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CONTINENTS &
COUNTRIES OF
THE WORLD
LESSON 10
© Jamaica Olazo
CONTINENT
- is a large continuous
mass of land.
Continents of the World
© Jamaica Olazo
North America, Europe & Asia are
both in the Northern Hemisphere.
South America, Australia & Antarctica
belong in the Southern Hemisphere.
Africa spreads both in the Northern & Southern hemispheres.
Continentstogether with the islands
associated with them
coverabout
148 million sq. km or
57 million sq. miles
These big land masses cover about
one-fourth of the Earth’s surface.
© Jamaica Olazo
Continents
is composed of countries
w/ its own population
except for
Antarctica in the South Pole
Central America
is not a continent.
Oceania is introduced
as a region.
• It connects the continents of
North & South America.
• It includes the islands on the
Caribbean region.
• It connects the continents of North
& South America.
• It includes the states & countries of
Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia awa
other territories and islands.
© Jamaica Olazo
ASIA
• Is the world’s largest continent.
• Covers one-third of the Earth’s land surface.
ASIA
Caucasus Mountains
Highlands of Turkey
Red Sea &
Indian Ocean
Arctic Region
Southwestern borders
Southern borders
Northern borders
© Jamaica Olazo
ASIA
The most populous
landmass on Earth.
Home to about 60% of
the Earth’s population.
© Jamaica Olazo
Mount EverestThe highest point of the Earth. Soars about 8,848
meters in the Himalayan Range.
Red SeaThe lowest point of the Earth.
About 400 meters below sea level.
© Jamaica Olazo
Area 44,579,000 km
2
(17,212
,000 sq. mi)
Population 4,164,252,000 (1st)
Population
density
87/km
2
(225/sq. mi)
Demonym Asian
Countries 49 (and 5 disputed)
countries
ASIACountry Capital
Afghanistan Kabul
Armenia Yerevan
Azerbaijan Baku
Bahrain Al-Manamah
Bangladesh Dhaka
Bhutan Thimphu
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
China Beijing
Cyprus Nicosia
Cambodia Phnom Penh
East Timor Dili
India New Delhi
Indonesia Jakarta
Iran Tehran
Iraq Baghdad
Israel Tele Aviv
Japan Tokyo
Jordan Amman
Kazakhstan Akmola
North Korea Pyongyang
South Korea Seoul
Kuwait Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
Country Capital
Laos Vientiane
Lebanon Beirut
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Male
Mongolia Ulan-Bator
Myanmar Yangon
Nepal Kathmandu
Oman Muscat
Pakistan Islamabad
Philippines Manila
Qatar Doha
Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Singapore Singapore
Sri Lanka Colombo
Syria Damascus
Taiwan Taipei
Tajikistan Dushanbe
Thailand Bangkok
Turkmenistan Ashgabat
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Uzbekistan Tashkent
Vietnam Hanoi
Yemen Sana
Major capital cities of Asia
Include:
Beijing, New Delhi, Bangkok,
Tokyo, Seoul, Jakarta,
Riyadh, Kuala Lumpur, Abu
Dhabi and Ankara.
EUROPE
EUROPE
• Covers seven
percent (7%) of the
Earth’s surface.
• Less than one-fourth
the size of Asia, but
is slightly larger than
the United States.
• Has rich agricultural
& industrial
resources.
© Jamaica Olazo
EUROPE
• Bounded by the
Arctic Ocean on
the north; Atlantic
Ocean on the
west;
Mediterranean
Sea & Black Sea
on the south; and
by the Ural
Mountains on the
east.
EUROPE
Almost all
COUNTRIES
access
in Europe have
except for a few like
Switzerland, Luxemburg,
Austria, Hungary & Romania
to the
SEAS
EUROPE
The Vatican City, on the other hand,
is the smallest country in this
continent.
Although it is the second smallest
continent by surface, it is the third
most populous continent after Asia
and Africa.
ARE FOUND IN EUROPE
CITIESOF THE WORLDMAJOR
LONDON
© Jamaica Olazo
PARIS
© Jamaica Olazo
BERLIN
© Jamaica Olazo
ROME
© Jamaica Olazo
MADRID
MOSCOW
© Jamaica Olazo
NORTHAMERICA
NORTH AMERICA
• Third largest
continent in the
world.
• Extends from the
Aleutian Islands in
the northwest to the
borders of Panama
and Colombia in the
south.
© Jamaica Olazo
NORTH AMERICA
Physical Features of
the continent:
• Frozen wilderness in
the north
• Widespread forest
areas
• Temperate farmlands
• Grassy plains
• GREENLAND
 The world’s largest island.
 Lies at the northeast of the continent.
NORTH AMERICA
includes:
Canada, US, Central America, the
island of Greenland, island countries
and territories in the Caribbean region
as well as the islands to the west of
the North Atlantic Ocean.
NORTH AMERICA
The continent has:
• Numerous lakes
• Rivers
• Canyons
COPPER CANYON
GREAT LAKES
MISSISSIPPI RIVER
GRAND CANYON
© Jamaica Olazo
NORTHAMERICA
SOUTHAMERICA
SOUTH AMERICA
• Fourth largest continent in
the world.
• It extends from the Caribbean
Sea down to Antarctica.
Just so you know…
the continent is largely
covered by tropical
rainforests and is the
habitat of thousands of
plants and animal
species. © Jamaica Olazo
SOUTH AMERICA
Andes Mountains (Machu Picchu ruins)
The longest mountain range on Earth, runs to about 7,232 km along the
western coast of the continent.
SOUTH AMERICA
Amazon River In Brazil
The largest river basin in the world.
SOUTH AMERICA
Lake Titicaca In Peru
The highest known lake in the world.
SOUTH AMERICA
Atacama Desert In Chile
One of the driest places in the world.
SOUTH AMERICA
AFRICA
AFRICA
• The second
largest
continent,
covers one-
third of the
Earth’s land
surface.
AFRICAN FLAGS
© Jamaica Olazo
AFRICA
• Sahara Desert – covers
one-fourth of the continent.
© Jamaica Olazo
AFRICA• PROMINENT PHYSICAL FEATURES:
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Lake Victoria
Nile River Valley
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRALIA
• The smallest of the
seven continents in
the world.
• Both a continent
and a country.
• Its climate varies from tropical in
the north to temperate in the south. © Jamaica Olazo
AUSTRALIA
• Australian
Outback – regions
where vegetation is found
because most of the
areas are covered by
deserts or semi-deserts.
© Jamaica Olazo
AUSTRALIA
• Great Dividing
Range– long mountain
chain that runs from North
to South along the Eastern
coast of the continent.
OCEANIA• Three island
groups:
• Micronesia
• Melanesia
• Polynesia
Composed of small islands (except for
Papua New Guinea & New Zealand).
© Jamaica Olazo
OCEANIA
FLAGS
ANTARCTICA
ANTARCTICA
• Located around
the South Pole.
• Larger than
Europe or
Australia.
• No permanent
population.
• The fifth largest
continent in the world.
• No permanent population.
ANTARCTICA
Polar Bears
in the Antarctic
Antarctic Desert is the largest
desert in the world.
ANTARCTICA

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Lesson 10: Continents and Countries of the World

  • 1. CONTINENTS & COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD LESSON 10 © Jamaica Olazo
  • 2. CONTINENT - is a large continuous mass of land. Continents of the World © Jamaica Olazo
  • 3. North America, Europe & Asia are both in the Northern Hemisphere. South America, Australia & Antarctica belong in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa spreads both in the Northern & Southern hemispheres.
  • 4. Continentstogether with the islands associated with them coverabout 148 million sq. km or 57 million sq. miles These big land masses cover about one-fourth of the Earth’s surface. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 5. Continents is composed of countries w/ its own population except for Antarctica in the South Pole Central America is not a continent. Oceania is introduced as a region. • It connects the continents of North & South America. • It includes the islands on the Caribbean region. • It connects the continents of North & South America. • It includes the states & countries of Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia awa other territories and islands. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 7. • Is the world’s largest continent. • Covers one-third of the Earth’s land surface. ASIA Caucasus Mountains Highlands of Turkey Red Sea & Indian Ocean Arctic Region Southwestern borders Southern borders Northern borders © Jamaica Olazo
  • 8. ASIA The most populous landmass on Earth. Home to about 60% of the Earth’s population. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 9. Mount EverestThe highest point of the Earth. Soars about 8,848 meters in the Himalayan Range.
  • 10. Red SeaThe lowest point of the Earth. About 400 meters below sea level. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 11. Area 44,579,000 km 2 (17,212 ,000 sq. mi) Population 4,164,252,000 (1st) Population density 87/km 2 (225/sq. mi) Demonym Asian Countries 49 (and 5 disputed) countries ASIACountry Capital Afghanistan Kabul Armenia Yerevan Azerbaijan Baku Bahrain Al-Manamah Bangladesh Dhaka Bhutan Thimphu Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan China Beijing Cyprus Nicosia Cambodia Phnom Penh East Timor Dili India New Delhi Indonesia Jakarta Iran Tehran Iraq Baghdad Israel Tele Aviv Japan Tokyo Jordan Amman Kazakhstan Akmola North Korea Pyongyang South Korea Seoul Kuwait Kuwait City Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Country Capital Laos Vientiane Lebanon Beirut Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Maldives Male Mongolia Ulan-Bator Myanmar Yangon Nepal Kathmandu Oman Muscat Pakistan Islamabad Philippines Manila Qatar Doha Saudi Arabia Riyadh Singapore Singapore Sri Lanka Colombo Syria Damascus Taiwan Taipei Tajikistan Dushanbe Thailand Bangkok Turkmenistan Ashgabat United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Uzbekistan Tashkent Vietnam Hanoi Yemen Sana Major capital cities of Asia Include: Beijing, New Delhi, Bangkok, Tokyo, Seoul, Jakarta, Riyadh, Kuala Lumpur, Abu Dhabi and Ankara.
  • 13. EUROPE • Covers seven percent (7%) of the Earth’s surface. • Less than one-fourth the size of Asia, but is slightly larger than the United States. • Has rich agricultural & industrial resources. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 14. EUROPE • Bounded by the Arctic Ocean on the north; Atlantic Ocean on the west; Mediterranean Sea & Black Sea on the south; and by the Ural Mountains on the east.
  • 15. EUROPE Almost all COUNTRIES access in Europe have except for a few like Switzerland, Luxemburg, Austria, Hungary & Romania to the SEAS
  • 16. EUROPE The Vatican City, on the other hand, is the smallest country in this continent. Although it is the second smallest continent by surface, it is the third most populous continent after Asia and Africa.
  • 17. ARE FOUND IN EUROPE CITIESOF THE WORLDMAJOR
  • 25. NORTH AMERICA • Third largest continent in the world. • Extends from the Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the borders of Panama and Colombia in the south. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 26. NORTH AMERICA Physical Features of the continent: • Frozen wilderness in the north • Widespread forest areas • Temperate farmlands • Grassy plains • GREENLAND  The world’s largest island.  Lies at the northeast of the continent.
  • 27. NORTH AMERICA includes: Canada, US, Central America, the island of Greenland, island countries and territories in the Caribbean region as well as the islands to the west of the North Atlantic Ocean.
  • 28. NORTH AMERICA The continent has: • Numerous lakes • Rivers • Canyons COPPER CANYON GREAT LAKES MISSISSIPPI RIVER GRAND CANYON © Jamaica Olazo
  • 31. SOUTH AMERICA • Fourth largest continent in the world. • It extends from the Caribbean Sea down to Antarctica. Just so you know… the continent is largely covered by tropical rainforests and is the habitat of thousands of plants and animal species. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 32. SOUTH AMERICA Andes Mountains (Machu Picchu ruins) The longest mountain range on Earth, runs to about 7,232 km along the western coast of the continent.
  • 33. SOUTH AMERICA Amazon River In Brazil The largest river basin in the world.
  • 34. SOUTH AMERICA Lake Titicaca In Peru The highest known lake in the world.
  • 35. SOUTH AMERICA Atacama Desert In Chile One of the driest places in the world.
  • 38. AFRICA • The second largest continent, covers one- third of the Earth’s land surface. AFRICAN FLAGS © Jamaica Olazo
  • 39. AFRICA • Sahara Desert – covers one-fourth of the continent. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 40. AFRICA• PROMINENT PHYSICAL FEATURES: Mt. Kilimanjaro Lake Victoria Nile River Valley
  • 42. AUSTRALIA • The smallest of the seven continents in the world. • Both a continent and a country. • Its climate varies from tropical in the north to temperate in the south. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 43. AUSTRALIA • Australian Outback – regions where vegetation is found because most of the areas are covered by deserts or semi-deserts. © Jamaica Olazo
  • 44. AUSTRALIA • Great Dividing Range– long mountain chain that runs from North to South along the Eastern coast of the continent.
  • 45. OCEANIA• Three island groups: • Micronesia • Melanesia • Polynesia Composed of small islands (except for Papua New Guinea & New Zealand). © Jamaica Olazo
  • 48. ANTARCTICA • Located around the South Pole. • Larger than Europe or Australia. • No permanent population. • The fifth largest continent in the world. • No permanent population.
  • 50. Antarctic Desert is the largest desert in the world. ANTARCTICA