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Chronic Diseases Risk Factors in Mauritius ---  Obesity By Dr C. Sookram Regional Public Health Superintendent & Principal Investigator Mauritius NCD Survey 2004 Ministry of Health and Quality of Life
HEALTH STATISTICS  Mauritius 2004 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Epidemiological transition ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
NCD Surveys ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Follow up Surveys 1992,1998 and 2004 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Overview of findings of NCD Surveys 1987-2004 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
Mauritius -   Crude Prevalence* of Diabetes by ethnic group and sex - 2004 *(Adults aged 20 – 74 years) 18.7 17.2 15.8 20.5 19.1 Both Sexes 17.7 16.2 15.6 20.8 17.2 Women 20.2 18.3 16.2 20.1 21.8 Men TOTAL Chinese Creole Muslim Hindu
 
Mauritius -   Crude Prevalence(%) of hypertension by ethnic group and sex in participants aged 20-74 years (2004) 28.5 38.1 33.8 25.3 27.0 Both Sexes 26.9 28.6 31.9 27.7 24.2 Women 30.6 48.4 37.2 22.2 30.7 Men TOTAL Chinese Creole Muslim Hindu
Mauritius -   Crude Prevalence of associated conditions among those with diabetes, IGT and normo-glycaemia (2004). 43.5 43.4 53.5 % HDL – Cholesterol < 1.0 15.5 24.0 36.5 % of triglycerides ≥ 2.0 36.0 44.7 52.8 % of cholesterolemia (≥ 5.2) 8.1 17.7 18.4 % of obesity (BMI > 30) 25.0 32.8 37.0 % of overweight (25 < BMI ≤ 30) 20.3 40.5 51.8 % of hypertensive ( ≥ 140/90) Normo- Glycaemia  IGT DM People with :
 
 
 
 
Mauritius -   Crude prevalence (%) of dyslipidaemia (1987 - 2004) 12.8 22.3  11.2  13.7  Triglycerides    2 34.1 47.3  9.2  13.9  HDL-cholesterol < 1.0  28.5 27.9  25.8  29.9  6.5 > Cholesterol    5.2  8.2 9.7  5.9  23.0  Cholesterol    6.5  Female 30.9 41.1  25.1  28.2  Triglycerides    2 60.9 57.0 18.4 22.7 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0 34.6 36.7 27.6  31.5  6.5 > Cholesterol    5.2  10.3 13.0  6.2  24.9 Cholesterol    6.5  Male 2004 1998 1992 1987
Mauritius - Prevalence (%) of leisure physical activity (moderate and heavy)  in age group 35 – 54 years. *  adjusted for age 9.5 7.2 2.3 1.4 Female  24.5 21.2 17.3 11.8 Male  2004 1998* 1992* 1987*
Overview of findings of NCD Surveys in Rodrigues 1992-2004 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Rodrigues - Prevalence of diabetes from 1992 to 2004  in population aged 20 and above 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Survey year Prevalence rates (%) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Male Female Total Male 6.3 8.9 7.4 Female 9.9 12.2 10.7 Total 8.1 10.6 9.4 1992 1999 2004
Rodrigues - Age standardised prevalence (%) of hypertension in  population aged 20 years and over (1992-2004) 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 survey year HBP prevalence rates (%) 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 HBP prevalence rates (%) (M+F) Male Female Total Male 36.5 38.5 34.1 Female 33.9 37.8 32.4 Total 35.2 36.8 32.8 1992 1999 2004
Rodrigues -  Prevalence of Overweight (1992 - 2004) 29.5 30 30.5 31 31.5 32 32.5 33 33.5 34 34.5 Survey year Crude overweight prevalence (%) 30 30.5 31 31.5 32 32.5 33 33.5 34 Crude overweight prevalence (%)  (M+F) Male Female Total Male 34.1 31.2 32.5 Female 33.5 31.7 32.4 Total 33.8 31.4 32.5 1992 1999 2004
Rodrigues - Prevalence of Obesity (1992 - 2004) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Survey year Crude obesity prevalence (%) 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Crude obesity prevalence (%) (M+F) Male Female Total Male 9.5 11.2 13.5 Female 29.3 28.2 28.6 Total 19.3 19.6 22.9 1992 1999 2004
 
Rodrigues - Prevalence of abusive alcohol consumption  1992 - 2004 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Survey year  Prevalence (%) Male Female Male 19.1 9.8 40.9 Female 0.3 0 5.4 1992 1999 2004
Rodrigues - Crude prevalence (%) of dyslipidaemia from 1992 to 2004. 2.8 7.2 4.5 Triglycerides    2 16.8 26.3 2.4 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0  25.8 31.1 21.4 Cholesterol    5.2  Female 7.7 14.0 10.5 Triglycerides    2 26.3 32.8 4.2 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0 27.9 30.6 16.8 Cholesterol    5.2  Male 2004 1999 1992
Rodrigues - Prevalence (%) of moderate or heavy leisure physical activity  in age group 35 – 54 years. *  adjusted for age 5.3 2.3 1.9 Female  22.0 19.7 20.2 Male  2004 1999* 1992*
Obesity in 5-11 year olds 12.7 21.6 Underweight 75.6 63.2 Normal weight 7.1 7.5 Overweight 4.6 7.8 Obese Female 19.1 27.2 Underweight 67.8 56.5 Normal Weight 7.7 7.9 Overweight 5.5 8.5 Obese Male Rodrigues Mauritius
Obesity in 12-19 year olds 7.1 15.7 Underweight 77.3 69.4 Normal weight 8.1 8.4 Overweight 7.6 6.5 Obese Female 17.3 20.1 Underweight 73.2 63.3 Normal Weight 5.0 8.4 Overweight 4.5 8.2 Obese Male Rodrigues Mauritius
[object Object]
EPIDEMIOLOGY: PREVALENCE OF OBESITY IN MAURITIUS
Conclusion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Thank You

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presentation de Chandralall Sookram

  • 1. Chronic Diseases Risk Factors in Mauritius --- Obesity By Dr C. Sookram Regional Public Health Superintendent & Principal Investigator Mauritius NCD Survey 2004 Ministry of Health and Quality of Life
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.  
  • 8. Mauritius - Crude Prevalence* of Diabetes by ethnic group and sex - 2004 *(Adults aged 20 – 74 years) 18.7 17.2 15.8 20.5 19.1 Both Sexes 17.7 16.2 15.6 20.8 17.2 Women 20.2 18.3 16.2 20.1 21.8 Men TOTAL Chinese Creole Muslim Hindu
  • 9.  
  • 10. Mauritius - Crude Prevalence(%) of hypertension by ethnic group and sex in participants aged 20-74 years (2004) 28.5 38.1 33.8 25.3 27.0 Both Sexes 26.9 28.6 31.9 27.7 24.2 Women 30.6 48.4 37.2 22.2 30.7 Men TOTAL Chinese Creole Muslim Hindu
  • 11. Mauritius - Crude Prevalence of associated conditions among those with diabetes, IGT and normo-glycaemia (2004). 43.5 43.4 53.5 % HDL – Cholesterol < 1.0 15.5 24.0 36.5 % of triglycerides ≥ 2.0 36.0 44.7 52.8 % of cholesterolemia (≥ 5.2) 8.1 17.7 18.4 % of obesity (BMI > 30) 25.0 32.8 37.0 % of overweight (25 < BMI ≤ 30) 20.3 40.5 51.8 % of hypertensive ( ≥ 140/90) Normo- Glycaemia IGT DM People with :
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Mauritius - Crude prevalence (%) of dyslipidaemia (1987 - 2004) 12.8 22.3 11.2 13.7 Triglycerides  2 34.1 47.3 9.2 13.9 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0 28.5 27.9 25.8 29.9 6.5 > Cholesterol  5.2 8.2 9.7 5.9 23.0 Cholesterol  6.5 Female 30.9 41.1 25.1 28.2 Triglycerides  2 60.9 57.0 18.4 22.7 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0 34.6 36.7 27.6 31.5 6.5 > Cholesterol  5.2 10.3 13.0 6.2 24.9 Cholesterol  6.5 Male 2004 1998 1992 1987
  • 17. Mauritius - Prevalence (%) of leisure physical activity (moderate and heavy) in age group 35 – 54 years. * adjusted for age 9.5 7.2 2.3 1.4 Female 24.5 21.2 17.3 11.8 Male 2004 1998* 1992* 1987*
  • 18.
  • 19. Rodrigues - Prevalence of diabetes from 1992 to 2004 in population aged 20 and above 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Survey year Prevalence rates (%) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Male Female Total Male 6.3 8.9 7.4 Female 9.9 12.2 10.7 Total 8.1 10.6 9.4 1992 1999 2004
  • 20. Rodrigues - Age standardised prevalence (%) of hypertension in population aged 20 years and over (1992-2004) 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 survey year HBP prevalence rates (%) 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 HBP prevalence rates (%) (M+F) Male Female Total Male 36.5 38.5 34.1 Female 33.9 37.8 32.4 Total 35.2 36.8 32.8 1992 1999 2004
  • 21. Rodrigues - Prevalence of Overweight (1992 - 2004) 29.5 30 30.5 31 31.5 32 32.5 33 33.5 34 34.5 Survey year Crude overweight prevalence (%) 30 30.5 31 31.5 32 32.5 33 33.5 34 Crude overweight prevalence (%) (M+F) Male Female Total Male 34.1 31.2 32.5 Female 33.5 31.7 32.4 Total 33.8 31.4 32.5 1992 1999 2004
  • 22. Rodrigues - Prevalence of Obesity (1992 - 2004) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Survey year Crude obesity prevalence (%) 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Crude obesity prevalence (%) (M+F) Male Female Total Male 9.5 11.2 13.5 Female 29.3 28.2 28.6 Total 19.3 19.6 22.9 1992 1999 2004
  • 23.  
  • 24. Rodrigues - Prevalence of abusive alcohol consumption 1992 - 2004 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Survey year Prevalence (%) Male Female Male 19.1 9.8 40.9 Female 0.3 0 5.4 1992 1999 2004
  • 25. Rodrigues - Crude prevalence (%) of dyslipidaemia from 1992 to 2004. 2.8 7.2 4.5 Triglycerides  2 16.8 26.3 2.4 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0 25.8 31.1 21.4 Cholesterol  5.2 Female 7.7 14.0 10.5 Triglycerides  2 26.3 32.8 4.2 HDL-cholesterol < 1.0 27.9 30.6 16.8 Cholesterol  5.2 Male 2004 1999 1992
  • 26. Rodrigues - Prevalence (%) of moderate or heavy leisure physical activity in age group 35 – 54 years. * adjusted for age 5.3 2.3 1.9 Female 22.0 19.7 20.2 Male 2004 1999* 1992*
  • 27. Obesity in 5-11 year olds 12.7 21.6 Underweight 75.6 63.2 Normal weight 7.1 7.5 Overweight 4.6 7.8 Obese Female 19.1 27.2 Underweight 67.8 56.5 Normal Weight 7.7 7.9 Overweight 5.5 8.5 Obese Male Rodrigues Mauritius
  • 28. Obesity in 12-19 year olds 7.1 15.7 Underweight 77.3 69.4 Normal weight 8.1 8.4 Overweight 7.6 6.5 Obese Female 17.3 20.1 Underweight 73.2 63.3 Normal Weight 5.0 8.4 Overweight 4.5 8.2 Obese Male Rodrigues Mauritius
  • 29.
  • 30. EPIDEMIOLOGY: PREVALENCE OF OBESITY IN MAURITIUS
  • 31.