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ECF gratefully acknowledges
financial support from the European
Commission.
The socio-economic benefits of cycling
Lars Strömgren
ECF Vice-President
Bike conference of Belarusian cities
Minsk, 12 May 2017
INTRODUCING ECF
3
World’s largest cyclists’ advocacy organisation
One goal: To promote cycling as a sustainable and healthy means of
transportation and recreation
INTRODUCING ECF
4
• Founded in 1983
• Over 80 members worldwide
why ?
6
In a city with many cyclists, why do they ride?
56%
Copenhageners’ reason for cycling to and from work (multiple answers)
City of Copenhagen
37%
29%
26%
12%
9%
5%
it’s faster
more convenient
healthy
inexpensive
well-being, good start to day
new job, relocation
environmental concerns
is for people
who want to go
fast over short
distances
10-15 km/hr
Average speed in European
urban centres at peak periods
12-14 km/hr (Dublin)
15 km/hr (Lyon)
15.5 km/hr (Copenhagen)
Prudhomme and Bocarejo, 2005, City of Paris, 2012, Jensen et al, 2010
is for people
who cannot afford
to be late
Reliabilitykey performance
indicator for urban traffic
Benefits of cycling at the EU Level
12
more than 513
bn EUR per year!
Benefits of cycling at the EU Level
13
more than 1000 EUR
per EU citizen per
year
How did we come up with these results?
• systematic analysis of potential benefits
• basis for calculation: 134 bn km cycled in EU-28 (264 km
per year per inhabitant)
• estimations based on qualitative analysis
• identification of research needs
14
is for people
who enjoy good
health
onbalance,themonetisedbenefits
from improvedhealthareupto
greaterthanthecombinedhealth
impactsofcrashesandexposureto
airpollution
20x
Today’s childrens’
cardiovascular fitness
compared to 30 years ago
-15%
G. Tomkinson et al, 2013
Examples: Health sector
19
Calculations based on the
WHO HEAT tool
Tangible benefits for
companies
New report: Turn up the HEAT
• Assessing use of HEAT
across Europe
• Giving recommendations
on how to increase use
20
is for
commerce
Who spends what in shops?
15.4
15.3
11.0
6.8
Revenue in Copenhagen shops and supermarkets by mode of transport (DKK billion/yr)
City of Copenhagen
Who spends what in shops?
Expenditure, Portland (shops, restaurants,bars) by mode of transport (USD person/month)
OTREC, Examining Consumer Bevaviour and Travel Choices
76
61
66
58
Shopping by bike
24
Shopping by bike
In different EU cities:
• Cyclists spend more than car
drivers
• Shop-owners overestimate
the share of customers
coming by car
• Traffic calming most often
leeds to more turnover for
retailers
• More on www.ecf.com
25
Examples: Cycling Business
• 2014 study: Jobs and Job Creation
in the EU Cycling Economy
• Contribution of cycling sector to
green growth in Europe
26
ECF STUDY: SET-UP
27
Step 1:
Sector definition
• Bicycle market definition
• Sector and sub-sectors
Step 2:
Economic value
• Turnover
• Investment
Step 3:
FTE Jobs
• FTE jobs/1M turnover
• FTE jobs/1M investment
28
29
CYCLING TOURISM IS SOCIALLY /
ECONOMICALLY SUSTAINABLE
The economic impact of cycling
tourism in Europe
2.3 billion cycle tourism trips per
year.
20.4 million trips involving an
overnight stay.
The total economic impact: €44
billion per year
www.eurovelo.org/downloads/studies/
30
safetyPerceived
safetyReal
Continuous cycle network of high standard on routes
and at intersections, improve cyclist safety, security and
accessibility, and is thus an important
basis for increasing bicycle use.
safetyPerceived
safetyReal
SPACE
CAPACITY
COST
2.5M2.5M 20 M
25%of the
38,000/DAY 40,000/DAY
95%of the
1.3$
$142K/KM $11.25M/KM
%of the
BICYCLE TRACKS vs. CITY ROADS
On balance: benefits and costs
13:1averagebenefittocostratio(UKandnonUK)
8-33%Ratesofreturnforcyclistbridgeand
intersectionre-design inCopenhagen
Sensitive to context, assumptions (health, modal
transfer) and costs – but….
Copenhagen
ECF gratefully acknowledges
financial support from the European
Commission.

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Presentation economic benefits - Lars Stromgren, Minsk - 2017

Editor's Notes

  1. http://www.flickr.com/photos/carlosar2000/6908848012/sizes/l/in/photostream/ http://www.cycling-embassy.dk/2013/08/26/are-cyclists-good-customers/ The evidence is robust and convergent: Cyclists spend less per hour and per trip but they return more often – much more often. Because of this, over time, cyclists spend as much or more than motorists.
  2. Considering door-to-door trips and the time it takes to park a car or wait for a bus, cycling is indeed quite fast, especially over short distances up to 5 miles.
  3. There is a money value to time and in classic transport project appraisals, time savings deliver the bulk of benefits. And so it is important to remember that in urban centres, and especially at peak periods, bicycles are nearly as fast or faster than cars or public transport for short trips. For example; DOI 10,1016/j.trd.2010.07.002 Prudhomme et Bocarejo, 2005 cyclingindublin.com/why-cycle/ Because cycling is not affected by congestion, it’s surprisingly fast compared to taking the car. The department of transport says: “Data from the 2006 Census reveals that, for journeys within the Dublin Canal Ring, cyclists reached an average speed of 12km/h compared to just 15km/h for cars. For trips within the M50, the 2006 Census reveals an average speed for cyclists of 14km/h compared to 18km/h for cars.”
  4. Bart van Dijk
  5. http://newsroom.heart.org/news/childrens-cardiovascular-fitness-declining-worldwide?preview=9c9a
  6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/carlosar2000/6908848012/sizes/l/in/photostream/ http://www.cycling-embassy.dk/2013/08/26/are-cyclists-good-customers/ The evidence is robust and convergent: Cyclists spend less per hour and per trip but they return more often – much more often. Because of this, over time, cyclists spend as much or more than motorists.
  7. http://www.flickr.com/photos/carlosar2000/6908848012/sizes/l/in/photostream/ http://www.cycling-embassy.dk/2013/08/26/are-cyclists-good-customers/ The evidence is robust and convergent: Cyclists spend less per hour and per trip but they return more often – much more often. Because of this, over time, cyclists spend as much or more than motorists.
  8. Will need to improve the perception of safety for those not yet cycling and you will definitely have to ensure that real safety improves as well if you want to keep them cycling. Continuous cycle network of high standard on routes and at intersections, improve cyclist safety, security and accessibility, and is thus an important basis for increasing bicycle use.
  9. Will need to improve the perception of safety for those not yet cycling and you will definitely have to ensure that real safety improves as well if you want to keep them cycling. Continuous cycle network of high standard on routes and at intersections, improve cyclist safety, security and accessibility, and is thus an important basis for increasing bicycle use.