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INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY RIGHTS
“Know Your Rights”
Dr.T.M.INBAMALAR
PROFESSOR/ECE
Contents
▪ IPR
▪ Types of IPR
▪ Patents
▪ Filing Procedure
▪ Infringement
▪ Patent Search
▪ Patent Drafting
WHAT IS INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY?
• Intellectual Property (IP) is a
property that arises from the
human intellect.
• It is the creations of the mind
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
RIGHTS(IPR)
• IPR is the body of law developed to
protect the creators who have
disclosed their invention for the benefit
of mankind.
• This protects their invention from being
copied or imitated without their
consent.
WHAT ARE COVERED?
TYPES OF IPR
IPR SUMMARY
Law Covers Duration
Patent Technical 20 years
Design Look 5 years x 5
years
Trademark Brand Name of
Product or Service
10 years x for
ever
Copyright Artistic and Literary
works, Software
Life + 70
years
thereafter
FOR MOST PRODUCTS EVERY FORM OF
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS CAN BE
OBTAINED
CAMERA→
“PATENT” → FOR EVERY INDIVIDUAL IMPROVED MECHANISM
“DESIGN” → FOR OUTER SHAPE & CONTOUR / CONFIGURATION
“TRADE MARK”→ BRAND NAME OR LOGO FOR GOODS DENOTED AS ®
“COPY RIGHT”→ FOR INSTRUCTION / MANUAL BOOKLET DENOTED AS ©
CD PLAYER
Industrial design
protection for 3D
shape
Brand name-
registered under
trademark
Music played on the
CD player is
protected by
copyright
Various
technical parts
& mechanisms
are subject
mater of
protection
under Patents
A patent is a Monopoly Right granted
•For an invention
•By the government
•To the inventor or his assignee
•For a limited period
•Excluding others from making, using,
selling, importing the patented product or
process producing that product
•It is valid within the country of grant
INVENTION
▪Invention is a successful technical
solution to a technical problem.
▪Has to be reproducible
WHAT IS PATENTABLE INVENTION ?
To be granted a patent, an invention must be
(i) Novel (new)
Not published elsewhere before the date of
filing of the patent application
(ii) non-obvious or Inventive step
Significantly different from that which is already
known or Involves technical advance as
compared to the existing knowledge
(iii) capable of industrial application
Why patent is necessary for a country ?
To encourage
research and
development
Encourages
technology
development
Encourages
establishment
of new
industries
▪A Product
▪The apparatus for producing the product
What can be patented?
Patent Filing Procedure
Where to apply?
Patent in each country
Is A Patent Granted In One Country
Enforceable In Other Countries?
• No, there is nothing like a global patent or a
world patent. Patent rights are essentially
territorial in nature
• Granting a patent in one country of the
Union does not force other countries to
grant the patent for the same invention.
• The refusal of the patent in one country
does not mean that it will be terminated in
all the countries
Cost US Patent?
• File provisional application (~$10K)
• US Utility Application (~$20-30K) – binding examination
• Examination rounds and appeals require more time and money
• Total average cost of a US patent: $50000
• Total average time to obtain a US patent: 3-6 years
Indian Patent Office (IPO) Fee Structure
S.No Form Title Individual Small
Entity
Large
Entity
1 Form 1 Application for
Grant of Patent.
1750 4400 8800
2 Form 2 Provisional/
Complete
Specification.
No Fee No Fee No Fee
3 Form 3 Statement and
Undertaking.
No Fee No Fee No Fee
4 Form 5 Declaration of
Inventorship.
No Fee No Fee No Fee
5 Form 9 Request for
Publication.
2750 6875 13750
6 Form 18 Request for Early
Examination.
4400 11000 22000
Delhi Chennai
Kolkata Mumbai
Indian Patent Offices
STAGES FROM FILING TO
GRANT OF A PATENT
Filing Procedure
1. File an application for
patent
2. Formality Check
3. Publication
4. Request for
Examination
5. Examination
6. Issue of FER
7. Response from the
Applicant
8. Pre-grant Opposition
grant Opposition
10. Consideration of
Pre-grant Opposition
11. Grant of a Patent
12. Post Grant
Opposition
13. Appeal
14. Decision of
Controller
15. Revoked/
Amendment
STAGES - FILING TO GRANT OF
PATENT
PUBLICATION OF APPLICATION
REQUEST FOR EXAMINATION
GRANT OF PATENT
3rd Party Representation
Revocation/Amendment
OPPOSITION
• PROMPTLY AFTER 18 MONTHS FROM P.D.
• WITHIN 48 MONTHS FROM F.D.
• ALL OBJECTIONS TO BE COMPLIED WITHIN 12
MONTHS
• WITHIN 12 MONTHS
FILING OF APPLICATION
PROVNL. / COMPLETE
Decision of
Controller
EXAMINATION-ISSUE OF FER
Appellate Board
Appeal
Renewal Fee
• To be paid within 36 months from date of
recording in the register [sec 142 (4) ]
• No fee for 1st and 2nd year
• Renewal fee, on yearly basis, is required to be
paid for 3rd to 20th for keeping the patent in
force
• Delay upto six months from due date
permissible on payment of fee for extension of
time
• Patent lapses if renewal fee is not paid within
▪Patent search – Google patents,
IPO,USPTO, EPO, WIPO
▪Patent Drafting
Two steps
Patent search
▪Google patents
▪IPO
▪USPTO
▪EPO
▪WIPO
Anatomy of the Patent Specification
Indian Patent Office (IPO)
A typical patent specification has the following sections:
1. Title of invention
2. Field of invention - scope
3. Background of invention-Prior art
4. Object of invention –detail about advantages
5. A summary of invention
6. A brief description of the drawing
7. Detailed description of the invention with reference to
drawing/examples
8. Claim(s)
9. Abstract
10. Drawings (If Any)
Forms required to be filed with
the Specification
• Form 1 : Application for Grant of Patent.
• Form 2: Provisional/ Complete Specification.
• Form 3: Statement and Undertaking. (Compulsory)
• Form 5: Declaration of Inventorship. (Compulsory)
• Form 9: Request for Publication. (Optional)
• Form 18: Request for Early Examination. (Compulsory)
Take action against
Infringements
▪Injunction, which means that all your
products may be removed from the market
▪Destruction of your products
▪Paying damages to the patent owner
▪Being given a fine,
e.g. the Kodak vs. Polaroid case
▪Being sentenced to imprisonment
Consequences of infriging
Polaroid's instant camera, which develops
photographs on the spot in 60 seconds, was a
technological marvel that captivated America when it first
appeared on store shelves after Thanksgiving in 1948.
Polaroid alleged that Kodak illegally incorporated the
technology in instant photography products it sold
from 1976 until early 1986.
Polaroid Wins $909 Million From Kodak :
October 13, 1990|From Times Staff and Wire Reports
Apple Files Patent Lawsuit Against Samsung
Galaxy S Phone and Tab For Copying iPhone and
iPad
Apple sued HTC over iPhone patents
•Apple sued phone maker HTC and
has filed a complaint with the U.S.
International Trade Commission,
alleging that the Taiwanese company
is infringing 20 Apple patents related
to the iPhone
•Steve Jobs, Apple's CEO, said in a
statement "We think competition is
healthy, but competitors should
create their own original technology,
not steal ours."
Example of a successful civil
enforcement action
▪ 3 suits filed by Adidas
Saloman AG in the Delhi
High Court against
counterfeiters
▪ At the initial stage,
infringing goods were
seized by the Local
Commissioner
▪ Cases were decreed recently
& damages of Rs. 15 lakhs
was awarded to Adidas
Saloman
CONCLUSION
• Technological advancement
made the job of the CREATOR
easy
………it also made the job of
the COPY-ER easy.
CONCLUSION
• Create yourself, rather than
using other’s creations
• Do not use competitor’s mark in
such way that it harms
competitor in unfair way
THANKS!

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Intellectual Property Rights

  • 1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS “Know Your Rights” Dr.T.M.INBAMALAR PROFESSOR/ECE
  • 2. Contents ▪ IPR ▪ Types of IPR ▪ Patents ▪ Filing Procedure ▪ Infringement ▪ Patent Search ▪ Patent Drafting
  • 3. WHAT IS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY? • Intellectual Property (IP) is a property that arises from the human intellect. • It is the creations of the mind
  • 4. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS(IPR) • IPR is the body of law developed to protect the creators who have disclosed their invention for the benefit of mankind. • This protects their invention from being copied or imitated without their consent.
  • 7. IPR SUMMARY Law Covers Duration Patent Technical 20 years Design Look 5 years x 5 years Trademark Brand Name of Product or Service 10 years x for ever Copyright Artistic and Literary works, Software Life + 70 years thereafter
  • 8. FOR MOST PRODUCTS EVERY FORM OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS CAN BE OBTAINED CAMERA→ “PATENT” → FOR EVERY INDIVIDUAL IMPROVED MECHANISM “DESIGN” → FOR OUTER SHAPE & CONTOUR / CONFIGURATION “TRADE MARK”→ BRAND NAME OR LOGO FOR GOODS DENOTED AS ® “COPY RIGHT”→ FOR INSTRUCTION / MANUAL BOOKLET DENOTED AS ©
  • 9. CD PLAYER Industrial design protection for 3D shape Brand name- registered under trademark Music played on the CD player is protected by copyright Various technical parts & mechanisms are subject mater of protection under Patents
  • 10. A patent is a Monopoly Right granted •For an invention •By the government •To the inventor or his assignee •For a limited period •Excluding others from making, using, selling, importing the patented product or process producing that product •It is valid within the country of grant
  • 11. INVENTION ▪Invention is a successful technical solution to a technical problem. ▪Has to be reproducible
  • 12. WHAT IS PATENTABLE INVENTION ? To be granted a patent, an invention must be (i) Novel (new) Not published elsewhere before the date of filing of the patent application (ii) non-obvious or Inventive step Significantly different from that which is already known or Involves technical advance as compared to the existing knowledge (iii) capable of industrial application
  • 13. Why patent is necessary for a country ? To encourage research and development Encourages technology development Encourages establishment of new industries
  • 14. ▪A Product ▪The apparatus for producing the product What can be patented?
  • 16. Where to apply? Patent in each country
  • 17. Is A Patent Granted In One Country Enforceable In Other Countries? • No, there is nothing like a global patent or a world patent. Patent rights are essentially territorial in nature • Granting a patent in one country of the Union does not force other countries to grant the patent for the same invention. • The refusal of the patent in one country does not mean that it will be terminated in all the countries
  • 18.
  • 19. Cost US Patent? • File provisional application (~$10K) • US Utility Application (~$20-30K) – binding examination • Examination rounds and appeals require more time and money • Total average cost of a US patent: $50000 • Total average time to obtain a US patent: 3-6 years
  • 20. Indian Patent Office (IPO) Fee Structure S.No Form Title Individual Small Entity Large Entity 1 Form 1 Application for Grant of Patent. 1750 4400 8800 2 Form 2 Provisional/ Complete Specification. No Fee No Fee No Fee 3 Form 3 Statement and Undertaking. No Fee No Fee No Fee 4 Form 5 Declaration of Inventorship. No Fee No Fee No Fee 5 Form 9 Request for Publication. 2750 6875 13750 6 Form 18 Request for Early Examination. 4400 11000 22000
  • 22. STAGES FROM FILING TO GRANT OF A PATENT
  • 23. Filing Procedure 1. File an application for patent 2. Formality Check 3. Publication 4. Request for Examination 5. Examination 6. Issue of FER 7. Response from the Applicant 8. Pre-grant Opposition grant Opposition 10. Consideration of Pre-grant Opposition 11. Grant of a Patent 12. Post Grant Opposition 13. Appeal 14. Decision of Controller 15. Revoked/ Amendment
  • 24. STAGES - FILING TO GRANT OF PATENT PUBLICATION OF APPLICATION REQUEST FOR EXAMINATION GRANT OF PATENT 3rd Party Representation Revocation/Amendment OPPOSITION • PROMPTLY AFTER 18 MONTHS FROM P.D. • WITHIN 48 MONTHS FROM F.D. • ALL OBJECTIONS TO BE COMPLIED WITHIN 12 MONTHS • WITHIN 12 MONTHS FILING OF APPLICATION PROVNL. / COMPLETE Decision of Controller EXAMINATION-ISSUE OF FER Appellate Board Appeal
  • 25. Renewal Fee • To be paid within 36 months from date of recording in the register [sec 142 (4) ] • No fee for 1st and 2nd year • Renewal fee, on yearly basis, is required to be paid for 3rd to 20th for keeping the patent in force • Delay upto six months from due date permissible on payment of fee for extension of time • Patent lapses if renewal fee is not paid within
  • 26. ▪Patent search – Google patents, IPO,USPTO, EPO, WIPO ▪Patent Drafting Two steps
  • 28. Anatomy of the Patent Specification Indian Patent Office (IPO) A typical patent specification has the following sections: 1. Title of invention 2. Field of invention - scope 3. Background of invention-Prior art 4. Object of invention –detail about advantages 5. A summary of invention 6. A brief description of the drawing 7. Detailed description of the invention with reference to drawing/examples 8. Claim(s) 9. Abstract 10. Drawings (If Any)
  • 29. Forms required to be filed with the Specification • Form 1 : Application for Grant of Patent. • Form 2: Provisional/ Complete Specification. • Form 3: Statement and Undertaking. (Compulsory) • Form 5: Declaration of Inventorship. (Compulsory) • Form 9: Request for Publication. (Optional) • Form 18: Request for Early Examination. (Compulsory)
  • 31. ▪Injunction, which means that all your products may be removed from the market ▪Destruction of your products ▪Paying damages to the patent owner ▪Being given a fine, e.g. the Kodak vs. Polaroid case ▪Being sentenced to imprisonment Consequences of infriging
  • 32. Polaroid's instant camera, which develops photographs on the spot in 60 seconds, was a technological marvel that captivated America when it first appeared on store shelves after Thanksgiving in 1948. Polaroid alleged that Kodak illegally incorporated the technology in instant photography products it sold from 1976 until early 1986. Polaroid Wins $909 Million From Kodak : October 13, 1990|From Times Staff and Wire Reports
  • 33. Apple Files Patent Lawsuit Against Samsung Galaxy S Phone and Tab For Copying iPhone and iPad
  • 34.
  • 35. Apple sued HTC over iPhone patents •Apple sued phone maker HTC and has filed a complaint with the U.S. International Trade Commission, alleging that the Taiwanese company is infringing 20 Apple patents related to the iPhone •Steve Jobs, Apple's CEO, said in a statement "We think competition is healthy, but competitors should create their own original technology, not steal ours."
  • 36. Example of a successful civil enforcement action ▪ 3 suits filed by Adidas Saloman AG in the Delhi High Court against counterfeiters ▪ At the initial stage, infringing goods were seized by the Local Commissioner ▪ Cases were decreed recently & damages of Rs. 15 lakhs was awarded to Adidas Saloman
  • 37. CONCLUSION • Technological advancement made the job of the CREATOR easy ………it also made the job of the COPY-ER easy.
  • 38. CONCLUSION • Create yourself, rather than using other’s creations • Do not use competitor’s mark in such way that it harms competitor in unfair way
  • 39.
  • 40.