SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Introduction to Management - Meaning, Nature, Scope, Levels of Management

S
S
Sumit SharafStudent at IBM

Introduction & Definition of Management Components of Management Features of Management Functions of Management Level of Management Management and Administration Management as Profession Significance of Management from the point of view of Modern Business Operations.

Introduction to Management - Meaning, Nature, Scope, Levels of Management

1 of 48
Download to read offline
Conceptual Framework of Management
INDEX
Management is the art of getting things done through others’’.
"To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organize, to command, to
co-ordinate and to control.“
Management Includes
1). Planning
2). Organising
3). Staffing
4). Directing
5). Controlling
And Co-ordination between them as essence of Manegement.
Management
Components of Management
Management consists of following:
1. Organizational Activity
2. Goal formation
3. Goal accomplishment and evolution
4. Implementation
Characteristics or features of management
1. Management is goal orientedprocess:
Management always aims at achieving the organisational
objectives. The functions and activities of manager lead to the
achievement of organisational objectives; for example, if the
objective of a company is to sell 1000 computers then manager
will plan the course of action, motivate all the employees and
organise all the resources keeping in mind the main target of
selling 1000 computers.
Characteristics or features of management
2. Management is Pervasive:
Management is a universal phenomenon. The use of
management is not restricted to business firms only it is
applicable in profit-making, non profit-making, business or
non-business organisations; even a hospital, school, club and
house has to be managed properly. Concept of management
is used in the whole world whether it is USA, UK or India.

More Related Content

What's hot

Principles of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania University
Principles of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania UniversityPrinciples of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania University
Principles of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania UniversityBalasri Kamarapu
 
organising - principles of management
organising - principles of managementorganising - principles of management
organising - principles of managementSneha Srinivasan
 
Managerial skills
Managerial skillsManagerial skills
Managerial skillsRemya Menon
 
Priciples of management ppt final
Priciples of management ppt finalPriciples of management ppt final
Priciples of management ppt finalrajakamalesha
 
MANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION
MANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONMANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION
MANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONAMALDASKH
 
School of Management Thoughts.pptx
School of Management Thoughts.pptxSchool of Management Thoughts.pptx
School of Management Thoughts.pptxJeromeFormalejo2
 
The evolution of management thought
The evolution of management thoughtThe evolution of management thought
The evolution of management thoughtNishant Agarwal
 
Concept, nature & purpose of management
Concept, nature & purpose of managementConcept, nature & purpose of management
Concept, nature & purpose of managementRobin Gulati
 
controlling - management
controlling - managementcontrolling - management
controlling - managementDavid Jaison
 
Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)
Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)
Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)Seema -
 
Evolution of management thought
Evolution of management thoughtEvolution of management thought
Evolution of management thoughtBhavin Aswani
 
Principles Of Management Unit 1
Principles Of Management Unit 1Principles Of Management Unit 1
Principles Of Management Unit 1Amit Sarkar
 
Evolution of management thought
Evolution of  management thoughtEvolution of  management thought
Evolution of management thoughtNaveen Raj
 
Nature and significance of management
Nature and significance of managementNature and significance of management
Nature and significance of managementARS Talent Academy
 
Nature and scope of management
Nature and scope of managementNature and scope of management
Nature and scope of managementPriyanka Roy
 
what is management
what is management what is management
what is management abir hossain
 

What's hot (20)

Organising
OrganisingOrganising
Organising
 
Principles of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania University
Principles of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania UniversityPrinciples of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania University
Principles of Management-BBA-1-SEM-Unit-1 Osmania University
 
organising - principles of management
organising - principles of managementorganising - principles of management
organising - principles of management
 
Managerial skills
Managerial skillsManagerial skills
Managerial skills
 
Priciples of management ppt final
Priciples of management ppt finalPriciples of management ppt final
Priciples of management ppt final
 
MANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION
MANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONMANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION
MANAGEMENT- DEFINITION, OBJECTIVES,CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION
 
School of Management Thoughts.pptx
School of Management Thoughts.pptxSchool of Management Thoughts.pptx
School of Management Thoughts.pptx
 
Management thought
Management thoughtManagement thought
Management thought
 
The evolution of management thought
The evolution of management thoughtThe evolution of management thought
The evolution of management thought
 
Concept, nature & purpose of management
Concept, nature & purpose of managementConcept, nature & purpose of management
Concept, nature & purpose of management
 
controlling - management
controlling - managementcontrolling - management
controlling - management
 
Organizing in Principles of Management
Organizing in Principles of ManagementOrganizing in Principles of Management
Organizing in Principles of Management
 
Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)
Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)
Introduction to Management - Basic concepts & fundamentals (An overview)
 
Evolution of management thought
Evolution of management thoughtEvolution of management thought
Evolution of management thought
 
Principles Of Management Unit 1
Principles Of Management Unit 1Principles Of Management Unit 1
Principles Of Management Unit 1
 
Evolution of management thought
Evolution of  management thoughtEvolution of  management thought
Evolution of management thought
 
Nature and significance of management
Nature and significance of managementNature and significance of management
Nature and significance of management
 
Nature and scope of management
Nature and scope of managementNature and scope of management
Nature and scope of management
 
what is management
what is management what is management
what is management
 
Ppt on organising
Ppt on organisingPpt on organising
Ppt on organising
 

Viewers also liked

Introduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing managementIntroduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing managementSandeep Vats
 
Introduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing managementIntroduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing managementRahul Kumar
 
Stratigic management
Stratigic  managementStratigic  management
Stratigic managementNIMT LKO
 
The 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our World
The 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our WorldThe 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our World
The 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our WorldStephanie Vilner
 
Ch6 creating the entrepreneurial culture
Ch6 creating the entrepreneurial cultureCh6 creating the entrepreneurial culture
Ch6 creating the entrepreneurial cultureRione Drevale
 
Strategic Mangement For Under Grad Animated
Strategic Mangement For Under Grad   AnimatedStrategic Mangement For Under Grad   Animated
Strategic Mangement For Under Grad AnimatedUlhas Wadivkar
 
Meaning, nature and process of strategic evaluation
Meaning, nature and process of strategic evaluationMeaning, nature and process of strategic evaluation
Meaning, nature and process of strategic evaluationNARENDRA KUMAR
 
What type of entrepreneur are you?
What type of entrepreneur are you?What type of entrepreneur are you?
What type of entrepreneur are you?Derek Lidow
 
Basic concept of strategic management
Basic concept of strategic management Basic concept of strategic management
Basic concept of strategic management Alvin Niere
 
Concept of Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship
Concept of Entrepreneur and EntrepreneurshipConcept of Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship
Concept of Entrepreneur and EntrepreneurshipSheetal Wagh
 
Entrepreneurship Concept, Examples
Entrepreneurship Concept, ExamplesEntrepreneurship Concept, Examples
Entrepreneurship Concept, ExamplesDipanwito
 
Concept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotion
Concept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotionConcept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotion
Concept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotionGabriel Konayuma
 
Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)
Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)
Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)Parul University
 
Evolution of entrepreneurship in india
Evolution of entrepreneurship in indiaEvolution of entrepreneurship in india
Evolution of entrepreneurship in indiaMohan Mourya
 
Entrepreneurship development 1
Entrepreneurship development 1Entrepreneurship development 1
Entrepreneurship development 1rupasi13
 
Concept,nature and significance of management
Concept,nature and significance of managementConcept,nature and significance of management
Concept,nature and significance of managementShubham Kushwaha
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Introduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing managementIntroduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing management
 
Topic – development of management thoughts
Topic – development of management thoughtsTopic – development of management thoughts
Topic – development of management thoughts
 
Introduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing managementIntroduction to marketing management
Introduction to marketing management
 
Strategic mangement
Strategic mangementStrategic mangement
Strategic mangement
 
Stratigic management
Stratigic  managementStratigic  management
Stratigic management
 
The 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our World
The 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our WorldThe 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our World
The 4 types of ENTREPRENEUR who will save our World
 
Strategic Management Unit I&II
Strategic Management Unit I&IIStrategic Management Unit I&II
Strategic Management Unit I&II
 
Ch6 creating the entrepreneurial culture
Ch6 creating the entrepreneurial cultureCh6 creating the entrepreneurial culture
Ch6 creating the entrepreneurial culture
 
Strategic Mangement For Under Grad Animated
Strategic Mangement For Under Grad   AnimatedStrategic Mangement For Under Grad   Animated
Strategic Mangement For Under Grad Animated
 
Meaning, nature and process of strategic evaluation
Meaning, nature and process of strategic evaluationMeaning, nature and process of strategic evaluation
Meaning, nature and process of strategic evaluation
 
What type of entrepreneur are you?
What type of entrepreneur are you?What type of entrepreneur are you?
What type of entrepreneur are you?
 
Entrepreneurship: evolution and revolution
Entrepreneurship: evolution and revolutionEntrepreneurship: evolution and revolution
Entrepreneurship: evolution and revolution
 
Basic concept of strategic management
Basic concept of strategic management Basic concept of strategic management
Basic concept of strategic management
 
Concept of Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship
Concept of Entrepreneur and EntrepreneurshipConcept of Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship
Concept of Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship
 
Entrepreneurship Concept, Examples
Entrepreneurship Concept, ExamplesEntrepreneurship Concept, Examples
Entrepreneurship Concept, Examples
 
Concept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotion
Concept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotionConcept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotion
Concept of Entrepreneurship Development and promotion
 
Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)
Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)
Chapter 1 Entrepreneurship Concept Unit-I - Mohsin Dadi (Parul University)
 
Evolution of entrepreneurship in india
Evolution of entrepreneurship in indiaEvolution of entrepreneurship in india
Evolution of entrepreneurship in india
 
Entrepreneurship development 1
Entrepreneurship development 1Entrepreneurship development 1
Entrepreneurship development 1
 
Concept,nature and significance of management
Concept,nature and significance of managementConcept,nature and significance of management
Concept,nature and significance of management
 

Similar to Introduction to Management - Meaning, Nature, Scope, Levels of Management

Principles of Management for BBA
Principles of Management for BBAPrinciples of Management for BBA
Principles of Management for BBAImran Anwar
 
Principles of Management
Principles of Management Principles of Management
Principles of Management vivekkatare
 
Nature of organization & management
Nature of organization & managementNature of organization & management
Nature of organization & managementlavnigam
 
managerial function in mnagement course .pptx
managerial function in mnagement course .pptxmanagerial function in mnagement course .pptx
managerial function in mnagement course .pptxaysarali111
 
NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIES
NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIESNATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIES
NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIESRAHULARORA392
 
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdfPrinciples-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdfssuser7ec1b3
 
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdfPrinciples-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdfssuser7ec1b3
 
Chapter one management theory.pptx
Chapter one management theory.pptxChapter one management theory.pptx
Chapter one management theory.pptxDejeneDay
 
Managers & Managing (Management)
Managers & Managing (Management)Managers & Managing (Management)
Managers & Managing (Management)jasonhian
 
Management and its evolution
Management and its evolutionManagement and its evolution
Management and its evolutionMohsin Khan
 
Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...
Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...
Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...MAHUA MUKHERJEE
 
Nature of management
Nature of managementNature of management
Nature of managementRajat Sharma
 
What is managemen1
What is managemen1What is managemen1
What is managemen1Apophia
 
Introduction_to_Management.ppt
Introduction_to_Management.pptIntroduction_to_Management.ppt
Introduction_to_Management.pptnjagiihpaul
 

Similar to Introduction to Management - Meaning, Nature, Scope, Levels of Management (20)

Principles of Management for BBA
Principles of Management for BBAPrinciples of Management for BBA
Principles of Management for BBA
 
Principles of Management
Principles of Management Principles of Management
Principles of Management
 
Nature of organization & management
Nature of organization & managementNature of organization & management
Nature of organization & management
 
UNIT 1.pptx
UNIT 1.pptxUNIT 1.pptx
UNIT 1.pptx
 
managerial function in mnagement course .pptx
managerial function in mnagement course .pptxmanagerial function in mnagement course .pptx
managerial function in mnagement course .pptx
 
NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIES
NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIESNATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIES
NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF MANAGEMENT- BUSINESS STUDIES
 
Management.docx
Management.docxManagement.docx
Management.docx
 
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdfPrinciples-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
 
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdfPrinciples-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
Principles-of-Management-Professional-Ethics.pdf
 
Chapter one management theory.pptx
Chapter one management theory.pptxChapter one management theory.pptx
Chapter one management theory.pptx
 
Management
ManagementManagement
Management
 
Managers & Managing (Management)
Managers & Managing (Management)Managers & Managing (Management)
Managers & Managing (Management)
 
Management and its evolution
Management and its evolutionManagement and its evolution
Management and its evolution
 
INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENTINTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
 
INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENTINTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
 
Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...
Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...
Calcutta University B.Com (H) Semester 1-Principles of Management Chapter 1 I...
 
Nature of management
Nature of managementNature of management
Nature of management
 
Task management
Task managementTask management
Task management
 
What is managemen1
What is managemen1What is managemen1
What is managemen1
 
Introduction_to_Management.ppt
Introduction_to_Management.pptIntroduction_to_Management.ppt
Introduction_to_Management.ppt
 

Recently uploaded

Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Use integers to explore high and low places.pptx
Use integers to explore high and low places.pptxUse integers to explore high and low places.pptx
Use integers to explore high and low places.pptxchristianmathematics
 
Appendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptx
Appendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptxAppendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptx
Appendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptxRenuka N Sunagad
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stackNuttavutThongjor1
 
Sound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptx
Sound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptxSound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptx
Sound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptxAncyTEnglish
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Niranjan Chavan
 
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptxDifferent types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptxPunamSahoo3
 
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceWebsite Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceSamantha Russell
 
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONUNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONSayali Powar
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsRay Poynter
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
L9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted Mean
L9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted MeanL9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted Mean
L9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted Meanays040889
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesTushar Tank
 
“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx
“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx
“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptxAKSHAYMAGAR17
 
human behaviour and personality development ppt.pptx
human behaviour and personality development ppt.pptxhuman behaviour and personality development ppt.pptx
human behaviour and personality development ppt.pptxpoonambiswas4
 
Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Model
Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment ModelKochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Model
Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Modelsandeepmenon62
 
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis RegionThe Opportunity Trust
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsTushar Tank
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
 
Use integers to explore high and low places.pptx
Use integers to explore high and low places.pptxUse integers to explore high and low places.pptx
Use integers to explore high and low places.pptx
 
Appendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptx
Appendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptxAppendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptx
Appendicular SkeletonSystem PPT.....pptx
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
 
Sound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptx
Sound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptxSound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptx
Sound Pollution - Causes, Impacts and Prevention.pptx
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
 
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptxDifferent types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
Different types of animal Tissues DMLT .pptx
 
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceWebsite Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
 
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONUNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of Beliefs
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
 
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
 
L9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted Mean
L9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted MeanL9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted Mean
L9 Computation for Frequency and Distribution and Weighted Mean
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
 
“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx
“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx
“ Seed and Fruit development and Seed and Fruit Abortion ”.pptx
 
human behaviour and personality development ppt.pptx
human behaviour and personality development ppt.pptxhuman behaviour and personality development ppt.pptx
human behaviour and personality development ppt.pptx
 
Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Model
Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment ModelKochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Model
Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Model
 
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
 

Introduction to Management - Meaning, Nature, Scope, Levels of Management

  • 3. Management is the art of getting things done through others’’. "To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control.“ Management Includes 1). Planning 2). Organising 3). Staffing 4). Directing 5). Controlling And Co-ordination between them as essence of Manegement. Management
  • 4. Components of Management Management consists of following: 1. Organizational Activity 2. Goal formation 3. Goal accomplishment and evolution 4. Implementation
  • 5. Characteristics or features of management 1. Management is goal orientedprocess: Management always aims at achieving the organisational objectives. The functions and activities of manager lead to the achievement of organisational objectives; for example, if the objective of a company is to sell 1000 computers then manager will plan the course of action, motivate all the employees and organise all the resources keeping in mind the main target of selling 1000 computers.
  • 6. Characteristics or features of management 2. Management is Pervasive: Management is a universal phenomenon. The use of management is not restricted to business firms only it is applicable in profit-making, non profit-making, business or non-business organisations; even a hospital, school, club and house has to be managed properly. Concept of management is used in the whole world whether it is USA, UK or India.
  • 7. Characteristics or features of management 3. Management is Multidimensional: Management does not mean one single activity but it includes three main activities: i. Management of work ii. Management of people iii. Management of operations
  • 8. Characteristics or features of management (a) Management of work: All organisations are set up to perform some task or goal. Management activities aim at achieving goals or tasks to be accomplished. The task or work depends upon the nature of Business for example, work to be accomplished in a school is providing education, in hospital is to treat patient, in industry to manufacture some product. Management makes sure that work is accomplished effectively and efficiently.
  • 9. Characteristics or features of management (b) Management of people: People refer to Human resources and Human resources are the most important assets of an organisation. An organisation can win over competitor with efficient employees only because two organisations can have same physical, technological and financial resources but not human resources. Management has to get task accomplished through people only. Managing people has two dimensions: (i) Taking care of employee’s individual needs (ii) Taking care of group of people
  • 10. Characteristics or features of management 4. Management is a continuous process: Management is a continuous or never ending function. All the functions of management are performed continuously, for example planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling are performed by all the managers all the time. Sometimes, they are doing planning, then staffing or organising etc. Managers perform ongoing series of functions continuously in the organisation.
  • 11. Characteristics or features of management 5. Management is a group activity: Management always refers to a group of people involved in managerial activities. The management functions cannot be performed in isolation. Each individual performs his/her role at his/her status and department, and then only management function can be executed. Even the result of management affects every individual and every department of the organisation so it always refers to a group effort and not the individual effort of one person.
  • 12. Characteristics or features of management 6. Management is a dynamicfunction: Management has to make changes in goal, objectives and other activities according to changes taking place in the environment. The external environment such as social, economical, technical and political environment has great influence over the management. As changes take place in these environments, same are implemented in organisation to survive in the competitive world. •
  • 13. Characteristics or features of management 7. Intangible: Management function cannot be physically seen but its presence can be felt. The presence of management can be felt by seeing the orderliness and coordination in the working environment. It is easier to feel the presence of mismanagement as it leads to chaos and confusion in the organisation. For example, if the inventory of finished products is increasing day by day it clearly indicates mismanagement of marketing and sales.
  • 14. Characteristics or features of management 8. Compositeprocess: Management consists of series of functions which must be performed in a proper sequence. These functions are not independent of each other. They are inter-dependent on each other. As the main functions of management are planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling; organising cannot be done without doing planning, similarly, directing function cannot be executed without staffing and planning and it is difficult to control the activities of employees without knowing the plan. All the functions inter-dependent on each other that is why management is considered as a composite process of all these functions.
  • 15. Characteristics or features of management 9. Balancing effectiveness and efficiency: Effectiveness means achieving targets and objectives on time. Efficiency refers to optimum or best utilization of resources. Managements always try to balance both and get the work done successfully. Only effectiveness and only efficiency is not enough for an organisation: a balance must be created in both. For example, if the target of an employee is to produce 100 units in one month time and achieving the target by wasting resources and mishandling the machinery, will not be in the interest of organisation. On the other hand, if the employee spends lot of time in handling the machine carefully and managing the resources carefully and fails to complete the target on time, it will also not be in the interest of organisation. Manager sees to it that this target is achieved on time-and with optimum use of resources.
  • 16. Functions of Management Planning – Planning is first function performed by every Manager. Planning refers to “deciding in advance what to do, how to do, when to do, and who is going to do it. Planning bridges the gap between where we stand today and where we want to reach”. Every manager starts with deciding in advance the objectives of an enterprise and how to accomplish these objectives. Planning is the base of all other function of management.
  • 17. Functions of Management - Planning Planning - “ Thinking before action ” In brief , Planning is mental exercise done by a manager, through which a line of thinking and a course of action is pointed out in Advance before using the existing resources of organisation.
  • 18. Functions of Management Organising - After setting up of plans next function of every manager is to organise the activities and establishing an organisational structure to execute the plan. Setting up organisational structure means deciding the framework of working how many units and sub-units or department are needed, how many posts or designations are needed in each department, how to distribute the authority and responsibility among different people. Once these decisions are taken an organisational structure gets set up.
  • 19. Functions of Management - Organising Organising- In organising function, “The management is concerned with the determination of the total work-load which is necessary for the attainment of objectives and a suitable division of such work among individuals”.
  • 20. Functions of Management Staffing- Staffing is the third step or function of a manager. It Refers to recruiting, selecting, appointing the employees, assigning them duties, maintaining fair relations and taking care of grievances of employees. It also includes training and developing the employees, deciding their Remuneration, promotion, increment, etc., evaluating the performance, maintaining personal records of records of employees .
  • 21. Functions of Management - Staffing Staffing- “Staffing implies the selection and placement Of most able and competent person on each position provided in the organisational Structure. Staffing means placement of the right man on the right job at the right time. ”.
  • 22. Functions of Management Directing - Once the employees are appointed there is need to instruct them and get the work done. Directing refers to giving instructions to employees by motivating them, supervising the activities of employees, communicating with them. Managers acts as leader and guide them to right direction, so directing function includes, supervising, motivating, communicating and leadership.
  • 23. Functions of Management - Directing Directing- “It is the stage where the manager guides his subordinates towards best attainment of common objectives”.
  • 24. Functions of Management - Directing There are four aspects of Directing Function. 1. Leadership 2. Motivation 3. Communication 4. Supervision
  • 25. Functions of Management Controlling – This the last function of managers. In this function managers try to match the actual performance with the planned performance and if there is no match between both then managers try to find out the reasons of deviation and suggest corrective measures to come on path of plan. Controlling functions refer to all the performance measurements and follow up actions that Keep the actual performance on the path of plan.
  • 26. Functions of Management - Controlling Controlling – “It implies that the actions of people working throughout the enterprise are according to plan or not”.
  • 27. Level of Management There are three Levels of Management 1. Top level management 2. Middle level management 3. Supervisory level, operational level or Lower level management.
  • 28. Level of Management Top Level Management Top level management consists of Chairman, Board of Directors, Managing Directors, General Manager, President, Vice President, Chief Executive Officer(C.E.O.), Chief Financial Officer (C.F.O.) and Chief Operating Officer etc. It includes group of crucial persons essential for leading and directing the efforts of other people.
  • 29. Level of Management - Top Level Management Main functions of top level management are : A. Determining the objectives of enterprise. B. Framing of plans and policies. C. Organising activities to be performed by persons working at middle level. D. Assembling all the resources such as finance, fixed assets. E. Responsible for welfare and survival of the organisation. F. Affair with outside world such as meeting government officials etc.
  • 30. Level of Management Middle Level Management This level of management consists of department heads such as purchase department head, sales department head, finance manager, marketing manager, executive officer, plant superintendent, etc. People of this group are responsible for executing plans and policies made by top level. They act as a linking pin between top and lower level management.
  • 31. Level of Management - Middle Level Management Main functions of middle level management are : A. Interpretation of policies made by top level management. B. Organising the activities of their department. C. Finding out or recruiting/selecting and appointing the required employees. D. Motivating the persons to perform their best ability. E. Controlling and instructing the employees. F. Cooperate with other departments for smooth functioning. G. Implementing the plans formed by top level.
  • 32. Level of Management Lower Level Management This level of management consists of supervisors, superintendent, foreman, sub-department executives; Clerk, etc. managers of this group actually carry on the work or perform the activities according to the plans of top and middle level management. Their authority is limited. The quality and quantity of output depends upon the efficiency of this level of managers. They pass on the instruction to workers and report to the middle level management.
  • 33. Level of Management - Lower Level Management Main functions of Lower level management are : A. Representing problems of workers. B. Maintaining good working condition and developing healthy relations between superior and subordinate. C. Looking for safety of workers. D. Helping the middle level management in recruiting, selecting and appointing the workers. E. Communicating with workers and welcoming their suggestion. F. They try to maintain precise standard of quality. G. They are responsible for boosting the morale of the workers
  • 34. MANAGEMENTAND ADMINISTRATION It is said that there is not exact difference between management and administration. There is another school that asserts management is quite different from administration. The third school is of the opinion, that management includes administration. According to Horence and Tead, Administration is the process of thinking and Management is the process and agency of actual operation
  • 35. Basis Management Administration Meaning Management is an art of getting things done through others by directing their efforts towards achievement of pre determined goals. It is concerned with formulation of broad objectives, plans & policies. Nature Management is an executing function. Administration is a decision making function. Process . Management decides who should do it & how should he do it. Administration decides what is to be done & when it is to be done Function Management is a doing function because managers get work done under their supervision. Administration is a thinking function because plans & policies are determined under it. Level Middle & lower level function. Top level function.
  • 36. Management as a Profession Profession can be defined as an occupation backed by specialised knowledge and training, in which entry is restricted.
  • 37. Management as a Profession The mainfeatures of profession are: 1. Well definedBody of knowledge: In every profession there is practice of systematic body of knowledge which helps the professionals to gain specialised knowledge of that profession. In case of management also there is availability of systematic body of knowledge. There are large numbers of books available on management studies. Scholars are studying various business situations and are trying to develop new principles to tackle these situations. So presently this feature of profession is presentin management also.
  • 38. Management as a Profession - Features 2. Restricted Entry: The entry to a profession is restricted through an examination or degree. For example a person can practice as Doctor only when he is having MBBS degree. Whereas there is no legal restriction on appointment of a manager, anyone can become a manager irrespective of the educational qualification. But now many companies prefer to appoint managers only with MBA degree. So presentlythis feature of professionis not present in management but very soon it will be includedwith statutory backing.
  • 39. Management as a Profession - Features 3. Presence of professional associations: For all the professions, special associations are established and every professional has to get himself registered with his association before practicing that profession. For example, doctors have to get themselves registered with Medical Council of India, lawyers with Bar Council of India etc.
  • 40. In case of management various management associations are set up at national and international levels which have some membership rules and set of ethical codes, for example, AIMA in New Delhi, National Institute of Personal Management at Calcutta etc., but legally it is not compulsory for managers to become a part of these organisations by registration. So presentlythis feature of professionis not present in management but very soon it will be includedand get statutory backing also. 3. Presence of professionalassociations
  • 41. Management as a Profession - Features 4. Existence of ethical codes: For every profession there are set of ethical codes fixed by professional organisations and are binding on all the professionals of that profession. In case of management there is growing emphasis on ethical behaviour of managers. All India Management Association (AIMA) has devised a code of conduct for Indian managers. But legally it is not compulsory for all the managers to get registered with AIMA and abide by the ethical codes. So presentlythis feature of professionis not present in management but very soon it will be includedwith statutory backing.
  • 42. Management as a Profession - Features 5. Service Motive: The basic motive of every profession is to serve client with dedication. Whereas basic purpose of management is achievement of management goal, for example for a business organisation the goal can be profit maximization. But nowadays only profit maximisation cannot be the sole goal of an enterprise. To survive in market for a long period of time, a businessman must give due importance to social objectives along with economic objectives. So presentlythis feature of professionis not present but verysoon it will be included.
  • 43. Significance of Management 1. Accomplishment of goals: It is the management which determines the goals of the organization and of various departments and functional groups. The goals are communicated to the employees to seek their cooperation. All organizational activities are directed towards the organizational objectives. Clear-cut definition of goals is essential for the success of every organization.
  • 44. Significance of Management 2. Effective Utilization of Resources: Management ensures optimum utilisation of resources. Through planning and organisation, management eliminates all types of wastages and achieves efficiency in all business operations. Management motivates workers to put in their best performance. This would lead to the effective working of the business.
  • 45. Significance of Management 3. Order to Endeavour or Efforts: Management deals with integration of human and non- human resources in order to achieve organizational objectives. It directs and coordinates the activities of individuals and groups in the use of materials, methods and machines. It, thus, brings order to endeavors of different groups.
  • 46. Significance of Management 4. Sound Organization: Management establishes sound organisation for the accomplishment of the desired objectives. It clarifies authority-responsibility relationships among various positions in the enterprise. It fills various positions with persons having the right qualification and training. Management also provides the workers with proper environment and encourages the spirit of cooperation.
  • 47. Significance of Management 5. Provides Vision and Foresight: Management keeps itself in touch with the external environment and supplies vision and foresight to the enterprise. It helps in predicting what is going to happen in future which will influence the working of the enterprise. It also takes steps to ensure that the enterprise is able to meet the demands of changing environment.
  • 48. Significance of Management 6. National Growth and Prosperity: Efficient management of resources is equally important at the national level. According to Peter Drueker, “Management is the crucial factor in economic and social development.” The development of a country virtually depends on the quality of management of its resources. Efficient management of resources is a key to growth of the economy and prosperity and better standard of living of the general public.