Review of literature

Jun. 10, 2019

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Review of literature

  1. REVIEW OF LITERATURE A literature review is an account of what has been already established or published on a particular research topic by accredited scholars and researchers. OR It is a comprehensive, in depth, systematic scanning and critical review of selected literature to find out how it can be useful to present study.
  2. IMPORTANCE OF LITERATURE REVIEW Literature reviews provide a handy guide to a particular topic. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up-to-date with what is current in the field. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writers in their respective fields. Literature reviews also provide a solid background for a research study.
  3. PURPOSE OF LITERATURE REVIEW The purpose of a literature review is to convey to the render previous knowledge and facts established on a topic, and their strengths and weaknesses. The literature review allows the reader to be updated with the state of research in a field and any contraindications that may exist which challenge findings of other research studies. Besides enhancing researcher’s knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review helps to: Describe the relationship of each study to other research studies under considerations.
  4.  Identify new ways to interpret and shed light on any gaps in previous research.  Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort.  Point a way forward for further research.  See what has and has not been investigated.  Identify potential relationships between concepts and to identify researchable hypothesis.  Learn how others have defined and measured key concepts.  Identify data sources that other researchers have used.  Develop how a research project is related to the work of others.
  5. FUNCTIONS OF REVIEW OF LITERATURE  It brings clarity and focus to the research problem.  It sources as a source of research idea.  It helps to determine any gaps in body of research.  It broadens the knowledge base in the research.  It provides theoretical background to the study.
  6. SOURCES OF LITERATURE REVIEW PRIMARY SOURCES Literature review mostly relies on primary sources i.e., research reports, which are description of studies written by researchers who conducted them. A primary source is written by a person who developed the theory or conducted the research, or is the description of an investigation written by the person who conducted it. Most primary sources are found in published literature; for example, a nursing research article.
  7. SECONDARY SOURCES Secondary source research documents are description of studies prepared by someone other than the original researcher. They are written by people other than the individuals who developed the theory or conducted the research. The secondary sources may be used when primary sources are not available or if researchers want external opinions on an issue or problem or even the results of their own research.
  8. THE MAIN SOURCES FROM WHERE LITERATURE CAN BE SEARCHED ARE AS FOLLOWS: Resources of literature review Magazines and newspaper Electronic database Books Journals Conferenc e papers Theses Encyclopaedia and dictionary Research reports
  9. OTHER SOURCES 1. Electronic sources  CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)  MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrived System Online)  PubMed  MedlinePlus  Registry of Nursing Research  Cochrane Database of System Reviews  ERIC  PsycINFO  Dissertation abstracts online  Online Journals       http://www.nursingweek.ccom
  10.  Cancer Lit  EMBASE (Exerpta Medica Database)  ETOH (Alcohol and alcohol problems science database)  Health STAR (Health services technology administration and research)  Radix (Nursing and managed care database)  CD-ROM (Compact disc-read only memory) with research database
  11. 2. PRINTED SOURCES 1. Journal Names of national nursing journals  Nursing and midwifery research journal  Indian journal of nursing and midwifery  The nursing journal of India  Nightingale nursing times  International journal of nursing education  Indian journal of nursing studies
  12. NAME OF INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS  Nursing research  Research in nursing and health  Nursing sciences quarterly  Western journal of nursing research  Applied nursing research  Biological research for nursing  Advances in nursing sciences  Clinical nursing research  Worldviews on Evidence – Based Nursing  Journal of Qualitative Research  American Journal of Nursing  International journal of nursing studies
  13. STEPS OF LITERATURE REVIEW Stage I – Annotated Bibliography At this stage, researcher read articles, books and other types of literature related to the topic of research and write a brief critical synopsis of each review. After going through the reading list, researcher will have an annotation of each source of related literature. Later, annotation are likely to include more references of other work since previous readings will be available to compare, but at this point the important goal is to get accurate critical summarization of individual works.
  14. STAGE II – THEMATIC ORGANIZATION At this stage, researchers try to find common themes of research topic and organize the literature under these themes, subthemes or categories. Here, researchers try to organize literature under themes, which relate to each other and are arranged in a chronological manner. Furthermore, researchers try to establish coherence between themes and literature discussed under these themes.
  15. STAGE III – MORE READING Based on the knowledge gained through primary reading, researchers have a better understanding about the research topic and the literature related to it. At this stage, researchers try to discover specific literature materials relevant to the field of study or research methodologies which are more relevant for their research. They look for more literature by those authors, on those methodologies, etc. Also, the researchers may be able to set aside some less relevant areas or articles which they pursued initially. They integrate the new readings into their literature review draft, reorganize themes and read more as appropriate
  16. STAGE IV –WRITE INDIVIDUAL SECTIONS At this stage, researchers start writing the literature under each thematic section by using previously collected drafts of annotations. Here they organize the related articles under each theme by ensuring that every article is related to each other. Furthermore, related articles may be grouped together by ensuring the coherence between different segments of the literature abstracts. For each thematic section, draft annotations are used (it is a good idea to reread the articles and revise annotations, especially the ones read initially) to write a section which discusses the articles relevant to that theme. While writing reviews, the researchers focus on the theme of that section, showing how the articles relate to each other.
  17. POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR LITERATURE REVIEW  Be specific and be succinct  Be selective  Focus of current topics  Ensure evidence for claims  Focus on sources of evidences  Account of contrary evidences  Reference citation  Organization of literature review  Refering original source  Avoid abbreviations
  18. ADVANTAGES  It provides rationale for the current study.  It puts the present study into the context of what is known about the topic.  Review of relevant literature  It provides theoretical and conceptual basis of the study.