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Tomorrow’s 2015 Shifts 
1) The Pervasive Web 
TOMORROW 
GROUP The next internet
Introduction. ! 
Identifying trends has always been difficult, but the rampant and accelerating pace of change in 
the the current age makes it harder than ever. 
! 
Any snapshot of this moment in time is likely to be a blur of movement & immediately out of 
date. 
! 
Trends are hard to separate from fads, they are impossible to act upon, they don’t allow for 
building sustainable growth, they offer a flicker of illumination, not the need for continuous 
enlightenment. 
! 
So the Tomorrow Group develops and leverages Shifts. 
! 
Shifts are multi year changes in how people behave, how technology is changing this behavior , 
they offer a more firm platforms to base decisions on. 
! 
I hope you enjoy them, shifts are living, evolving, they blend and separate, I’d love to hear any 
feedback on any part of these. 
! 
Tom Goodwin - September 8th 2014. 
Founder 
Tomorrow Group 
tom@tomorrow-innovation.com
Introducing the pervasive internet 
Famously the youth of today don’t talk about online or offline, for them 
there is no concept of “the internet”, they live in an always-on, connected, 
real-time world where access to the internet is almost everywhere, 
instantly accessed and fast. 
! 
What we forget is we can still feel it, there are edges, there is still friction. 
Our world isn’t dial up internet when your housemate finally got off the 
phone, but there are passwords, dropped signals, login screens, 
compatibility issues, required upgrades and patches. 
! 
We still think about it, we decide to access the weather, we tell our 
phones to add appointments, we select GPS routes and Adobe will 
always be doing something requiring a flash update. Grrrr. 
! 
The pervasive web changes that, it’s an ambient assistive layer that just is. 
! 1
Chapters of the pervasive web. 
1) An Omnipresent Lattice. 
2) Ambient Displays. 
3) The Personal Internet. 
4) The Predictive Internet. 
5) The Thin’ternet. 
6) Ambient Assistance & Nudges. 
7) Vanishing Interfaces. 
8) Frictionless Payment. 
9) Micropayments. 
10) New Portals. 
11) Evolved Physical Environment. 
12) Implications. 
13) Warning. 
14) Find out more.
An Omnipresent Lattice. 
The first thing to note about the new internet is that it will be everywhere. Whether 3G, Wi-Fi, or any one 
of a thousand other new technologies, we will soon find that other than mountain tops and some 
tunnels, you are connected. Connectivity will become something you forget exists because you have no 
concept that it wouldn’t be there. 
! 
And everything will be connected, the lowering cost and size of sensors, transmitters, iBeacons will 
mean more and more “things” are connected, it may be connections of no interest, like lightbulbs 
sockets or fire alarms, but we’re going to be used to considering the world a cloud of rich data 
everywhere. 
! 
We’re going to see more extensive and intrusive measurement of things, whether you’re phone is 
recording the steps you take or the mood in your voice, whether it’s the car reporting it’s health or the 
house sending you data on energy and water usage, this is a world of rich, abundant ever connected 
data, everywhere. 
! 
I guess this is sort of big data + internet of things + the cloud and all that stuff,so this sounds like just 
more of what we have, but it’s totally different. 
! 
This means there is an overriding lattice of all information ever, everywhere. 
! 
But how do we connect to it? 
! 
!
Ambient Displays 
What happens is we will realize that all the things we own and buy, be they cars, smart watches, TV’s, 
radios, phones, tablets, etc, will all be gateways or portals to this lattice of information. 
! 
We are currently in a strange time where the names we use for devices reflect a past that is on the 
edge of irrelevance. We don’t increasingly don’t watch just “television” on a TV, or make phone calls 
from our smartphones, and new smart watches won’t be about knowing the time. We’re on the edge 
of the realization that everything is data and our past names are legacies from a past. 
! 
When we accept it’s just data, concepts like “radio signals”, TV channels, or DVD’s , they all create false 
barriers to our understanding and our imagination. 
! 
When it’s just data we get to free our imagination to see these are new types of items. 
! 
• What we think of as a TV, just becomes the big screen we use to access the internet, and view 
mostly video content 
• What we think of as a phone, just becomes the small screen we use to access the internet, and 
record data about our behavior, and use as an interface when paying for things. 
• The watch becomes the device primarily to record data but also offer us thin helpful bits of 
information. 
! 
Oddly, in this clever world, most of these devices become less clever, they do less processing and 
storage, they all just become viewpoints into the internet, fit for context. 
! 
Part of that context will be about personalization. 
!
The Personal Internet 
The initial excitement of this ambient internet will be that it will be custom fit for you. Content you are able 
to access anywhere, will be available on all screens, stuff will be held in the ether for access by you 
anytime and anyplace. 
! 
A quick scan of your finger on your phone and there will be no need to provide address or payment 
details, no need for passwords, the internet will feel seamless and easy. The concept of the friction and 
edges of the 2014 internet will be nostalgic in 2016. 
! 
But the true potential of the personal internet comes from a move towards the internet becoming 
contextually aware and able to offer predictive help. Soon your phone will using combinations of your 
location, the weather, your movements to predict your needs, but it will soon want more information to 
become more helpful. 
! 
Its going to be a huge cultural shift, it won’t come easily or quickly, but we will get to a point where we 
accept the inevitability that we can’t fight to retain all of our privacy. 
! 
Once we accept that we will focus on both on what safeguards we can ensure companies have to keep 
it secure, but mainly we will focus on what we can gain from it, the answer is predictive services. 
!
The Predictive Internet 
You phone in particular currently records an astonishing amount of data, things we don’t think about like our 
moods through our voice, our planned activity through our calendar, our search behavior, where we are, all 
of our friends data, the list is endless. 
! 
Future sensors like smartwatches will likely record activity levels, heartbeats, perhaps even blood metrics 
and other personal indicators. 
! 
When you bring this data together and combine with external factors like the current weather in your area, 
stock market performance, live public transport data, you have an incredible amount of material to process 
to make predictions about required behavior. 
! 
There is one final piece of the jigsaw missing, correlating behavior on mobile and on the rest of the non 
mobile web, so far the web has cookies, mobiles do not. 
Apple in particular using Touch ID and synchronizing this with Apple Safari browsing data, if we ever 
allowed it, would allow a complete picture of our intentions and behavior. In fact ( writing this before the 
iPhone 6 launch) Apple creates a payment system, Apple will have complete visibility on all personal data 
including purchase data AND the ability to make payments directly. 
! 
This is the hyper personal internet, curated, automated, and bespoke to our needs. Everything from the 
content we may want to see, to the offers retailers want to send us, to advertising.
The Thin’ternet 
When your phone and laptops and all other entry points to the internet know everything about you, your 
experience changes. 
! 
Not only is it seamless and easy, but it’s thinner. 
! 
It’s a weird way to look at it, but the desktop internet is deep. You view it in a browser, go into articles, 
click on links, these currently take you further and further “down into” the internet. You end up in ever 
smaller, deeper parts of the web, each become more specific to your interests, but less expansive. To 
move from area to area you have to return up a level or more. 
! 
The current mobile web is thinner, you select a personal “portal” to the internet ( which is what an app is) 
and this becomes a personal facade onto which your specific personal data is pulled up to and 
projected onto. It may be your flight information, the weather in you area, it’s the perfect combination of 
specific to your needs, but shallow. But the killer problem is that each app is not yet connected. 
! 
The pervasive web, it’s personal nature and advances like Applinks will mean that apps become a 
connected web, a web of apps, so your browsing will allow shallow exploration, but moving from 
personal experience to other personal experiences. What sets out as finding a film to watch becomes 
booking tickets, becomes sharing tickets with friends, becomes finding a place to eat, becomes 
booking a spot becomes using a map to get there. It’s a constantly personal, constantly in app 
experience. 
! 
But some apps can be even thinner. 
!
Ambient Assistance & Nudges 
The vast personal data layer has interesting implications for the most personal and mobile devices, the 
smartwatch and the mobile phone ( such dumb names!) 
! 
These devices have pretty small screens, but are highly mobile devices, they are unique in being at the 
interface between “everywhere we go in the real world”, all our most personal data, the world of physical 
commerce and decisions in that world, and the entire world of the internet and eCommerce. 
! 
That is a pretty unique place to be in history, at the intersection of everything. 
! 
I see the internet being even thinner on these devices, a world where key contextual messages are 
suggested to you based on predictions about your behavior. Adverts and information will exist in the 
notification layer, and / or as “cards”. 
! 
For example it’s started to rain and you’re running late for a meeting, you may receive a notification 
message on your phone saying “press here to book an Uber” and “it will arrive in 5 mins”. You may be 
walking up to your house and a “card” on your watch allows you to open the house with one tap of the 
screen. Once inside, the suggested command is to turn on lights. 
! 
The key here is that these are not automated, we are still in control, but our devices are constantly 
reducing cognitive burden by thinking of a billion things we’re not;checking conditions and offering 
constant ways to beat traffic, dodge the rain, get a special offer instore etc. 
! 
But are there other interfaces? 
!
Vanishing Interfaces 
We will see pretty big developments with how we interact with these devices. 
! 
It’s clear that we need a bit more subtlety to how we approach interfaces, Google, like so many tech 
companies hasn’t focused on how people are people. We need to keep eye contact, remove barriers, 
feel connected to the real world first. But improvements in how we control devices needs to come. 
! 
Anyone who has ever tried to search for a movie on Netflix on a TV via typing can see the importance of 
better interfaces, soon we will see a variety of new input mechanisms that make interacting with devices 
far more intuitive. 
! 
Voice control could be of huge potential, innovations like bluetooth earbuds combined with Siri like 
personal assistant on our smart phones, or a voice type mechanism in our TV remote control, we will 
soon become used to using our voice to control. It’s hard to see how culture will respond to earbuds 
given how people currently feel with bluetooth headsets. 
! 
Hand movements - Whether it’s a leap motion sensor, a myo armband or gesture control via a motion 
sensor above screens, we’ll find an array of ways to make us feel more immersed in the internet and 
more aligned via our hand movements. 
! 
There are even more creepy potential solutions, some involving eye movement tracking to allow controls 
and even more further ahead, plenty of mechanisms to use our thoughts alone as guidance for 
navigation. This is become even more immersive and frictionless, what about other barriers between the 
physical and real world. Payments. 
! 
!
Frictionless Payment 
The move towards digital currency has been gradual and unsteady, primarily because of the incredible 
stakeholders and vast amounts of money at stake. Combine that with regulation, security, monetary policy 
and you’ve an industry that’s ripe for disruption,complacent but hard to enter. Much like cable TV. 
! 
I don’t know enough to comment on the merits of bitcoin vs electronic currencies, vs contactless, but I can 
state as a theoretical opinion that since money is merely data, spending money is ripe for re:imagining from 
scratch. Our devices are designed to bridge the digital and physical world, they have this covered. 
! 
In fact, in the pervasive internet, everything becomes digital,our money, our flight tickets, our bus pass, our 
passports, our money off coupons. So whatever we do remains in the digital domain can become information 
that lives within our smartphones and smartwatches. The pervasive internet will allow us to carry everything 
we need to get into any gig, on any bus, pay for stuff, and receive money off vouchers. It could allow for ultra 
quick ticketing, and ultra secure if Touch ID or equivalent was used. In theory even passports or health 
records would be held in the cloud and accessed securely. 
! 
Opening our mind to new thinking in money is fun, payments could be sent between people immediately and 
for free, currency exchange rates could be perfectly efficient,money off vouchers could be attributed to 
specific people, they could change value when spread to others, they could be time specific, sent our by 
iBeacon as you walked past. 
! 
We could track our expenditure with more precision, all purchases would be digital, receipts no longer printed 
but maintained on an app. It also helps micro-payments. 
! 
!
Micropayments 
One of the things thats causing a mess in the world is that we can’t pay for stuff quickly and cheaply 
online for small things. If Payments are considered a part of the pervasive web and Apple in particular 
decide to support this technique, a lot of things will change. 
! 
The ad funded media that rewards cheap content that generates clicks will die, instead quality content 
can be made, and the cost per read can reflect the audience needs. This means a world of better 
journalism. 
! 
It could save our eyes. No longer a world of intrusive ads and the constant appearance of click bait 
and viral stories, we may see a more premium interface that allows us to focus. 
! 
No more paywalls, nothing to get in the way of our content. 
! 
Better content support. No more kick starters for films, merely a suggested tip and micro payments 
could allow all culture to be supported in a more democratic and fair way. 
! 
One site in particular could own this world.Twitter. 
! 
! 
!
New Portals 
Generally in life we need to access the internet for three reasons. 
! 
1) To connect people. 
2) To discover things around us. 
3) To discover and see content. 
! 
In theory the internet of the future could be based on three different modes, each could become the sites 
and apps that own the web. I won’t go into much detail here because this is commercially sensitive. 
! 
1) To contact people. 
! 
OTT apps, probably just on in particular, or Facebook if it wakes up, could be the glue between all contact 
between people. Whether it’s texting, voice, email, photos, the method of transmission will be of no 
interest, but the data and ad opportunities are decent. A mode of using the phone will be the “people” 
entry point, OTT will be used for corporate use,to allow people to complain at customer service, to rebook 
flights, to arrange appointments. It could be used to order pizza. But the primary mode is connecting 
people.
New Portals 
! 
2) To discover things around us. 
! 
Google maps or equivalent could become the way we make decisions and explore the world around us. 
! 
You want a movie, food, an event, a bus, a flight, a coffee, our first way to explore maybe by map. 
! 
This brings vast opportunities for advertising. Using Webapps, you may then move from this to other apps 
to book, send to friends, ask for reviews, but maps themselves could be that entry point and the owner of 
data. 
! 
3) To discover and see content. 
! 
Twitter is the home page for the web, but Facebook, Google Play and others fight. 
! 
Soon we’ll see news, content, video, music, games wrapped into one layer that offers us everything in the 
world and charges us through micro payments for the priveledge. 
! 
NOTE: My point is not three separate webs. It’s one web with three portals, they all join up, but owning the 
gateway means you own the data, advertising and micropayment revenue.
Evolved Physical Environment 
So what happens at the interface between real and digital? What are the implications for a world 
where so much seems to be removed from what is around us? 
! 
There is the potential for the real world to become more digital, where empty stores are turned into 
store fronts for the virtual world. But also the opposite, where physical stores pull through personal 
recommendations from the internet. Their shop windows become large screens for personal 
shopping, configurations for outfits and places to buy for delivery later. 
! 
This is total retail, or omnichannel retail, where what is an online or offline retailer blends. The two 
become layers that are hard to separate out. 
! 
API’s become a powerful force in retail, via App linking or other ways to pull through frames, your 
phone, desktop and tablet become powerful store fronts in the context of other sites an apps. A hot 
day may bring through the chance to buy summer clothing, but from within a frame in the weather 
site. API”s are to mobile, what Web 2.0 was to the first internet. 
! 
Infrastructure around us will start to draw upon the internet, phones may become room keys in 
hotels, railway stations will soon offer vast car clubs ( like Zipcar) to allow integrated personal 
transport, but with one way journeys possible. 
! 
New residential units may include monthly allowances of car time. Stations may include areas to pick 
up delivered goods. Where architecture, business and the pervasive web meet, amazing things 
happen. 
! 
!
Implications 
This new internet raises many questions, a select few….. 
What does advertising become? 
! 
How do retailers operate? 
! 
How do service brands respond? 
! 
What new markets does this open? 
! 
What industries does this threaten? 
! 
What does this mean for other trends? 
! 
What does this mean for these new devices? 
! 
What does loyalty look like in this new era? 
! 
What does media become? 
! 
! 
! 
!
What’s next? 
So you’ve got this much for free, it’s pretty profound and asks many more questions. 
! 
It’s the tip of the iceberg, you will note that examples and demonstrations are lacking in particular. 
! 
If you want a presentation and explanation. 
! 
If you want to discuss these in detail. 
! 
If you want to ideate around what new opportunities this provides, what threats will materialize,. 
! 
Please contact me. 
! 
The Tomorrow Group is based New York and London, but we have planes and phones in 2014. 
! 
Tom@tommorrow-innovation.com 
! 
!
Warning! 
While a lot of effort has gone into this document, no predictions are ever perfect and few are 
intended to be. 
! 
The value of this document isn’t in certainty, it’s about exploration. 
! 
This document is about asking questions, entertaining scenarios, stress testing ideas. 
! 
But, above all else it’s about triggering creativity, what new opportunities does this way of thinking 
create? how does this frame of reference inspire?
Thank you 
Tom Goodwin 
Tomorrow 
tom@tomorrow-innovation.com
Shifts / Trends 2015 - The Pervasive Internet

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Shifts / Trends 2015 - The Pervasive Internet

  • 1. Tomorrow’s 2015 Shifts 1) The Pervasive Web TOMORROW GROUP The next internet
  • 2. Introduction. ! Identifying trends has always been difficult, but the rampant and accelerating pace of change in the the current age makes it harder than ever. ! Any snapshot of this moment in time is likely to be a blur of movement & immediately out of date. ! Trends are hard to separate from fads, they are impossible to act upon, they don’t allow for building sustainable growth, they offer a flicker of illumination, not the need for continuous enlightenment. ! So the Tomorrow Group develops and leverages Shifts. ! Shifts are multi year changes in how people behave, how technology is changing this behavior , they offer a more firm platforms to base decisions on. ! I hope you enjoy them, shifts are living, evolving, they blend and separate, I’d love to hear any feedback on any part of these. ! Tom Goodwin - September 8th 2014. Founder Tomorrow Group tom@tomorrow-innovation.com
  • 3. Introducing the pervasive internet Famously the youth of today don’t talk about online or offline, for them there is no concept of “the internet”, they live in an always-on, connected, real-time world where access to the internet is almost everywhere, instantly accessed and fast. ! What we forget is we can still feel it, there are edges, there is still friction. Our world isn’t dial up internet when your housemate finally got off the phone, but there are passwords, dropped signals, login screens, compatibility issues, required upgrades and patches. ! We still think about it, we decide to access the weather, we tell our phones to add appointments, we select GPS routes and Adobe will always be doing something requiring a flash update. Grrrr. ! The pervasive web changes that, it’s an ambient assistive layer that just is. ! 1
  • 4. Chapters of the pervasive web. 1) An Omnipresent Lattice. 2) Ambient Displays. 3) The Personal Internet. 4) The Predictive Internet. 5) The Thin’ternet. 6) Ambient Assistance & Nudges. 7) Vanishing Interfaces. 8) Frictionless Payment. 9) Micropayments. 10) New Portals. 11) Evolved Physical Environment. 12) Implications. 13) Warning. 14) Find out more.
  • 5. An Omnipresent Lattice. The first thing to note about the new internet is that it will be everywhere. Whether 3G, Wi-Fi, or any one of a thousand other new technologies, we will soon find that other than mountain tops and some tunnels, you are connected. Connectivity will become something you forget exists because you have no concept that it wouldn’t be there. ! And everything will be connected, the lowering cost and size of sensors, transmitters, iBeacons will mean more and more “things” are connected, it may be connections of no interest, like lightbulbs sockets or fire alarms, but we’re going to be used to considering the world a cloud of rich data everywhere. ! We’re going to see more extensive and intrusive measurement of things, whether you’re phone is recording the steps you take or the mood in your voice, whether it’s the car reporting it’s health or the house sending you data on energy and water usage, this is a world of rich, abundant ever connected data, everywhere. ! I guess this is sort of big data + internet of things + the cloud and all that stuff,so this sounds like just more of what we have, but it’s totally different. ! This means there is an overriding lattice of all information ever, everywhere. ! But how do we connect to it? ! !
  • 6. Ambient Displays What happens is we will realize that all the things we own and buy, be they cars, smart watches, TV’s, radios, phones, tablets, etc, will all be gateways or portals to this lattice of information. ! We are currently in a strange time where the names we use for devices reflect a past that is on the edge of irrelevance. We don’t increasingly don’t watch just “television” on a TV, or make phone calls from our smartphones, and new smart watches won’t be about knowing the time. We’re on the edge of the realization that everything is data and our past names are legacies from a past. ! When we accept it’s just data, concepts like “radio signals”, TV channels, or DVD’s , they all create false barriers to our understanding and our imagination. ! When it’s just data we get to free our imagination to see these are new types of items. ! • What we think of as a TV, just becomes the big screen we use to access the internet, and view mostly video content • What we think of as a phone, just becomes the small screen we use to access the internet, and record data about our behavior, and use as an interface when paying for things. • The watch becomes the device primarily to record data but also offer us thin helpful bits of information. ! Oddly, in this clever world, most of these devices become less clever, they do less processing and storage, they all just become viewpoints into the internet, fit for context. ! Part of that context will be about personalization. !
  • 7. The Personal Internet The initial excitement of this ambient internet will be that it will be custom fit for you. Content you are able to access anywhere, will be available on all screens, stuff will be held in the ether for access by you anytime and anyplace. ! A quick scan of your finger on your phone and there will be no need to provide address or payment details, no need for passwords, the internet will feel seamless and easy. The concept of the friction and edges of the 2014 internet will be nostalgic in 2016. ! But the true potential of the personal internet comes from a move towards the internet becoming contextually aware and able to offer predictive help. Soon your phone will using combinations of your location, the weather, your movements to predict your needs, but it will soon want more information to become more helpful. ! Its going to be a huge cultural shift, it won’t come easily or quickly, but we will get to a point where we accept the inevitability that we can’t fight to retain all of our privacy. ! Once we accept that we will focus on both on what safeguards we can ensure companies have to keep it secure, but mainly we will focus on what we can gain from it, the answer is predictive services. !
  • 8. The Predictive Internet You phone in particular currently records an astonishing amount of data, things we don’t think about like our moods through our voice, our planned activity through our calendar, our search behavior, where we are, all of our friends data, the list is endless. ! Future sensors like smartwatches will likely record activity levels, heartbeats, perhaps even blood metrics and other personal indicators. ! When you bring this data together and combine with external factors like the current weather in your area, stock market performance, live public transport data, you have an incredible amount of material to process to make predictions about required behavior. ! There is one final piece of the jigsaw missing, correlating behavior on mobile and on the rest of the non mobile web, so far the web has cookies, mobiles do not. Apple in particular using Touch ID and synchronizing this with Apple Safari browsing data, if we ever allowed it, would allow a complete picture of our intentions and behavior. In fact ( writing this before the iPhone 6 launch) Apple creates a payment system, Apple will have complete visibility on all personal data including purchase data AND the ability to make payments directly. ! This is the hyper personal internet, curated, automated, and bespoke to our needs. Everything from the content we may want to see, to the offers retailers want to send us, to advertising.
  • 9. The Thin’ternet When your phone and laptops and all other entry points to the internet know everything about you, your experience changes. ! Not only is it seamless and easy, but it’s thinner. ! It’s a weird way to look at it, but the desktop internet is deep. You view it in a browser, go into articles, click on links, these currently take you further and further “down into” the internet. You end up in ever smaller, deeper parts of the web, each become more specific to your interests, but less expansive. To move from area to area you have to return up a level or more. ! The current mobile web is thinner, you select a personal “portal” to the internet ( which is what an app is) and this becomes a personal facade onto which your specific personal data is pulled up to and projected onto. It may be your flight information, the weather in you area, it’s the perfect combination of specific to your needs, but shallow. But the killer problem is that each app is not yet connected. ! The pervasive web, it’s personal nature and advances like Applinks will mean that apps become a connected web, a web of apps, so your browsing will allow shallow exploration, but moving from personal experience to other personal experiences. What sets out as finding a film to watch becomes booking tickets, becomes sharing tickets with friends, becomes finding a place to eat, becomes booking a spot becomes using a map to get there. It’s a constantly personal, constantly in app experience. ! But some apps can be even thinner. !
  • 10. Ambient Assistance & Nudges The vast personal data layer has interesting implications for the most personal and mobile devices, the smartwatch and the mobile phone ( such dumb names!) ! These devices have pretty small screens, but are highly mobile devices, they are unique in being at the interface between “everywhere we go in the real world”, all our most personal data, the world of physical commerce and decisions in that world, and the entire world of the internet and eCommerce. ! That is a pretty unique place to be in history, at the intersection of everything. ! I see the internet being even thinner on these devices, a world where key contextual messages are suggested to you based on predictions about your behavior. Adverts and information will exist in the notification layer, and / or as “cards”. ! For example it’s started to rain and you’re running late for a meeting, you may receive a notification message on your phone saying “press here to book an Uber” and “it will arrive in 5 mins”. You may be walking up to your house and a “card” on your watch allows you to open the house with one tap of the screen. Once inside, the suggested command is to turn on lights. ! The key here is that these are not automated, we are still in control, but our devices are constantly reducing cognitive burden by thinking of a billion things we’re not;checking conditions and offering constant ways to beat traffic, dodge the rain, get a special offer instore etc. ! But are there other interfaces? !
  • 11. Vanishing Interfaces We will see pretty big developments with how we interact with these devices. ! It’s clear that we need a bit more subtlety to how we approach interfaces, Google, like so many tech companies hasn’t focused on how people are people. We need to keep eye contact, remove barriers, feel connected to the real world first. But improvements in how we control devices needs to come. ! Anyone who has ever tried to search for a movie on Netflix on a TV via typing can see the importance of better interfaces, soon we will see a variety of new input mechanisms that make interacting with devices far more intuitive. ! Voice control could be of huge potential, innovations like bluetooth earbuds combined with Siri like personal assistant on our smart phones, or a voice type mechanism in our TV remote control, we will soon become used to using our voice to control. It’s hard to see how culture will respond to earbuds given how people currently feel with bluetooth headsets. ! Hand movements - Whether it’s a leap motion sensor, a myo armband or gesture control via a motion sensor above screens, we’ll find an array of ways to make us feel more immersed in the internet and more aligned via our hand movements. ! There are even more creepy potential solutions, some involving eye movement tracking to allow controls and even more further ahead, plenty of mechanisms to use our thoughts alone as guidance for navigation. This is become even more immersive and frictionless, what about other barriers between the physical and real world. Payments. ! !
  • 12. Frictionless Payment The move towards digital currency has been gradual and unsteady, primarily because of the incredible stakeholders and vast amounts of money at stake. Combine that with regulation, security, monetary policy and you’ve an industry that’s ripe for disruption,complacent but hard to enter. Much like cable TV. ! I don’t know enough to comment on the merits of bitcoin vs electronic currencies, vs contactless, but I can state as a theoretical opinion that since money is merely data, spending money is ripe for re:imagining from scratch. Our devices are designed to bridge the digital and physical world, they have this covered. ! In fact, in the pervasive internet, everything becomes digital,our money, our flight tickets, our bus pass, our passports, our money off coupons. So whatever we do remains in the digital domain can become information that lives within our smartphones and smartwatches. The pervasive internet will allow us to carry everything we need to get into any gig, on any bus, pay for stuff, and receive money off vouchers. It could allow for ultra quick ticketing, and ultra secure if Touch ID or equivalent was used. In theory even passports or health records would be held in the cloud and accessed securely. ! Opening our mind to new thinking in money is fun, payments could be sent between people immediately and for free, currency exchange rates could be perfectly efficient,money off vouchers could be attributed to specific people, they could change value when spread to others, they could be time specific, sent our by iBeacon as you walked past. ! We could track our expenditure with more precision, all purchases would be digital, receipts no longer printed but maintained on an app. It also helps micro-payments. ! !
  • 13. Micropayments One of the things thats causing a mess in the world is that we can’t pay for stuff quickly and cheaply online for small things. If Payments are considered a part of the pervasive web and Apple in particular decide to support this technique, a lot of things will change. ! The ad funded media that rewards cheap content that generates clicks will die, instead quality content can be made, and the cost per read can reflect the audience needs. This means a world of better journalism. ! It could save our eyes. No longer a world of intrusive ads and the constant appearance of click bait and viral stories, we may see a more premium interface that allows us to focus. ! No more paywalls, nothing to get in the way of our content. ! Better content support. No more kick starters for films, merely a suggested tip and micro payments could allow all culture to be supported in a more democratic and fair way. ! One site in particular could own this world.Twitter. ! ! !
  • 14. New Portals Generally in life we need to access the internet for three reasons. ! 1) To connect people. 2) To discover things around us. 3) To discover and see content. ! In theory the internet of the future could be based on three different modes, each could become the sites and apps that own the web. I won’t go into much detail here because this is commercially sensitive. ! 1) To contact people. ! OTT apps, probably just on in particular, or Facebook if it wakes up, could be the glue between all contact between people. Whether it’s texting, voice, email, photos, the method of transmission will be of no interest, but the data and ad opportunities are decent. A mode of using the phone will be the “people” entry point, OTT will be used for corporate use,to allow people to complain at customer service, to rebook flights, to arrange appointments. It could be used to order pizza. But the primary mode is connecting people.
  • 15. New Portals ! 2) To discover things around us. ! Google maps or equivalent could become the way we make decisions and explore the world around us. ! You want a movie, food, an event, a bus, a flight, a coffee, our first way to explore maybe by map. ! This brings vast opportunities for advertising. Using Webapps, you may then move from this to other apps to book, send to friends, ask for reviews, but maps themselves could be that entry point and the owner of data. ! 3) To discover and see content. ! Twitter is the home page for the web, but Facebook, Google Play and others fight. ! Soon we’ll see news, content, video, music, games wrapped into one layer that offers us everything in the world and charges us through micro payments for the priveledge. ! NOTE: My point is not three separate webs. It’s one web with three portals, they all join up, but owning the gateway means you own the data, advertising and micropayment revenue.
  • 16. Evolved Physical Environment So what happens at the interface between real and digital? What are the implications for a world where so much seems to be removed from what is around us? ! There is the potential for the real world to become more digital, where empty stores are turned into store fronts for the virtual world. But also the opposite, where physical stores pull through personal recommendations from the internet. Their shop windows become large screens for personal shopping, configurations for outfits and places to buy for delivery later. ! This is total retail, or omnichannel retail, where what is an online or offline retailer blends. The two become layers that are hard to separate out. ! API’s become a powerful force in retail, via App linking or other ways to pull through frames, your phone, desktop and tablet become powerful store fronts in the context of other sites an apps. A hot day may bring through the chance to buy summer clothing, but from within a frame in the weather site. API”s are to mobile, what Web 2.0 was to the first internet. ! Infrastructure around us will start to draw upon the internet, phones may become room keys in hotels, railway stations will soon offer vast car clubs ( like Zipcar) to allow integrated personal transport, but with one way journeys possible. ! New residential units may include monthly allowances of car time. Stations may include areas to pick up delivered goods. Where architecture, business and the pervasive web meet, amazing things happen. ! !
  • 17. Implications This new internet raises many questions, a select few….. What does advertising become? ! How do retailers operate? ! How do service brands respond? ! What new markets does this open? ! What industries does this threaten? ! What does this mean for other trends? ! What does this mean for these new devices? ! What does loyalty look like in this new era? ! What does media become? ! ! ! !
  • 18. What’s next? So you’ve got this much for free, it’s pretty profound and asks many more questions. ! It’s the tip of the iceberg, you will note that examples and demonstrations are lacking in particular. ! If you want a presentation and explanation. ! If you want to discuss these in detail. ! If you want to ideate around what new opportunities this provides, what threats will materialize,. ! Please contact me. ! The Tomorrow Group is based New York and London, but we have planes and phones in 2014. ! Tom@tommorrow-innovation.com ! !
  • 19. Warning! While a lot of effort has gone into this document, no predictions are ever perfect and few are intended to be. ! The value of this document isn’t in certainty, it’s about exploration. ! This document is about asking questions, entertaining scenarios, stress testing ideas. ! But, above all else it’s about triggering creativity, what new opportunities does this way of thinking create? how does this frame of reference inspire?
  • 20. Thank you Tom Goodwin Tomorrow tom@tomorrow-innovation.com