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Premier Coaching Institute For
SSC,-CGL, Railways, RBI, Bank PO
A-91, 2nd Floor, Near Style Shoes,
Lajpat Nagar , New Delh...
 CELL (CYTOLOGY)
Plant cell Animal cell
Cell wall is present
Centrosome is absent
Cell wall is absent
Centrosome is prese...
1. Mitochondria: power house of the cell, helps in cellular respiration.
2. Ribosomes: protein synthesis.
3. Golgi bodies:...
 TISSUE (HISTOLOGY)
1. Meristematic tissue: Helps in growth of plants.
2. Permanent tissue: the newly formed cells of the...
1. Epithelial tissue: covers the external surface as well as internal lining of the
organs. They are classified according ...
Largest muscle: buttocks
Strongest muscle: jaw. Your jaw bite can be as much as 2000 N per second.
Longest muscle: Sartori...
 RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
 Human respiratory system has
nostrils, nasal cavities, pharynx,
trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alve...
 NUTRITION
Autotrophic nutrition:
• Photosynthesis is the process which converts solar energy to chemical energy.
• Light...
The digestive process begins in the mouth. Food is partly broken down by the
process of chewing and by the chemical action...
 EXCRETORY SYSTEM:
 Each kidney is made up of 2 regions – an outer cortex and an inner medulla. Each
kidney receives a r...
The kidney's primary function is the elimination of waste from the bloodstream by
production of urine. They perform severa...
 NERVOUS SYSTEM
The brain is made of:
• Cerebrum: seat of memory, thought, reason, logic etc. It controls the
coordinatio...
Spinal cord is concerned with reflex action.
Note that in brain, gray matter is outside, white matter inside.
In spinal co...
 CIRCULATORY SYSTEM:
It is a double circulation system processed by heart:
• Pulmonary where deoxygenated blood is pumped...
RH factor- it is based on RH antigen. A person can be Rh+ or Rh-. In world population,
Rh+ are 85% and Rh- are 15 % only. ...
 REPRODUCTORY SYSTEM
Fertilisation is the fusion of gametes (sperm & egg) to produce a zygote (diploid cell).
Organs to p...
 ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Endocrine glands do not possess ducts & their secretions are called hormones.
Hormones are chemical reg...
 HUMAN DISEASE:
BACTERIAL
Disease Cause Effects
Tuberculosis Mycobacterium
tuberculosis
Infection in lungs, high fever (B...
VIRAL
Disease Cause Effects
Mumps Paramyxovirus Painful swelling of salivary glands
Measles Rubella virus Loss of appetite...
 MINERALS & VITAMINS
Minerals are derived from the breakdown of rocks of earth’s crust which are then
dissolved in water....
VITAMIN DIETARY SOURCE DEFICIENCY DISEASE
A Cheese, eggs, butter, milk Night blindness,
B1- thiamin Vegetables Beri-beri
B...
QUESTIONAIRE
1. Down’s syndrome is caused by an extra
(a) 11 th
chromosome
(b) 18 th
chromosome
(c) 21 st
chromosome
(d) 2...
a) Vitamin A
b) Vitamin b6
c) Vitamin C
d) Vitamin K
6. The compound used in anti-malarial drug is
a) Aspirin
b) Neoprene
...
a) oxidised
b) Reduced
c) Neutralised
d) Burnt
11. On seeing good food our mouth waters. This fluid is actually
a) Water
b...
c) Lactic acid
d) None of the above
15. Rajib was absent in the class because of muscle pain which he claims to
be due to ...
19. Gustatory receptors will detect ______
a) light
b) Taste
c) Smell
d) Touch
20. The gap between two neurons is called _...
a) Testis
b) Ovary
c) Pituitary gland
d) Thymus
24. If there is a deficiency of growth hormone the child becomes _____
a) ...
d) Ovary
28. Female reproductive organ in flowering plant is
a) Carpel
b) Stamen
c) Corolla
d) Ovary
29. A fertilized ovul...
a) Contraceptive devices
b) Conventional devices
c) Conducive devices
d) Contaminating devices
33. _______ is a common tub...
b) 46
c) 22
d) 23
37. The theory of Natural Selection was proposed by
a) Lamarck
b) Darwin
c) Mendel
d) Haldane
38. Surgic...
c) Biological concentration
d) Biological deposition
41. The kidneys in human beings are a part of the system for
(a) nutr...
45. Movement of food through oesophagus is due to
(a) Lubrication by saliva
(b) Peristalsis
(c) Gravitational Pull
(d) All...
(a) Energy is stored in the form of ADP
(b) Energy is released and stored in the form of ATP
(c) Energy is used up
(d) Ene...
54. To which one of the following types of organisms do mushrooms
belong?
a) Algae
b) Ferns
c) Fungi
d) Lichens
55. Food w...
59. BCG vaccination (Bacillus Calmette Guerine) is injected to get immunity
from
A. Polio
B. Cholera
C. Small pox
D. Tuber...
C. Virus
D. None of these
64. In which one of the following animals is skin a respiratory organ?
A. Cockroach
B. Frog
C. s...
C. by lungs
D. by trachea system
69. Which one of the following part of human brain is the regulating centre
for swallowin...
A. Meat and eggs
B. Milk and vegetables
C. Soyabean and groundnut
D. Some algae and other micro-organisms
74. Which nutrie...
(a) Nervous system
(b) Epidermal tissue
(c) Respiratory system
(d) Bone tissue
79. Amino acids are a product of the digest...
83. Lycopene is an important antioxidant normally present in high level in
a) Artichokes
b) Bananas
c) Tomatoes
d) Soyabea...
88. Majority of all living species on the Earth are found in
a) Tundra region
b) Antarctica
c) Tropical rainforest
d) Temp...
93. Which genera of micro-organisms have the most diverse pathways for
bioremediation?
a) Pseudomonas
b) Salmonella
c) Leg...
a) Plant fibre
b) Animal fibre
c) Water
d) Oil
98. A species that is unique to a defined place or region and not found
any...
102. Genetic mapping is based on the linkage between it on to a second
substrate.
a) loci
b) muton
c) recon
d) cistron
103...
107. In which season do we need more fat
• Summer
• Winter
• Rainy season
• None
108. Body build up food is
• Fats
• Carbo...
112. Gums disease is called
• Diphtheria
• Anemic
• Pneumonia
• Pyorrhea
113. Thrombosis’ is a disease of the
• blood
• sk...
117. Which of the following is a sex linked disease
• tuberculosis
• Bow leg gedness
• Colour blindness
• Anaemia
118. Mil...
122. Plants prepares the food in presence of sunlight by the phenomenon of
• Osmosis
• transpiration
• photosynthesis
• no...
127. Meningitis is a disease of the
• liver
• Kidney
• heart
• brain
128. Antibiotics are drugs used for the cure of
• Bac...
132. Anatomy is the branch of science which deals with:
• Structure of animals and plants
• Functioning of body organs
• A...
137. Who is the father of modern genetics?
• Gregor Mendel
• Francis Crick
• Thomas Watson
• Charles Darwin
138. Largest m...
142. Which gland controls blood pressure?
• Thyroid gland
• Pituitary Gland
• Bulbourethral gland
• Adrenal glands
143. Ho...
147. With which part of the body is affected by Myopia?
• Ears
• Heart
• Eyes
• Kidneys
148. Which part of the body is aff...
152. Which of the following diseases is not caused by a virus?
• Cancer
• Rabies
• AIDS
• Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrom...
157. Name the hardest substance of the body:
• the Enamel of teeth
• the skin
• the skull
• the thigh bone
158. How many s...
162. Which part of the human body remains the same in size from birth to
death?
• Nose
• lips
• eyes
• ears
163. Human hea...
167. At the time of sneezing which part of human body stops functioning?
• Lungs
• Heart
• Kidney
• Eyes
168. Bats can fly...
172. Vitamins A and C are predominantly present in
• brinjal
• lady’s finger
• potato
• tomato
173. Excess carbohydrates a...
177. Which of these is most consistently observed in Vitamin B12 deficiency?
• Pigmentation of skin
• Red, sore tongue wit...
182. It is possible to produce seedless tomato fruits by
• applying trace elements in tomato fields
• spraying mineral sol...
187. Lactose and Rennin, the enzymes required to digest milk, disappear in
the human body by the age of ____ years.
• 2
• ...
192. Which among the following vitamins is considered to be a hormone?
• A
• B
• C
• D
193. Decomposition of organic matte...
197. It Is not advisable to sleep under a tree at night because of release of
• oxygen in a lesser quantity than the requi...
202. The small pox vaccine was discovered by
• Edward Jenner
• Louis Pasteur
• John
• Harvey
203. In which of the followin...
207. Which of the following is not a mammal?
• fish
• bat
• whale
• None of these
208. The hormone secreted when one is fr...
212. Sex linked genes are carried by
• X-chromosomes
• Y-chromosomes
• different part of X- and Y-chromosomes
• autosomes
...
217. Which one of the following techniques can be used to establish the
paternity of a child?
• Protein analysis
• Chromos...
• 4,3,2, 1
• 1,4,3,2
222. Match the following
A. Typhoid 1 . Metabolic disorder
B. Measles 2 . Bacteria
C. Malaria 3 . Vir...
226. Which of the following is not an autoimmune disorder?
a) Diabetes mellitus
b) Haemolytic anemia
c) Rheumatic fever
d)...
231. Antihaemorrhagic vitamin is also called as
a) Vitamin E
b) Vitamin K
c) Vitamin D
d) Vitamin B12
232. Erythropoietin,...
236. Who developed the Rabies vaccine?
a) Robert Koch
b) Robert Gallo
c) Walther Hesse
d) Louis Pasture
237. Sugar in the ...
241. Robert Koch has been awarded Nobel Prize in 1905 for the discovery
of a) Anthrax b) Cholera c) Tuberculosis
A) a and ...
246. Excessive intake of polished rice causes deficiency of
a) Vitamin A
b) Vitamin B1
c) Vitamin D
d) Vitamin K
247. Tofu...
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Biology capsule for SSC CGL by StudyIQ

This is Biology capsule for SSC CGL exam. It not only has sound theoretical basis for mastering the subject but also has an important collection of

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Biology capsule for SSC CGL by StudyIQ

  1. 1. Premier Coaching Institute For SSC,-CGL, Railways, RBI, Bank PO A-91, 2nd Floor, Near Style Shoes, Lajpat Nagar , New Delhi – 110024 Mo. 9716523859 ,9716523857 By Dr. Gaurav Garg (Faculty General Science) For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  2. 2.  CELL (CYTOLOGY) Plant cell Animal cell Cell wall is present Centrosome is absent Cell wall is absent Centrosome is present Cell wall Cell Membrane Found only in plant cells Freely permeable It is dead Found in both plant and animal cells Semi-permeable It is living Protoplasm Cytoplasm Present inside the cell & bounded by cell plasma membrane It contains nucleus Present in between plasma membrane & nuclear membrane. It does not contain nucleus Nucleus Nucleolus It is present inside the cell. It controls all the cellular activities. Present inside the nucleus. Takes part in formation of ribosomes. Chromosomes Centrosomes Found inside the nucleus Carry genetic information Found in the cytoplasm near the external surface of nucleus. Initiates cell division in animal cells ANIMAL CELL For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  3. 3. 1. Mitochondria: power house of the cell, helps in cellular respiration. 2. Ribosomes: protein synthesis. 3. Golgi bodies: secretion of enzymes, formation of cell wall in plant cells. 4. Lysosomes: suicidal bags of the cell which destroy the worn-out cells by producing enzymes. 5. Plastids: chloroplast + chromoplast (fruits, flowers) + leucoplast (colourless). 6. Vacuole: to maintain turgidity in plant cell. 7. Nucleus: controlling centre of the cell. On the basis of presence and absence of well-defined membrane bound structure, the cell is classified as: prokaryotes (e.g. bacteria, fungi) and eukaryotes (e.g. plant & animal cell). Cell Division- division of a parent cell to produce daughter cells. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  4. 4.  TISSUE (HISTOLOGY) 1. Meristematic tissue: Helps in growth of plants. 2. Permanent tissue: the newly formed cells of the meristematic tissue get matured & are differentiated into permanent tissue. 3. Parenchyma: Helps in storage of food. Parenchyma with chloroplasts are called chlorenchyma and helps in photosynthesis. 4. Collenchyma & Sclerenchyma: provides mechanical support. 5. Xylem: It conducts water & minerals from root to other parts of the plant. Phloem: Conducts prepared food from leaves to the other parts of plant. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  5. 5. 1. Epithelial tissue: covers the external surface as well as internal lining of the organs. They are classified according to the shape of cell. 2. Connective tissue: it joins and support various parts of the body. • Areolar: present under the skin, acts as packing material for the organs. Tendon Ligament It attaches muscles to bones Formed of white fibrous tissue. It is present in the white matter of brain & spinal cord Connects bone to bone. Formed of yellow elastic fibre It is present in the sympathetic nervous system. • Adipose: stores reserved food (fats), acts as an insulator. • Skeletal: forms endoskeleton of vertebrates. Bone Cartilage It is brittle Cells called osteocytes are arranged in a concentric manner Covered by periosteum It is elastic. Cells called chondricytes are arranged in groups of 2 or 4. Covered by perichondrium.  Fluid: help in transportation of oxygen, carbondioxide, nutrients & remove waste materials. a. Blood: RBC (Erthrocytes without nucleus & mitochondria) + WBC (defense) + platelets (thrombocytes: contain nucleus, helps in clotting of blood). b. Lymph: colourless fluid without RBC & haemoglobin, produced by spleen. All interexchanges of nutrients & waste products between blood & tissue takes place through lymph only. 3. Muscular tissue: Smooth Striped Cardiac Involuntary Voluntary Involuntary Contract slowly & never fatigued Contract faster & get fatiqued soon Contract quickly & never get fatiqued. Found in alimentary canal, urinary bladder Found in limbs Found in wall of heart, Smallest muscle: stapedius located in middle ear (length 1.27mm). For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  6. 6. Largest muscle: buttocks Strongest muscle: jaw. Your jaw bite can be as much as 2000 N per second. Longest muscle: Sartorius muscle is the muscle of anterior hip & thigh group that is connected to the ilium & the tibia. 4. Nervous tissue:  Neurons are cells that conduct nerve impulses, or action potentials, across their membrane to the next neuron.  They possess a large cell body (soma), with cell projections called dendrites and an axon.  Dendrites are thin, branching projections that receive electrochemical signalling (neurotransmitters) to create a change in voltage in the cell.  Axons are long projections that carry the action potential away from the cell body toward the next neuron.  The bulb-like end of the axon, called the axon terminal, is separated from the dendrite of the following neuron by a small gap called a synapse.  When the action potential travels to the axon terminal, neurotransmitters are released across the synapse and bind to the post-synaptic receptors, continuing the nerve impulse.[ For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  7. 7.  RESPIRATORY SYSTEM  Human respiratory system has nostrils, nasal cavities, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli and lungs.  Pleura: the protective covering of lungs.  The part of trachea concerned with sound- larynx.  The part of brain where respiratory centre is located- Medulla Oblongata. Respiration is a 2 step process. First step is breathing, leading to exchange of gases and second step is oxidation of food molecules in the cell accompanied with release of energy. The glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid by the process of glycolysis in the cytoplasm without utilising oxygen. Pyruvate enters into mitochondria to pass through Kreb’s cycle in aerobic respiration utilising oxgen & producing ATP molecules. C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 686 Kcal After glycolysis, pyruvate gets converted either into ethyl alcohol as in bacteria or yeast or into lactic acid as in muscles of man. This is Anaerobic respiration. C6H12O6 -> 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 + 50 Kcal • Respiration in plants: stomata in leaves, root hairs in roots & lenticels in the bark of stem and roots helps in gaseous exchange through simple process of diffusion. • Aquatic animals like fishes take oxygen dissolved in water and respire through gills. • In earthworm, skin acts as respiratory organ. • Land animals have lungs as the main respiratory organ. • Insects show tracheal respiration which takes place through a network of air tubes called trachea. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  8. 8.  NUTRITION Autotrophic nutrition: • Photosynthesis is the process which converts solar energy to chemical energy. • Light reaction produces oxygen, ATP and NAPDH. • During dark reaction, NADPH and ATP molecules produced during light reaction are utilised for synthesis of carbohydrate from CO2 & H2O. • Light, temperature, CO2 & H2O affect the rate of photosynthesis. Heterotrophic nutrition: • Parasitic- parasities live on or inside the host & obtain food synthesised by its living host. • Saprophytic nutrition- saprophytes obtain nutrients from dead & decaying matter. • Holozoic- feeding of complex organic matter by ingestion, which is subsequently digested, absorbed & assimilated. Amoeba obtains its food by the process of phagocytosis and shows holozoic mode.  DIGESTIVE SYSTEM The alimentary canal of man consists of buccal cavity, oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, ileum (small intestines), colon (large intestines) and rectum. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  9. 9. The digestive process begins in the mouth. Food is partly broken down by the process of chewing and by the chemical action of salivary enzymes that break down starches into smaller molecules. After being chewed and swallowed, the food enters the oesophagus. The oesophagus is a long tube that runs from the mouth to the stomach. It uses rhythmic, wave-like muscle movements (called peristalsis) to force food from the throat into the stomach. The stomach churns the food and bathes it in a very strong acid (gastric acid). Food in the stomach that is partly digested and mixed with stomach acids is called chyme. After being in the stomach, food enters the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine. It then enters the jejunum and then the ileum (the final part of the small intestine). In the small intestine, bile (produced in the liver and stored in the gall bladder), pancreatic enzymes, and other digestive enzymes produced by the inner wall of the small intestine help in the breakdown of food. In the large intestine, some of the water and electrolytes (chemicals like sodium) are removed from the food. Many microbes (bacteria like Bacteroides, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella) in the large intestine help in the digestion process. Solid waste is then stored in the rectum until it is excreted via the anus. Digestive glands Secretion Enzymes Substrate Products Salivary gland Saliva Ptyalin Starch Maltose Gastric glands Gastric juice Pepsin Lipase Proteins Lipids Peptones Glycerides Liver Bile juice NO enzyme Fats Emulsification Pancreas Pancreatic juice Amylase Trypsin Lipase Starch Proteins Fats Maltose Peptides Fatty acids Intestinal glands Intestinal juice or Succus entericus protein digestion sugar digestion Lipase Peptones Sugars Fat Amino acids Glucose Fatty acids & glycerol Assimilation is the process of utilisation of digested food as the components of protoplasm, needed for production of energy, growth & repair process. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  10. 10.  EXCRETORY SYSTEM:  Each kidney is made up of 2 regions – an outer cortex and an inner medulla. Each kidney receives a renal artery from dorsal aorta and sends a renal vein to inferior vena cava.  Ureters are the tubes that connect kidneys with the urinary bladder.  Urethra is a tubular connection between urinary bladder & external opening of urinary tract. The muscle which guards the urethra: splincter muscle.  The urine is forms by 3 main steps: o Ultrafiltration o Rebsorption o Tubular secretion.  Urine is acidic in nature and its colour is due to presence of pigment- urochrome. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  11. 11. The kidney's primary function is the elimination of waste from the bloodstream by production of urine. They perform several homeostatic functions such as:- 1. Maintain volume of extracellular fluid 2. Maintain ionic balance in extracellular fluid 3. Maintain pH and osmotic concentration of the extracellular fluid. 4. Excrete toxic metabolic by-products such as urea, ammonia, and uric acid. Nephron: the functional unit of kidneys 1. Bowman’s capsule along with glomerous from malpighian body. 2. In glomerular filtrate, water(99%), inorganic salts, amino acids, fatty acids, glucose, urea, uric acid, hippuric acid, hormones, vitamins are present. 3. PCT absorbs glucose, water & vitamins, Na, K, Ca & Mg, 75 % amino acids. 4. Ascending Loop of henle does not absorb any water. 5. The process by which kidneys regulate the water content of the body- Osmoregulation. 6. DCT reabsorbs some Na & K. It leads to collecting tubes which leads to ureters. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  12. 12.  NERVOUS SYSTEM The brain is made of: • Cerebrum: seat of memory, thought, reason, logic etc. It controls the coordination of muscular movements. • Cerebellum: concerned with body equilibrium. • Medulla oblongata controls the involuntary activities like heart beat, breathing. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  13. 13. Spinal cord is concerned with reflex action. Note that in brain, gray matter is outside, white matter inside. In spinal cord, gray matter inside, white matter outside. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  14. 14.  CIRCULATORY SYSTEM: It is a double circulation system processed by heart: • Pulmonary where deoxygenated blood is pumped into the lungs. • Systematic when oxygenated blood is circulated into body parts. Human heart beats 72 times per minute. Sphygmomanometer measure the BP. There are 2 limits of BP. Higher limit is the systolic (contraction phase of heart) and lower is diastolic (relaxation phase of heart). Normal BP is 120/80mm of Hg. Blood clot: coagulation or solidification of fiuld blood in which fibrinogen is converted into fibrin. Blood groupings: antigens & antibodies  Antigens- they are proteins found on the surface RBCs. Antigens are A and B. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  15. 15. RH factor- it is based on RH antigen. A person can be Rh+ or Rh-. In world population, Rh+ are 85% and Rh- are 15 % only. RH+ can receive blood from Rh- but no vice- versa.  Antibodies- they are produced in lymph gland & are present in blood plasma. Respiratory disorders: 1. Emphysema- a situation of ‘short breath’ due to break down of alveolar walls and reduction of respiratory area as it happens due to smoking. 2. Pneumonia- infection of lungs by Diplococcus pneumonia and leads to accumulation of mucous & lymph in alveoli, impairing gaseous exchange. 3. Asthma- difficult breathing due to spasm in bronchial muscles & narrowing of bronchi. 4. Hiccups- due to spasmodic contraction of diaphragm. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  16. 16.  REPRODUCTORY SYSTEM Fertilisation is the fusion of gametes (sperm & egg) to produce a zygote (diploid cell). Organs to produce gametes are gonads (male gonad is testes, female gonad is ovaries).Puberty is the age when the reproductive organs become fully functional to produce offspring. Male reproductive system consists of a pair of testes, genital ducts, accessory glands & copulatory organ, penis. Testes contain semeniferous tubules and produce sex hormones e.g. testosterone. Female reproductive system consists of a pair of ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina & external genitalia. Ovaries produce ova & female sex hormones. Uterus is thick walled organ where the embryo develops. Cervix is the entrance of uterus. Menustrual phase is the shedding of the epithelial lining of the endometrium. After fertilisation, the young embryo would be implanted in uterus. Embryo later undergo development and forms the foetus. Gestation period is the time for which the young ones are carried within the uterus. Placenta serves as the nutritive organ and respiratory exchange between the foetus and mother. Umbilical cord attaches the foetus with placenta. Pregnancy lasts for 280 days. After the birth, placenta is removed. Chromosome: a unit of hereditary character. The number of chromosomes in human is 46 (out of which 44 are known as autosomes & 2 are sex hormones). Male has 44 + XY chromosomes. Female has 44 + XX chromosomes. The hormone that stimulates contraction of uterus during child birth is oxytocin. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  17. 17.  ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Endocrine glands do not possess ducts & their secretions are called hormones. Hormones are chemical regulators. Hormones are directly poured into the blood stream & act on the target organs. Exocrine glands have ducts, secrete enzymes. They increase the rate of a biochemical reaction. Gland Hormones secreted Effect of hormones Pineal gland Melatonin Affects daily physiologic cycles Pituitary gland Growth hormone Anti-diuretic hormone Gonadotrophins Controls growth of bones & muscles Increases re-absorption of water in kidneys Controls development of ovaries & testes Thyroid gland Thyroxine Controls rate of metabolism & rate that glucose is used up in respiration & promote growth Adrenal gland Adrenaline or emergency hormone Prepares the body for emergencies, increase heart rate, depth of breathing, raises blood sugar level so more glucose is available for respiration, diverts blood from gut to limbs Pancreas Insulin Glucagon Converts excess glucose into glycogen in liver Converts glycogen back to glucose in liver Ovaries Oestrogen Progesterone Controls ovulation Prepares the uterus lining for receiving an embryo Testes Testosterone Control sperm production Thymus Thymosin Promotes production & maturation of WBCs. Master gland: pituitary Largest gland: thyroid. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  18. 18.  HUMAN DISEASE: BACTERIAL Disease Cause Effects Tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in lungs, high fever (BCG vaccine can help) Whooping cough Bacillus pertussis Mild fever, irritating cough (DPT vaccine) Cholera Vibrio cholera Vomiting & muscular cramps Dehydration & loss of minerals Diarrhoea or food poisoning escherchia coli, shigella, campylobactera & salmonella. Dehydration accompanied by fever, nausea or vomiting Tetanus Motile bacteria, clostridium tetani Enter through injured surfaces Paralysis of thoracic muscles (neck & jaw) Pneumonia Streptococcus pneumonia Inflammation of lungs resulting in chest pain, shallow breathing Typhoid Salmonella typhi found in intestine of humans High fever, head ache, ulceration of intestine Plague Bacterium pasteurella/ yersinea pestis Transmitted by bed bug or head louse Bubonic- blood disease, enlargement of lymph nodes. Pneumonic-haemorrhages of bronchi & lungs. Septicemic- Anaemia Gonorrhoea Neisseria Gonorrhoea transmitted through sexual contact Infection in the mucous membrane of urinogential tract May result in female sterility For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  19. 19. VIRAL Disease Cause Effects Mumps Paramyxovirus Painful swelling of salivary glands Measles Rubella virus Loss of appetite, eruptions on skin, buccal & respiratory passage show signs of inflammation Influenza Influenza Virus Inflammation of upper respiratory tract, nose, throat & eyes Common cold Rhinovirus watery eyes, excessive nasal secretions Rabies RNA virus Hydrophobia, spasm of throat & chest leading to death Hepatitis Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis B virus Jaundice, loss of appetite Hepatitis B is fatal Dengue fevere RNA containing dengue virus, by bite of female mosquito aedes aegypti Conjunctivitis, high fever, backache, retro- orbital pain (between the eye balls). Can be haemorrgraphic: fatal with nausea, abdominal pain Yellow fever Arbovirus Vomiting, rupture of veins in kidneys, spleen, liver etc. PROTOZOAN Disease Cause Effects Malaria Plasmodium protozoan anopheles mosquito Reoccuring fever, weakness Amoebiasis Entamoeba histolytica Abdominal pain, alternating diarrhoea & constipation, stool with blood, mucous & mucous membrane pieces. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  20. 20.  MINERALS & VITAMINS Minerals are derived from the breakdown of rocks of earth’s crust which are then dissolved in water. Minerals are needed in only small quantities in the diet, though some of them accumulate to a specific degree e.g. there is around 1kg of calcium in the average human body. 1. Calcium, phosphorus & magnesium compounds are major components of bones & teeth. 2. Fluoride is important in protecting teeth from decay. 3. Sodium, potassium, calcium & chloride ions are important in a. maintaining correct composition of cells, of the tissue fluids around them (homoestatis). b. Communication between cells i.e. rapid transfer of signals along nerve cells & in brain. c. Muscle contraction. 4. The hormones produced by thyroid gland contains iodine. 5. Enzymes uses magnesium, selenium, zinc for functioning. 6. Sulphur is essential component of amino acids. 7. Iron is incorporated into haemoglobin & related proteins. VITAMINS : Vitamins A,D,E and K are fat-soluble & the remaining are water-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins are easily lost during cooking & are destroyed by exposure to air & light, so care is needed in food preparation to preserve them. Deficiency diseases are occur when vitamins are absent or in short supply. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  21. 21. VITAMIN DIETARY SOURCE DEFICIENCY DISEASE A Cheese, eggs, butter, milk Night blindness, B1- thiamin Vegetables Beri-beri B2 - riboflavin Cereals, rice, mushrooms Ariboflavinosis B3 - niacin Beef, prok, wheat, maize Pellagra B5 - pantothenic acid Broccoli & whole grains Paresthesia B6 - pyridoxine Potatoes & peanuts Anemia peripheral neuropathy B7- biotin Dried mixed fruit Dermatitis, enteritis B9 - folic acid Broccoli, sprouts, spinach Megaloblast. Deficiency during pregnancy causes Birth defects B12 – cobalamin Salmon, cod, yeast extracts Megaloblastic anemia C- ascorbic acid Citrus fruits, kiwi, tomato Scurvy D Oily fish, margarine Rickets & osteomalacia E Plant oils & green leafy vegetables Mild haemolytic anemmia in new born (rare) But overdose may cause congestive heart failure. K Vegetable oils & diary foods Bleeding diathesis For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  22. 22. QUESTIONAIRE 1. Down’s syndrome is caused by an extra (a) 11 th chromosome (b) 18 th chromosome (c) 21 st chromosome (d) 22 nd chromosome 2. Which one of the following vitamins helps in the formation of collagen? (a) Vitamin A (b) Vitamin-B2 (c) Vitamin-C (d) Vitamin-E 3. Which of the following is not a mosquito borne disease? a) Dengue fever b) Malaria c) Sleeping sickness d) Filariasis 4. Among the following elements, which one is essential for the transmission of impulses in the nerve fibre? a) Calcium b) Iron c) Sodium d) Zinc 5. The vitamin which is very liable and easily destroyed during cooking as well as storage is For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  23. 23. a) Vitamin A b) Vitamin b6 c) Vitamin C d) Vitamin K 6. The compound used in anti-malarial drug is a) Aspirin b) Neoprene c) Isoprene d) Chloroquin 7. Which of the following is a skin disease? a) Anaemia b) Pellagra c) Osteomalacia d) Rickets 8. The richest source of vitamin D is a) Cod liver oil b) Spinach c) Milk d) Cheese 9. Which of the following tests helps in diagnosis of cancer? a) X-ray b) Urine test c) Blood test d) Biopsy test 10. In Photosynthetic process, atmospheric carbondioxide is ____ to carbohydrates For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  24. 24. a) oxidised b) Reduced c) Neutralised d) Burnt 11. On seeing good food our mouth waters. This fluid is actually a) Water b) Hormone c) Enzyme d) None of the above 12. The enzyme Pepsin is inactive in stomach without the presence of a) Nitric Acid b) Hydrochloric acid c) Acetic acid d) Butyric acid 13. Villi present on the inner lining of the intestinal wall a) Secretes enzymes for digestion b) Secretes hormones c) Decreases the surface area for absorption d) Increases the surface area for absorption 14. During cellular respiration one molecule of glucose is first broken down into two molecules of ________ a) Acetic acid b) Pyruvic acid For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  25. 25. c) Lactic acid d) None of the above 15. Rajib was absent in the class because of muscle pain which he claims to be due to excess physical exercise he had done yesterday. This pain is due to a) Formation of lactic acid b) Formation of acetic acid c) Formation of Pyruvic acid d) Formation of Hydrochloric acid 16. Right part of the human heart contains a) Oxygenated blood b) Mixed blood c) Deoxygenated blood d) No blood 17. The transport of soluble products of photosynthesis is called translocation and it occurs in the part of the vascular tissue called a) Xylem b) Sclerenchyma c) Phloem d) Collenchyma 18. In human each kidney has large numbers of filtration units called ___ a) Neutrons b) Neurons c) Neptune d) Nephrons For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  26. 26. 19. Gustatory receptors will detect ______ a) light b) Taste c) Smell d) Touch 20. The gap between two neurons is called _____ a) Synapse b) Synthesise c) Dendron d) Axon 21. Involuntary actions including blood pressure, salivation and vomiting are controlled by the __________ in the hind-brain. a) Medals b) Cerebellum c) Medulla d) Cerebrum 22. A potted plant kept in a room tends to bend towards the direction of light. This movement is called a) Photographism b) Photonastism c) Photoperiodism d) Phototropism 23. The endocrine organ present in human female but not in human male is For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  27. 27. a) Testis b) Ovary c) Pituitary gland d) Thymus 24. If there is a deficiency of growth hormone the child becomes _____ a) Blind b) Mentally retarded c) Giant d) Dwarf 25. People living in coastal areas suffer less from goitre. This is because a) They eat sea food b) They drink sea water c) They bathe in sea water d) All of the above 26. The direction of impulse in a typical neuron is a) Axon to dendron b) Dendron to axon c) Both a and b are correct d) Both a and b are wrong 27. Male reproductive organ in flowering plant is a) Carpel b) Stamen c) Corolla For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  28. 28. d) Ovary 28. Female reproductive organ in flowering plant is a) Carpel b) Stamen c) Corolla d) Ovary 29. A fertilized ovule develops into a _____ in an angiosperm plant a) seed b) fruit c) flower d) cotyledon 30. Where are sperms formed in the human body? a) Vas deferens b) Prostate gland c) Ovary d) Testis 31. The place where fertilization take place in the human body is a) Uterus b) Oviduct / fallopian tubes c) Ovary d) vagina 32. Copper T and Loops are For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  29. 29. a) Contraceptive devices b) Conventional devices c) Conducive devices d) Contaminating devices 33. _______ is a common tube for urine and sperm in human male. a) Urethra b) Uterus c) Ureter d) None of the above 34. If in human a sperm (22+Y) fertilizes an egg (22+X), the sex of the foetus shall be a) Male b) Female c) Either male or Female d) none of these 35. Forelimb of frog, lizard, bird & man has some evolutionary relationship. This are a) Hand relationship b) Missing links c) Analogous organs d) Homologous organs 36. The number of autosomes in a human body cell is a) 44 For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  30. 30. b) 46 c) 22 d) 23 37. The theory of Natural Selection was proposed by a) Lamarck b) Darwin c) Mendel d) Haldane 38. Surgically removing tails of mice over several generations’ do not yield mice without tails. This proves that a) Cutting tail does not cause genetic change. So it not inherited. b) Acquired characters during one’s own life are not inherited. c) Neither a nor b is correct d) Both a and b are correct 39. Only ____ % of the energy can be transferred from one trophic level to the next trophic level. a) 1 b) 5 c) 10 d) 20 40. Accumulation of non- biodegradable pesticides in different trophic levels is called a) Biological degradation b) Biological magnification For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  31. 31. c) Biological concentration d) Biological deposition 41. The kidneys in human beings are a part of the system for (a) nutrition. (b) respiration. (c) excretion. (d) transportation. 42. The xylem in plants are responsible for (a) transport of water. (b) transport of food. (c) transport of amino acids. (d) transport of oxygen. 43. The autotrophic mode of nutrition requires (a) carbon dioxide and water. (b) chlorophyll. (c) sunlight. (d) all of the above. 44. The breakdown of pyruvate to give carbon dioxide, water and energy takes place in (a) cytoplasm. (b) mitochondria. (c) chloroplast. (d) nucleus. For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  32. 32. 45. Movement of food through oesophagus is due to (a) Lubrication by saliva (b) Peristalsis (c) Gravitational Pull (d) All of the above 46. Where is bile produced? (a) Gall bladder (b) Blood (c) Liver (d) Spleen 47. In normal expiration, the diaphragm is (a) Arched (b) Flattened (c) Perforated (d) None of these 48. The correct pathway of blood in circulatory system is (a) atria → ventricles → arteries → veins (b) ventricles → atria → veins → arteries (c) ventricles → veins → arteries → atria (d) veins → ventricles → atria → arteries 49. Respiration is a process in which For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  33. 33. (a) Energy is stored in the form of ADP (b) Energy is released and stored in the form of ATP (c) Energy is used up (d) Energy is not released at all. 50. The UV radiation from the sun is likely to cause _____________ in human a) Skin cancer b) Lung cancer c) Liver Cancer d) Brain Cancer 51. The three Rs to save the environment are a) Remember, Reduce, Reuse b) Recall, Reduce, Refund c) Reduce, Recycle, Reuse d) Reduce, Refund, Reuse 52. Biodiversity hot spots are a) Areas where large number of different species are found b) Hot Areas where large number of different species are found c) Areas which became hot due to large number of different species. d) Areas where large spot has been created due to death of number of species 53. Chipko Andolan is associated with a) Protesting against pasting of posters on walls b) Saving money c) Using more postal stamps d) Saving forest For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  34. 34. 54. To which one of the following types of organisms do mushrooms belong? a) Algae b) Ferns c) Fungi d) Lichens 55. Food wrapped in newspaper is likely to get contaminated with A. Lead B. Aluminium C. Iron D. Magnesium 56. Which one of the following plants is used for green manuring in India? A. Wheat B. Sunhemp C. Cotton D. Rice 57. Which one of the following disease is Inheritable? A. Leukaemia B. Colour blindness C. Malignancy D. Hepatitis 58. Which of the following vitamins is synthesised in the body by intestinal bacteria? A. vitamin B1 B. vitamin B4 C. vitamin D D. vitamins K For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  35. 35. 59. BCG vaccination (Bacillus Calmette Guerine) is injected to get immunity from A. Polio B. Cholera C. Small pox D. Tuberculosis 60. Which one of the following parts of the pitcher plant becomes modified into a pitcher? A. Stem B. leaf C. stipule D. petiole 61. Which chamber of human heart pumps fully oxygenated blood to aorta and hence to the body? A. Right Auricle B. Left Auricle C. Right Ventricle D. Left Ventricle 62. Which one of the following is a vitamin? A. Citric acid B. Folic acid C. Glutamic acid D. Linoleic acid 63. Which one of the following is responsible for converting milk into curd? A. Fungi B. Bacteria For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  36. 36. C. Virus D. None of these 64. In which one of the following animals is skin a respiratory organ? A. Cockroach B. Frog C. shark D. Whale 65. What is the pH level of blood of a normal person? A. 4.0 – 4.5 B. 6.45 – 65.5 C. 7.35 – 7.45 D. 8.25 – 8.35 66. Which of the following disease is not a caused by viruses? A. Cholera B. Chickenpox C. Hepatitis D. Measles 67. In which one of the following, antibody formations takes place? A. RBC’s B. Blood platelets C. Blood Plasma D. Donnan’s membrane 68. How do most insects respire? A. through skin B. through gills For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  37. 37. C. by lungs D. by trachea system 69. Which one of the following part of human brain is the regulating centre for swallowing and vomiting? A. Cerebellum B. cerebrum C. medulla oblongata D. pons 70. Production of which one of the following is a function of the liver? A. Lipase B. Urea C. Mucus D. Hydrochloric acid 71. Oncogene is responsible for A. Aids B. typhoid C. malaria D. cancer 72. Which acid is produced when milk gets sour? A. Acetic acid B. Tartaric acid C. Lactic acid D. Butyric acid 73. Two richest known sources of edible protein are For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  38. 38. A. Meat and eggs B. Milk and vegetables C. Soyabean and groundnut D. Some algae and other micro-organisms 74. Which nutrients are most likely to be affected by food processing and storage? A. Carbohydrates B. Fats C. Proteins D. Vitamins 75. The part of the body directly affected by Rickets is: (a) Bone tissue (b) Epidermal tissue (c) Nervous system (d) Respiratory system 76. The part of the body directly affected by Pneumonia is: (a) Bone tissue (b) Epidermal tissue (c) Nervous system (d) Respiratory system 77. The part of the body directly affected by Rabies is: (a) Bone tissue (b) Epidermal tissue (c) Nervous system (d) Respiratory system 78. The part of the body directly affected by Beri Beri disease is: For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  39. 39. (a) Nervous system (b) Epidermal tissue (c) Respiratory system (d) Bone tissue 79. Amino acids are a product of the digestion of: (a) Carbohydrates (b) Fats (c) Proteins (d) Vitamins 80. Which one of the following pairs of food components in humans reaches the stomach totally undigested a) Protein and starch b) Fat and starch c) Fat and cellulose d) Starch and cellulose 81. urea is the chief nitrogenous component of the excretory products of a) Man b) Earthworm c) Cockroach d) Frog 82. Amino acids are used as food additives for which of the following reasons? a) As natural antibiotics b) As natural growth inhibitors c) For nutritive purposes d) As antioxidants For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  40. 40. 83. Lycopene is an important antioxidant normally present in high level in a) Artichokes b) Bananas c) Tomatoes d) Soyabeans 84. The main effect of DDT on birds is a) fewer feathers b) reduced growth c) blindness d) thinner egg-shell 85. Which of the following is most hazardous? a) Crop waste b) Yard waste c) Paper waste d) Battery 86. The fertile part of soil is a) mineral water b) soil air c) humous d) soil water 87. The main source of air pollution is a) Factory exhaust b) Automobile exhaust c) Firewood d) Bad breath For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  41. 41. 88. Majority of all living species on the Earth are found in a) Tundra region b) Antarctica c) Tropical rainforest d) Temperate region 89. Cell organelle found only in plants a) Mitochondria b) Plastids c) Golgi complex d) Ribosomes 90. Enzymes are polymers of a) Amino acids b) Fatty acids c) Sugar d) Ribosomes 91. Which trait can effectively be confered into a plant by a transgene? a) Resistance to insects b) Resistance to humans c) Tolerance to light d) Tolerance to snowfall 92. What is the general term used to describe the degradation of pollutants using a biological apporach? a) Biostimulation b) Bioremediation c) Biodegradation d) Bioprocessing For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  42. 42. 93. Which genera of micro-organisms have the most diverse pathways for bioremediation? a) Pseudomonas b) Salmonella c) Legionella d) Colletotrichum 94. What is nanotechnology? a) The individual manipulation of molecules and atoms to create materials with novel or improved properties b) The creation of new terms to describe very small, almost unimaginable particle in physics c) The terms used to describe the size of cellular components d) The transition of molecular biology into the physical sciences 95. The colourless, odourless, tasteless radioactive gas present within homes and buildings is a) Argon b) Radon c) Xenon d) Krypton 96. Pedology is the study of a) Rock b) Coal c) Ecosystem d) Soil 97. The absorption of zinc in the human digestive tract may be inhibited by the presence of For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  43. 43. a) Plant fibre b) Animal fibre c) Water d) Oil 98. A species that is unique to a defined place or region and not found anywhere else is called a) Endangered b) Endemic c) Indigeneous d) Extinct 99. The main cause of global rising sea levels is a) Thermal expansion b) Melting of glaciers c) Melting of polar ice d) Melting of Antarctica 100. Anemometer is used to measure a) wind density b) wind velocity c) wind speed d) wind gravity 101. Ketone bodies are produced by a) brain b) liver c) kidney d) muscles For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  44. 44. 102. Genetic mapping is based on the linkage between it on to a second substrate. a) loci b) muton c) recon d) cistron 103. Most of the plants obtain nitrogen from the soil in the form of a) nitrate b) nitrite c) nitric acid d) nitrogen gas 104. Soilless Culture is called • Hydrophobics • Hydroponics • Hydrophilic • plant culture 105. Iron for the body is mainly obtained from • Fruits • Germinating seeds • Green vegetables • Milk 106. Dialysis is used for a patient suffering from • heart trouble • liver trouble • brain trouble • kidney trouble For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  45. 45. 107. In which season do we need more fat • Summer • Winter • Rainy season • None 108. Body build up food is • Fats • Carbohydrates • Proteins • all the above 109. Human eye has • Concave • Convex • biconcave • flattened lens 110. Diphtheria affects the • alimentary canal • Throat • Lungs • Brain 111. Bleeding of the gums is caused by the deficiency of • A-Vitamin • D-Vitamin • Vitamin C and D • K-Vitamin For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  46. 46. 112. Gums disease is called • Diphtheria • Anemic • Pneumonia • Pyorrhea 113. Thrombosis’ is a disease of the • blood • skin • Brain • Lungs 114. ‘Cataract’ is the disease of • blood • eyes • Kidney • Ears 115. The Chinese practice of curing a disease by needle is called • needle therapy • acupuncture • thrombosis • none 116. The source from which quinine is extracted • Cinchona • Fungi • Roulfia • Datura For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  47. 47. 117. Which of the following is a sex linked disease • tuberculosis • Bow leg gedness • Colour blindness • Anaemia 118. Milk sugar is called • Fructose • galactose • Sucrose • Lactose 119. The vitamin found in chillies is • B-Vitamin • C-Vitamin • D-V itamin • K-Vitamin 120. Casein is a • Milk sugar • Milk fat • Milk protein • None 121. Rearing of silk worms is called • Arboriculture • Sericulture • Silviculture • Apiculture For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  48. 48. 122. Plants prepares the food in presence of sunlight by the phenomenon of • Osmosis • transpiration • photosynthesis • none 123. Ascorbic acid is an a) Enzyme b) Carbohydrates c) Protein d) Vitamins 124. Culturing of honey bees is called • Arboriculture • Sericulture • Silviculture • Apiculture 125. Insulin is a hormone which secretes from • liver • gonads • pancreas • pituitary gland 126. The age of a tree can be determined by • the number of leaves on a tree • measuring its diameter of stem • Counting the number of annual ring • the number of branches present on a tree For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  49. 49. 127. Meningitis is a disease of the • liver • Kidney • heart • brain 128. Antibiotics are drugs used for the cure of • Bacterial diseases • Cancer • Malaria • Nervous disorders 129. Alexander Fleming discovered • Penicillin • X-ray • Streptomycin • Telephone 130. Who discovered circulation of blood in human body? • Edward Jenner • Joseph Lister • William Harvey • Jonon Esals 131. The credit of developing the polio vaccine goes to: • Jonas Salk • Alb E. Sabin • Selman Waksman • none of these For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  50. 50. 132. Anatomy is the branch of science which deals with: • Structure of animals and plants • Functioning of body organs • Animal behavior • Cells and tissues 133. Ecology deals with: • Birds • Cell formation • Relation between Organisms and their environment • Tissues 134. Oncology is the study of: • Birds • Cancer • Mammals • Soil 135. How many bones are there in a newborn child approximately? • 206 • 207 • 300 • 307 136. Who invented X-Ray? • Roland Hill • Wilhelm K. Roentgen • Marie Curie • Graham Bell For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  51. 51. 137. Who is the father of modern genetics? • Gregor Mendel • Francis Crick • Thomas Watson • Charles Darwin 138. Largest muscle of human body is: • Pelvic • Bicep • Stapadius • Cardiac 139. Name the longest bone of human body: • Radia • Ulna • Femur • Tibia 140. Which gland in the human body is called Master Gland? • Pituitary Gland • Bulbourethral gland • Thyroid gland • Lever 141. A branch of science dealing with the study of teeth is: • Odontology • Ornithology • Entomology • Gerontology For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  52. 52. 142. Which gland controls blood pressure? • Thyroid gland • Pituitary Gland • Bulbourethral gland • Adrenal glands 143. How many chromosomes does the human cell contains? • 46 • 38 • 29 • 52 144. Who is affected by ‘Foot and Mouth Disease? • Human being • Goats • Cattle • Cats 145. Which disease is caused by the deficiency of vitamin B1? • Beriberi • Measles • Scratch • Mumps 146. Malaria affects which part of the body? • Spleen • Lungs • Heart • Kidneys For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  53. 53. 147. With which part of the body is affected by Myopia? • Ears • Heart • Eyes • Kidneys 148. Which part of the body is affected by Pyorrhea? • Elbow • Gums • Skin • Lungs 149. What is the name of the instrument that is used to measure the pulse rate? • Hygrometer • Thermometer • Ammeter • Sphygmometer 150. What are the antibodies that participate in the defence mechanism of our body made up of? • Proteins • Vitamins • Carbohydrates • Minerals 151. Cow milk is a rich source of: • Vitamin A • Vitamin B • Vitamin C • Vitamin D For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  54. 54. 152. Which of the following diseases is not caused by a virus? • Cancer • Rabies • AIDS • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 153. Which of the following diseases is caused by the deficiency of iron in human body? • Anaemia • Scurvy • Dermatosis • Beri-Beri 154. Which of the following is a disease of brain? • SARS • AIDS • Diabetes • Alzheimer’s 155. India’s first transgenic crop was • Potato • Brinjal • Sugarcane • Cotton 156. Total volume of blood in a normal adult human body: • 5-6 liters • 3-4 liters • 8-10 liters • 10-12 liters For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  55. 55. 157. Name the hardest substance of the body: • the Enamel of teeth • the skin • the skull • the thigh bone 158. How many sets of ribs usually are there with human being? • 10 • 12 • 14 • 16 159. Tibia is a bone found in the: • Skull • Arm • Leg • Face 160. What is the largest organ of human body? • Liver • Intestine • Skin • Thigh 161. How many muscles are there in human body? • 620 • 640 • 570 • 470 For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  56. 56. 162. Which part of the human body remains the same in size from birth to death? • Nose • lips • eyes • ears 163. Human heart beats about how many times a day: • 50 thousand times • 74 thousand times • 1 lakh times • 78 thousand times 164. The main function of the kidney is: • To control blood pressure • To control body temperature • To remove waste product from the body • To help in digestion of food 165. What is the speed that a human brain sends message? • 140 mph • 100 mph • 240 mph • 200 mph 166. Which of the following glands secrete tears? • Lachrymal • Pituitary • Thyroid • Pancreas For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  57. 57. 167. At the time of sneezing which part of human body stops functioning? • Lungs • Heart • Kidney • Eyes 168. Bats can fly in the dark because • they have a better vision in the dark • the light startles them • they produce high pitched sounds called ultrasonic • None of the above 169. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy refers to • Brain Fever • Mad Cow Disease • Enteric Fever • Poultry Diarrhea 170. The heart of the human embryo starts beating in the ___ week of its development, • second • third • fourth • first 171. The two minerals required to keep teeth and bones intact and in good condition are • lead and zinc • calcium and phosphorus • copper and sulphur • iron and iodine For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  58. 58. 172. Vitamins A and C are predominantly present in • brinjal • lady’s finger • potato • tomato 173. Excess carbohydrates and insufficient proteins in daily diet will lead to • Kwashiorkor • Night blindness • Pernicious anaemia • Loss of hair 174. Coagulation of blood in vessels is prevented during normal circulation by • heparin • prothrombin • plasmogen • thromboplastin 175. If a father has blood group A and the mother has blood group 0, which one of the blood groups may be found in their progeny? • A • AB • O • Both (a ) and (c ) 176. The endocrine glands secrete • bile • hormones • sweat • genes For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  59. 59. 177. Which of these is most consistently observed in Vitamin B12 deficiency? • Pigmentation of skin • Red, sore tongue with capillary atrophy • Megaloblastic anaemia • Absence of tendon reflexes 178. Which element in chillies causes burning sensations? • Capsaicin • Cyanogen • Ammonia • Capsicum 179. Which one of the following is not an essential micronutrient for plants? • Boron • Zinc • Sodium • Copper 180. The stones formed in human kidney consist mostly of • sodium acetate • magnesium • calcium oxalate • calcium 181. A person with a blood group __ is considered to be an universal donor. • A Positive • AB Positive • AB Negative • O negative For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  60. 60. 182. It is possible to produce seedless tomato fruits by • applying trace elements in tomato fields • spraying mineral solution on plants • spraying hormones on flowers • applying fertilizers containing radioactive elements 183. ‘Late Blight’ is a disease that affects the ____ crop. • coconut • cashew • potato • pepper 184. Saffron is the dried _____ of the saffron plant. • fruit • aril • stigmas and tops of styles • tender leaves and sprouts 185. Vitamin D is manufactured in a healthy human being by the action of ____ on the skin and absorbed in the blood stream. • ozone • radium • moonlight • sunlight 186. Which of the following characteristics separates man from all other primates? • Exhibition of curiosity • Degenerate sense of smell • Opposability thumb • Projecting chin For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  61. 61. 187. Lactose and Rennin, the enzymes required to digest milk, disappear in the human body by the age of ____ years. • 2 • 3 • 5 • 8 188. The term ‘Fauna’ means • plant kingdom • animal kingdom • neither • Both 189. pH of blood remains constant due to • blood pressure • perspiration • buffer action • respiration 190. Which one among the following statements regarding heart sounds is correct? • Heart sounds are caused by the internal blood flow inside the heart • Heart sounds are caused by the external blood flow outside the heart • Heart sounds are caused by opening and closing of heart valves • Normal sounds are called ‘murmurs’ 191. The seeds can most suitably preserved in : • cold and dry condition • cold and wet condition • hot and dry condition • hot and wet condition For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  62. 62. 192. Which among the following vitamins is considered to be a hormone? • A • B • C • D 193. Decomposition of organic matter is due to • Virus • Fungi • Bacteria • None of these 194. Which of the following crops helps in nitrogen fixation? • Rice • Wheat • Maize • Beans 195. The spider spins its web from a liquid secreting from its • posterior silk gland • posterior abdomen glands • mouth • salivary glands 196. Which one of the following is caused by the expression of a recessive gene present on sex chromosome? • Rheumatism • Nervous shock • Muscular dystrophy • Cerebral haemorrhage For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  63. 63. 197. It Is not advisable to sleep under a tree at night because of release of • oxygen in a lesser quantity than the required levels • oxygen in large amounts • carbon monoxide • carbon dioxide 198. The rate of growth of plants can be measured by a/an • manometer • photometer • auxanometer • thermometer 199. Which of the following is not found in animal cell? • Cell wall of cellulose • Nucleus • Mitochondria • None of these 200. Mammal capable of flying is : • Jaguar • Ostrich • Pallican • Bat 201. The edible part of the potato is : • root • bud • fruit • stem For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  64. 64. 202. The small pox vaccine was discovered by • Edward Jenner • Louis Pasteur • John • Harvey 203. In which of the following structure the human body vermiform appendix is included: • large intestine • small intestine • gall bladder • stomach 204. Usually stem cutting is a culturing process which is used in: • banana • sugarcane • mango • cotton 205. The fruits of coconut and mango are __. • pome • drup • beri • hesperidium 206. Hydroponics is associated with a: • plant growth without soil • plant growth without water • relation of sound and air • technique of water conservation For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  65. 65. 207. Which of the following is not a mammal? • fish • bat • whale • None of these 208. The hormone secreted when one is frightened or excited • pituitrin • thyroxine • parathormone • adrenaline 209. Which of the following acid is present in the human abdomen? • sulphuric acid • hydrochloric acid • nitric acid • picric acid 210. The enzyme that is necessary to bring about clotting of blood is • peptidase • amylase • lipase • thrombokinase 211. Blood clotting requires vitamin • A • B • C • K For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  66. 66. 212. Sex linked genes are carried by • X-chromosomes • Y-chromosomes • different part of X- and Y-chromosomes • autosomes 213. Sickle-cellanemia is a disease caused due to the abnormality in • White blood cells • Red blood cells • Thrombocytes • Blood plasma composition 214. The blood group AB is called universal recipient because: • antibody is found in the blood • antibody is not found in the blood • blood lacks antigen • blood lacks both antibody and antigen 215. Carbohydrate are stored in plants and animals in the form of • cellulose and glucose respectively • starch and glycogen respectively • starch and glucose respectively • cellulose and glycogen respectively 216. The science dealing with diseases of plants is called as __. • Plant anatomy • Plant ecology • Plant morphology • Plant pathology For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  67. 67. 217. Which one of the following techniques can be used to establish the paternity of a child? • Protein analysis • Chromosome counting • Quantitative analysis of DNA • DNA finger printing 218. In human body, the pancreas secretes its enzymes into which one of the following? • Duodenum • lleum • Jejunum • Stomach 219. Which among the following is the richest source of ascorbic acid? • Apple • Bean • Carrot • Guava 220. The vitamin which is generally excreted by humans in urine is : • vitamin A • vitamin D • vitamin C • None 221. The human body needs the following vitamins. Arrange them in the increasing order of their requirement: 1) Vitamin A 2) Vitamin D 3) Vitamin E 4) Vitamin K • 1,2,3,4 • 3, 1,2,4 For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  68. 68. • 4,3,2, 1 • 1,4,3,2 222. Match the following A. Typhoid 1 . Metabolic disorder B. Measles 2 . Bacteria C. Malaria 3 . Virus D. Diabetes 4 . Protozoa • 2 3 4 1 • 1 2 3 4 • 3 2 4 1 • 4 3 2 1 223. The virus of AIDS affects the growth of: • Haemoglobin • RBCs in blood • T cells in blood • grey cells in brain 224. In the rabbit and horse, the appendix: • is very small • helps in digestion of cellulose • has no use • stores food 225. Which of the following statements is true with respect to Leukaemia: • Number of RBCs increases in blood • Number of WBCs increases in blood • Number of both RBCs and WBCs decreases in blood • Number of WBCs decreases in blood For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  69. 69. 226. Which of the following is not an autoimmune disorder? a) Diabetes mellitus b) Haemolytic anemia c) Rheumatic fever d) Cholera 227. The natural anticoagulant of blood in the vessel is a) EDTA b) Oxalate c) Citrate d) Heparin 228. Western blotting technique is used to detect the a) proteins b) DNA c) mRNA d) rRNA 229. Which of the following is not a renewable energy resource? a) Wood b) Wave c) Biogas d) Natural gas 230. Streptomycin is used to cure the diseases caused by a) Bacteria b) Virus c) Yeast d) Fingi For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  70. 70. 231. Antihaemorrhagic vitamin is also called as a) Vitamin E b) Vitamin K c) Vitamin D d) Vitamin B12 232. Erythropoietin, the hormone involved in synthesis of RBCs, is released to blood circulation by a) red blood cells b) bone marrow cells c) renal cells d) hepatic cells 233. Plasma bicarbonate is transported across red blood cells by a) Pectrin b) Ankyrin c) Carbonic anhydrase d) Band 3 protein 234. The discovery of human blood group was made by a) Emil Von Behring b) Ehrlich c) Landsteiner d) Milstein 235. “Penicillin” the wonder drug was discovered first by Alexander Fleming from the culture of a) Penicillium notatum b) Penicillium chrysogenum c) Penicillium funiculosum d) Penicillium stoloniferum For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  71. 71. 236. Who developed the Rabies vaccine? a) Robert Koch b) Robert Gallo c) Walther Hesse d) Louis Pasture 237. Sugar in the nucleotide is a) Hexose b) Pentose c) Priose d) Heptose 238. The first viral pathogen discovered was a) HIV b) TMV c) HPV d) YMV 239. Plague is caused by a) Bacterium b) Fungus c) Alga d) Virus 240. Selman A. Waksman was awarded Nobel Prize for the discovery of a) Penicilin b) Streptomyces c) Streptomycin d) Penicillium For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  72. 72. 241. Robert Koch has been awarded Nobel Prize in 1905 for the discovery of a) Anthrax b) Cholera c) Tuberculosis A) a and b B) a and c C) only a D) only c 242. Organisms, which utilize simple inorganic compounds, are termed as a) Phototrophs b) Autotrophs c) Heterotrophs d) Necrotrophs 243. Which of the following methods is employed for disposal of sludge that is contaminated with heavy metals heavily? a) Incineration b) Drying c) Landfilling d) Composting 244. Deterioration of fat in the presence of oxygen is due to the enzyme a) Lipase b) Protease c) Lipoxygenase d) Peptidase 245. In cheese manufacture, curd is formed by the addition of a) Renin b) Protease c) Peptidase d) Amylase For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in
  73. 73. 246. Excessive intake of polished rice causes deficiency of a) Vitamin A b) Vitamin B1 c) Vitamin D d) Vitamin K 247. Tofu is a processed product of a) Kidney bean b) navy bean c) Broad bean d) Soyabean 248. Decomposition of carbohydrates by microorganisms or enzymes is called a) Putrefaction b) Fermentation c) Canning d) Dextrinisation 249. Consider the following statements: A. Milk is rich in calcium and vitamin D. B. On heating milk combines with casein and is converted to calcium caseinate. Of these a) Statement A is correct and B is wrong b) Statements A and B are correct c) Statements A and B are wrong d) Statement A is wrong and B is correct 250. Pace maker of heart a) S. A. Node b) A.V. node c) A.V. septum d) I.A.septum For more downloads, visit www.studyiq.in

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