based on Objectives Knowledge and skill Goals Understanding Goals Problem Solving
  3. 3. Knowledge and Skill Goals• Student are required to memorize facts or to become proficient in using algorithms• It requires automatic responses which could be achieved through repetition or practice
  4. 4. Understanding Goals Interaction Laboratory Authority and Discovery This is Teaching Discussion The Teacher done teacher is Created by Controlled elements of through asking presentation the one in a discovery experiment questions in Teacher uses charge of order to experience al activities different the provide are dealing educationalconcepts to means for motivation with technologybe learned active for students concrete participation situations
  5. 5. Problem Solving a. Make sure students understand the b. Ask questions. problem d. Provide students with an c. Help the students gather relevant atmosphere conducive to solving thought material problemse. Encourage he students to reflect on the f. Encourage them to present alternateproblem and how they arrived into ways to solve the problemssolutions
  6. 6. Guided Cognitive Discovery MetacognitionConstructivism Cooperative encourages Learning Students Learning is an learning the Tool engages should active process a. Forming students’ students in a develop and in which groups learners creativity series of explore the b. Working construct new with the Higher order problem. as group ideas or implementa thinking skills It must c. Problemconcepts based tion of to solve challenge theupon their past solving as technology problems students to knowledge/ Group think. SCHEMA d. Managing differences Theoretical basis of Problem Solving Strategies
  7. 7. Check the SolutionSteps of Problem Solve theSolving Strategy problem Estimate the answer Identify needed information Prepare visual-aids Select appropriate notation Restate the problem
  8. 8. Other Techniques inProblem Solving Concept Formation StrategyConcept attainment Strategy • This strategy is used when you•This allows students to discover the want the students to makeessential attributes of a concept connections between and among essential element of a•It can enhance students’ skills in conceptseparating important from unimportantinformation; searching for patterns andmaking generalizations; and definingand explaining concepts•It is successful when students are ableto generate their own example anddescribe the process they used to findthe essential attributes f the concept
  9. 9. Developing a Lesson in Mathematics
  10. 10. Concept Attainment
  11. 11. EvaluatingMathematics Learning
  12. 12. Evaluation Procedures Individual and Readiness Group Tests Informal and and Standardized Diagnostic Tests Tests Testing Procedures Verbal, nonve Oral , Essay rbal and and Objective Performance Tests Speed , Power Tests and Mastery Tests
  13. 13. • Evaluation Procedures Interview such as teacher – pupil interview Questionnaires Anecdotal Non Testing Records Procedures Sociometric Devices Ranking and Rating Procedures
  14. 14. Types of Tests for Evaluation Purposes b. Diagnostic tests attempts to a. Achievement Test include simple locate areas of misunderstanding quizzes on the work during single or areas where teaching has not period to full-scale examinations taken place to enable suitable g. Sociometric remedial instruction to be given Tests which test sociabilityc. Inventory tests often referred to as d. Individual tests require careful of students pre- and post- tests and are used to questioning and observation of require them determine the improvement of the the reaction of an individual and to select or students needs an expert to administer identify their classmates whom they e. Speed tests are tests wherein a like very much f. Power tests require a student student is required to complete as to do as many problems or tasks many tests or problems in a out of a set of increasing difficulty predetermined time
  15. 15. Thank you…. Lovelots, nayka