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Sharing & downloading objects?
The future of Open Design
 and Personal Fabrication
 Prof. dr. Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
             Guest lecture at Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts, 16/10/2010
This presentation can be found at
             http://questier.com
http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
Belgium
Brussels
Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B
Bruges
The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568
Carnaval de Binche
Student folklore
Country of 1000 beers
My background
➢   Teaching courses:
    ➢   Educational Technologies
    ➢   Learning Technologies
    ➢   Virtual Learning Environments
    ➢   E-learning design

➢   Departments
    ➢   Interdisciplinary Teacher Training
    ➢   Educational Sciences

➢   Former head of center for
    ➢   Education innovation
    ➢   Teacher staff training
    ➢   Virtual learning Environment
My research interests




                        20
Research and Innovation Director




                                   21
“On the Internet,
    nobody
     knows
  you're a dog”

 Peter Steiner
  New Yorker
     2000


                 22
In China:

   “On the Internet,
      everybody
        knows
     you're a dog”




      This vision
    might be closer
to 2010 Internet reality!
                            23
Transparency   versus   Privacy
                                  24
"In the knowledge economy,
               the best strategy is
      to overinvest in connecting power.


      Competitive advantage accrues to
those who invest more than their competitors
           to connect to more people
  and share knowledge faster and farther."

--Jim Botkin, Smart Business: How Knowledge Communities

           Can Revolutionize Your Company




                                                          25
On the Internet everybody
    can contribute as
               artist
             teacher
            publisher
            journalist
           broadcaster
          programmer
          photographer
       industrial designer
                ...


 Both professional and amateur...
                                    26
"The most fundamental way
  of helping other people,
     is to teach people
   how to do things better
 or how to better their lives.

         For people
    who use computers,
    this means sharing
         the recipes
you use on your computer,
       in other words
  the programs you run."


                                 27
Free Software
The freedom to
➢


    ➢   use
    ➢   study
    ➢   improve
    ➢   redistribute
        the program


                                   28
The software Freedoms
           require access to the source code


Source code:     if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, end

Compiled code:   001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101




            → “Open Source Software”
    Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS)

                                                                            29
30
Creating wealth by sharing
         "Seven open source business strategies for competitive advantage”
                    John Koenig, IT Manager's Journal, 2004

“Companies continue to
waste their development
dollars on software
functionality that is
otherwise free and
available through Open
Source. They persist in
buying third-party
proprietary platforms or
creating their own
proprietary development
platforms that deliver
marginal product
differentiation and limited
value to customers”


Picture reproduced with permission




                                                                             31
32
33
Creative Commons

   Share what you want,
    keep what you want




                          34
www.creativecommons.org




                          35
36
37
Frederik Questier at the MIT Miracle of Science Bar, 2009   38
39
40
You will have to
 compete with
   the world!




                   41
You will have to
    compete with
     amateurs!
  An enthusiastic amateur beats
      a bored professional


 “Karl Marx was perhaps
the original prophet of the
  Professional Amateurs
         economy:
           labour
 – forced, unspontaneous
     and waged work –
   would be superseded
      by self-activity”


                                  42
You will have to
 compete with
     free!




                   43
What can professionals do?




         Embrace or Die !
44
Open
  micro-
controllers




              45
Arduino based airplanes




                          46
OpenMoko Neo 1973

   Open Design
  Open Hardware
Open Source Software




                       47
“Rally Fighter” from Local Motors
Crowd-sourced Open Source design




                                     48
Open Fab Labs in > 45 cities




                               49
50
51
52
53
RepRap
50% self-replicating
 50% off the shelf
 350€ = 3000RMB




                       54
55
56
57
58
59
Producing Open Source Software
costs time

Producing Open Source Hardware
                                 Challenge: how to get the money?
costs time and money                                                60
61
How to make money with
    Open Source Hardware or Design?
➢   OSH Business Models
    ➢   sell consultancy
    ➢   sell training
    ➢   sell custom designs
    ➢   sell distributions of designs (nicely packaged)
    ➢   sell the manufactured objects, while keeping ahead of competition
    ➢   sell software tools for design
    ➢   sell hardware tools
    ➢   dual licensing
    ➢   advertizements


                                                                       62
Similar revolutions?
➢   Personal computing
➢   Personal manufacturing

➢   Desktop computing
➢   Desktop manufacturing




                                   63
Far Future? Star Trek Replicators




                                    64
DARE
TO SHARE




           65
Copyright acknowledgements
➢   Belgium in EU Map CC-by-sa by NuclearVacuum
➢   Belgium map, Public Domain
➢   The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568
➢   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asterix_in_Belgium.jpg
➢   Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B
➢   Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-sa by Emilio Garcia
➢   Gilles de Binche CC-by-nc-nd by Fabrice Huin
➢   Saxophone CC-by-nc-nd by Bruno Bollaert
➢   Graspop Metal Meeting Festival 2008 CC-by-sa by Jtesla16
➢   Pralines, screenshot Neuhaus website
➢   Moules frites: CC-by-nc-sa by poluz – Nicola
➢   Belgian Beers: CC-by-nc-sa by Adam Lang
➢   Brussels Waffle CC-by-sa by David Monniaux
➢   Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/
➢   Tax Shelter screenshot, http://minfin.fgov.be/portail2/belinvest/en/taxshelter/presentation.htm
➢   Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!)
➢   Embrace CC by Robbert van der Steeg
➢   Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy
➢   Screenshot http://diydrones.com/
➢   Star Trek Replicator http://memory-alpha.org/wiki/File:Coffee_replicates_then_mug.jpg Copyright Paramount Pictures and/or CBS Studios
➢   Share Candle Light CC-by-nc by Mr.Tea Stephen Train
➢   Social Network CC-by by Frederik Questier
Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective


                  Questions? Comments?
                           谢谢




                                                               See also http://questier.com

                                                                                                               67

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Sharing and downloading objects the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920

  • 1. Sharing & downloading objects? The future of Open Design and Personal Fabrication Prof. dr. Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Guest lecture at Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts, 16/10/2010
  • 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  • 4.
  • 6. Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B
  • 7.
  • 9. The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 14.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 19. Teaching courses: ➢ Educational Technologies ➢ Learning Technologies ➢ Virtual Learning Environments ➢ E-learning design ➢ Departments ➢ Interdisciplinary Teacher Training ➢ Educational Sciences ➢ Former head of center for ➢ Education innovation ➢ Teacher staff training ➢ Virtual learning Environment
  • 21. Research and Innovation Director 21
  • 22. “On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog” Peter Steiner New Yorker 2000 22
  • 23. In China: “On the Internet, everybody knows you're a dog” This vision might be closer to 2010 Internet reality! 23
  • 24. Transparency versus Privacy 24
  • 25. "In the knowledge economy, the best strategy is to overinvest in connecting power. Competitive advantage accrues to those who invest more than their competitors to connect to more people and share knowledge faster and farther." --Jim Botkin, Smart Business: How Knowledge Communities Can Revolutionize Your Company 25
  • 26. On the Internet everybody can contribute as artist teacher publisher journalist broadcaster programmer photographer industrial designer ... Both professional and amateur... 26
  • 27. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 27
  • 28. Free Software The freedom to ➢ ➢ use ➢ study ➢ improve ➢ redistribute the program 28
  • 29. The software Freedoms require access to the source code Source code: if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, end Compiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. Creating wealth by sharing "Seven open source business strategies for competitive advantage” John Koenig, IT Manager's Journal, 2004 “Companies continue to waste their development dollars on software functionality that is otherwise free and available through Open Source. They persist in buying third-party proprietary platforms or creating their own proprietary development platforms that deliver marginal product differentiation and limited value to customers” Picture reproduced with permission 31
  • 32. 32
  • 33. 33
  • 34. Creative Commons Share what you want, keep what you want 34
  • 36. 36
  • 37. 37
  • 38. Frederik Questier at the MIT Miracle of Science Bar, 2009 38
  • 39. 39
  • 40. 40
  • 41. You will have to compete with the world! 41
  • 42. You will have to compete with amateurs! An enthusiastic amateur beats a bored professional “Karl Marx was perhaps the original prophet of the Professional Amateurs economy: labour – forced, unspontaneous and waged work – would be superseded by self-activity” 42
  • 43. You will have to compete with free! 43
  • 44. What can professionals do? Embrace or Die ! 44
  • 47. OpenMoko Neo 1973 Open Design Open Hardware Open Source Software 47
  • 48. “Rally Fighter” from Local Motors Crowd-sourced Open Source design 48
  • 49. Open Fab Labs in > 45 cities 49
  • 50. 50
  • 51. 51
  • 52. 52
  • 53. 53
  • 54. RepRap 50% self-replicating 50% off the shelf 350€ = 3000RMB 54
  • 55. 55
  • 56. 56
  • 57. 57
  • 58. 58
  • 59. 59
  • 60. Producing Open Source Software costs time Producing Open Source Hardware Challenge: how to get the money? costs time and money 60
  • 61. 61
  • 62. How to make money with Open Source Hardware or Design? ➢ OSH Business Models ➢ sell consultancy ➢ sell training ➢ sell custom designs ➢ sell distributions of designs (nicely packaged) ➢ sell the manufactured objects, while keeping ahead of competition ➢ sell software tools for design ➢ sell hardware tools ➢ dual licensing ➢ advertizements 62
  • 63. Similar revolutions? ➢ Personal computing ➢ Personal manufacturing ➢ Desktop computing ➢ Desktop manufacturing 63
  • 64. Far Future? Star Trek Replicators 64
  • 66. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Belgium in EU Map CC-by-sa by NuclearVacuum ➢ Belgium map, Public Domain ➢ The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568 ➢ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asterix_in_Belgium.jpg ➢ Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B ➢ Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-sa by Emilio Garcia ➢ Gilles de Binche CC-by-nc-nd by Fabrice Huin ➢ Saxophone CC-by-nc-nd by Bruno Bollaert ➢ Graspop Metal Meeting Festival 2008 CC-by-sa by Jtesla16 ➢ Pralines, screenshot Neuhaus website ➢ Moules frites: CC-by-nc-sa by poluz – Nicola ➢ Belgian Beers: CC-by-nc-sa by Adam Lang ➢ Brussels Waffle CC-by-sa by David Monniaux ➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/ ➢ Tax Shelter screenshot, http://minfin.fgov.be/portail2/belinvest/en/taxshelter/presentation.htm ➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!) ➢ Embrace CC by Robbert van der Steeg ➢ Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ Screenshot http://diydrones.com/ ➢ Star Trek Replicator http://memory-alpha.org/wiki/File:Coffee_replicates_then_mug.jpg Copyright Paramount Pictures and/or CBS Studios ➢ Share Candle Light CC-by-nc by Mr.Tea Stephen Train ➢ Social Network CC-by by Frederik Questier
  • 67. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Comments? 谢谢 See also http://questier.com 67