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Directions: Identify which of the following
supports the principle of summarizing. In your
notebook, write the letter of your choice.
A.Summarize
B.Highlight
C.Disregard
D.Include
A.All the information provided
B.The most important information
C. Lesson from the story
D.Unimportant information
A.True
B.False
A.Concluding sentence
B.Summary
C. Topic Sentence
D.Body
PRE-WRITING ACTIVITY
Try to recall one of the novels or short
stories you discussed in one of your
previous classes in English; choose one
selection out of the several you tackled
throughout your school life. Then, on a
separate sheet of paper, try to rewrite
the story using your own words.
According to Buckley (2004), in her popular writing
text Fit to Print, summarizing is reducing text to one-
third or one-quarter its original size, clearly
articulating the author’s meaning, and retaining main
ideas.
Accoding to Diane Hacker (2008), in a Canadian
Writer’s Reference, explains that summarizing involves
stating a work’s thesis and main ideas “simply,briefly,
and accurately.
From dictionaries, it is defined as taking a lot of
information and creating a condensed version that
covers the main points; and to express the most
important facts or ideas about something or someone
in short and clear form
From the definitions, take a look on the pool
of words and phrases
Reducing text “simply, briefly, and accurately
Clearly articulating condensed version
Thesis most important facts or ideas
Main ideas short and clear form
Various Techniques in
Summarizing a variety of Academic
Texts
1.Read the work first to understand the author’s intent. This is a crucial step
because an incomplete reading could lead to an inaccurate summary. Note: an
inaccurate summary is plagiarism.
2.One of the summarization techniques you can do is to present information
through facts, skills, and concept in visual formats. You can provide the cause and
effects charts, time lines, and Venn diagrams, templates for outlines use flow charts
and infographics.
3.To avoid difficulty, you need first to know the main points, and the supporting
details. Yu can exclude any illustrations, examples or explanations.
4.You need to analyze the text to save time in thinking what you will do.
5.Think what information you will put in your summary. Be sure to cover the main
points and arguments of the document.
Various Techniques in
Summarizing a variety of Academic
Texts
6.One of the best things to do in auto summarizing is re stating the words into
different one. You should avoid using the original words of the author instead; use
your own vocabulary but be sure to retain the information.
7.You will fully understand what the document is when you organize all ideas.
8.One of the things you can do is to write down all information in a coherent and
precise form. Keep in mind that a summary is a condensed version of the original
paper, so avoid making it too long.
9. You can also decide to represent information through using dimensional
constructions in representing concepts, skills or facts.
10.Paraphrasing is one of the skills you can do in writing a summary. With it, do not
use the same words with the author.
Another 5 Easy Techniques in
Summarizing Various Academic Texts
Technique 1:Somebody Wanted But So Then
“Somebody Wanted But So Then” is an excellent
summarizing strategy for stories. Each word represents a
key question related to the story’s essential elements
Somebody: Who is the Story About?
Wanted:What does the main character want?
But: Identify a problem that the main character
encountered.
So:How does the main character solve the problem?
Then: Tell how the story ends.
Here is an example of this strategy in
action
Somebody: Little Red Riding Hood
Wanted:She wanted to take cookies to her
sick grandmother
But:She encountered a wolf pretending to be
her grandmother
So: She ran away, crying for help
Then: A woodsman heard her and saved her
from the wolf.
Technique 2: SAAC METHOD
 The SAAC method is another useful technique for summarizing any
kind of text (story, article, speech, etc.). SAAC is an acronym useful
for “State, Assign, Action, Complete.”Each word in the acronym
refers to a specific element that should be included in the
summary.
State:name of the article, book, or story
Assign:the name of the author
Action: what the author is doing (examples: tells,
explains)
Complete: complete the sentence or summary with
keywords and important details
Example of SAAC in action:
State:The Boy Who Cried Wolf
Assign:Aesop (a Greek storyteller)
Action: tells
Complete:what happens when a shepherd boy repeatedly lies
to the villagers about seeing a wolf.
Technique 3: 5W’S and 1 H
The 5W’s and 1H strategy relies on six crucial
questions: who, what, when, where, why, and
how. These questions make it easy to identify
the main character, the important details, and
the main idea.
WHO is the story about?
WHAT did they do?
WHEN did the action take place
WHERE did the story happen?
WHY did the main character do what he/she did?
HOW did the main character do what he/she did?
Try this technique with a familiar fable such
as “The Tortoise and the Hare”
WHO? The Tortoise
WHAT? He raced a quick, boastful hare and won.
WHEN? Not specified
WHERE? An old country road
WHY: The Tortoise was tired of hearing the hare boast
about his speed.
HOW The Tortoise kept up his slow but steady pace.
Tortoise got tired of listening to
Hare boast about how fast he ws,
so he challenged Hare to a race.
Even though he was slower than
Hare, Tortoise won by keeping up
his slow and steady pace when
Hare stopped to take a nap.
Technique 4: First, Then, Finally
The “First, Then, Finally” technique helps
students summarize events in chronological
order.The three words represent the beginning,
main action and conclusion of a story,
respectively.
FIRST. What happened first? Include the main
character and main event/action.
Then.What key details took place during the
event/action?
Finally.What were the results of the event/action?
Here is an example using “Goldilocks and the
Three Bears.”
First, Goldilocks entered the bears’ home
while they were gone. Then, she ate their
food, sat in their chairs, and slept in their
beds. Finally, she woke up to find the bears
watching her, so she jumped up and ran
away.
Technique 5: Give me the Gist
When someone asks for the “gist” of a story, they
want to know what the story is about. In other words,
they want a summary-not a retelling of every detail.
To introduce the gist method, explain that
summarizing is just like giving a friend the gist of the
story and have your students tell each other about
their favorite books or movies in 15 seconds or less.
You can use the gist method as a fun, quick way to
practice summarizing on a regular basis.

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Lesson 5 VARIOUS TECHNIQUES IN SUMMARIZING.pptx

  • 2.
  • 3. Directions: Identify which of the following supports the principle of summarizing. In your notebook, write the letter of your choice.
  • 5. A.All the information provided B.The most important information C. Lesson from the story D.Unimportant information
  • 8. PRE-WRITING ACTIVITY Try to recall one of the novels or short stories you discussed in one of your previous classes in English; choose one selection out of the several you tackled throughout your school life. Then, on a separate sheet of paper, try to rewrite the story using your own words.
  • 9. According to Buckley (2004), in her popular writing text Fit to Print, summarizing is reducing text to one- third or one-quarter its original size, clearly articulating the author’s meaning, and retaining main ideas. Accoding to Diane Hacker (2008), in a Canadian Writer’s Reference, explains that summarizing involves stating a work’s thesis and main ideas “simply,briefly, and accurately. From dictionaries, it is defined as taking a lot of information and creating a condensed version that covers the main points; and to express the most important facts or ideas about something or someone in short and clear form
  • 10. From the definitions, take a look on the pool of words and phrases Reducing text “simply, briefly, and accurately Clearly articulating condensed version Thesis most important facts or ideas Main ideas short and clear form
  • 11. Various Techniques in Summarizing a variety of Academic Texts 1.Read the work first to understand the author’s intent. This is a crucial step because an incomplete reading could lead to an inaccurate summary. Note: an inaccurate summary is plagiarism. 2.One of the summarization techniques you can do is to present information through facts, skills, and concept in visual formats. You can provide the cause and effects charts, time lines, and Venn diagrams, templates for outlines use flow charts and infographics. 3.To avoid difficulty, you need first to know the main points, and the supporting details. Yu can exclude any illustrations, examples or explanations. 4.You need to analyze the text to save time in thinking what you will do. 5.Think what information you will put in your summary. Be sure to cover the main points and arguments of the document.
  • 12. Various Techniques in Summarizing a variety of Academic Texts 6.One of the best things to do in auto summarizing is re stating the words into different one. You should avoid using the original words of the author instead; use your own vocabulary but be sure to retain the information. 7.You will fully understand what the document is when you organize all ideas. 8.One of the things you can do is to write down all information in a coherent and precise form. Keep in mind that a summary is a condensed version of the original paper, so avoid making it too long. 9. You can also decide to represent information through using dimensional constructions in representing concepts, skills or facts. 10.Paraphrasing is one of the skills you can do in writing a summary. With it, do not use the same words with the author.
  • 13. Another 5 Easy Techniques in Summarizing Various Academic Texts Technique 1:Somebody Wanted But So Then “Somebody Wanted But So Then” is an excellent summarizing strategy for stories. Each word represents a key question related to the story’s essential elements Somebody: Who is the Story About? Wanted:What does the main character want? But: Identify a problem that the main character encountered. So:How does the main character solve the problem? Then: Tell how the story ends.
  • 14. Here is an example of this strategy in action Somebody: Little Red Riding Hood Wanted:She wanted to take cookies to her sick grandmother But:She encountered a wolf pretending to be her grandmother So: She ran away, crying for help Then: A woodsman heard her and saved her from the wolf.
  • 15. Technique 2: SAAC METHOD  The SAAC method is another useful technique for summarizing any kind of text (story, article, speech, etc.). SAAC is an acronym useful for “State, Assign, Action, Complete.”Each word in the acronym refers to a specific element that should be included in the summary. State:name of the article, book, or story Assign:the name of the author Action: what the author is doing (examples: tells, explains) Complete: complete the sentence or summary with keywords and important details
  • 16. Example of SAAC in action: State:The Boy Who Cried Wolf Assign:Aesop (a Greek storyteller) Action: tells Complete:what happens when a shepherd boy repeatedly lies to the villagers about seeing a wolf.
  • 17. Technique 3: 5W’S and 1 H The 5W’s and 1H strategy relies on six crucial questions: who, what, when, where, why, and how. These questions make it easy to identify the main character, the important details, and the main idea. WHO is the story about? WHAT did they do? WHEN did the action take place WHERE did the story happen? WHY did the main character do what he/she did? HOW did the main character do what he/she did?
  • 18. Try this technique with a familiar fable such as “The Tortoise and the Hare” WHO? The Tortoise WHAT? He raced a quick, boastful hare and won. WHEN? Not specified WHERE? An old country road WHY: The Tortoise was tired of hearing the hare boast about his speed. HOW The Tortoise kept up his slow but steady pace.
  • 19. Tortoise got tired of listening to Hare boast about how fast he ws, so he challenged Hare to a race. Even though he was slower than Hare, Tortoise won by keeping up his slow and steady pace when Hare stopped to take a nap.
  • 20. Technique 4: First, Then, Finally The “First, Then, Finally” technique helps students summarize events in chronological order.The three words represent the beginning, main action and conclusion of a story, respectively. FIRST. What happened first? Include the main character and main event/action. Then.What key details took place during the event/action? Finally.What were the results of the event/action?
  • 21. Here is an example using “Goldilocks and the Three Bears.” First, Goldilocks entered the bears’ home while they were gone. Then, she ate their food, sat in their chairs, and slept in their beds. Finally, she woke up to find the bears watching her, so she jumped up and ran away.
  • 22. Technique 5: Give me the Gist When someone asks for the “gist” of a story, they want to know what the story is about. In other words, they want a summary-not a retelling of every detail. To introduce the gist method, explain that summarizing is just like giving a friend the gist of the story and have your students tell each other about their favorite books or movies in 15 seconds or less. You can use the gist method as a fun, quick way to practice summarizing on a regular basis.