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PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
1
Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Safety and Health
Programs
OSHA 10-hour Outreach Training
General Industry
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Introduction
Each year, thousands of workers die as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. Safety and Health Programs can help
reduce these fatalities through a proactive approach to finding and fixing hazards before they cause injury, illness, or death.
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Introduction
Lesson objectives:
1. Recognize the costs of workplace accidents.
2. Recognize benefits of implementing an
effective safety and health program.
3. Describe the elements of an effective safety
and health program.
4. Identify three methods to prevent workplace
hazards.
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Costs of Accidents
Direct costs:
• Cost of treatment
• Cost of physician and hospital
• Cost of medications
• Cost of medical equipment
$$$
Source: NIOSH
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Costs of Accidents
Indirect costs:
• Schedule delays
• Lower morale
• Increased Absenteeism
• Poor Customer Relations
• Re-training
$$$
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Benefits of Safety & Health Programs
• Pros of Safety and
Health Programs
• Cons of Safety and
Health Programs
Source: OSHA
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Benefits of Safety & Health Programs
Benefits may include:
• Improvements in
product, process, and
service quality
• Better morale
• Improved recruiting
and retention
• More favorable image
and reputation
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
Source: OSHA
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Management Leadership
• Action Item 1: Communicate your
commitment to Safety and Health Programs
How to accomplish it:
• Establish a written safety and health policy
statement signed by top management
• Communicate the policy to all workers, contractors,
unions, supplier, visitors, customers, etc.
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Management Leadership
Action Item 2: Define program goals and
expectations
How to accomplish it:
• Establish realistic, attainable and measurable
goals that demonstrate progress toward
improving safety and health
• Develop safety and health plans
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Management Leadership
Action Item 3: Allocate Resources
How to accomplish it:
• Integrate safety and health into planning and
budgeting
• Allow time in workers schedule for participation
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Management Leadership
• Action Item 4: Expect Performance
How to accomplish it:
• Define and communicate responsibilities and
authorities for accountability
• Set an example for workers by following the
same procedures
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
14
Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Worker Participation
• Action Item 1: Encourage workers to
report safety and health concerns
How to accomplish it:
• Establish a process to report injuries, near misses
and other safety and health concerns
• Empower workers to temporarily suspend work they
feel is unsafe
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Worker Participation
• Action Item 2: Encourage participation in
the program
How to accomplish it:
• Provide positive reinforcement to workers who
participate
• Maintain an open-door policy, inviting workers to
speak to managers about safety and health
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Worker Participation
• Action Item 3: Involve workers in all
aspects of the program
To accomplish, allow workers to be involved in:
• Developing a program
• Reporting hazards and developing solutions
• Analyzing hazards
• Defining safe work practices
• Conducting site inspections
• Participating in incident/near-miss investigations
• Serving as trainers
• Developing and evaluating training programs
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Worker Participation
• Action Item 4: Give workers access to
safety and health information
To accomplish, give workers information they
need to understand safety and health hazards:
• Safety Data Sheets
• Injury Illness Data
• Results of exposure monitoring
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Worker Participation
• Action Item 5: Remove barriers to
participation
How to accomplish it:
• Ensure workers from all levels of the organization
can participate regardless of skill level, education,
or language
• Ensure policies and programs do not discourage
worker participation
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Identification
• Action Item 1: Collect existing information
about workplace hazards
How to accomplish it:
• Collect, organize and review information to
determine what types of hazards are present and
workers exposed
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Identification
• Action Item 2: Inspect the workplace
How to accomplish it:
• Routine inspections of workflow, equipment,
materials and talk to workers
• Use checklists
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Identification
• Action Item 3: Conduct Incident
Investigations
How to accomplish it:
• Develop a plan and procedure to begin
investigation immediately after an incident or
near miss.
• Conduct root cause analysis and investigate
with a team.
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Identification
• Action Item 4: Identify hazards associated
with emergency and non-routine situations
How to accomplish it:
• Assess foreseeable emergency scenarios or
non-routine tasks
• Conduct “table top” exercises to help you
plan and test your response plan and
procedures
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Identification
• Action Item 5: Characterize the nature of identified
hazards, determine the controls to be implemented
and prioritize the hazards for control
How to accomplish it:
• Evaluate each hazard by considering the severity of potential
outcomes, the likelihood that an event will occur and the
number of workers exposed
• Prioritize hazards so that the greatest risks are addressed first
• Use interim control measures to protect workers until more
permanent solutions can be implemented
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Prevention and Control
• Action Item 1: Identify control options
How to accomplish it:
• Review literature, OSHA standards, NIOSH
publications, etc. for potential control
measures
• Get input from workers, safety consultants,
or investigate other workplaces with similar
hazards
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Prevention and Control
• Action Item 2: Select controls
How to accomplish it:
• Select controls using the hierarchy of
controls
• Use a combination when no single method
fully protects the worker
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Prevention and Control
• Action Item 3: Develop and update a
hazard control plan
How to accomplish it:
• List hazards in order of priority, assign
responsibility to a person(s), establish a
target completion date.
• Plan how to track progress and verification
of implementation
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Prevention and Control
• Action Item 4: Select controls for
emergency and non-routine operations
How to accomplish it:
• Develop procedures to control hazards
during these situations.
• Assign responsibility for implementing the
plan and conduct emergency drills.
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Prevention and Control
• Action Item 5: Implement selected
controls in the workplace
How to accomplish it:
• Implement controls starting with highest
priority, however, regardless of priority
employers must protect workers from
recognized serious hazards
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Hazard Prevention and Control
• Action Item 6: Follow up to confirm that
controls are effective
How to accomplish it:
• Conduct regular inspections of controls,
confirm that work practices are being
followed.
• Track progress and implementation
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Education and Training
• Action Item 1: Provide program
awareness training
How to accomplish it:
• Provide training to all managers, supervisors and
workers as well as contractors and temporary
workers on: safety policies and procedures,
program functions, emergencies, injury illness
reporting, and their rights under the OSH Act
• Ensure the training is provided in a language and
literacy level that all workers can understand
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Education and Training
• Action Item 2: Train workers on
specific roles and responsibilities in the
safety and health program
How to accomplish it:
• Instruct workers with specific roles within the
safety and health program on how they should
carry out those responsibilities
• Provide opportunities for workers to ask
questions and offer feedback during training
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Education and Training
• Action Item 3: Train workers on hazard
identification and controls
How to accomplish it:
• Train managers and works on techniques for identifying
hazards; such as job hazard analysis
• Have workers demonstrate they can recognize hazards and
understand why controls are in place
• Provide training on new tasks and new assignments
• Provide training where required by specific OSHA standards
such as; hazard communication and lockout/tagout
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
37
Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
38
Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Program Evaluation
• Action Item 1: Verify the program is
implemented and is operating
How to accomplish it:
• Verify the core elements of the program are fully met
and key processes are in place and implemented
• Verify injuries are being reported, inspections are
conducted, progress is being tracked in controlling
identified hazards to ensure control measures are
effective and data collected to monitor the programs
performance
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Program Evaluation
• Action Item 2: Correct program deficiencies
and identify opportunities to improve
How to accomplish it:
• Proactively seek input from managers, workers, supervisors
and other stakeholders on how you can improve the program
• Determine whether changes in equipment, facilities, material,
personnel or work practices trigger any need for changes in
the program
• Determine whether the metrics and goals are still relevant
and how you could change them to more effectively drive
improvements
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
40
Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Source: OSHA
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
41
Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Multi-Employer Worksites
• Action Item 1: Management Leadership
How to accomplish it:
• Provide a copy of the safety and health policy to all
contractors
• Before beginning on-site work, clarify each employer’s
responsibilities and obligations, such as;
• Providing training
• Selecting, providing and maintaining PPE
• Recording and reporting any injuries or illnesses
• Procedures for communication between host employer and
all contractors
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Multi-Employer Worksites
• Action Item 2: Worker Participation
How to accomplish it:
• Encourage employees to raise safety concerns
• Identify and remove any obstacles to their
participation in a program or reporting
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Multi-Employer Worksites
• Action Item 3: Hazard Identification
and Assessment
How to accomplish it:
• Host employer performs a worksite hazard
assessment and shares the results
• Contractors perform pre-job hazard
assessments of the work they will perform
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Multi-Employer Worksites
• Action Item 4: Hazard Prevention and
Control
How to accomplish it:
• Before beginning work, the host employer
gives contractors information about programs
and procedures to control workers’ exposure
to hazards
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Multi-Employer Worksites
• Action Item 5: Education and Training
How to accomplish it:
• The host employer and contractor identify
any qualifications and certifications required
by the workers
• Temporary and contract workers also receive
appropriate hazard and standard specific
training
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Multi-Employer Worksites
• Action Item 6: Program Evaluation and
Improvement
How to accomplish it:
• Exchange data on metrics tracks and use this data to
evaluate the program’s effectiveness
• All contractors should participate in these evaluations
• Sharing the results of the evaluations with contractors,
subcontractors and temporary staffing agencies who
can then inform the affected workers of the results
Elements of Safety & Health Programs
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards
Methods to prevent/control workplace hazards:
• Benefits of effective controls
– Protect workers from hazards
– Help avoid injuries, illnesses,
and incidents
– Minimize/eliminate safety and
health risks
– Help employers provide
safe/healthful working conditions
Source: OSHA
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards
• Involve workers
– Understand conditions that create hazards
– Insights into how hazards can be controlled
Source of photos: OSHA
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards
• Identify and evaluate options
Source: NIOSH
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards
• Use a hazard control plan
• Develop plans with measures to protect
workers during emergencies and non-
routine activities
• Evaluate effectiveness of existing controls
and review new technologies
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Summary
• OSHA encourages employers to create a
proactive approach for finding and fixing
hazards in the workplace.
• An effective safety and health program
increases worker involvement,
management commitment and allows
employers to better manager their
resources, personnel and environment.
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Knowledge Check
1. Which of the following is a benefit from
implementing an effective safety and
health program?
a. Higher morale of the workforce
b. Improved company reputation
c. Lower Worker Compensation Insurance rates
d. All of the above
Answer: d. All of the above
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Knowledge Check
2. Which of the following is a direct cost
of an accident?
a. Lost production
b. Retraining of new workers
c. Physicians examination
d. Poor customer relations
Answer: c. Physicians examinations
PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17
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Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
Knowledge Check
3. Employers must correct all identified hazards;
however, which of the following hazards should
the employer work to correct first?
a. Guard missing on a piece of equipment, used every
6 months
b. Broken rung on ladder, used daily by the entire crew
c. Loose handrail on a dozer, used by a single
equipment operator
d. Wet floor by an eyewash station, in a path not
travelled by personnel
Answer: b. Broken rung on ladder
used daily by the entire crew

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  • 1. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 1 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Safety and Health Programs OSHA 10-hour Outreach Training General Industry
  • 2. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 2 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction Each year, thousands of workers die as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. Safety and Health Programs can help reduce these fatalities through a proactive approach to finding and fixing hazards before they cause injury, illness, or death.
  • 3. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 3 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction Lesson objectives: 1. Recognize the costs of workplace accidents. 2. Recognize benefits of implementing an effective safety and health program. 3. Describe the elements of an effective safety and health program. 4. Identify three methods to prevent workplace hazards.
  • 4. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 4 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Costs of Accidents Direct costs: • Cost of treatment • Cost of physician and hospital • Cost of medications • Cost of medical equipment $$$ Source: NIOSH
  • 5. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 5 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Costs of Accidents Indirect costs: • Schedule delays • Lower morale • Increased Absenteeism • Poor Customer Relations • Re-training $$$
  • 6. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 6 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Benefits of Safety & Health Programs • Pros of Safety and Health Programs • Cons of Safety and Health Programs Source: OSHA
  • 7. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 7 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Benefits of Safety & Health Programs Benefits may include: • Improvements in product, process, and service quality • Better morale • Improved recruiting and retention • More favorable image and reputation
  • 8. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 8 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Source: OSHA
  • 9. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 9 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Management Leadership • Action Item 1: Communicate your commitment to Safety and Health Programs How to accomplish it: • Establish a written safety and health policy statement signed by top management • Communicate the policy to all workers, contractors, unions, supplier, visitors, customers, etc. Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 10. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 10 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Management Leadership Action Item 2: Define program goals and expectations How to accomplish it: • Establish realistic, attainable and measurable goals that demonstrate progress toward improving safety and health • Develop safety and health plans Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 11. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 11 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Management Leadership Action Item 3: Allocate Resources How to accomplish it: • Integrate safety and health into planning and budgeting • Allow time in workers schedule for participation Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 12. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 12 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Management Leadership • Action Item 4: Expect Performance How to accomplish it: • Define and communicate responsibilities and authorities for accountability • Set an example for workers by following the same procedures Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 13. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 13 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 14. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 14 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Worker Participation • Action Item 1: Encourage workers to report safety and health concerns How to accomplish it: • Establish a process to report injuries, near misses and other safety and health concerns • Empower workers to temporarily suspend work they feel is unsafe Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 15. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 15 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Worker Participation • Action Item 2: Encourage participation in the program How to accomplish it: • Provide positive reinforcement to workers who participate • Maintain an open-door policy, inviting workers to speak to managers about safety and health Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 16. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 16 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Worker Participation • Action Item 3: Involve workers in all aspects of the program To accomplish, allow workers to be involved in: • Developing a program • Reporting hazards and developing solutions • Analyzing hazards • Defining safe work practices • Conducting site inspections • Participating in incident/near-miss investigations • Serving as trainers • Developing and evaluating training programs Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 17. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 17 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Worker Participation • Action Item 4: Give workers access to safety and health information To accomplish, give workers information they need to understand safety and health hazards: • Safety Data Sheets • Injury Illness Data • Results of exposure monitoring Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 18. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 18 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Worker Participation • Action Item 5: Remove barriers to participation How to accomplish it: • Ensure workers from all levels of the organization can participate regardless of skill level, education, or language • Ensure policies and programs do not discourage worker participation Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 19. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 19 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 20. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 20 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 21. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 21 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Identification • Action Item 1: Collect existing information about workplace hazards How to accomplish it: • Collect, organize and review information to determine what types of hazards are present and workers exposed Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 22. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 22 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Identification • Action Item 2: Inspect the workplace How to accomplish it: • Routine inspections of workflow, equipment, materials and talk to workers • Use checklists Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 23. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 23 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Identification • Action Item 3: Conduct Incident Investigations How to accomplish it: • Develop a plan and procedure to begin investigation immediately after an incident or near miss. • Conduct root cause analysis and investigate with a team. Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 24. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 24 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Identification • Action Item 4: Identify hazards associated with emergency and non-routine situations How to accomplish it: • Assess foreseeable emergency scenarios or non-routine tasks • Conduct “table top” exercises to help you plan and test your response plan and procedures Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 25. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 25 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Identification • Action Item 5: Characterize the nature of identified hazards, determine the controls to be implemented and prioritize the hazards for control How to accomplish it: • Evaluate each hazard by considering the severity of potential outcomes, the likelihood that an event will occur and the number of workers exposed • Prioritize hazards so that the greatest risks are addressed first • Use interim control measures to protect workers until more permanent solutions can be implemented Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 26. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 26 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 27. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 27 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Prevention and Control • Action Item 1: Identify control options How to accomplish it: • Review literature, OSHA standards, NIOSH publications, etc. for potential control measures • Get input from workers, safety consultants, or investigate other workplaces with similar hazards Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 28. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 28 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Prevention and Control • Action Item 2: Select controls How to accomplish it: • Select controls using the hierarchy of controls • Use a combination when no single method fully protects the worker Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 29. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 29 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Prevention and Control • Action Item 3: Develop and update a hazard control plan How to accomplish it: • List hazards in order of priority, assign responsibility to a person(s), establish a target completion date. • Plan how to track progress and verification of implementation Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 30. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 30 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Prevention and Control • Action Item 4: Select controls for emergency and non-routine operations How to accomplish it: • Develop procedures to control hazards during these situations. • Assign responsibility for implementing the plan and conduct emergency drills. Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 31. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 31 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Prevention and Control • Action Item 5: Implement selected controls in the workplace How to accomplish it: • Implement controls starting with highest priority, however, regardless of priority employers must protect workers from recognized serious hazards Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 32. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 32 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazard Prevention and Control • Action Item 6: Follow up to confirm that controls are effective How to accomplish it: • Conduct regular inspections of controls, confirm that work practices are being followed. • Track progress and implementation Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 33. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 33 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 34. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 34 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Education and Training • Action Item 1: Provide program awareness training How to accomplish it: • Provide training to all managers, supervisors and workers as well as contractors and temporary workers on: safety policies and procedures, program functions, emergencies, injury illness reporting, and their rights under the OSH Act • Ensure the training is provided in a language and literacy level that all workers can understand Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 35. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 35 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Education and Training • Action Item 2: Train workers on specific roles and responsibilities in the safety and health program How to accomplish it: • Instruct workers with specific roles within the safety and health program on how they should carry out those responsibilities • Provide opportunities for workers to ask questions and offer feedback during training Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 36. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 36 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Education and Training • Action Item 3: Train workers on hazard identification and controls How to accomplish it: • Train managers and works on techniques for identifying hazards; such as job hazard analysis • Have workers demonstrate they can recognize hazards and understand why controls are in place • Provide training on new tasks and new assignments • Provide training where required by specific OSHA standards such as; hazard communication and lockout/tagout Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 37. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 37 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 38. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 38 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Program Evaluation • Action Item 1: Verify the program is implemented and is operating How to accomplish it: • Verify the core elements of the program are fully met and key processes are in place and implemented • Verify injuries are being reported, inspections are conducted, progress is being tracked in controlling identified hazards to ensure control measures are effective and data collected to monitor the programs performance Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 39. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 39 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Program Evaluation • Action Item 2: Correct program deficiencies and identify opportunities to improve How to accomplish it: • Proactively seek input from managers, workers, supervisors and other stakeholders on how you can improve the program • Determine whether changes in equipment, facilities, material, personnel or work practices trigger any need for changes in the program • Determine whether the metrics and goals are still relevant and how you could change them to more effectively drive improvements Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 40. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 40 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Source: OSHA Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 41. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 41 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Multi-Employer Worksites • Action Item 1: Management Leadership How to accomplish it: • Provide a copy of the safety and health policy to all contractors • Before beginning on-site work, clarify each employer’s responsibilities and obligations, such as; • Providing training • Selecting, providing and maintaining PPE • Recording and reporting any injuries or illnesses • Procedures for communication between host employer and all contractors Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 42. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 42 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Multi-Employer Worksites • Action Item 2: Worker Participation How to accomplish it: • Encourage employees to raise safety concerns • Identify and remove any obstacles to their participation in a program or reporting Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 43. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 43 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Multi-Employer Worksites • Action Item 3: Hazard Identification and Assessment How to accomplish it: • Host employer performs a worksite hazard assessment and shares the results • Contractors perform pre-job hazard assessments of the work they will perform Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 44. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 44 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Multi-Employer Worksites • Action Item 4: Hazard Prevention and Control How to accomplish it: • Before beginning work, the host employer gives contractors information about programs and procedures to control workers’ exposure to hazards Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 45. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 45 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Multi-Employer Worksites • Action Item 5: Education and Training How to accomplish it: • The host employer and contractor identify any qualifications and certifications required by the workers • Temporary and contract workers also receive appropriate hazard and standard specific training Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 46. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 46 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Multi-Employer Worksites • Action Item 6: Program Evaluation and Improvement How to accomplish it: • Exchange data on metrics tracks and use this data to evaluate the program’s effectiveness • All contractors should participate in these evaluations • Sharing the results of the evaluations with contractors, subcontractors and temporary staffing agencies who can then inform the affected workers of the results Elements of Safety & Health Programs
  • 47. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 47 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards Methods to prevent/control workplace hazards: • Benefits of effective controls – Protect workers from hazards – Help avoid injuries, illnesses, and incidents – Minimize/eliminate safety and health risks – Help employers provide safe/healthful working conditions Source: OSHA
  • 48. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 48 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards • Involve workers – Understand conditions that create hazards – Insights into how hazards can be controlled Source of photos: OSHA
  • 49. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 49 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards • Identify and evaluate options Source: NIOSH
  • 50. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 50 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards • Use a hazard control plan • Develop plans with measures to protect workers during emergencies and non- routine activities • Evaluate effectiveness of existing controls and review new technologies
  • 51. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 51 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Summary • OSHA encourages employers to create a proactive approach for finding and fixing hazards in the workplace. • An effective safety and health program increases worker involvement, management commitment and allows employers to better manager their resources, personnel and environment.
  • 52. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 52 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 1. Which of the following is a benefit from implementing an effective safety and health program? a. Higher morale of the workforce b. Improved company reputation c. Lower Worker Compensation Insurance rates d. All of the above Answer: d. All of the above
  • 53. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 53 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 2. Which of the following is a direct cost of an accident? a. Lost production b. Retraining of new workers c. Physicians examination d. Poor customer relations Answer: c. Physicians examinations
  • 54. PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Safety and Health Programs, v.03.01.17 54 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 3. Employers must correct all identified hazards; however, which of the following hazards should the employer work to correct first? a. Guard missing on a piece of equipment, used every 6 months b. Broken rung on ladder, used daily by the entire crew c. Loose handrail on a dozer, used by a single equipment operator d. Wet floor by an eyewash station, in a path not travelled by personnel Answer: b. Broken rung on ladder used daily by the entire crew

Editor's Notes

  1. * References – Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs (October 2016), OSHA #3885; https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/docs/OSHA_SHP_Recommended_Practices.pdf
  2. What other types of direct costs can the group think of? Possible answers: Increased Workers’ Compensation costs Cost of legal services
  3. What other types of indirect costs can the group think of? Possible answers: Time lost due to work stoppages and investigations Other costs associated with replacing injured worker (in addition to retraining) Loss or damage to material, machinery, and property Decreased productivity
  4. Photo Source: https://www.osha.gov/shpmguidelines/SHPM_guidelines.pdf Instructor may divide the class into two teams – a pros of Safety and Health Programs and a perceived cons of Safety and Health Program. Ask each group to take 5 minutes to create a list of effects or thing’s they’ve heard when implementing safety. Rejoin the groups and discuss each list.
  5. Source: Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs (OSHA 3885, Oct. 2016); https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/docs/OSHA_SHP_Recommended_Practices.pdf “Responsible employers know that the main goal of a safety and health program is to prevent workplace injuries, illnesses, and deaths, as well as the suffering and financial hardship these events can cause for workers, their families, and their employers. Employers may find that implementing these recommended practices brings other benefits as well. The renewed or enhanced commitment to safety and health and the cooperative atmosphere between employers and workers have been linked to: Improvements in product, process, and service quality. Better workplace morale. Improved employee recruiting and retention. A more favorable image and reputation (among customers, suppliers, and the community). ”
  6. Ask the class: What are some of the ways that management can show their support of a safety program?
  7. Ask the class; Has anyone ever been involved with the safety program or team as a laborer or in a management position? How did the safety team involve you?
  8. The instructor should click on the hazard identification training tool picture to bring up the website. The instructor then has the capability to play through the scenarios to allow the student to sharpen their identification skills. At least 3 of the OSHA Visual Inspection Training should be played.
  9. Ask the class; What are ways that a group of workers can improve on their hazard identification?
  10. Ask the class; What is the hierarchy of controls and how to you mitigate hazards using this?
  11. Ask the class; What types of training have you received as a worker, and do you know what types of training are required by OSHA?
  12. Ask the class; Do you often work beside other contractors? Has there ever been a situation where you weren’t sure what the other contractor was doing or believed their work to be hazardous?
  13. Source: https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/hazard-prevention.html “Effective controls protect workers from workplace hazards; help avoid injuries, illnesses, and incidents; minimize or eliminate safety and health risks; and help employers provide workers with safe and healthful working conditions. The processes described in this section will help employers prevent and control hazards identified in the previous section.”
  14. “Involve workers, who often have the best understanding of the conditions that create hazards and insights into how they can be controlled.”
  15. https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/docs/OSHA_SHP_Recommended_Practices.pdf “Employers should select the controls that are the most feasible, effective, and permanent. How to accomplish it: Eliminate or control all serious hazards (hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm) immediately. Use interim controls while you develop and implement longer-term solutions. Select controls according to a hierarchy that emphasizes engineering solutions (including elimination or substitution) first, followed by safe work practices, administrative controls, and finally PPE. Avoid selecting controls that may directly or indirectly introduce new hazards. Examples include exhausting contaminated air into occupied work spaces or using hearing protection that makes it difficult to hear backup alarms. Review and discuss control options with workers to ensure that controls are feasible and effective. Use a combination of control options when no single method fully protects workers.”
  16. Source: https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/docs/OSHA_SHP_Recommended_Practices.pdf “Use a hazard control plan to guide the selection and implementation of controls, and implement controls according to the plan. Develop plans with measures to protect workers during emergencies and nonroutine activities. Evaluate the effectiveness of existing controls to determine whether they continue to provide protection, or whether different controls may be more effective. Review new technologies for their potential to be more protective, more reliable, or less costly.”
  17. Answer is broken ladder run, entire crew daily – because it is severe and most frequently used.