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APACHE SLING & FRIENDS TECH MEETUP
BERLIN, 25-27 SEPTEMBER 2017
Robert Munteanu, Tomek Rękawek @ Adobe
0DT deployments for Sling-based apps
Agenda
● Motivation
● Concepts
● Usage
● Demo
● Wrap-up
Motivation
Clustered deployments
Standalone deployments
Concepts
Separate content from code
Oak Composite NodeStore
Oak Composite NodeStore
● Manages a number of 1 to n NodeStores
● Always has a global NodeStore, holding the content not
claimed by other NodeStores
● Multiple mounted NodeStores, owning content for certain
paths, for instance /libs and /apps
● Certain paths in the global mount can be claimed by mounts
– Looks for a :oak:mount- prefx in node names and matches them with mounts
– Currently implemented for indexes
Typical confguraton
Note: for your viewing pleasure, not an actual config file
/ <default> # global mount
/libs libs # read-only mount
/apps libs # read-only mount
Following paths also belong to the libs mount:
●
/oak:index/uuid/:oak:mount-libs-index ( and others )
● /jcr:system/rep:permissionStore/oak:mount-libs-
default
Oak composite store with Sling / AEM
● Two repositories:
– /apps & /libs - stored in a separate, read-only
repository-libs,
– other data - stored in the normal repository (Segment,
Mongo or RDB).
● The first one has to be created before starting
the instance.
Limitatons
● Mounts are always read-only
– Atomic state changes non trivial to get right, fast, scalable
– Write support requires additonal change to multple Oak subsystems
– No observaton events generated
● Referenceable nodes are not suported in non-default
NodeStores
● Versionable nodes are not supported in non-default
NodeStores
Ensuring consistency
● Mount-time checks
– No versionable nodes in non-default NodeStores
– No referenceable nodes in non-default NodeStoress
– No duplicate entries in unique indexes amongst all NodeStores
– Node type defnitons from mounts consistent with the global node type
registry
– Namespace usage in mounts consistent with the global namespace registry
● Run-time checks
– No cross-mount references may be created at run-tme
Applicaton-level changes
● No run-time changes under /libs or /apps
– Usually fne or applicatons
– More painful for testng
● Read-only status exposed via
Session.hasCapability, not
Session.hasPermission
Usage
Running instance in the composite mode
●
We need to have two repositories in the composite mode:
– one for the applicaton (/apps and /libs),
– one for the content (everything else).
● When running the instance in the composite mode, the
application part is read-only
– so it's not possible to install the applicaton from the content packages, as usual.
● Therefore, using composite mode involves two-step process:
– start instance without the composite node store, to create the applicaton repository,
– start instance with the composite node store.
Building and startng composite instance
Building the composite-enabled instance
●
First, the instance is started without the composite node store.
●
The composite-init.jar waits until the instance is ready:
– start level 30,
– no indexing jobs in progress.
●
Then it stops the instance.
● The created repository is renamed to repository-libs.
●
It's a completely initialized repository:
– /apps, /libs will be used for the composite node store mount,
– other content will be used to pre-populate the default node store when running the instance.
Startng the quickstart in composite mode
● The instance is configured with two node stores: the default one and
the repository-libs.
● They are combined together with composite node store.
● If the instance is started for the first time:
– the default store is empty, so the composite node store pre-populates it with the content from
the repository-libs,
– it copies everything except the apps-related data,
– once the inital pre-populaton is done, the instance startup will carry on.
● If the instance references an existing default repository:
– the startup proceeds, with the new /apps and /libs part.
Customer applicaton integraton
●
The customer application can't be installed in the instance runtime.
●
It has to be integrated with the Sling/AEM code.
●
Sling Provisioning Model:
[artifacts startLevel=20]
com.acme.site/com.acme.site.content/1.0.0/zip
com.acme.site/com.acme.site.core/1.0.0
com.acme.site/com.acme.site.email/1.0.0
com.acme.site/com.acme.site.templating/1.0.0
[configurations]
com.acme.site.core.AcmeService
enabled=B"true"
path="/home/acme"
Composite mode with Docker
● This 2-stage process needs to be automated.
●
Docker is a perfect tool for the task - it allows to
encapsulate both logic and data:
– Dockerfile can be used to orchestrate the required steps,
– the created Docker image embedds the artfacts and
repository-libs.
●
A separate image for author and publish.
Dockerizing the composite instance
Running the container
● The container uses an external storage for the
non-application content.
● Either VOLUME for the TarMK or a Mongo
instance.
● The /apps and /libs are served from the
embedded repository-libs.
Docker setup summary
Deployment scenarios
Blue-green deployments
Blue green deployments
●
Now we have the whole application code enclosed in the container.
● While the other data (/content) is stored externally.
● This allows to perform a blue-green deployment.
●
Blue container is the one running the older version of code.
●
Without disabling it, we're creating a green container, running the newer code.
● They are both using the same content, but their /apps subtrees and bundles
are different.
● Now we can switch the load balancer to point the green container.
●
The blue one can be shut down.
Incompatble content changes
●
The assumption is that the green container doesn't introduce incomatible
changes.
●
Otherwise the blue may break.
●
In AEM context: eg. no new components should be added if the older version
doesn't support them.
●
If the property name changes, the new version should fallback to reading the
older name as well.
●
If the content schema changes, a script may be used to update the content
after switching the load balancer,
– the new applicaton should allow to read the older schema too.
Demo
Zero downtme demo
● Start a Dockerized, Mongo-based AEM instance with
application v1.
● Start the second container, with application v2,
connecting to the same MongoDB.
● Confirm it contains a new "video" component.
● Switch the load balancer.
● Destroy the old instance.
Wrap-up
Resources
● https://jackrabbit.apache.org/oak/docs/node
store/compositens.html

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Zero downtime deployments for Sling application using Docker

  • 1. APACHE SLING & FRIENDS TECH MEETUP BERLIN, 25-27 SEPTEMBER 2017 Robert Munteanu, Tomek Rękawek @ Adobe 0DT deployments for Sling-based apps
  • 2. Agenda ● Motivation ● Concepts ● Usage ● Demo ● Wrap-up
  • 9. Oak Composite NodeStore ● Manages a number of 1 to n NodeStores ● Always has a global NodeStore, holding the content not claimed by other NodeStores ● Multiple mounted NodeStores, owning content for certain paths, for instance /libs and /apps ● Certain paths in the global mount can be claimed by mounts – Looks for a :oak:mount- prefx in node names and matches them with mounts – Currently implemented for indexes
  • 10. Typical confguraton Note: for your viewing pleasure, not an actual config file / <default> # global mount /libs libs # read-only mount /apps libs # read-only mount Following paths also belong to the libs mount: ● /oak:index/uuid/:oak:mount-libs-index ( and others ) ● /jcr:system/rep:permissionStore/oak:mount-libs- default
  • 11. Oak composite store with Sling / AEM ● Two repositories: – /apps & /libs - stored in a separate, read-only repository-libs, – other data - stored in the normal repository (Segment, Mongo or RDB). ● The first one has to be created before starting the instance.
  • 12. Limitatons ● Mounts are always read-only – Atomic state changes non trivial to get right, fast, scalable – Write support requires additonal change to multple Oak subsystems – No observaton events generated ● Referenceable nodes are not suported in non-default NodeStores ● Versionable nodes are not supported in non-default NodeStores
  • 13. Ensuring consistency ● Mount-time checks – No versionable nodes in non-default NodeStores – No referenceable nodes in non-default NodeStoress – No duplicate entries in unique indexes amongst all NodeStores – Node type defnitons from mounts consistent with the global node type registry – Namespace usage in mounts consistent with the global namespace registry ● Run-time checks – No cross-mount references may be created at run-tme
  • 14. Applicaton-level changes ● No run-time changes under /libs or /apps – Usually fne or applicatons – More painful for testng ● Read-only status exposed via Session.hasCapability, not Session.hasPermission
  • 15. Usage
  • 16. Running instance in the composite mode ● We need to have two repositories in the composite mode: – one for the applicaton (/apps and /libs), – one for the content (everything else). ● When running the instance in the composite mode, the application part is read-only – so it's not possible to install the applicaton from the content packages, as usual. ● Therefore, using composite mode involves two-step process: – start instance without the composite node store, to create the applicaton repository, – start instance with the composite node store.
  • 17. Building and startng composite instance
  • 18. Building the composite-enabled instance ● First, the instance is started without the composite node store. ● The composite-init.jar waits until the instance is ready: – start level 30, – no indexing jobs in progress. ● Then it stops the instance. ● The created repository is renamed to repository-libs. ● It's a completely initialized repository: – /apps, /libs will be used for the composite node store mount, – other content will be used to pre-populate the default node store when running the instance.
  • 19. Startng the quickstart in composite mode ● The instance is configured with two node stores: the default one and the repository-libs. ● They are combined together with composite node store. ● If the instance is started for the first time: – the default store is empty, so the composite node store pre-populates it with the content from the repository-libs, – it copies everything except the apps-related data, – once the inital pre-populaton is done, the instance startup will carry on. ● If the instance references an existing default repository: – the startup proceeds, with the new /apps and /libs part.
  • 20. Customer applicaton integraton ● The customer application can't be installed in the instance runtime. ● It has to be integrated with the Sling/AEM code. ● Sling Provisioning Model: [artifacts startLevel=20] com.acme.site/com.acme.site.content/1.0.0/zip com.acme.site/com.acme.site.core/1.0.0 com.acme.site/com.acme.site.email/1.0.0 com.acme.site/com.acme.site.templating/1.0.0 [configurations] com.acme.site.core.AcmeService enabled=B"true" path="/home/acme"
  • 21. Composite mode with Docker ● This 2-stage process needs to be automated. ● Docker is a perfect tool for the task - it allows to encapsulate both logic and data: – Dockerfile can be used to orchestrate the required steps, – the created Docker image embedds the artfacts and repository-libs. ● A separate image for author and publish.
  • 23. Running the container ● The container uses an external storage for the non-application content. ● Either VOLUME for the TarMK or a Mongo instance. ● The /apps and /libs are served from the embedded repository-libs.
  • 27. Blue green deployments ● Now we have the whole application code enclosed in the container. ● While the other data (/content) is stored externally. ● This allows to perform a blue-green deployment. ● Blue container is the one running the older version of code. ● Without disabling it, we're creating a green container, running the newer code. ● They are both using the same content, but their /apps subtrees and bundles are different. ● Now we can switch the load balancer to point the green container. ● The blue one can be shut down.
  • 28. Incompatble content changes ● The assumption is that the green container doesn't introduce incomatible changes. ● Otherwise the blue may break. ● In AEM context: eg. no new components should be added if the older version doesn't support them. ● If the property name changes, the new version should fallback to reading the older name as well. ● If the content schema changes, a script may be used to update the content after switching the load balancer, – the new applicaton should allow to read the older schema too.
  • 29. Demo
  • 30. Zero downtme demo ● Start a Dockerized, Mongo-based AEM instance with application v1. ● Start the second container, with application v2, connecting to the same MongoDB. ● Confirm it contains a new "video" component. ● Switch the load balancer. ● Destroy the old instance.