Bicycling: How do we achieve greater mode share?


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By Brett Herron, Mayoral Committee Member, Transport, Roads & Stormwater, Cape Town. Presented at Transforming Transportation, January 26, 2012, Washington, D.C.

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  • Bicycling: How do we achieve greater mode share?

    1. 1. Transforming Transportation Bicycling: How do we achieve greater mode share. Presented by : Brett Herron Member of Mayoral Committee for Transport CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA
    2. 2. <ul><li>Apartheid spatial planning </li></ul><ul><li>has created a </li></ul><ul><li>poverty trap </li></ul><ul><li>on the outskirts of </li></ul><ul><li>a sprawling city. </li></ul>Problem Statement The Spatial Poverty Trap
    3. 3. Inadequate Public Transport Metrorail is the backbone of public transport but it is dysfunctional, unreliable, and under-capacitated
    4. 4. Problem statement cont… Inadequate Public Transport <ul><li>Poor rail service </li></ul><ul><li>Infrequent Golden Arrow Bus Service </li></ul><ul><li>MyCiti at Milestone Zero of Phase 1A (new BRT project) </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly integrated public transport system </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Way Forward Socio-economic upliftment will require real access to opportunity <ul><li>Our objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity City </li></ul><ul><li>Safe City </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive City </li></ul><ul><li>Caring City </li></ul><ul><li>Well-run City </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Way Forward Socio-economic upliftment will require real access to opportunity <ul><li>Multi-Modal Approach to Public Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Public Transport is key to providing both social and economic inclusion and to achieving our objectives and delivering on our mandate. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-motorised transport, with its advantages of being largely low cost, affordable, people orientated and environmentally friendly, supports our goal of sustainable transport. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Objective: “ To promote a sustainable transport network by encouraging walking, cycling and the use of public transport and promoting the principles of universal access in the design and construction of transport infrastructure”
    8. 8. Vision: “ Cape Town will be a city where all people feel safe and secure to walk and cycle, NMT is part of the transport system, public space is shared between all users (NMT, special needs people and motorised users) and everyone has access to urban opportunities and mobility.”
    9. 9. Goals: <ul><li>Increase cycling and encourage walking by creating a safe and pleasant bicycle and pedestrian network of paths to serve all the citizens in the Cape Town Area. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase cycling and enable walking as modes of travel; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create safe pedestrian and cycling environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a quality, attractive and dignified environment; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote a changed culture that accepts the use of cycling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and walking as acceptable means to move around in the city </li></ul>
    10. 10. NMT <ul><li>NMT facilities can be seen as more than the provision of a route to get from one place to another. </li></ul><ul><li>System of interrelated parts that includes traditional equipment for movement - sidewalks, cycle paths, bicycle racks </li></ul><ul><li>Plus it must take into account complex urban spatial determinants that services both the qualitative experience of users and the need to get around. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also a cog in the larger public transport system which in turn implies a hierarchy of scale of service and facility and a need for amenities that accommodate interchange between modes of transport, both spatial and physical. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Role of NMT in the Cape Town context <ul><li>majority of Cape Town’s inhabitants do not own cars, </li></ul><ul><li>NMT has to move beyond building cycle paths to creative ways in addressing contemporary socio-economic and spatial problems </li></ul><ul><li>building NMT facilities must service the fundamentals of making an equitable, safe and liveable city for all its inhabitants </li></ul>
    12. 12. How do we get there? The way cycling is integrated with other public transport projects in planning and design <ul><li>Through Integrated Transport Planning : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IDP – High level 5 year City plan – commitments to mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITP – 5 yr Transport Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NMT plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicycle Master Plan (BMP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport Impact Assessments – part of development proposals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport & NMT impacts included. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. How do we get there? The way cycling is integrated with other public transport projects in planning and design <ul><li>Through the integration of cycle facilities and infrastructure with BRT and rail systems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 1A of the MyCiTi BRT system integrates NMT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rail station upgrades to include cycle parking and storage facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrading of Park & Ride facilities at stations to include cycle locking facilities </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. How do we get there? The way cycling is integrated with other public transport projects in planning and design <ul><li>Provision of U-Tube cycle racks with a roof cover at strategic points and at BRT stations. </li></ul><ul><li>Cycles permitted on board MyCiTi (BRT Buses) </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of cycle parking facilities, locker and shower facilities at Municipal Offices – and encouraging large employers to follow suit (Employee Trip Reduction Programme). </li></ul><ul><li>Road network upgrades to include retrofitting of cycle facilities/infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    15. 15. How do we get there? Institutional Arrangements <ul><li>Integrated Transport Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritising NMT by ensuring dedicated resources : </li></ul><ul><li>The City’s Transport Department has a dedicated NMT & Universal Design Unit within its structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICE – skills transfer and capacity building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NMT Forum – Cycling experts (Pedal Power, BEN, UCT) – advise City. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Government – PTISG (Public Transport Grant) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provincial Government – Conditional Grants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City budget </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political Support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    16. 16. Challenges/Barriers <ul><li>High accident rates </li></ul><ul><li>Personal safety & security and driver behaviour : </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict & competition for road space – private cars, on-street parking, informal trading </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weather – high winds in summer / rain in winter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    17. 17. Key suggestions: <ul><li>Clear vision & goals – cascaded into service delivery plans </li></ul><ul><li>Community participation & ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Urban partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable funding – for new facilities & maintenance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    18. 18. What have we achieved Longest continuous cycle lane in Africa – R27 route integrated with BRT – 16km <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    19. 19. What have we achieved Longest continuous cycle lane in Africa – R27 route integrated with BRT <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    20. 20. Completed NMT Facilities
    21. 21. Dedicated & shared cycle lanes Spine Road - Khayelitsha Liesbeeck Parkway- Mowbray
    22. 22. Facilities
    23. 23. <ul><li>Improved visibility of cyclists </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of reflective snapbands, “bibs” and helmets </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility of teams of officials and politicians at various points throughout the City </li></ul><ul><li>Regular annual national Transport Month October </li></ul><ul><ul><li>focus on various programs and disadvantaged areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principle drive - Improved visibility = Improved safety </li></ul><ul><li>Reclaiming public street through presence of cycles and temporary conversion of on street parking space to recreational space </li></ul>Marketing and communication
    24. 24. Marketing and communication
    25. 25. 19 Prioritized Projects 2011/12 Atlantis: Reygersdal Road between Witsand to Carel Uys Drive Milnerton: Freedom Way between Koeberg Road to Montague Drive Langa: Washington Road between Bunga Drive to Vanguard Drive including Jungle Walk to Langa Station Kraaifontein: Old Paarl Road between Bloekombos and Brighton Road Delft: Delft Main Road between Stellenbosch Arterial and Symphony Way Belhar: Belhar Drive, Erica Way and Symphony Way between Stellenbosch Aterial and Modderdam Road Steenberg: Military Road between Prince George Drive and Henley Road. Concert Boulevard Prince George Drive to Station Road (Retreat). Plumstead/Diep River: De Waal Road between Avondale Terrace and Prince George Drive Guguletu: NY3 between Terminus Road and NY3A Guguletu: NY1 between NY3 and Lansdowne Road including NY75 and NY72 Blackheath: Range Road between to Station Road Mitchell's Plain: Merrydale Road between Spine Road and Highlands Drive Mitchell's Plain: Weltevreden Drive between Morgenster Road and Highlands Drive Mfuleni: Khayelitsha-Mfuleni Link Eersteriver: Forest Dive and Van Riebeeck Road between Forest Drive and Bobs Way Killarney: Koeberg Road from Dunoon to Plattekloof Road
    26. 26. Long way to go!
    27. 27. “ The importance of this policy and its benefits to the future generation of this country cannot be over-emphasised. Through non-motorised transportation we are ensured an opportunity to improve quality of lives, energy conservation and a safe sustainable environment for all future generation to come”. J T Radebe MP, Minister of Transport