SlideShare a Scribd company logo
What is Literature?
“That is part of the beauty of all
literature. You discover that your
longings are universal longings, that
you're not lonely and isolated from
anyone. You belong.”
― F. Scott Fitzgerald
Definition of Literature
Literature is any form of writing which deals
with the significant human experience -- his
society and his experiences -- which is
artistically conceived for an effect.
Definition of Literature
• All writings in prose, or verse, especially those of
an imaginative or critical characteristics.
• Literature is the enactment of human possibilities,
or a vehicle that will help us discover more about
ourselves and the meaning we can make of life.
Definition of Literature
It has two major features: Language and
Imagination --- that when combined, they produce a
fictional world that reflects reality.
“Fairy tales are more than true: not because they tell us that
dragons exist, but because they tell us that dragons can be beaten.”
― Neil Gaiman, Coraline
Elements of Literature
Inspiration comes to a writer of great
literature in three channels:
- through the senses
- through the intellect
- through the emotions
These three now also serves as the major
elements that constitutes literature.
Classification of Literature
Major Types of Literature:
- Oral Literature (ballads, myths, jokes, folktales, fables)
- Written Literature (drama, novel, poetry, non fiction)
Major Genres of Literature:
- Prose (literature written in normal language)
- Poetry
Major Forms of Literature:
- Fiction
- Non- Fiction
Genres of Literature
Prose Vs. Poetry
PROSE FICTION
Prose is any writing or speech in its normal continuous
form, without the rhythmic or visual line structure of
poetry. It is divided into two classifications:
• Fiction / Imaginative Literature
- Literature of Power. Deals with fictitious characters/ persons that
presents actual truths.
- Composed of Short Stories, Novels, Novelettes, etc.
• Non-Fiction Literature
- Literature of Knowledge. Deals with actual facts, experiences, ideas
or events.
- Composed of Essays, Biographies, Diaries, Journals, etc.
PROSE FICTION
Fiction
– came from the Latin word “fictio” or counter-fitting.
- refers to any narrative in prose or in verse that is wholly or in
part a production of the imagination.
- Not true but not lies.
- Describe what is not real, but not totally unreal.
- Designed to make us respond “as if”, but not to
deceive us.
- Describe none-existing people but produce real
emotions, altered behavior and important reflections.
PROSE FICTION
1. Short Story – a prose narrative w/c
concentrates on a uniform or single effect
and are in which the totality of the effect is
the main objective.
2. Novel – fictitious prose narrative or a tale of
considerable length in which characters and
actins represents the real life wherein the
past and present times are portrayed in a
plot of none/less complexity.
PROSE FICTION
There are two major kinds of novels:
a. Allegory – the symbolical story revolves
around two meanings: what the writer says
directly is totally different from the conveyed
meaning at the end.
b. Comedy – a common type of novel
wherein satire is used in focusing on the facts of
the society and their desires.
Elements of Fiction
A. PLOT - it is the skeletal framework of the story
wherein the events are arranged in a meaningful
sequence.
*the plot should be exciting and should have good structure.
Elements of Fiction
Parts of the Plot:
1. Exposition – refers to the layout of the materials of
the story or introduction.
2. Complication – rising action where the major conflict
of the story are presented.
3. Climax – the peak of the story or action where the
dilemma is faced by the main characters.
4. Resolution – falling action.
5. Denouement – ending/conclusion.
Elements of Fiction
B. SETTING – the time and place of action. It refers to the
physical locale, climatic conditions and historical period where
the story is taking place.
C. THEME- the generalization about human life or character
that a story explicitly or implicitly embodies a philosophical
truth. It is the central idea of the story and revolved around
the significant human experience.
*it is not the moral message
*it is not always made explicit at some point of the story
*must embody some state of man’s thinking
Elements of Fiction
D. CHARACTER – the set of people embodied within a
human experience. There are two major characters are
the protagonist (main character) and antagonist
(villain), but sometimes the line between the two is
blurred like the anti-hero.
- round vs. flat
- dynamic vs. static
Elements of Fiction
E. POINT OF VIEW – the narrative voice of the story. It is
the vantage point from which the characters, actions and
events are seen.
• First Person POV – “I or We” limited to himself.
• Dramatic/ Objective POV – story revealed through the dialogues
between the characters and through their actions.
• Omniscient POV – the voice is outside the work which allows the
descriptions of the inner thoughts and emotions of any and all
he characters in the story.
Elements of Fiction
F. CONFLICT – the dilemma faced by he main character of
the story.
Types of Conflicts:
• Person Vs. Self
• Person Vs. Person
• Person Vs. Society
• Person Vs. Nature
• Person Vs. Supernatural
• Person Vs. Machine or Technology
“A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies,
the man who never reads lives only one.”
― George R.R. Martin, A Dance with Dragons
POETRY
Poetry is a disciplined, compact verbal utterance, in
some none/less musical mode, dealing with aspects of
internal or external reality on some meaningful way.
POETRY
Poetry relies more o the figures of speech, symbolism
ad imagery. It also relies more than pose on the sound
and rhythm of speech and how it explains why it often
uses rhyme and meter.
Poetic License – the liberty given to poets t do
whatever they want to do with the language. It can
violate the rules of grammar, insert new words and
follow unusual syntactical arrangements to meet the
requirement of their poem.
ELEMENTS OF POETRY
a. Theme – the soul of the poem. It the what the poet
wants to express through is words which may either
be a thought, a feeling, an observation, a story or
an experience.
b. Symbolism – the expressions that are not directly
stated in the poem to express deep hidden meaning
behind the words used by the poet.
c. Meter – it is the basic structure of a poem which is
determined by the number of syllables in line.
ELEMENTS OF POETRY
d. Rhythm – this refers to the resonation of words
along with the sounds and the music produced when
the poem is read aloud and not he rhyming between
two words of consecutive lines.
e. Rhyme
f. Simile
g. Metaphor
Drama
Drama is the theatrical dialogue performed on
stage. It is consists of 4 different acts:
Tragedy: It is a story of he major
character hat faces bad luck. Its horrors and
struggles usually concludes with the death f a
person.
Comedy: the lead character overcomes
the conflicts. Overall comedy is full of laughter
and the handles issues very lightly.
Drama
Melodrama: it is a blend of two nous –
melody and drama. It is a musical play most
popular by 1840 and has a happy ending like
comedy.
Tragicomedy: a play that begins with
serious mode but has a happy ending.

More Related Content

What's hot

Visual Ats, Types, Elements and its Principles
Visual Ats, Types, Elements and its PrinciplesVisual Ats, Types, Elements and its Principles
Visual Ats, Types, Elements and its Principles
LhEn LabahanAn
 
Methods of presenting art
Methods of presenting artMethods of presenting art
Methods of presenting art
Arnel Rivera
 
Humanities
HumanitiesHumanities
Humanities
NSU-Biliran Campus
 
Intro to art appreciation
Intro to art appreciationIntro to art appreciation
Intro to art appreciation
Mark Creegan
 
Human1 literary arts
Human1 literary artsHuman1 literary arts
Human1 literary arts
JD Rillo
 
Introduction To Humanities boa
Introduction To Humanities boaIntroduction To Humanities boa
Introduction To Humanities boa
raileeanne
 
LITERARY STANDARDS
LITERARY STANDARDSLITERARY STANDARDS
LITERARY STANDARDS
Miss Ivy
 
The Visual Arts
The Visual ArtsThe Visual Arts
The Visual Arts
Veronica B
 
History of dance
History of danceHistory of dance
History of dance
harrysmathers
 
Philippine National Artists for Literature
Philippine National Artists for LiteraturePhilippine National Artists for Literature
Philippine National Artists for Literature
Paulene Gacusan
 
Art appreciation artists and artisan
Art appreciation artists and artisanArt appreciation artists and artisan
Art appreciation artists and artisan
Bry Cunal
 
Art Appreciation
Art AppreciationArt Appreciation
Art Appreciation
Monte Christo
 
Philippines Art
Philippines ArtPhilippines Art
Philippines Art
John Vincent Jose
 
NationalArtistinthePhilippines
NationalArtistinthePhilippinesNationalArtistinthePhilippines
NationalArtistinthePhilippines
Jan Jan Sieras
 
Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?
Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?
Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Sonnet 1
Sonnet 1Sonnet 1
Sonnet 1
Nikisha Mercado
 
Performance art
Performance artPerformance art
Performance art
Dang Trinh
 
The Elements of Visual Arts and Performing Arts
The Elements of Visual Arts and Performing ArtsThe Elements of Visual Arts and Performing Arts
The Elements of Visual Arts and Performing Arts
clxrisse
 
ARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
ARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and ArchitectureARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
ARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
Jewel Jem
 
CREATIVE WRITING
CREATIVE WRITINGCREATIVE WRITING
CREATIVE WRITING
Leah Condina
 

What's hot (20)

Visual Ats, Types, Elements and its Principles
Visual Ats, Types, Elements and its PrinciplesVisual Ats, Types, Elements and its Principles
Visual Ats, Types, Elements and its Principles
 
Methods of presenting art
Methods of presenting artMethods of presenting art
Methods of presenting art
 
Humanities
HumanitiesHumanities
Humanities
 
Intro to art appreciation
Intro to art appreciationIntro to art appreciation
Intro to art appreciation
 
Human1 literary arts
Human1 literary artsHuman1 literary arts
Human1 literary arts
 
Introduction To Humanities boa
Introduction To Humanities boaIntroduction To Humanities boa
Introduction To Humanities boa
 
LITERARY STANDARDS
LITERARY STANDARDSLITERARY STANDARDS
LITERARY STANDARDS
 
The Visual Arts
The Visual ArtsThe Visual Arts
The Visual Arts
 
History of dance
History of danceHistory of dance
History of dance
 
Philippine National Artists for Literature
Philippine National Artists for LiteraturePhilippine National Artists for Literature
Philippine National Artists for Literature
 
Art appreciation artists and artisan
Art appreciation artists and artisanArt appreciation artists and artisan
Art appreciation artists and artisan
 
Art Appreciation
Art AppreciationArt Appreciation
Art Appreciation
 
Philippines Art
Philippines ArtPhilippines Art
Philippines Art
 
NationalArtistinthePhilippines
NationalArtistinthePhilippinesNationalArtistinthePhilippines
NationalArtistinthePhilippines
 
Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?
Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?
Introduction to Humanities: What is Arts?
 
Sonnet 1
Sonnet 1Sonnet 1
Sonnet 1
 
Performance art
Performance artPerformance art
Performance art
 
The Elements of Visual Arts and Performing Arts
The Elements of Visual Arts and Performing ArtsThe Elements of Visual Arts and Performing Arts
The Elements of Visual Arts and Performing Arts
 
ARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
ARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and ArchitectureARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
ARTS - Mediums of the Visual Arts: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
 
CREATIVE WRITING
CREATIVE WRITINGCREATIVE WRITING
CREATIVE WRITING
 

Viewers also liked

Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)
Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)
Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)
Marygrace Cagungun
 
What is Literature?
What is Literature?What is Literature?
What is Literature?
Dilip Barad
 
Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)
Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)
Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)
Dian Fadhilawati
 
Literary Arts
Literary ArtsLiterary Arts
Literary Arts
conniestock
 
Interrelationship between different kinds of art
Interrelationship between different kinds of artInterrelationship between different kinds of art
Interrelationship between different kinds of art
Victoria Vasylchuk
 
Self-Organise: Collectivism
Self-Organise: CollectivismSelf-Organise: Collectivism
Self-Organise: Collectivism
DeborahJ
 
Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01
Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01
Dialogue, participation, relational aesthetics
Dialogue, participation, relational aestheticsDialogue, participation, relational aesthetics
Dialogue, participation, relational aesthetics
DeborahJ
 
The Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio Raptado
The Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio RaptadoThe Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio Raptado
The Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio Raptado
Nicholas Socrates
 
Music humanities 1
Music humanities 1Music humanities 1
Music humanities 1
Makati Science High School
 
Chapter 7 drama
Chapter 7 dramaChapter 7 drama
Chapter 7 drama
Angela Tolentino
 
Visual arts and sculpture
Visual arts and sculptureVisual arts and sculpture
Visual arts and sculpture
jezer dean bagona
 
all about LITERATURE
 all about LITERATURE all about LITERATURE
all about LITERATURE
Kuroba Kaitou
 
Key literary forms in Animal Farm - George Orwell
Key literary forms in Animal Farm - George OrwellKey literary forms in Animal Farm - George Orwell
Key literary forms in Animal Farm - George Orwell
Leonie Krieger
 
MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)
MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)
MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)
Angela Tolentino
 
The Art of Visual Storytelling
The Art of Visual StorytellingThe Art of Visual Storytelling
The Art of Visual Storytelling
Davy and Kristin McGuire
 
Introduction to Humanities
Introduction to HumanitiesIntroduction to Humanities
Introduction to Humanities
PaulVMcDowell
 
Philippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDF
Philippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDFPhilippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDF
Philippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDF
bentotatpayatot
 
Filipino revolts
Filipino  revoltsFilipino  revolts
Filipino revolts
Niñachleo Dianne Saplad
 
Functions of art
Functions of artFunctions of art
Functions of art
Dennis Mark Dela Cruz
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)
Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)
Elements of Literature and the combined arts (Chapter 7)
 
What is Literature?
What is Literature?What is Literature?
What is Literature?
 
Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)
Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)
Introduction to Literature (Poetry, Drama, Prose)
 
Literary Arts
Literary ArtsLiterary Arts
Literary Arts
 
Interrelationship between different kinds of art
Interrelationship between different kinds of artInterrelationship between different kinds of art
Interrelationship between different kinds of art
 
Self-Organise: Collectivism
Self-Organise: CollectivismSelf-Organise: Collectivism
Self-Organise: Collectivism
 
Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01
Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01
Bordwell 11e ppt_ch01
 
Dialogue, participation, relational aesthetics
Dialogue, participation, relational aestheticsDialogue, participation, relational aesthetics
Dialogue, participation, relational aesthetics
 
The Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio Raptado
The Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio RaptadoThe Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio Raptado
The Inter Relations Between Sculpture and Architecture - El Espacio Raptado
 
Music humanities 1
Music humanities 1Music humanities 1
Music humanities 1
 
Chapter 7 drama
Chapter 7 dramaChapter 7 drama
Chapter 7 drama
 
Visual arts and sculpture
Visual arts and sculptureVisual arts and sculpture
Visual arts and sculpture
 
all about LITERATURE
 all about LITERATURE all about LITERATURE
all about LITERATURE
 
Key literary forms in Animal Farm - George Orwell
Key literary forms in Animal Farm - George OrwellKey literary forms in Animal Farm - George Orwell
Key literary forms in Animal Farm - George Orwell
 
MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)
MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)
MUSIC - HUMANITIES (PRELIM)
 
The Art of Visual Storytelling
The Art of Visual StorytellingThe Art of Visual Storytelling
The Art of Visual Storytelling
 
Introduction to Humanities
Introduction to HumanitiesIntroduction to Humanities
Introduction to Humanities
 
Philippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDF
Philippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDFPhilippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDF
Philippine history chapter 4,5 and 6 PDF
 
Filipino revolts
Filipino  revoltsFilipino  revolts
Filipino revolts
 
Functions of art
Functions of artFunctions of art
Functions of art
 

Similar to Humanities: The Literary Arts

Introduction to Literature
Introduction to LiteratureIntroduction to Literature
Introduction to Literature
Andrea May Malonzo
 
whatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptx
whatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptxwhatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptx
whatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptx
diom_colar
 
Handout in literature
Handout in literatureHandout in literature
Handout in literature
GinnyDel
 
World Literature
World LiteratureWorld Literature
World Literature
KochiPalma
 
Introduction to English literature
Introduction to English literature Introduction to English literature
Introduction to English literature
Dzaki Jabbar Mahdi
 
Practical stylistics
Practical stylisticsPractical stylistics
Practical stylistics
Navera Rahman
 
Week2-Philippines Literaturejknmmnnnnnnnnn
Week2-Philippines LiteraturejknmmnnnnnnnnnWeek2-Philippines Literaturejknmmnnnnnnnnn
Week2-Philippines Literaturejknmmnnnnnnnnn
HannahRoseDTripulca
 
Introduction Litrature
Introduction LitratureIntroduction Litrature
Introduction Litrature
Mario Barlolong
 
Types Of Literature
Types Of LiteratureTypes Of Literature
Types Of Literature
acornick
 
reading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdf
reading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdfreading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdf
reading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdf
JOANESIERAS1
 
The Literary Genres english
The Literary Genres englishThe Literary Genres english
The Literary Genres english
Faye Rosario
 
G enre
G enreG enre
Types of Literature
Types of Literature Types of Literature
Types of Literature
Rahila Khan
 
162672331 alla-chaptersh
162672331 alla-chaptersh162672331 alla-chaptersh
162672331 alla-chaptersh
homeworkping7
 
MAJOR GENRES.pptx
MAJOR GENRES.pptxMAJOR GENRES.pptx
MAJOR GENRES.pptx
CarmGonzales
 
Reading and writing fiction
Reading and writing fictionReading and writing fiction
Reading and writing fiction
chrisAKSA
 
What is literature.pptx
What is literature.pptxWhat is literature.pptx
What is literature.pptx
JerwinMojico
 
The genres and their elements
The genres and their elementsThe genres and their elements
The genres and their elements
Lyza Dugay
 
E lements of short story, drama and poetry
E lements of short story, drama and  poetryE lements of short story, drama and  poetry
E lements of short story, drama and poetry
Angelito Pera
 
module3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptx
module3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptxmodule3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptx
module3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptx
AnalieCabanlit1
 

Similar to Humanities: The Literary Arts (20)

Introduction to Literature
Introduction to LiteratureIntroduction to Literature
Introduction to Literature
 
whatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptx
whatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptxwhatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptx
whatisliterature-140706025804-phpapp01.pptx
 
Handout in literature
Handout in literatureHandout in literature
Handout in literature
 
World Literature
World LiteratureWorld Literature
World Literature
 
Introduction to English literature
Introduction to English literature Introduction to English literature
Introduction to English literature
 
Practical stylistics
Practical stylisticsPractical stylistics
Practical stylistics
 
Week2-Philippines Literaturejknmmnnnnnnnnn
Week2-Philippines LiteraturejknmmnnnnnnnnnWeek2-Philippines Literaturejknmmnnnnnnnnn
Week2-Philippines Literaturejknmmnnnnnnnnn
 
Introduction Litrature
Introduction LitratureIntroduction Litrature
Introduction Litrature
 
Types Of Literature
Types Of LiteratureTypes Of Literature
Types Of Literature
 
reading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdf
reading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdfreading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdf
reading and writing fiction module 3 [Autosaved] (1) - Copy.pdf
 
The Literary Genres english
The Literary Genres englishThe Literary Genres english
The Literary Genres english
 
G enre
G enreG enre
G enre
 
Types of Literature
Types of Literature Types of Literature
Types of Literature
 
162672331 alla-chaptersh
162672331 alla-chaptersh162672331 alla-chaptersh
162672331 alla-chaptersh
 
MAJOR GENRES.pptx
MAJOR GENRES.pptxMAJOR GENRES.pptx
MAJOR GENRES.pptx
 
Reading and writing fiction
Reading and writing fictionReading and writing fiction
Reading and writing fiction
 
What is literature.pptx
What is literature.pptxWhat is literature.pptx
What is literature.pptx
 
The genres and their elements
The genres and their elementsThe genres and their elements
The genres and their elements
 
E lements of short story, drama and poetry
E lements of short story, drama and  poetryE lements of short story, drama and  poetry
E lements of short story, drama and poetry
 
module3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptx
module3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptxmodule3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptx
module3 teaching and assessment of lit.studies - Copy.pptx
 

More from Andrea May Malonzo

The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)
The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)
The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Humanities 100: Sculpture and Architecture
Humanities 100: Sculpture and ArchitectureHumanities 100: Sculpture and Architecture
Humanities 100: Sculpture and Architecture
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Phrases and Fragments
Phrases and FragmentsPhrases and Fragments
Phrases and Fragments
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Sentence - Basic Sentence Structure
Sentence - Basic Sentence StructureSentence - Basic Sentence Structure
Sentence - Basic Sentence Structure
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Definition of Beauty
Definition of BeautyDefinition of Beauty
Definition of Beauty
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Humanities
HumanitiesHumanities
Humanities
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Waywaya
WaywayaWaywaya
The Visual Arts: Painting
The Visual Arts: PaintingThe Visual Arts: Painting
The Visual Arts: Painting
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Photography
PhotographyPhotography
Photography
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'
Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'
Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Pre Colonial Literature in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Literature in the PhilippinesPre Colonial Literature in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Literature in the Philippines
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Philippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino Authors
Philippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino AuthorsPhilippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino Authors
Philippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino Authors
Andrea May Malonzo
 
Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel AllendeAnalysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
Andrea May Malonzo
 
The devcom manifesto
The devcom manifestoThe devcom manifesto
The devcom manifesto
Andrea May Malonzo
 

More from Andrea May Malonzo (14)

The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)
The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)
The God Stealer (Unfinished Collection of Short Stories)
 
Humanities 100: Sculpture and Architecture
Humanities 100: Sculpture and ArchitectureHumanities 100: Sculpture and Architecture
Humanities 100: Sculpture and Architecture
 
Phrases and Fragments
Phrases and FragmentsPhrases and Fragments
Phrases and Fragments
 
Sentence - Basic Sentence Structure
Sentence - Basic Sentence StructureSentence - Basic Sentence Structure
Sentence - Basic Sentence Structure
 
Definition of Beauty
Definition of BeautyDefinition of Beauty
Definition of Beauty
 
Humanities
HumanitiesHumanities
Humanities
 
Waywaya
WaywayaWaywaya
Waywaya
 
The Visual Arts: Painting
The Visual Arts: PaintingThe Visual Arts: Painting
The Visual Arts: Painting
 
Photography
PhotographyPhotography
Photography
 
Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'
Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'
Philippine Literature (Short Story) - 'The Bread of Salt'
 
Pre Colonial Literature in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Literature in the PhilippinesPre Colonial Literature in the Philippines
Pre Colonial Literature in the Philippines
 
Philippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino Authors
Philippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino AuthorsPhilippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino Authors
Philippine Literature - Compilation of Short Stories Written by Filipino Authors
 
Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel AllendeAnalysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende
 
The devcom manifesto
The devcom manifestoThe devcom manifesto
The devcom manifesto
 

Recently uploaded

বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
eBook.com.bd (প্রয়োজনীয় বাংলা বই)
 
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments UnitDigital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
chanes7
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
simonomuemu
 
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold MethodHow to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
Celine George
 
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama UniversityNatural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Akanksha trivedi rama nursing college kanpur.
 
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docxMain Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
adhitya5119
 
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
ak6969907
 
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Dr. Vinod Kumar Kanvaria
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
Academy of Science of South Africa
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide shareDRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
taiba qazi
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
TechSoup
 
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for studentLife upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
NgcHiNguyn25
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5
Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5
Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5
sayalidalavi006
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
GeorgeMilliken2
 
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
IreneSebastianRueco1
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
 
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments UnitDigital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
Digital Artifact 1 - 10VCD Environments Unit
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
 
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold MethodHow to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
 
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama UniversityNatural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
 
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docxMain Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
 
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
 
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
 
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide shareDRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
 
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for studentLife upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
 
Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5
Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5
Community pharmacy- Social and preventive pharmacy UNIT 5
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
 
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 

Humanities: The Literary Arts

  • 2. “That is part of the beauty of all literature. You discover that your longings are universal longings, that you're not lonely and isolated from anyone. You belong.” ― F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • 3. Definition of Literature Literature is any form of writing which deals with the significant human experience -- his society and his experiences -- which is artistically conceived for an effect.
  • 4. Definition of Literature • All writings in prose, or verse, especially those of an imaginative or critical characteristics. • Literature is the enactment of human possibilities, or a vehicle that will help us discover more about ourselves and the meaning we can make of life.
  • 5. Definition of Literature It has two major features: Language and Imagination --- that when combined, they produce a fictional world that reflects reality. “Fairy tales are more than true: not because they tell us that dragons exist, but because they tell us that dragons can be beaten.” ― Neil Gaiman, Coraline
  • 6. Elements of Literature Inspiration comes to a writer of great literature in three channels: - through the senses - through the intellect - through the emotions These three now also serves as the major elements that constitutes literature.
  • 7. Classification of Literature Major Types of Literature: - Oral Literature (ballads, myths, jokes, folktales, fables) - Written Literature (drama, novel, poetry, non fiction) Major Genres of Literature: - Prose (literature written in normal language) - Poetry Major Forms of Literature: - Fiction - Non- Fiction
  • 9. PROSE FICTION Prose is any writing or speech in its normal continuous form, without the rhythmic or visual line structure of poetry. It is divided into two classifications: • Fiction / Imaginative Literature - Literature of Power. Deals with fictitious characters/ persons that presents actual truths. - Composed of Short Stories, Novels, Novelettes, etc. • Non-Fiction Literature - Literature of Knowledge. Deals with actual facts, experiences, ideas or events. - Composed of Essays, Biographies, Diaries, Journals, etc.
  • 10. PROSE FICTION Fiction – came from the Latin word “fictio” or counter-fitting. - refers to any narrative in prose or in verse that is wholly or in part a production of the imagination. - Not true but not lies. - Describe what is not real, but not totally unreal. - Designed to make us respond “as if”, but not to deceive us. - Describe none-existing people but produce real emotions, altered behavior and important reflections.
  • 11. PROSE FICTION 1. Short Story – a prose narrative w/c concentrates on a uniform or single effect and are in which the totality of the effect is the main objective. 2. Novel – fictitious prose narrative or a tale of considerable length in which characters and actins represents the real life wherein the past and present times are portrayed in a plot of none/less complexity.
  • 12. PROSE FICTION There are two major kinds of novels: a. Allegory – the symbolical story revolves around two meanings: what the writer says directly is totally different from the conveyed meaning at the end. b. Comedy – a common type of novel wherein satire is used in focusing on the facts of the society and their desires.
  • 13. Elements of Fiction A. PLOT - it is the skeletal framework of the story wherein the events are arranged in a meaningful sequence. *the plot should be exciting and should have good structure.
  • 14. Elements of Fiction Parts of the Plot: 1. Exposition – refers to the layout of the materials of the story or introduction. 2. Complication – rising action where the major conflict of the story are presented. 3. Climax – the peak of the story or action where the dilemma is faced by the main characters. 4. Resolution – falling action. 5. Denouement – ending/conclusion.
  • 15. Elements of Fiction B. SETTING – the time and place of action. It refers to the physical locale, climatic conditions and historical period where the story is taking place. C. THEME- the generalization about human life or character that a story explicitly or implicitly embodies a philosophical truth. It is the central idea of the story and revolved around the significant human experience. *it is not the moral message *it is not always made explicit at some point of the story *must embody some state of man’s thinking
  • 16. Elements of Fiction D. CHARACTER – the set of people embodied within a human experience. There are two major characters are the protagonist (main character) and antagonist (villain), but sometimes the line between the two is blurred like the anti-hero. - round vs. flat - dynamic vs. static
  • 17. Elements of Fiction E. POINT OF VIEW – the narrative voice of the story. It is the vantage point from which the characters, actions and events are seen. • First Person POV – “I or We” limited to himself. • Dramatic/ Objective POV – story revealed through the dialogues between the characters and through their actions. • Omniscient POV – the voice is outside the work which allows the descriptions of the inner thoughts and emotions of any and all he characters in the story.
  • 18. Elements of Fiction F. CONFLICT – the dilemma faced by he main character of the story. Types of Conflicts: • Person Vs. Self • Person Vs. Person • Person Vs. Society • Person Vs. Nature • Person Vs. Supernatural • Person Vs. Machine or Technology
  • 19. “A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies, the man who never reads lives only one.” ― George R.R. Martin, A Dance with Dragons
  • 20. POETRY Poetry is a disciplined, compact verbal utterance, in some none/less musical mode, dealing with aspects of internal or external reality on some meaningful way.
  • 21. POETRY Poetry relies more o the figures of speech, symbolism ad imagery. It also relies more than pose on the sound and rhythm of speech and how it explains why it often uses rhyme and meter. Poetic License – the liberty given to poets t do whatever they want to do with the language. It can violate the rules of grammar, insert new words and follow unusual syntactical arrangements to meet the requirement of their poem.
  • 22. ELEMENTS OF POETRY a. Theme – the soul of the poem. It the what the poet wants to express through is words which may either be a thought, a feeling, an observation, a story or an experience. b. Symbolism – the expressions that are not directly stated in the poem to express deep hidden meaning behind the words used by the poet. c. Meter – it is the basic structure of a poem which is determined by the number of syllables in line.
  • 23. ELEMENTS OF POETRY d. Rhythm – this refers to the resonation of words along with the sounds and the music produced when the poem is read aloud and not he rhyming between two words of consecutive lines. e. Rhyme f. Simile g. Metaphor
  • 24. Drama Drama is the theatrical dialogue performed on stage. It is consists of 4 different acts: Tragedy: It is a story of he major character hat faces bad luck. Its horrors and struggles usually concludes with the death f a person. Comedy: the lead character overcomes the conflicts. Overall comedy is full of laughter and the handles issues very lightly.
  • 25. Drama Melodrama: it is a blend of two nous – melody and drama. It is a musical play most popular by 1840 and has a happy ending like comedy. Tragicomedy: a play that begins with serious mode but has a happy ending.