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PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER
(PHC)
INTRODUCTION
 Primary health centers are the corner stone of rural
health services .
 It act as a referral unit for 6 sub centers and refer out
cases to CHCs .
 It covers a population of 30,000 in plain area and
20,000 in hilly and tribal area.
 There are 4-6 beds for patients and some diagnostic
facilities are also available.
DEFINITION
The primary health center (PHC) is the basic structural
and functional unit of the public health services in
developing countries, to provide accessible,
affordable, and available primary health care to
people.
OR
“Primary health centers some times referred to as
public health centers
Goals and principles
 To reducing exclusion and social disparities in health.
 To organizing health services around people's needs
and expectations.
 To integrating health into all sectors .
 To pursuing collaborative models of policy dialogue
(leadership reforms).
 Health workforce developments.
 Community participation
OBJECTIVES
To provide comprehensive primary health care to the
community at PHCs.
 To achieve and maintain an acceptable standards of
quality of care .
 To make the services more responsive and sensitive to
the need of the community.
MAIN FOCUS
Main
focus
Infant
immunization
programs
Anti-epidemic
programmes
Birth control
programmes
Pregnancy
and related
care
FUNCTIONS OF PHC
Medical care
Treatment and
prevention of
endemic disease
Maternal and
child health
care
Health
education
Referral
services
Basic laboratory
test
National health
programmes
Training of
ANM , ASHA
paramedics
Collection and
reporting of
vital events
SERVICES TO BE PROVIDED BY PHC
1. Medical care 24 x 7
2. Maternal and child health care including family
planning
3. Medical termination of pregnancy
4. Management of RTI and STI
5. Nutrition services
6. School health
7. Adolescent health care
8. promotion of safe drinking water and basic sanitation
9. Prevention and control of locally endemic disease.
10. Collection and reporting of vital events.
11. Health education and behavior change
communication.
12. Other national health programme :
13. Referral services
14. Training
15. Basic laboratory services
SUMMARY
 Primary health center is the first contact point
between the village community and the medical
officer. it provides curative, preventive and promotive
services to the peoples.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
 PARK, K.(2009).PARK’S TEXTBOOK OF
PREVENTIVE AND SOCIAL MEDICIN. JABALPUR,
M/S BANARASIDAS BHANOTE. PAGE NO.805.
 SWARNAKAR KESAV.(2013).COMMUNITY HEALTH
NURSING. INDORE , NR BROTHERS. PAGE NO 601.
 GULANI K.K.(2015) COMMUNITY HEALTH
NURSING. DELHI, KUMAR PUBLISHING
HOUSE.PAGE NO 337.
 WWW.GOOGLE.COM PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER
WIKIPIDIA.IN
Primary health center

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Primary health center

  • 2. INTRODUCTION  Primary health centers are the corner stone of rural health services .  It act as a referral unit for 6 sub centers and refer out cases to CHCs .  It covers a population of 30,000 in plain area and 20,000 in hilly and tribal area.  There are 4-6 beds for patients and some diagnostic facilities are also available.
  • 3. DEFINITION The primary health center (PHC) is the basic structural and functional unit of the public health services in developing countries, to provide accessible, affordable, and available primary health care to people. OR “Primary health centers some times referred to as public health centers
  • 4. Goals and principles  To reducing exclusion and social disparities in health.  To organizing health services around people's needs and expectations.  To integrating health into all sectors .  To pursuing collaborative models of policy dialogue (leadership reforms).  Health workforce developments.  Community participation
  • 5. OBJECTIVES To provide comprehensive primary health care to the community at PHCs.  To achieve and maintain an acceptable standards of quality of care .  To make the services more responsive and sensitive to the need of the community.
  • 7. FUNCTIONS OF PHC Medical care Treatment and prevention of endemic disease Maternal and child health care Health education Referral services Basic laboratory test National health programmes Training of ANM , ASHA paramedics Collection and reporting of vital events
  • 8. SERVICES TO BE PROVIDED BY PHC 1. Medical care 24 x 7 2. Maternal and child health care including family planning 3. Medical termination of pregnancy 4. Management of RTI and STI 5. Nutrition services 6. School health 7. Adolescent health care 8. promotion of safe drinking water and basic sanitation
  • 9. 9. Prevention and control of locally endemic disease. 10. Collection and reporting of vital events. 11. Health education and behavior change communication. 12. Other national health programme : 13. Referral services 14. Training 15. Basic laboratory services
  • 10. SUMMARY  Primary health center is the first contact point between the village community and the medical officer. it provides curative, preventive and promotive services to the peoples.
  • 11. BIBLIOGRAPHY  PARK, K.(2009).PARK’S TEXTBOOK OF PREVENTIVE AND SOCIAL MEDICIN. JABALPUR, M/S BANARASIDAS BHANOTE. PAGE NO.805.  SWARNAKAR KESAV.(2013).COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING. INDORE , NR BROTHERS. PAGE NO 601.  GULANI K.K.(2015) COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING. DELHI, KUMAR PUBLISHING HOUSE.PAGE NO 337.  WWW.GOOGLE.COM PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER WIKIPIDIA.IN