Mariposa EcoVillagePhil Hawes, Architect/PlannerNatural Systems Developers, LLCAmarillo, Texaswww.naturalsystemsdevelopers.com
INTRODUCTIONNatural Systems Developers Informed by nature’s systems, we design and build economically and ecologically sustainable villages. - For something to be sustainable it must be capable of being maintained without interruption, without weakening or losing power or quality. It must endure without failure in a prolonged, unflagging manner. Webster’s Dictionaries
INTRODUCTIONMariposa EcoVillage site near Amarillo, Texas
INTRODUCTIONMariposa EcoVillage Process • * Planning and preliminary design • * Restore damaged ecosystem using principles from nature and permaculture • * Design and develop infrastructure systems • * Establish educational base to train workforce and impart skills • * Start building homes and public buildings using this trained and established workforce • * Develop industrial and commercial base • * Sell homes to workforce and others
PLANNING AND PRELIMINARY DESIGNDesign Models Small European villages are the historic models for the community’s physical form, with the addition of modern amenities. We are currently in the preliminary design phase of master planning.
PLANNING AND PRELIMINARY DESIGNEcoVillage Site Plan One Square Mile 5,100 residents 2,040 homes 16 mixed-use neighborhoods: - Commercial - Industrial - Parks, Plazas, Trails, - Education - Restaurants - Entertainment
PLANNING AND PRELIMINARY DESIGNPreliminary EcoVillage Plan
PLANNING AND PRELIMINARY DESIGNEcoVillage S i t e We are developing 630 acres to create Mariposa EcoVillage, an ecologically and economically sustainable community. The site is an old gravel mine on a High Plains grassland.
ECOLOGICAL RESTORATIONLand Restoration Scarred land will be restored through permaculture, composting and soil building techniques.
INFRASTRUCTUREC o m m u n it y -O w n e dU t ilit ie s Residents in the community will own their own utilities: • Electricity & Gas • Water • Sewage Bioremediation • Telecommunications • Bio-Mass Composting • Solid Waste Management • Transportation
INFRASTRUCTURERenewable Energy All energy needs will be met by renewable sources: Wind – Annual average 14 mph Sun – Over 260 days /yr Hydrogen from water Methane from waste biomass
INFRASTRUCTUREWater Water will be drawn from an aquifer and recharged by runoff water injection to balance withdrawal. The purification process will use ozone or hydrogen peroxide and ultraviolet light.
INFRASTRUCTURE Waste Water Remediation The community sewage treatment system will use principles of bioremediation that rely on living systems to purify waste water.by Torben Gade
INFRASTRUCTURE Transportation Electric rapid-transit system for local needs No cars or trucks in the interior of the community Non-fossil fueled rental vehicles available to reduce the need for individual car ownership.Skyweb Express
INFRASTRUCTURE The compactness of the EcoVillageencourages walking, bicycling or even your personal horse-drawn SUV!
EDUCATIONEarth-built BuildingsIn the Americas for over 800 yearsIn Europe for over 500 yearsIn the Middle East and North Africa for over 3000 years Taos Pueblo Morocco Yemen
BUILDINGNatural Materials Rammed earth, adobe, light- clay, strawbale, earthen & lime plasters, lime mortar, bamboo, wood and stone
BUILDINGMaterials & Methods of Construction Where possible, highly refined materials are limited to those with very long lifetimes, such as ceramic tile, copper, Corten, cast iron and bronze. High embodied-energy materials are sparingly used, as in efficient ferrocement thin shell and tensile structures. by Frei Otto by Felix Candela
BUILDINGArt in t h e E c o -V illa g e Public art will enliven the EcoVillage’s buildings - sculpture, stained glass, mosaics, street theater and other artistic expressions.
COMMERCIAL BASELocal Food Production Water, sewage purification and food production are inter- related and are addressed as a synergistic whole. Food is locally grown to provide the caloric and nutritional requirements for residents.
COMMERCIAL BASE For every 85 people, ahalf-acre climatecontrolled green housewill produce fourvegetable crops per year.Protein production willfocus primarily on agro-forestry, which studieshave shown to be moreefficient than an equalarea of annual grains.
COMMERCIAL BASEA food processing center will serve community needs fordrying, canning, pickling and preserving.Harmful insects will be controlled through integrated pestmanagement. No pesticides, fungicides, herbicides orchemical fertilizers will be used.
COMMERCIAL BASECommunity Manufacturing In addition to earthen materials, building components will be manufactured on-site in small factories and workshops to promote economic independence. Ferro-cement roofing Doors & windows Cabinets & furniture Solar heaters Ceramics Machine shop Foundry Sheet-metal shop Welding
HOME PURCHASEMoney, Health and Education • A community credit union will offer no- interest home loans. • Community health, home and auto insurance will be negotiated for bulk rates. • A community clinic will provide inexpensive health care for residents. • Education will encompass kindergarten to post-graduate studies.
HOME PURCHASEEco-Village Diversity The community will promote diversity of language, religion, culture, economic and social strata, and ethnicity.
SUMMARYContribution to Natural Ecology All Eco-Village functions are designed to emulate the cyclic processes of natural ecosystems. We will use principles of restoration ecology to increase biodiversity and preserve endangered species habitat.
SUMMARYGlobal Warming Sustainable community paradigms are needed to meet the challenges of global climate change, pollution and diminishing fossil fuels.
SUMMARY Prototypical Neighborhood A population of 500 with bio-remediation of waste water that demonstrates the cyclic flow of the sun’s energy through living systems to convert sewage and organic waste to fertilizer, and then to food.by Phil Hawes
SUMMARYModel of EcoVillage PrototypeMariposa is a full serviceEcoVillage for 5,000residents on 630 acres.Truly ecologically andeconomically sustainableEcoVillages are a criticalstep on the path to bringlife back into balance andbuild a sustainable world.Mariposa will be one of thefirst of the modernprototypes.