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MINERALS
MINERALS
• Found almost everywhere.
• Substances that are found in nature.
• Can be found below and above the
surface of the Earth.
• Composed of chemical elements which
cannot be broken into simpler pieces.
© Jamaica Olazo
KINDS OF
MINERALS
The network gateway is accessible, but Windows couldn’t receive network traffic from the
Internet.
• Metallic Minerals
• Classification:
1. Ferrous Minerals
2. Nonferrous Minerals
• Nonmetallic Minerals
• Classification:
1. Mineral Fuels
2. Other kinds of nonmetallic
minerals
TWO KINDS OF MINERALS
•Ferrous
1. Iron
2. Ferroalloys: manganese,
molybdenum, chromium,
tungsten, nickel, cobalt,
vanadium
METALLIC MINERALS
© Jamaica Olazo
Ferrous Metals
– used in cars, jeepneys, fences,
labor-saving devices and the like.
- also used in construction.
- strong and hard but can be bent
or shaped.
- most useful of all the ferrous
metals.
Iron
Ferrous Metals
– metals mixed with iron to form
various kinds of steel.
- example: Mixing iron with
manganese
- Results to hard, tough steel
used in construction.
Ferroalloys
Nonferrous Metals
– basic to industry.Base
Copper – conducts electricity
Tin – coating steel cans.
Lead – making paints, storage
batteries and leaded gasoline.
Mercury – used in
thermometers.
Nonferrous Metals
Light
Aluminum – a wonder metal
Magnesium – twin of aluminum
in properties and uses.
Titanium – used in making
aircraft engines, plane parts and
missiles.
Nonferrous Metals
Precious
Gold – used in jewelry and
coinage to support the minting
of the currency of the nation.
Silver – same use as gold but
less valuable.
Platinum – a silvery-white
element used in jewelry making.
Precious metals (precious
stones) are transformed into
beautiful pieces of jewelry.
© Jamaica Olazo
Nonferrous Metals
Rare
Uranium– used in the form of
radioactive isotopes for scientific
experiment, medical research, etc.
Thorium – use for producing fuel.
Radium – important source of
atomic energy, treatment of cancer.
Beryllium – manufacture of light
weight alloys.
•Nonferrous
1. Base: copper, tin, mercury, cobalt
2. Light: aluminum, magnesium,
platinum
3. Precious: gold, silver, platinum
4. Rare: uranium, thorium, radium,
beryllium
METALLIC MINERALS
© Jamaica Olazo

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Lesson 14: Minerals

  • 2. MINERALS • Found almost everywhere. • Substances that are found in nature. • Can be found below and above the surface of the Earth. • Composed of chemical elements which cannot be broken into simpler pieces. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 4. The network gateway is accessible, but Windows couldn’t receive network traffic from the Internet. • Metallic Minerals • Classification: 1. Ferrous Minerals 2. Nonferrous Minerals • Nonmetallic Minerals • Classification: 1. Mineral Fuels 2. Other kinds of nonmetallic minerals TWO KINDS OF MINERALS
  • 5. •Ferrous 1. Iron 2. Ferroalloys: manganese, molybdenum, chromium, tungsten, nickel, cobalt, vanadium METALLIC MINERALS © Jamaica Olazo
  • 6. Ferrous Metals – used in cars, jeepneys, fences, labor-saving devices and the like. - also used in construction. - strong and hard but can be bent or shaped. - most useful of all the ferrous metals. Iron
  • 7. Ferrous Metals – metals mixed with iron to form various kinds of steel. - example: Mixing iron with manganese - Results to hard, tough steel used in construction. Ferroalloys
  • 8. Nonferrous Metals – basic to industry.Base Copper – conducts electricity Tin – coating steel cans. Lead – making paints, storage batteries and leaded gasoline. Mercury – used in thermometers.
  • 9. Nonferrous Metals Light Aluminum – a wonder metal Magnesium – twin of aluminum in properties and uses. Titanium – used in making aircraft engines, plane parts and missiles.
  • 10. Nonferrous Metals Precious Gold – used in jewelry and coinage to support the minting of the currency of the nation. Silver – same use as gold but less valuable. Platinum – a silvery-white element used in jewelry making.
  • 11. Precious metals (precious stones) are transformed into beautiful pieces of jewelry. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 12. Nonferrous Metals Rare Uranium– used in the form of radioactive isotopes for scientific experiment, medical research, etc. Thorium – use for producing fuel. Radium – important source of atomic energy, treatment of cancer. Beryllium – manufacture of light weight alloys.
  • 13. •Nonferrous 1. Base: copper, tin, mercury, cobalt 2. Light: aluminum, magnesium, platinum 3. Precious: gold, silver, platinum 4. Rare: uranium, thorium, radium, beryllium METALLIC MINERALS © Jamaica Olazo