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Eco resorts-Indian Context

In general, ecotourism is an insightful, mindful and participatory travel experience to natural and cultural and social environments, assisting the well-being of the local cultures and environments for future generations.
To simplify the term, Ecotourism can be defined in terms of
-environment and
-culture
-orientated travel.
The overall layout of the ecolodge and associated development must reflect the dual purpose of creating an ambient and attractive environment for the visitor as well as protecting the natural features of the site.
To achieve this standard the proponent must demonstrate that some of the following conditions have been created:
Visitor experience and ambience.
Views within the site and to the surrounding landscape have been maximized Adequate shade is provided by the use of vegetation and facility orientation Local winds are funneled for natural ventilation
Individual accommodation units have adequate privacy
Movement around the site and connecting of the various facilities is efficient Environmental Protection.
All special features on the site are protected.
Only essential facilities are constructed adjacent to the beach and other focal points on the site.
The overall footprint of the constructed buildings are kept to a minimum

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Eco resorts-Indian Context

  1. 1. ECO RESORTS Ar.Suvarna Lele
  2. 2. ECO TOURISM:  In general, ecotourism is an insightful, mindful and participatory travel experience to natural and cultural and social environments, assisting the well- being of the local cultures and environments for future generations. To simplify the term, Ecotourism can be defined in terms of -environment and -culture -orientated travel
  3. 3. Principles Of Ecotourism: • Minimizing the impact of tourism on nature and culture. Educating tourists to the importance of conservation . Promoting responsible business practices . Providing financial benefits for the conservation of the natural areas . Educating the traveller on the local community and its culture . • Use of local building and landscape materials . • Hiring local labor during construction and operations processes . • Applying innovative water and energy management and conservation solutions (many lodges have been very creative in identifying and adapting new technologies) • Preparation of informative environmental education programs and materials.
  4. 4. Eco resorts in India
  5. 5. Swaswara Gokarna, Karnataka
  6. 6. Banasura Hill Resort Wayanad, Kerala
  7. 7. Kipling Camp Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
  8. 8. Elephant Valley Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu
  9. 9. Nameri Eco Camp Nameri National Park, Assam
  10. 10. Kalmatia Sangam Himalaya Resort Almora, Uttarakhand
  11. 11. Nimmu House Leh, Jammu & Kashmir
  12. 12. Sarai at Toria Panna, Madhya Pradesh
  13. 13. Facility Location, Layout, and Orientation: The overall layout of the ecolodge and associated development must reflect the dual purpose of creating an ambient and attractive environment for the visitor as well as protecting the natural features of the site. To achieve this standard the proponent must demonstrate that some of the following conditions have been created: • Visitor experience and ambience. • Views within the site and to the surrounding landscape have been maximized Adequate shade is provided by the use of vegetation and facility orientation Local winds are funneled for natural ventilation • Individual accommodation units have adequate privacy • Movement around the site and connecting of the various facilities is efficient Environmental Protection. • All special features on the site are protected. • Only essential facilities are constructed adjacent to the beach and other focal points on the site. • The overall footprint of the constructed buildings are kept to a minimum.
  14. 14. Architectural Layout Facilities: • Orientation to the most attractive views (sleeping units, restaurant and common areas). • Easy access between the sleeping units and the services. • Private outdoor space (patio, veranda) • Attractive and charming rooms. • Spacious and appealing eating area . Interior Ambience: • Natural lighting through proper placement of windows • Natural ventilation and shading. • Attractive views. • Visual contact with the surroundings and natural resources. Use Of Colour: • Muted earth tones that blend with the local environment and reflect light are the best colours. • The use of the local materials (sand, wood, clay) provides an opportunity to maintain a palette of natural colors.
  15. 15. Shaam-e-Sarhad Village Resort Bhuj, Gujarat
  16. 16. Parambikulam Tiger Reserve Palakkad, Kerala
  17. 17. Khem Villas Ranthambore, Rajasthan
  18. 18. Wildernest Chorla Ghats, Goa
  19. 19. Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu
  20. 20. North Goa
  21. 21. Rainforest Retreat at Mojo Plantation Coorg, Karnataka
  22. 22. Diphlu River Lodge Kaziranga, Assam
  23. 23. Diphlu River Lodge Kaziranga, Assam
  24. 24. Maya Ubud Resort , Indonesia.
  25. 25. Maya Ubud Resort, birds eye-view.
  26. 26. Treatment of smaller spaces
  27. 27. Interior spaces as per the ethos of the space. Lay out of guest rooms
  28. 28. Treatment of smaller spaces
  29. 29. Resort with focal entertainment areas
  30. 30. Resort taking advantage of the beach views.
  31. 31. Dormitories
  32. 32. Characteristics Of an Eco Resort: Green hotels follow strict green guidelines to ensure that their guests are staying in a safe, non-toxic and energy-efficient accommodation. Here are some basic characteristics of a green hotel: 1.Housekeeping uses non-toxic cleaning agents and laundry detergent 2.100% organic cotton sheets, towels and mattresses 3.Non-smoking environment 4.Renewable energy sources like solar or wind energy 5.Bulk organic soap and amenities instead of individual packages to reduce waste 6.Guest room and hotel lobby recycling bins 7.Towel and sheet re-use (guests can tell housekeeping to leave these slightly used items to reduce water consumption) 8.Energy-efficient lighting 9.On-site transportation with green vehicles 10.Serve organic and local-grown food 11.Non-disposable dishes 12.Offers a fresh-air exchange system 13.Grey-water recycling, which is the reuse of kitchen, bath and laundry water for garden and landscaping 14.Newspaper recycling program
  33. 33. The Programs that may be incorporated: A veterinary clinic – The plantation owners have expressed interest in bringing farm animals onto the site and also to take care of the animals already farmed on R block Seed production farm – Currently there are 62,000 hectares being cultivated in Kuttanad. All the seeds needed for this are currently being brought in from other states. A new industry could be created with the allocation and proper planning of this space Solar and wind power units – The project should look at the possibilities of renewable energy onsite. This idea should be explored to make the project more eco-friendly and the island become self sufficient. An Ayurvedic centre – practicing traditional Indian medicine
  34. 34. GAOKOS-An abode of Tranquility
  35. 35.  A conscious effort on part of every Architect is necessary while designing a habitat which is totally eco friendly.  The planning should be as per the natural characteristic of land pertaining to the topography, type of vegetation and climatic aspects of the surroundings. Instead of cutting the existing tress, they are properly maintained and nurtured.
  36. 36.  ‘Gavkos’ is a lovely privately owned farm-land and farm-house which has been converted into a picnic spot. It’s about 35 KM from Pune. There are two routes that you can pick from to exit Pune. One is via the Sinhagad Road and another from Warje. The roads meet near Khadakwasla.  About an hour’s drive from Pune, Gavkos — the 55-acre privately-developed hill with five cottages and a dormitory — encourages you to explore the pristine green landscape and the rich variety of flora and fauna. You can also access the vista point that allows you a breathtaking view of Khadakwasla backwaters.  The farm house of Gavkos, situated on a hill just above the confluence of two rivers, is at a very scenic spot. There are little squares of different farms all around the rivers.  Looking down from Gavkos, the view is very pretty and serene. The delight of watching the coming-together of two rivers and then moving on as one can be enjoyed from a viewing deck.  The area has cottages and dormitories with a central kitchen area. It is beautifully landscaped with stone path ways, parking areas, kiosks and a lush vegetation that include all kind of trees and grasses.  A little deck is marked as a sunrise point overlooking the rivers and patches of green and brown farms around it.
  37. 37. Small temple near the Office Entrance
  38. 38. DORMITORY-accomodating around 100 people
  39. 39. DORMITORY-with two levels designed on concept of traditional Kerala House
  40. 40. Terracing towards the cottage.
  41. 41.  All varieties of trees from big trees to small planters with creepers and grass are seen around. The big trees include trees as mango, coconut, neem,chickoo, jacaranda, cassia, palash, acacia, silver oak and many more  The small trees include plants as casuarinas, palms, Ashoka, nilgiri, thuja and so on shrubs and creepers include plants as sadaphuli, didonea, fern, marigold, magnolia, mogra, shatawari, verbena, crotons, lantana etc.  Variety of grass like hariyali, wandering jew is also found around. Area is surrounded with fragrances of fresh flowers and plants.  The surrounding flora and fauna is incomplete without birds, so a variety of birds is seen in vicinity of this Landscape. VEGETATION ON THE SITE
  42. 42. Stone sittings near the rooms
  43. 43. Passage way leading to Kitchen.
  44. 44. Cosy Cottages
  45. 45. Flag stone laid for pavings.Palms planted around
  46. 46. Passages,lawns,sitting areas, pathways-all in natural materials.
  47. 47. Tree circumferences decorated by circular arrangements of flag stones
  48. 48. Gathering/play area with a kiosk and simple Cudappah stone sittings.
  49. 49. DORMITORY-A sit out passage area overlooking the play space.
  50. 50. Appropriate vegetation with Indigenous trees including variety of flowering and fruit trees.
  51. 51. Kiosks spread all over the site for relaxation and admiring Nature’s beauty.
  52. 52. Step up towatds the viewing platform.
  53. 53. Beautiful pathways connecting the spaces
  54. 54. Appropriate use of levels to situate platforms and cottages at strategic points
  55. 55. A stone sitting viewing a beautiful Panorama of confluence of two rivers.
  56. 56. Evening lighting converting the kitchen into a magical place.
  57. 57. Morning sunlight brightening the lawns
  58. 58. Pathways and bridges connecting the cottages on upper level
  59. 59. Simple yet elegant rooms plastered with rough cast plaster and stone finish.
  60. 60. Simple yet elegant external facades with glass windows and stone sittings.
  61. 61. Decorative flagstone pathways.
  62. 62. Semi open area next to the owners bangalow
  63. 63. VIEWING DECK
  64. 64. Mist spread over the rivers
  65. 65. One of the Parking lots
  66. 66. Extended sitting areas
  67. 67. View from kitchen area
  68. 68. Rooms topped with POP sheets or slate stone sheets
  69. 69. Rough cast plaster for rooms.
  70. 70. Steps reaching the childrens play area.
  71. 71. Wooden, resting kiosks in between…
  72. 72. A lovely cottage surrounded by the trees.
  73. 73. Meeting slopes
  74. 74. Stone sculptures, play areas and cast iron railings……
  75. 75. Mist covered River
  76. 76. A High end Eco Resort On The Banks Of Vaitarna.
  77. 77.  Tucked away amidst this tranquil landscape is a unique hideaway - Anchaviyo Resort.  It serves as an ideal getaway for the city mouse, looking to escape from the chaos and confusion of the concrete jungle. Every detail of the resort has been carefully nuanced to bring about the perfect juxtaposition of the warmth of home and the charm of luxury.
  78. 78. Hidden amongst a rich cluster of towering trees - Mango, Chikoo and Guava, the Luxurious chalets and the tents at Anchaviyo are built across a sprawling estate of 150 acres. It has been the relentless effort of owners to epitomize exclusivity, privacy and peace of mind for our patrons. So, whether you want to enjoy some outdoor activities, or simply pamper yourself, come immerse yourself in the scintillating voices of nature at Anchaviyo.
  79. 79. Appropriate use of the site
  80. 80. Screening and Visual Integration with the landforms : 1. Screen negative features such as roads and traffic from the ecolodge site. 2.Create a separation between the ecolodge and adjacent facilities . 3.Screen the ecolodge from the views onto the site. 4.Partially obscuring such features such as the parking lot, utility building and maintenance facilities . 5.The use of landforms can integrate the ecolodge into the wider landscape with its hills and mounds. These berms can also be used to: a.Direct wind movement to increase natural ventilation. b.Control wind and offer protection in exposed areas and blowing sand. c.Create a sense of privacy in different parts of the ecolodge . b.Cluster vegetation around select landforms .
  81. 81. Appropriate use of the site
  82. 82. Effective Landscaping: Merging with the terrain.
  83. 83. Landscaping as per the terrain
  84. 84. Cycling tracks all around the site.
  85. 85. Recreational Facilities: • Recreation Facilities .There are recreation equipment companies that offer low impact facilities. This may include: • Chloride free salt water pool. • Natural surface games area. • Low energy hot tubs . • Cycling pathways. • Private areas for relaxation, meditation and contemplation. Alternative technology options: • Energy conservation (wind, sun, thermal; cooling roof materials) . • Water conservation (flow restrictors, metering, water reuse, and recycling). • Fuel (biogas) . • Waste recycling.
  86. 86. Cost effective construction
  87. 87. Toilet Interiors-bamboo matting, sawdust compressed boards, timber board roofing
  88. 88. Use Of Local, Natural Building Materials: 1.Stone. 2.Compressed Earth blocks. 3.Rough wooden rafters. 4.Mangalore tiles. 5.Steel roof trusses. 6.Bamboo. 7.Adobe. 8.Karvi sticks, cow dung, mud plasters. 9.Bricks with rat trap bonds.
  89. 89. Energy Conservation Measures And Monitoring Plan: This plan will include but not be limited to: • Renewable energy or co-generation schemes, including wind, thermal, fuel cell, etc. • Energy Management Systems . • Energy efficient refrigeration. • Real time metering and sub- metering for establishing load profiles throughout the lodge . • High efficiency appliances . • Solar Energy Systems. • High efficiency thermal water heaters and instantaneous/tank less water heaters. • Waste Heat/Energy Recovery Systems (air, steam, etc.) • Ground Source Heat Pumps . • Efficient Piping design (steam, water and glycol piping) . • Efficient fluorescent lighting .
  90. 90. Incorporation of Passive cooling in Design
  91. 91. Rooms open to external views
  92. 92. Tents provided with decorative tough cotton covers
  93. 93. Semi open dining areas
  94. 94. Interiors from available wood nearby.
  95. 95. Bamboo screens as partitions.
  96. 96. Library-A part of surrounding Nature
  97. 97. Pavillions for the relaxed sitting.
  98. 98. Decorative wooden planks for the spiral staircase.
  99. 99. Raised pavilions for night dining.
  100. 100. Night view of the rooms.
  101. 101. Boating facility available over the adjacent Vaitarna River
  102. 102. Traditional writing desk overlooking a small waterfall.
  103. 103. Battery driven scooter for carrying the guests.
  104. 104. Effective landscaping as per the terrain.
  105. 105. Thank You Ar.Suvarna Lele http://www.natgeotraveller.in/magazine/ month/september-2014/go-green--22-eco- sensitive-resorts-in-india-353/

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