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Communities as
Authority: Strengthening
Ilokano and Amianan
Studies Materials in
Library Collections
by Nicolita Marie Garces
Graduate Student
Library and Information Science Program
University of Hawai'i-Manoa
7th Nakem International Conference
December 5-7, 2012
A Bit About...
Overview
Libraries and librarians can play a role in
Nakem's movement for cultural pluralism
and linguistic democracy
•Professional Ethics & Standards
•Community Generated Materials
•Relationships, Collaboration & Projects
•Collaborative Collection Management System
•Suggested Grants
Professional Ethics, Marginalized
Groups & Diversity
• Librarians serve the info needs of ever
growing diverse & multicultural
communities
• Professional ethics & standards guide
librarians in their responsibilities
o American Library Association's (ALA) Bill of Rights
o Philippine Association of Academic & Research
Librarians (PAARL): "Standards for Academic
Libraries for 2010"
Professional Ethics, Marginalized
Groups & Diversity... con't
International Federation of Library Association's
(IFLA) Multicultural Library Manifesto
• "Libraries of all types should reflect, support and
promote cultural and linguistic diversity at the
international, national, and local levels, and thus
work for cross-cultural dialogue and active
citizenship..."
• Librarians "serve all members of the community
without discrimination based on cultural and
linguistic heritage..."
Communities as Authority
• Creation of printed or electronic materials that
are community generated
o Asserts that communities- comprised of their beliefs,
values, cultures and lived experiences- are authority
on the subject matter
• Terms: local knowledge, community knowledge
• Benefits the local community, useful for the
local and global consumption (Chowdhury,
Poulter and McMenemy 2006)
• ILFA support: Multicultural Communities:
Guidelines for Library Services (2009)
It's All About Cultivating
Relationships
Librarian-Librarian
o acquisitions
o resource sharing
o digitally archive
Nakem
Conferences'
history
Librarian-Professor-Students-Student Organizations
o diversify collection
o information literacy
o pathfinders & bibliographies
Philippines LibGuide, University of Hawai'i Libraries
Creating Electronic
Resources
• Web 2.0 (blogs, wikis, social media)
• Institutional Repositories/Digital Libraries
o University of
Hawai'i-Manoa
o Benguet State
University
o Collaboration
among institutions
Collaborative Collection
Management System
• Have policies and procedures in place
o projects are mission driven
o include goals, objectives, project sustainability
efforts, budget, timeline
• For local and indigenous knowledge, involve
community members throughout the process
• Suggestion for culturally sensitive
indigenous materials: Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander Protocols for Libraries,
Archives and Information Services (
http://aiatsis.gov.au/atsilirn/protocols.php)
Suggested Grants
• Institute for Museums and Library Services
(IMLS) http://www.imls.gov/
• Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
www.gatesfoundation.org/libraries/Pages/default.aspx)
• Open Society Foundations
www.opensocietyfoundations.org/
• Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project
www.hrelp.org/grants/
• The Endangered Language Fund
www.endangeredlanguagefund.org/

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Communities as Authority: Strengthening Ilokano and Amianan Studies Materials in Library Collections

  • 1. Communities as Authority: Strengthening Ilokano and Amianan Studies Materials in Library Collections by Nicolita Marie Garces Graduate Student Library and Information Science Program University of Hawai'i-Manoa 7th Nakem International Conference December 5-7, 2012
  • 3. Overview Libraries and librarians can play a role in Nakem's movement for cultural pluralism and linguistic democracy •Professional Ethics & Standards •Community Generated Materials •Relationships, Collaboration & Projects •Collaborative Collection Management System •Suggested Grants
  • 4. Professional Ethics, Marginalized Groups & Diversity • Librarians serve the info needs of ever growing diverse & multicultural communities • Professional ethics & standards guide librarians in their responsibilities o American Library Association's (ALA) Bill of Rights o Philippine Association of Academic & Research Librarians (PAARL): "Standards for Academic Libraries for 2010"
  • 5. Professional Ethics, Marginalized Groups & Diversity... con't International Federation of Library Association's (IFLA) Multicultural Library Manifesto • "Libraries of all types should reflect, support and promote cultural and linguistic diversity at the international, national, and local levels, and thus work for cross-cultural dialogue and active citizenship..." • Librarians "serve all members of the community without discrimination based on cultural and linguistic heritage..."
  • 6. Communities as Authority • Creation of printed or electronic materials that are community generated o Asserts that communities- comprised of their beliefs, values, cultures and lived experiences- are authority on the subject matter • Terms: local knowledge, community knowledge • Benefits the local community, useful for the local and global consumption (Chowdhury, Poulter and McMenemy 2006) • ILFA support: Multicultural Communities: Guidelines for Library Services (2009)
  • 7. It's All About Cultivating Relationships Librarian-Librarian o acquisitions o resource sharing o digitally archive Nakem Conferences' history Librarian-Professor-Students-Student Organizations o diversify collection o information literacy o pathfinders & bibliographies Philippines LibGuide, University of Hawai'i Libraries
  • 8. Creating Electronic Resources • Web 2.0 (blogs, wikis, social media) • Institutional Repositories/Digital Libraries o University of Hawai'i-Manoa o Benguet State University o Collaboration among institutions
  • 9. Collaborative Collection Management System • Have policies and procedures in place o projects are mission driven o include goals, objectives, project sustainability efforts, budget, timeline • For local and indigenous knowledge, involve community members throughout the process • Suggestion for culturally sensitive indigenous materials: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Protocols for Libraries, Archives and Information Services ( http://aiatsis.gov.au/atsilirn/protocols.php)
  • 10. Suggested Grants • Institute for Museums and Library Services (IMLS) http://www.imls.gov/ • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation www.gatesfoundation.org/libraries/Pages/default.aspx) • Open Society Foundations www.opensocietyfoundations.org/ • Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project www.hrelp.org/grants/ • The Endangered Language Fund www.endangeredlanguagefund.org/

Editor's Notes

  1. About myself: Filipina-American; parents from Dingras and San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte UHM Library and Information Science Program: Archives, Indigenous Librarianship, Preservation & Conservation, Multicultural Services Member of various organizations: HLA, Asian Pacific American Librarians Association (APALA), Na Hawai'i Imi Loa, Hui Dui, ALA-Student Chapter, Society of American Archivists-Student Chapter, planning committee for International Indigenous Librarians Forum (IILF) Archivist for Consuelo Foundation Student Assistant & Reference Assistant at Hamilton Library Work with students in Ilokano Language & Literature Program and other Philippine studies classes--> sometimes unable to find the right materials for them
  2. American Library Association (ALA), is a professional organization for library and information professionals in the U.S., promoting leadership in librarianship and ensuring access to information to all reflect that “librarians have an obligation... to meet, as closely as possible the needs and interests of all persons in the community which the library serves. This includes materials that reflect political, economic, religious, social, minority, and sexual issues” Philippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians (PAARL) represents librarians in university libraries The primary goal of the library is to select, collect, organize, and provide access to all varieties of information for users.” also include an “extensive Filipiniana collection” (p. 13) Mariano Marcos State University went beyond a Filipiniana collection as it has a Center for Ilokano-Amianan Studies Library and an Iloko Museum
  3. Most comprehensive in terms of multicultural services is from IFLA The International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) is the international body representing the library profession and advocating for equal access of information to all. The Library Services to Multicultural Populations Section under IFLA specifically deals with meeting the needs of cultural and linguistic minorities
  4. Challenges to meet diverse communities' needs and have exemplar multicultural services IFLA’s Library Services to Multicultural Populations Section’s Multicultural Communities: Guidelines for Library Services support community generated materials for language learning, preservation and dissemination (p. 6), developing a diverse collection (p. 13) and having printed materials in the users’ preferred languages and relating them to their own cultures (p. 14). In Hawai'i: Kabambannuagan: Our Voices, Our Lives, Panagtaripato: Parenting Our Stories, Our Stories As Parents and On the Edge of Hope and Healing: Flipping the Script of Filipinos in Hawaii are collections of stories from the community, sharing their social biographies and parenting skills and beliefs
  5. L-P-S-Student Orgs: Profs & students can notify librarians about getting certain materials, esp when materials are from small publishers (short runs); L can help student orgs with their own websites or socia media pages in terms of folksonomies for better searchabililty, LibGuides UHM-- L & P create other LibGuides specifically for their class L-L: Resource Sharing- institutionally owned materials such as departmental, theses & dissertations--> must be all cleared of copyright; Nakem Confs archiving: LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) idea from Stanford University Libraries
  6. Web 2.0 free and/or affordable--> be platform to preserve & disseminate information; history and anthropology classes at the University of Guam. The classes launched a YouTube channel (www.youtube.com/uogtritonfilms) which has a collection of 10-minute oral histories of Guamians Open Access Repositories to disseminate their academic journals such as e-Philippine Journals (ejournals.ph/), E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (EISRJC; www.eisrjc.com/) Philippine Journals Online (www.philjol.info/philjol/index.php), UP Dilliman Journals Online (journals.upd.edu.ph/), and UPLB Journals Online (journals.uplb.edu.ph/). The University of the Cordilleras Research Journal and the University of Northern Philippines Research Journal are several of the few journals that contains articles on IAS. Although university journals are available, labor intensive work to digitize the journals leaves a limited amount of completed issues from each journal to be accessible via the Internet. UHM: . eVols is an open access institutional repository, which houses digital copies of rare materials. ScholarSpace is another open access, institutional repository of scholarly works by the university’s faculty and students. Can attempt to have a collaborative IAS collection housed in eVols. UHM - Mindanao universities collaborations: eMindanao.com provide an annotated bibliography on the conflict and peace-building efforts in Mindanao BSU Digital Library (BSU Information and Communications Technology Division and with the help of Baguio-Benguet Librarians’ Association) on Greenstone, a free software program. It is a collection of the University’s research journals, faculty’s and students’ scholarly works, and indigenous knowledge of the people of the Cordilleras. Benguet State University Digital Library’s Cordilleras indigenous knowledge collection, called CARIANA, is a partnership with the University of the Cordilleras, University of Baguio, Ifugao Sate University, Tebtebba Foundation and Researchmate Incorporation.
  7. Project management skills
  8. The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), an independent U.S. federal agency supporting museums and libraries, offers a lot of grants (http://www.imls.gov/). It awards museums and libraries in the U.S. who proposed innovative projects that promote cultural and civic engagement. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (www.gatesfoundation.org/libraries/Pages/default.aspx) provides computers and Internet services in the libraries of developing countries to narrow the digital divide. Having these tools would allow organizations and libraries to create digital collections on IAS. IFLA did have grants to improve libraries such as Books for All and the Guust van Wesemael Literacy Prize, however funds ran out. Current IFLA grants, scholarships and fellowships are on professional development and library and information science education. Other grants in which Nakem institutions can apply for that are not necessarily library-related but deals more with indigenous rights, human rights and justice. Language rights and multilingualism can be included to apply for grants. One is the Open Society Foundations (www.opensocietyfoundations.org/). Its mission states that this organization “work to build vibrant and tolerant societies whose governments are accountable and open in the participation of all people.” It funds programs that help and empower marginalized communities and currently has a program working with indigenous groups in Mindanao. The Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project (www.hrelp.org/grants/) and The Endangered Language Fund (www.endangeredlanguagefund.org/) are two organizations that deal with language documentation, maintenance and preservation. Grants from these organizations can be applied to endangered languages in the Amianan region.