University of Mysore
Department Of Studies In Master Of Library And
Seminar On :
Review of Literature
Dep. Of M.L.I.Sc.
Dep. Of M.L.I.Sc.
A literature review is an evaluative report of
studies found in the literature related to our
selected area. The review should describe,
summarize, evaluate and clarify that literature.
It should give a theoretical basis for the research
and help us to determine the nature of our
The review should describe, summarize,
evaluate and clarify this literature. It should
give a theoretical base for the research and
help us to determine the nature of our
research. At here Works which are irrelevant
should be discarded and those which are
peripheral should be looked at critically.
The review of the literature is defined as a
broad, comprehensive, in-depth, systematic,
and critical review of scholarly publications. The
review of the literature is traditionally
considered a systematic and critical review of
the most important published scholarly
literature on a particular topic.
According to Richard Nordquist,
The process of reading, analyzing, evaluating,
and summarizing scholarly materials about a
A literature review is a written summary of the
findings from the literature search. Its purpose
is to provide proof of scholarship - to show
that we know the literature and we have the
intellectual capacity to read it, develop the
theoretical argument and be able to give a
critical, constructive analysis of that literature
A literature review is...
• a summary and evaluation of the significant
research published on a topic
• organized in a way that shows the relationship
between research studies, as well as the way
each has contributed to an understanding of
• a secondary source because it is an overview
of existing research on the topic
Where to find a literature review?
• in scholarly peer reviewed journals;
• in doctoral dissertations, graduate theses, or
within primary research articles.
The purpose of a literature review is to...
• To provide background information
• familiarize the reader with relevant literature and
research in an area of study
• demonstrate relationships among the prior
• inform the reader what has already been
discovered to avoid duplication
• identify gaps and discrepancies in the literature
Provide a context for the research
Justify the research
Ensure the research hasn't been done before
Show where the research fits into the existing
body of knowledge
Enable the researcher to learn from previous
theory on the subject
Illustrate how the subject has been studied
Outline gaps in previous research
Show that the work is adding to the
understanding and knowledge of the field
Help to refine, refocus or even change the
Steps for Writing a Lit Review
What type of Literature Review I'm Writing?
– What is the specific thesis, problem, or research
question that our literature review helps to
– Identifying a focus that allows us to:
• Sort and categorize information
• Eliminate irrelevant information
– What type of literature review we conducting?
– Theory; Methodology; Policy; Quantitative;
– What is the scope of our literature review?
– What types of sources we are using?
• Academic Discipline
– What field(s) we are working in?
What Materials Am I Going to Use?
• Summarize sources.
– Who is the author?
– What is the author's main purpose?
– What is the author’s theoretical perspective?
– How is the author’s position supported?
– What does this study add to your project?
• Select only relevant books and articles.
• A literature review is never just a list of
studies, it always offers an argument about a
body of research
• Analysis occurs on two levels:
– Individual sources
– Body of research
Some Tips on Revising
• Title: Is our title consistent with the content
of our paper?
• Introduction: Do we appropriately introduce
• Thesis: Does our review have a clear claim?
• Body: Is the organization clear? Have we
• Conclusion: Do we provide sufficient closure?
• Spelling and Grammar: Are there any major
spelling or grammatical mistakes?
How does the literature review differ from
other research papers?
• Its focus is on the literature, itself
• It involves the critical analysis of previously
• It provides insight about the relationships
between cited research as well as its
Thus, the literature review is the most
common work conducted by any researcher
during his/her theses submitting. This is now
become the important work in any research
area, it must done by any researcher’s.
1)Lunenburg, F. C., & Irby, B. J. (2008). Writing a Successful Thesis or
Dissertation: Tips and Strategies for Students in the Social and
2) Silyn-Roberts, H. (2002). Writing for Science and Engineering:
Papers, Presentations and Reports. Oxford: