SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 19
Presented by:
Misbah Arshad
Iqra Sulman
A literature review is a way to:-
Compare studies and know “what is out there” on a
specific topic
 The literature review is a critical look at the existing
research that is significant to the work that you are
carrying out.
 1. To provide background information
 2. To establish importance
 3.To demonstrate familiarity
 4.To “carre out a space” for further research
 5.To make your research problem clear and bring focus
into it.
 6. Develop your methodology
 7.To know where you are
 8.To have a broader knowledge in your area of research
 9.Research and select literature pertaining to your
area.
 10.Review selected literature
 11.Develop a theoretical framework (theories and
issues related your study)
 12.Develop a conceptual framework ( aspects you select
from theoretical framework that from the basis of your
research.)
 13. Find out what is known about the subject
 14. Find out whether the research has been done
before.
 15.Build a case for carrying out research.
 16.Show your expertise in the subject.
 Articles in Journals
 Books
 Internet
 Research reports
 Governments documents
 Abstracts
 Reviews
 Unpublished Theses
 Adequacy: Is it done to a sufficient degree.
 Clarity: Are all points clearly made?
 Imperialness: Are actual findings cited rather than
opinions?
 Regency: Are citations up- to-date?
 Relevance: Are the citations related to the hypothesis?
Organization: Is the presentation of literature well
organized in terms of introduction, subheadings and
summary?
 Planning
 Reading and Researching
 Analyzing
 Drafting
 Revising
 Iqra Sulman
Tasks of literature review
 Summarize
 Synthesize
 Critique
 Compare
 Chronological
 Topical or thematic organization
 Inverted pyramid organization/broad to narrow.
 Seminal study.
 Includes a clear research question or purpose
 Make and argument for the necessity of your research
and/or service program etc.
 Explains methods and theories if review is to be used
for a larger study or program
 Describes search methodology—databases, search
terms etc.
 Is through (include classic studies and a range of
literature, not just studies that make you point.
 Is well organized, clear and concise
 Focused:
The topic should be narrow. You should only present
ides and only report on studies that are closely related
to topic.
 Concise:
Ideas should be presented economically. Don’t take my
more space than you need to present your ideas.
 Logical :
The flow within and among paragraphs should be a
smoth, logical progression from one idea to the next
 Developed:
Don’t leave the story half told.
 Integrative:
Your paper should stress how the ideas in the studies are
related. Focus on the big picture. What commonality
do all the studies share? How are some studies
different than others? Your paper should stress how all
the studies reviewed contribute to your topic.
 Current:
Your review should focus on work being done on the
cutting edge of your topic.
 Vagueness due to too much or inappropriate
generalizations
 Limited range
 Insufficient information
 Irrelevant material
 Omission of contrasting view
 Omission of recent work
 Unprofessional language
 Don’t plagiarize
 Too many quotations
 Lack of fluency and cohesiveness.
Literature review

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Review the literature
Review the literature Review the literature
Review the literature
 
Review of literature
Review of literature Review of literature
Review of literature
 
Literature survey in biotechnology
Literature survey in biotechnologyLiterature survey in biotechnology
Literature survey in biotechnology
 
Review of literature
Review of literatureReview of literature
Review of literature
 
Sources & review of literature
Sources & review of literatureSources & review of literature
Sources & review of literature
 
Literature review
Literature reviewLiterature review
Literature review
 
Review of literature
Review of literatureReview of literature
Review of literature
 
Literature and literature review
Literature and literature reviewLiterature and literature review
Literature and literature review
 
Review of literature
Review of literatureReview of literature
Review of literature
 
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
REVIEW OF LITERATUREREVIEW OF LITERATURE
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
 
Writing research thesis literature review
Writing research thesis literature reviewWriting research thesis literature review
Writing research thesis literature review
 
Review of literature
Review of literatureReview of literature
Review of literature
 
Review of related literature
Review of related literatureReview of related literature
Review of related literature
 
Preparing a literature review
Preparing a literature reviewPreparing a literature review
Preparing a literature review
 
Academic literature review
Academic literature review Academic literature review
Academic literature review
 
LITERATURE REVIEW
LITERATURE REVIEWLITERATURE REVIEW
LITERATURE REVIEW
 
Review of literature
Review of literatureReview of literature
Review of literature
 
The research process chap 2
The research process chap 2The research process chap 2
The research process chap 2
 
Writing a Literature Review
Writing a Literature ReviewWriting a Literature Review
Writing a Literature Review
 
Literature review for a dissertation: a step-by-step guide
Literature review for a dissertation: a step-by-step guideLiterature review for a dissertation: a step-by-step guide
Literature review for a dissertation: a step-by-step guide
 

Similar to Literature review

Literature review belayet
Literature review belayetLiterature review belayet
Literature review belayetBelayet Hossen
 
Literature Review.ppt
Literature Review.pptLiterature Review.ppt
Literature Review.pptHadiTak1
 
Research methodology
Research methodologyResearch methodology
Research methodologyRushdi Shams
 
ResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdf
ResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdfResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdf
ResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdfVaibhavKamble746472
 
Literature Review.pptx
Literature Review.pptxLiterature Review.pptx
Literature Review.pptxAbdetaImi
 
8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach
8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach
8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserachCAA Sudan
 
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docxDefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docxpetehbailey729071
 
Writing a literature review
Writing a literature reviewWriting a literature review
Writing a literature reviewNancy Little
 
Literature Review - How to write effectively.pptx
Literature Review - How to write effectively.pptxLiterature Review - How to write effectively.pptx
Literature Review - How to write effectively.pptxnguyenlekhanhx02
 
Chapter Two - Literature Review.pdf
Chapter Two - Literature Review.pdfChapter Two - Literature Review.pdf
Chapter Two - Literature Review.pdfSamah Abdelkarim
 
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptx
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptxLiterature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptx
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptxSamah Abdelkarim
 
How to write and publish good quality research paper
How to write and publish good quality research paperHow to write and publish good quality research paper
How to write and publish good quality research paperPallawiBulakh1
 
Synthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - Phdassistance
Synthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - PhdassistanceSynthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - Phdassistance
Synthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - PhdassistancePhD Assistance
 

Similar to Literature review (20)

Literature review belayet
Literature review belayetLiterature review belayet
Literature review belayet
 
CHAPTER 4.pptx
CHAPTER 4.pptxCHAPTER 4.pptx
CHAPTER 4.pptx
 
Literature Review.ppt
Literature Review.pptLiterature Review.ppt
Literature Review.ppt
 
Research methodology
Research methodologyResearch methodology
Research methodology
 
ResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdf
ResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdfResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdf
ResearchMethodologyandLiteratureReview_optimized.pdf
 
Literature Review.pptx
Literature Review.pptxLiterature Review.pptx
Literature Review.pptx
 
8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach
8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach
8 1 proposal-guidelines-qualitative-reserach
 
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docxDefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
 
Literature review (1)
Literature review (1)Literature review (1)
Literature review (1)
 
Lecture 6 doing a literature review
Lecture 6 doing a literature reviewLecture 6 doing a literature review
Lecture 6 doing a literature review
 
Writing a literature review
Writing a literature reviewWriting a literature review
Writing a literature review
 
Literature Review - How to write effectively.pptx
Literature Review - How to write effectively.pptxLiterature Review - How to write effectively.pptx
Literature Review - How to write effectively.pptx
 
Lesson 4 literature review
Lesson 4 literature reviewLesson 4 literature review
Lesson 4 literature review
 
Review.pdf
Review.pdfReview.pdf
Review.pdf
 
Chapter Two - Literature Review.pdf
Chapter Two - Literature Review.pdfChapter Two - Literature Review.pdf
Chapter Two - Literature Review.pdf
 
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptx
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptxLiterature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptx
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework.pptx
 
Literature Review.ppt
Literature Review.pptLiterature Review.ppt
Literature Review.ppt
 
How to write and publish good quality research paper
How to write and publish good quality research paperHow to write and publish good quality research paper
How to write and publish good quality research paper
 
Synthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - Phdassistance
Synthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - PhdassistanceSynthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - Phdassistance
Synthesizing an Excellent Literature Review - Phdassistance
 
Contextualization of Research
Contextualization of ResearchContextualization of Research
Contextualization of Research
 

Recently uploaded

How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6Vanessa Camilleri
 
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...DhatriParmar
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
CHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptx
CHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptxCHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptx
CHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptxAneriPatwari
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfJemuel Francisco
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
 
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
Blowin' in the Wind of Caste_ Bob Dylan's Song as a Catalyst for Social Justi...
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
CHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptx
CHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptxCHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptx
CHEST Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 

Literature review

  • 1.
  • 3. A literature review is a way to:- Compare studies and know “what is out there” on a specific topic
  • 4.  The literature review is a critical look at the existing research that is significant to the work that you are carrying out.  1. To provide background information  2. To establish importance  3.To demonstrate familiarity  4.To “carre out a space” for further research  5.To make your research problem clear and bring focus into it.
  • 5.  6. Develop your methodology  7.To know where you are  8.To have a broader knowledge in your area of research  9.Research and select literature pertaining to your area.  10.Review selected literature  11.Develop a theoretical framework (theories and issues related your study)
  • 6.  12.Develop a conceptual framework ( aspects you select from theoretical framework that from the basis of your research.)  13. Find out what is known about the subject  14. Find out whether the research has been done before.  15.Build a case for carrying out research.  16.Show your expertise in the subject.
  • 7.  Articles in Journals  Books  Internet  Research reports  Governments documents  Abstracts  Reviews  Unpublished Theses
  • 8.  Adequacy: Is it done to a sufficient degree.  Clarity: Are all points clearly made?  Imperialness: Are actual findings cited rather than opinions?  Regency: Are citations up- to-date?  Relevance: Are the citations related to the hypothesis?
  • 9. Organization: Is the presentation of literature well organized in terms of introduction, subheadings and summary?
  • 10.  Planning  Reading and Researching  Analyzing  Drafting  Revising
  • 12. Tasks of literature review  Summarize  Synthesize  Critique  Compare
  • 13.  Chronological  Topical or thematic organization  Inverted pyramid organization/broad to narrow.  Seminal study.
  • 14.  Includes a clear research question or purpose  Make and argument for the necessity of your research and/or service program etc.  Explains methods and theories if review is to be used for a larger study or program  Describes search methodology—databases, search terms etc.  Is through (include classic studies and a range of literature, not just studies that make you point.  Is well organized, clear and concise
  • 15.  Focused: The topic should be narrow. You should only present ides and only report on studies that are closely related to topic.  Concise: Ideas should be presented economically. Don’t take my more space than you need to present your ideas.  Logical : The flow within and among paragraphs should be a smoth, logical progression from one idea to the next
  • 16.  Developed: Don’t leave the story half told.  Integrative: Your paper should stress how the ideas in the studies are related. Focus on the big picture. What commonality do all the studies share? How are some studies different than others? Your paper should stress how all the studies reviewed contribute to your topic.  Current: Your review should focus on work being done on the cutting edge of your topic.
  • 17.  Vagueness due to too much or inappropriate generalizations  Limited range  Insufficient information  Irrelevant material  Omission of contrasting view  Omission of recent work
  • 18.  Unprofessional language  Don’t plagiarize  Too many quotations  Lack of fluency and cohesiveness.