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Toronto Real Estate Returns Q4 2017
Scott Ingram
CPA, CA, MBA
REALTOR®
Victorian Row Houses
by Jay Woodworth
Creative Commons license
Toronto Real Estate
Returns Report Q4 2017
About this report
It’s 20 years of Toronto real estate growth vs. select stock market indexes. I don’t
claim it’s a perfect comparison, or that a house is the ultimate investment vehicle
(they sure aren’t liquid) – it’s just for fun and to give a nice rough idea.
To note:
• Real estate “returns” exclude land transfer taxes, sales commissions, etc. (which are significant)
• Stock market “returns” do not account for re-investing of dividends
• When I say “Toronto” I mean strictly the 416 – not the whole GTA or TREB region
• Multi-year returns show the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) – the rate that if applied each
year would get you from the starting to ending numbers. Crudely, an “average” annual gain.
• The classic line applies: “past performance is not a guarantee of future results”
Sources:
• Real estate numbers from Toronto Real Estate Board (TREB) “Historic Housing Stats,” using average
prices from all Q4 transactions (Apr-Jun). The “All Real Estate” figure is essentially a portfolio of all
houses and condos from Etobicoke to Scarborough that were bought and sold through the TREB
MLS® System during the quarter, much like the stock indexes are a portfolio of major stocks.
• TSX/S&P ($CAD) and S&P 500 ($USD) numbers from Yahoo Finance using Dec 31closing figures
• MSCI World Index from MSCI website in Canadian dollars using Dec 31 closing figures
12.2% 12.7%
3.9% 10.1% 8.9%
1 YR. 2 YR. 3 YR. 4 YR.
8.1%
6.0% 11.6% 3.5% 4.4%
S&P 500 19.4% 14.4% 9.1% 9.7%
*
3rd
* *
14.4% 8.9%
4th 3rd 3rd
World Index
Toronto RE vs. Markets
Recent Returns Q4 2017
After a wild year, Toronto real estate ends the year 3rd or 4th in these shorter timeframes, only
outperforming the TSX.
*
7.2% 5.3%
8.8% 6.3% 6.6%
5 YR. 10 YR. 15 YR. 20 YR.
6.5%
5.4% 1.6% 6.2% 4.5%
S&P 500 13.4% 6.2% 7.7% 5.2%
*
3rd
16.9% 7.6%
3rd
World Index
Toronto RE vs. Markets
Long Term Returns Q4 2017
Toronto RE outperformed all indexes in all views from 16 to 20 years. It topped the TSX in 18 of
20 views (all expect 1 and 2 years), is 10 of 20 with the S&P 500, and only 6 of 20 vs. the MSCI.
2nd 1st
*
*
1 YR. 2 YR. 3 YR. 4 YR.
Toronto Real Estate
Recent Returns Q4 2017
The decline of detached house prices from Q2 peaks has allowed condo apts to overtake
detached in the 1 to 3 year views.
“All types” includes attached houses, condo townhouses, and “other” on top of detached houses and condo apartments.
3.9% 10.1% 8.9% 8.1% ALL
TYPES
-2.9% 10.5% 10.7% 10.2%⌂
18.0% 16.1% 12.0% 9.6%
DETACHED
HOUSES
CONDO
APTS.
27%
55%
The above two segments accounted for 82% of Toronto transactions in 2017.
Detached housing has outperformed condos across all long term periods. The “All types” growth
is affected by a changing mix as > 200K condos units have been added to the GTA housing supply
in the past 20 years: Condo apts (least expensive type) were 28% of transactions in 1997 but
were 55% in 2017. Detached houses (most expensive) have fallen from 46% to 27% in that time.
5 YR. 10 YR. 15 YR. 20 YR.
Toronto Real Estate
Long Term Returns Q4 2017
8.8% 6.3% 6.6% 6.5% ALL
TYPES
11.2% 7.5% 7.9% 7.7%⌂
9.3% 6.3% 6.4% 6.7%
DETACHED
HOUSES
CONDO
APTS.
All types includes attached houses, condo townhouses, and “other” on top of detached houses and condo apartments.
$29K $179K $273K
1 YR.
increase
3 YR.
increase
5 YR.
increase
10 YR.
increase
$361K
-39K 335K 525K 659K⌂
84K 158K 198K 252K
Current
avg. price
$793K
$1277K
$549K
Detached was 1st
decrease since 2008
Toronto Real Estate
Dollar Increases Q4 2017
Condo Apt was
largest increase ever
-40%
-30%
-20%
-10%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
'98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17
1-Year Returns (Q4 vs. prior Q4)
S&P/TSX ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt
1-Year Returns: 20 Year History
Q4 2017
⌂14Profitable years in last 20 181819
8Years with highest return 570
7Years with lowest return 632
Most
volatile
Only negative year was global
financial crisis in fall of 2008
5-Year Average Returns
Q4 2017
⌂13Profitable 5-yr pds in last 17 171717
2Years with highest 5-year return 780
13Years with lowest 5-year return 400
RE never
negative in
a 5-year
view
Last 6 periods in a row2006 and 2007
-5%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
'01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17
End Year
Rolling 5-Year Average Returns ending at Q4
S&P/TSX ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt
-4%
-2%
0%
2%
4%
6%
8%
10%
12%
'06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17
End Year
Rolling 10-Year Average Returns ending at Q4
S&P/TSX S&P 500 ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt
10-Year Average Returns
Q4 2017
⌂12Profitable 10-yr pds in last 12 121212
2Years with highest 10-yr return 190
9Years with lowest 10-yr return 102
Most volatile, and 6.7%
spread from best to worst
Range:
5.2%-7.4% Last 5 in a row
4.5%
6.2%
1.6%
5.4%
5.2%
6.2%
13.4%
7.7%7.9%7.5%
11.2%
6.9%
-5%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
212019181716151413121110987654321
Return period, in years, counting back from Q4 2017
Compound Annual Growth Rate, 1-21 years
S&P/TSX S&P 500 ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt
Average Annual Return Timeline
Viewed from Q4 2017
The composite Toronto real estate number
has better returns than the TSX in all time
horizons except the last 1 to 2 years
Despite being negative last year,
Detached house prices still have a 9%
to 11% CAGR in the 2 to 9 year views
@areacode416 century21.ca/scott.ingram
Click for more fresh statistics and insight on Toronto real estate:
Your home is the single largest investment you'll make — trust it with an accountant.
Would you like to make better-informed real estate decisions? I believe knowledge is
power. So, I invest a lot of time researching and analyzing data and trends in the
Toronto real estate market. My Chartered Accountant (CPA, CA) side also compels
me to dig way deeper than most agents into the numbers on individual properties my
clients are interested in. If you would like to benefit from the same type of analysis and
insight that is sought by media outlets and institutional investors, reach out. Better
information = better decisions.

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Toronto Real Estate Return On Investment 1997-2017: Q4 2017

  • 1. Toronto Real Estate Returns Q4 2017 Scott Ingram CPA, CA, MBA REALTOR® Victorian Row Houses by Jay Woodworth Creative Commons license
  • 2. Toronto Real Estate Returns Report Q4 2017 About this report It’s 20 years of Toronto real estate growth vs. select stock market indexes. I don’t claim it’s a perfect comparison, or that a house is the ultimate investment vehicle (they sure aren’t liquid) – it’s just for fun and to give a nice rough idea. To note: • Real estate “returns” exclude land transfer taxes, sales commissions, etc. (which are significant) • Stock market “returns” do not account for re-investing of dividends • When I say “Toronto” I mean strictly the 416 – not the whole GTA or TREB region • Multi-year returns show the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) – the rate that if applied each year would get you from the starting to ending numbers. Crudely, an “average” annual gain. • The classic line applies: “past performance is not a guarantee of future results” Sources: • Real estate numbers from Toronto Real Estate Board (TREB) “Historic Housing Stats,” using average prices from all Q4 transactions (Apr-Jun). The “All Real Estate” figure is essentially a portfolio of all houses and condos from Etobicoke to Scarborough that were bought and sold through the TREB MLS® System during the quarter, much like the stock indexes are a portfolio of major stocks. • TSX/S&P ($CAD) and S&P 500 ($USD) numbers from Yahoo Finance using Dec 31closing figures • MSCI World Index from MSCI website in Canadian dollars using Dec 31 closing figures
  • 3. 12.2% 12.7% 3.9% 10.1% 8.9% 1 YR. 2 YR. 3 YR. 4 YR. 8.1% 6.0% 11.6% 3.5% 4.4% S&P 500 19.4% 14.4% 9.1% 9.7% * 3rd * * 14.4% 8.9% 4th 3rd 3rd World Index Toronto RE vs. Markets Recent Returns Q4 2017 After a wild year, Toronto real estate ends the year 3rd or 4th in these shorter timeframes, only outperforming the TSX. *
  • 4. 7.2% 5.3% 8.8% 6.3% 6.6% 5 YR. 10 YR. 15 YR. 20 YR. 6.5% 5.4% 1.6% 6.2% 4.5% S&P 500 13.4% 6.2% 7.7% 5.2% * 3rd 16.9% 7.6% 3rd World Index Toronto RE vs. Markets Long Term Returns Q4 2017 Toronto RE outperformed all indexes in all views from 16 to 20 years. It topped the TSX in 18 of 20 views (all expect 1 and 2 years), is 10 of 20 with the S&P 500, and only 6 of 20 vs. the MSCI. 2nd 1st * *
  • 5. 1 YR. 2 YR. 3 YR. 4 YR. Toronto Real Estate Recent Returns Q4 2017 The decline of detached house prices from Q2 peaks has allowed condo apts to overtake detached in the 1 to 3 year views. “All types” includes attached houses, condo townhouses, and “other” on top of detached houses and condo apartments. 3.9% 10.1% 8.9% 8.1% ALL TYPES -2.9% 10.5% 10.7% 10.2%⌂ 18.0% 16.1% 12.0% 9.6% DETACHED HOUSES CONDO APTS. 27% 55% The above two segments accounted for 82% of Toronto transactions in 2017.
  • 6. Detached housing has outperformed condos across all long term periods. The “All types” growth is affected by a changing mix as > 200K condos units have been added to the GTA housing supply in the past 20 years: Condo apts (least expensive type) were 28% of transactions in 1997 but were 55% in 2017. Detached houses (most expensive) have fallen from 46% to 27% in that time. 5 YR. 10 YR. 15 YR. 20 YR. Toronto Real Estate Long Term Returns Q4 2017 8.8% 6.3% 6.6% 6.5% ALL TYPES 11.2% 7.5% 7.9% 7.7%⌂ 9.3% 6.3% 6.4% 6.7% DETACHED HOUSES CONDO APTS. All types includes attached houses, condo townhouses, and “other” on top of detached houses and condo apartments.
  • 7. $29K $179K $273K 1 YR. increase 3 YR. increase 5 YR. increase 10 YR. increase $361K -39K 335K 525K 659K⌂ 84K 158K 198K 252K Current avg. price $793K $1277K $549K Detached was 1st decrease since 2008 Toronto Real Estate Dollar Increases Q4 2017 Condo Apt was largest increase ever
  • 8. -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 1-Year Returns (Q4 vs. prior Q4) S&P/TSX ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt 1-Year Returns: 20 Year History Q4 2017 ⌂14Profitable years in last 20 181819 8Years with highest return 570 7Years with lowest return 632 Most volatile Only negative year was global financial crisis in fall of 2008
  • 9. 5-Year Average Returns Q4 2017 ⌂13Profitable 5-yr pds in last 17 171717 2Years with highest 5-year return 780 13Years with lowest 5-year return 400 RE never negative in a 5-year view Last 6 periods in a row2006 and 2007 -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 End Year Rolling 5-Year Average Returns ending at Q4 S&P/TSX ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt
  • 10. -4% -2% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 End Year Rolling 10-Year Average Returns ending at Q4 S&P/TSX S&P 500 ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt 10-Year Average Returns Q4 2017 ⌂12Profitable 10-yr pds in last 12 121212 2Years with highest 10-yr return 190 9Years with lowest 10-yr return 102 Most volatile, and 6.7% spread from best to worst Range: 5.2%-7.4% Last 5 in a row
  • 11. 4.5% 6.2% 1.6% 5.4% 5.2% 6.2% 13.4% 7.7%7.9%7.5% 11.2% 6.9% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 212019181716151413121110987654321 Return period, in years, counting back from Q4 2017 Compound Annual Growth Rate, 1-21 years S&P/TSX S&P 500 ALL R/E Detached Condo Apt Average Annual Return Timeline Viewed from Q4 2017 The composite Toronto real estate number has better returns than the TSX in all time horizons except the last 1 to 2 years Despite being negative last year, Detached house prices still have a 9% to 11% CAGR in the 2 to 9 year views
  • 12. @areacode416 century21.ca/scott.ingram Click for more fresh statistics and insight on Toronto real estate: Your home is the single largest investment you'll make — trust it with an accountant. Would you like to make better-informed real estate decisions? I believe knowledge is power. So, I invest a lot of time researching and analyzing data and trends in the Toronto real estate market. My Chartered Accountant (CPA, CA) side also compels me to dig way deeper than most agents into the numbers on individual properties my clients are interested in. If you would like to benefit from the same type of analysis and insight that is sought by media outlets and institutional investors, reach out. Better information = better decisions.