Tuberculosis prevention


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Tuberculosis prevention

  1. 1. Tuberculosis Prevention
  2. 2. Tuberculosiso TB is a disease-causing microorganism that is passed from person to person through the air.
  3. 3. Tuberculosis is a serious health threato When an infected person sneezes, coughs, speaks, or even sings, tiny microorganisms are released into the air.o By inhaling this contaminated air, you may become infected.
  4. 4. Tuberculosis is a serious health threato Transmission of TB is a recognized risk to patients and associates in healthcare facilities.o Certain groups have a greater risk of developing TB. These are: • People who have weak immune systems • People who have close contact with patients already suffering with TB.
  5. 5. TB Preventiono The most important steps in preventing TB transmission are: • Early detection of patients who may have infectious TB • Prompt application of TB isolation precautions • Prompt initiation of effective treatment
  6. 6. Taking steps to keep TB under controlo Engineering controls: • Isolation room is maintained under negative pressure with the doors closed at all times except when entering or exiting. • The negative pressure is checked daily when the room is in use for airborne isolation. • Air changes per hour in the isolation room meet regulatory code requirements. • The air in the isolation room is not re-circulated into the general ventilation and is exhausted outside. • Ultra violet lights are in the isolation rooms.
  7. 7. Taking steps to keep TB under controlo Respiratory Protection: • Personal respiratory protection is used by: o All persons entering a room with airborne precautions. o Persons present during cough-inducing or aerosol-generating procedures on patients suspected or confirmed of having TB. o Persons in other settings where engineering controls are not likely to protect them from inhaling infectious airborne droplet nuclei (emergency transport vehicles).
  8. 8. TB and OSHA Guidelineso The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has developed guidelines that employers must follow to keep TB from spreading in the workplace.
  9. 9. You should be skin tested for TB if you:o Show any symptoms of TB • Fatigue • Weight loss • Cough (for longer than 2 weeks) • Fever and night sweats • Loss of appetiteo Are in a high-risk group
  10. 10. Associate TB Skin Testingo All associates receive a TB skin test: • Upon hire (except those with documented proof of a negative TB skin test within the last thirty days and a documented negative within one year before that), • Annually during their month of hire, • In accordance to the facility risk assessment for TB.
  11. 11. Associate TB Skin Testingo All associates have an Associate TB Skin Test Card maintained in the Associate Health Office.o TB skin testing and reading are performed by an Associate Health nurse.
  12. 12. Associate TB Skin Testingo If the Associate does not have the TB skin test or TB history done during their anniversary month, a delinquent list will be sent to the manager and the department’s administrative representative.o The manager will remove the associate from the schedule until the TB skin test or TB history is completed.o The associate is not allowed to utilize accumulated time for hours missed.