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International workshop
                                      Improving Cycling Culture in Cities
                                               February 26th-27th, 2010
                                                       Tczew - POLAND



Interchange Bicycle Stations:
Promotion of intermodality
                           Dipl.-Ing. Andrea Henkel




                                                            Bremen        Tczew




                                                                 Venice
                                                      Grenoble        Zagreb



Presto   is supported by
Content




1.       Intermodality: The key to sustainable transport
2.       Bike and Ride
3.       Facts and Figures
4.       Implementation
5.       Requirements to interchange bicycle stations
6.       Developing a master plan




     On-site training: Tczew             Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality is urban lifestyle




The Demand for Mobiliy is growning.
• Number of trips
• Trip distribution


…as a result of urban sprawl, increasing car density
 and diversification of lifestyle


…developing society needs new mobility culture




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality and car density




Car availabiliy grows instantly




                                                                                   Source: National Environment Agency, Germany 2009
 Number of cars per 1.000 inhabitants (complete)




 Germany
 France
 Denmark
 Norway
 Switzerland
 Luxembourg
 Turkey
 Poland                195     314           +61%




  On-site training: Tczew                           Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality is urban lifestyle




                                                                            http://www.medienzentrum-siegen.de/heupel/mobilitaetserziehung/gif/800/5_platzbedarf.jpg
Growing volume of car traffic means
• Infrastructure demand (high level of investment)
• Noise
• Airpollution
• Greenhousegas emissions
• Decreasing life quality in the city
• Demand of Space




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality is urban lifestyle




 Demonstration in
 Berlin:
 Space needed for
 car vs. bike




Reference: Velokonzept Saade GmbH, Presentation June 2009, Berlin.
     On-site training: Tczew                                         Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality is quality of life




… Valuable space of urban environment




But we should not try to ban car traffic at all !



  On-site training: Tczew                     Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality for sustainable transport




Enable Ecomobility




Limited availability and practicability
 The combination of different modes enables higher usability



  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodal Mobility




… needs well-matched transport systems:
• Operation: system compatibility, pricing, ticketing, timetables
• Marketing
• Information
• Interchange stations




  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Intermodality:
                                The key to sustainable mobility



 Catchment area and travelling time
                                                        10-minute-radius
                                                        Action scope of a dwelling site
                                                         700 m by foot; 2 km by bike

                                                        Catchment area of a station –
                                                         700 m by foot; 2 km by bike
Reference: „Bike & Ride“, Diegelmann/ Moser 1993


                                                        Saving time = strength of cycling
                                                        Advantages until trip distance of 5 km

                                                         Contain strength and supply
                                                         Raise attractivity


  „Suburbanisierung, Zersiedlung Urban Sprawl“, Casestudy Budapest, Final Report, GS 00/01
      On-site training: Tczew                                           Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bike and Ride




Advantages                                    Problems
•       Compatible for city and               •     Comport (infrastructure,
        environment                                 catchment area, tarif
                                                    system, parking facilities)
•       Fast and flexible
                                              •     topography
•       cheap
                                              •     Safety risk
•       Physical activity and health
                                              •     Weather dependency
•       Reduces stress




    On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bike and Ride




Three Options of using

•        Pre-transport: cycling from starting point to the station

•        Post-transport: cycling from station to a target (work, shopping,
         school)

      eigther by taking the own bike (parked there) or a rent bike

•        Complete transport: carrying bicycle from staring point to the
         target by using public transport

     +        highly flexible

     -        big request to the quality of the station and the transport
              vehicle

    On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
On-site training: Tczew
                                                                                                                                                                        Bike and Ride




   Interchange Bicycle Stations
                                                                                                          From the Programme of activation of cycling in the Tri-city




                                  Tymon Galewski: Programme of activation of cycling in the Tri-city. A presentation
                                  prepared in 2005 Map 2: Range of a 10 minute cycling and walking journeys on the map
                                  of the Tri-city. Source: ibid.
5 years ago…
                          Who would have thought about cycling in Paris?




On-site training: Tczew                            Interchange Bicycle Stations
Cycling in Cities




Cyclinc culture in France has changed…
Lyon – May 2005
•   2000 bikes, 4000 in 2008.
•   Success – 5 to 8 daily uses per day



Paris - July 2007
•   Today, 20600 bikes and 1450 stations (1 station
    every 200 m or 300 m).
•   First ½ H : 0 Euro, Additional ½ H : 1 Euro




    On-site training: Tczew                       Interchange Bicycle Stations
Implementation of cycling cuture




• How can we reach
  the change?
• How to avoid these
  deterrent images?




  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Implementation




                                     Key questions for the group work:

                                      What are the biggest barriers in
                                       using bike and ride?

                                      What would you wish as a user of
                                       bike and ride? Values …

                                      What is important to the user in
                                       terms of bicycle parking?




On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Implementation




• Integration in cycle-lane-network
• Services
• Bicyle parking infrastructure
• Design of Interchange Stations
• Carrying bicycle on public transport
• Rental services




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Requirements to interchange stations




Depending on average duration time




                                               PRESTO Policy Guide (2010): Infrastructure


  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bicycle Parking Infrastrcture




Basic offer for Interchange Bicycle Stations
- flexible in use
- Only use for minor demand




                                                           http://www.wien.gv.at/verkehr/radfahren/images
                                                           /fahrradabstellanlagen-4-gr.jpg


  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Good practice




Basic demand




Regional Train Station in Freiburg, Germany




                                                       Station of the tramline in Freiburg, Germany




    On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Good practice




Sheltered, secured or supervised




                                                                http://www.ziegler-metall.de/




  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Requirements to stands and racks




• Different oppotunities to lock the bike
• Giving a save standing for the bike




                                                                           Hinweise zur Gestaltung von Fahrradabstellanlagen
                                                                           Landeshauptstadt Potsdam:
  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Requirements to stands and racks




Front wheel racks:
• Different types available, to use for minor demand in safe spots
• Opportunity to lock the bicycle frame!




                                           Giving support on
                                           three different points
                                           of the front wheel

                                                   Landeshauptstadt Potsdam:
                                                   Hinweise zur Gestaltung von Fahrradabstellanlagen



  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Requirements to stands and racks




AVOID WHEEL FORK KILLERS!
Examples of inconvinient racks




  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bicycle parking station (e.g. multistorey)




- spacious, multi-storey buildings
- best use for major demand
- Weather proof
                                                          http://www.zukunft-er.de/2009/09/20/fahrradparkhaus-in-erfurt

- space saving
- mostly free of
  charge,
  but high
  rate of vandalism




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bmultistorey bicycle parking station




Parking station
• entrance via chip card
• Charged at a daily/weekly/monthly
  base, useful for commuters




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bicycle Parking Station




• Good example at the mainstatin in Freiburg, Germany
• Additional service available




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Bicycle Boxes




• Very often poor design, but save
• Can be rented for charge or deposit
• Adequate for decentralised spots




  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
Design of interchange stations




                                                               Kaiserslautern (Germany) mainstation

• Accessible (design for all)
• Information on public transport
• Clear signage
• Bicyle parking
• Bike rental station




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Design of interchange stations




• Poor planning:
• High demand for bycicle parking at North Entrance but inconvenient
  infrastructure
• Inside the building: three storey of unused space available!




                                          (Kaiserslautern mainstation, North Entrance)


  On-site training: Tczew                      Interchange Bicycle Stations
Design of interchange stations



                                                    To the city center

• Poor accessibility and orientation




                                    (Tübingen mainstation)




  On-site training: Tczew                                Interchange Bicycle Stations
Accessibility - Design for all




Basic facility for public transport stations
 Higher requirements in aging society




  On-site training: Tczew                      Interchange Bicycle Stations
Design for all




• Accessibility to plattforms




• Various solutions for good
  integration of urban design




  On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Information




Pre-trip
• Bike and Ride in
  Berlin




  On-site training: Tczew                 Interchange Bicycle Stations
Information

                                                 All necessary
                                               information are
                                                  available but
                                            hardly to orientate
                                             for visitors or the
On-trip                                               non-(yet)
                                                     customers



Digital real-time information




    On-site training: Tczew                    Interchange Bicycle Stations
Developing a master plan




Aim: Establish cycling as an element of urban mobility
• Integration in cycle-lane-network
• Services
• Bicyle parking infrastructure
• Design of Interchange Stations
• Carrying bicycle on public transport
• Rental services
…by providing well-matched transport systems




  On-site training: Tczew                   Interchange Bicycle Stations
International workshop
                                                        Improving Cycling Culture in Cities
                                                                 February 26th-27th, 2010
                                                                         Tczew - POLAND




         Thank you for your attention!

                More information on:
                www.presto-cycling.eu
                                                                           Bremen       Tczew

                  or contact me at:
             andrea.henkel@imove-kl.de
                                                                               Venice
                                                                    Grenoble        Zagreb




Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode is supported by

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Presto Topic 1 Interchange Stations

  • 1. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND Interchange Bicycle Stations: Promotion of intermodality Dipl.-Ing. Andrea Henkel Bremen Tczew Venice Grenoble Zagreb Presto is supported by
  • 2. Content 1. Intermodality: The key to sustainable transport 2. Bike and Ride 3. Facts and Figures 4. Implementation 5. Requirements to interchange bicycle stations 6. Developing a master plan On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 3. Intermodality is urban lifestyle The Demand for Mobiliy is growning. • Number of trips • Trip distribution …as a result of urban sprawl, increasing car density and diversification of lifestyle …developing society needs new mobility culture On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 4. Intermodality and car density Car availabiliy grows instantly Source: National Environment Agency, Germany 2009 Number of cars per 1.000 inhabitants (complete) Germany France Denmark Norway Switzerland Luxembourg Turkey Poland 195 314 +61% On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 5. Intermodality is urban lifestyle http://www.medienzentrum-siegen.de/heupel/mobilitaetserziehung/gif/800/5_platzbedarf.jpg Growing volume of car traffic means • Infrastructure demand (high level of investment) • Noise • Airpollution • Greenhousegas emissions • Decreasing life quality in the city • Demand of Space On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 6. Intermodality is urban lifestyle Demonstration in Berlin: Space needed for car vs. bike Reference: Velokonzept Saade GmbH, Presentation June 2009, Berlin. On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 7. Intermodality is quality of life … Valuable space of urban environment But we should not try to ban car traffic at all ! On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 8. Intermodality for sustainable transport Enable Ecomobility Limited availability and practicability  The combination of different modes enables higher usability On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 9. Intermodal Mobility … needs well-matched transport systems: • Operation: system compatibility, pricing, ticketing, timetables • Marketing • Information • Interchange stations On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 10. Intermodality: The key to sustainable mobility Catchment area and travelling time 10-minute-radius Action scope of a dwelling site  700 m by foot; 2 km by bike Catchment area of a station –  700 m by foot; 2 km by bike Reference: „Bike & Ride“, Diegelmann/ Moser 1993 Saving time = strength of cycling Advantages until trip distance of 5 km  Contain strength and supply  Raise attractivity „Suburbanisierung, Zersiedlung Urban Sprawl“, Casestudy Budapest, Final Report, GS 00/01 On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 11. Bike and Ride Advantages Problems • Compatible for city and • Comport (infrastructure, environment catchment area, tarif system, parking facilities) • Fast and flexible • topography • cheap • Safety risk • Physical activity and health • Weather dependency • Reduces stress On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 12. Bike and Ride Three Options of using • Pre-transport: cycling from starting point to the station • Post-transport: cycling from station to a target (work, shopping, school)  eigther by taking the own bike (parked there) or a rent bike • Complete transport: carrying bicycle from staring point to the target by using public transport + highly flexible - big request to the quality of the station and the transport vehicle On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 13. On-site training: Tczew Bike and Ride Interchange Bicycle Stations From the Programme of activation of cycling in the Tri-city Tymon Galewski: Programme of activation of cycling in the Tri-city. A presentation prepared in 2005 Map 2: Range of a 10 minute cycling and walking journeys on the map of the Tri-city. Source: ibid.
  • 14. 5 years ago… Who would have thought about cycling in Paris? On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 15. Cycling in Cities Cyclinc culture in France has changed… Lyon – May 2005 • 2000 bikes, 4000 in 2008. • Success – 5 to 8 daily uses per day Paris - July 2007 • Today, 20600 bikes and 1450 stations (1 station every 200 m or 300 m). • First ½ H : 0 Euro, Additional ½ H : 1 Euro On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 16. Implementation of cycling cuture • How can we reach the change? • How to avoid these deterrent images? On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 17. Implementation Key questions for the group work:  What are the biggest barriers in using bike and ride?  What would you wish as a user of bike and ride? Values …  What is important to the user in terms of bicycle parking? On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 18. Implementation • Integration in cycle-lane-network • Services • Bicyle parking infrastructure • Design of Interchange Stations • Carrying bicycle on public transport • Rental services On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 19. Requirements to interchange stations Depending on average duration time PRESTO Policy Guide (2010): Infrastructure On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 20. Bicycle Parking Infrastrcture Basic offer for Interchange Bicycle Stations - flexible in use - Only use for minor demand http://www.wien.gv.at/verkehr/radfahren/images /fahrradabstellanlagen-4-gr.jpg On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 21. Good practice Basic demand Regional Train Station in Freiburg, Germany Station of the tramline in Freiburg, Germany On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 22. Good practice Sheltered, secured or supervised http://www.ziegler-metall.de/ On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 23. Requirements to stands and racks • Different oppotunities to lock the bike • Giving a save standing for the bike Hinweise zur Gestaltung von Fahrradabstellanlagen Landeshauptstadt Potsdam: On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 24. Requirements to stands and racks Front wheel racks: • Different types available, to use for minor demand in safe spots • Opportunity to lock the bicycle frame! Giving support on three different points of the front wheel Landeshauptstadt Potsdam: Hinweise zur Gestaltung von Fahrradabstellanlagen On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 25. Requirements to stands and racks AVOID WHEEL FORK KILLERS! Examples of inconvinient racks On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 26. Bicycle parking station (e.g. multistorey) - spacious, multi-storey buildings - best use for major demand - Weather proof http://www.zukunft-er.de/2009/09/20/fahrradparkhaus-in-erfurt - space saving - mostly free of charge, but high rate of vandalism On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 27. Bmultistorey bicycle parking station Parking station • entrance via chip card • Charged at a daily/weekly/monthly base, useful for commuters On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 28. Bicycle Parking Station • Good example at the mainstatin in Freiburg, Germany • Additional service available On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 29. Bicycle Boxes • Very often poor design, but save • Can be rented for charge or deposit • Adequate for decentralised spots On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 30. Design of interchange stations Kaiserslautern (Germany) mainstation • Accessible (design for all) • Information on public transport • Clear signage • Bicyle parking • Bike rental station On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 31. Design of interchange stations • Poor planning: • High demand for bycicle parking at North Entrance but inconvenient infrastructure • Inside the building: three storey of unused space available! (Kaiserslautern mainstation, North Entrance) On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 32. Design of interchange stations To the city center • Poor accessibility and orientation (Tübingen mainstation) On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 33. Accessibility - Design for all Basic facility for public transport stations  Higher requirements in aging society On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 34. Design for all • Accessibility to plattforms • Various solutions for good integration of urban design On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 35. Information Pre-trip • Bike and Ride in Berlin On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 36. Information All necessary information are available but hardly to orientate for visitors or the On-trip non-(yet) customers Digital real-time information On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 37. Developing a master plan Aim: Establish cycling as an element of urban mobility • Integration in cycle-lane-network • Services • Bicyle parking infrastructure • Design of Interchange Stations • Carrying bicycle on public transport • Rental services …by providing well-matched transport systems On-site training: Tczew Interchange Bicycle Stations
  • 38. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND Thank you for your attention! More information on: www.presto-cycling.eu Bremen Tczew or contact me at: andrea.henkel@imove-kl.de Venice Grenoble Zagreb Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode is supported by