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5 Regional
offices
Insurance
backed
employment
scheme
We do
workplace
mediation
96% of our
clients would
recommend
us to a friend
96%
Over 135
years of
experience
Variety of
specialist
lawyers
135YEARS
Why Choose Banner Jones?
Ranked
in the
Legal 500
Unfair Dismissal Guide
For Employees
The general rule is that if you have been employed with two
years continuous service (one years service if the employment
commenced before April 2012) and are sacked without your
employer providing a fair reason you have the right to claim
unfair dismissal. In this guide we highlight what constitutes
as unfair dismissal and provide useful information for employees
who are looking to make an unfair dismissal claim to an
Employment Tribunal.
Employment rights
Join our Social Networks
Don’t hesitate to get in touch with one of our expert
employment law solicitors for specialist advice:
Phone: 0333 200 2300 Web: www.bannerjones.co.uk
Redundancy
Capability
Poor performance:
If your performance has dropped to a level that is lower than what is expected of you this could be a
reason for dismissal. Were you offered any additional training or support from your employer so that
you could improve your performance? Were you offered a job that demanded less allowing you to
prove that you are capable and suited to the job role. Were you given any warning previously by your
employer? Are the same standard and expectations applied to other employees within the workplace?
Poor health:
Do you have a disability within the definition of the equality act? If so, did your employer make any
adjustments to your job or within the workplace itself to accommodate your disability and allow you
to do your job? Did your employer find another role which you would be more suited to? Did your
employer offer you ill health retirement (this generally applies to individuals that are seriously ill and
are unable to carry out their job on a permanent basis). Are there any other jobs within the workplace
that you are capable of doing?
Conduct
Below we have listed some examples of gross misconduct:
• Serious bullying
• Fraud
• Deliberate damage to any property
• Theft
• Sexual harassment
• Physical violence
Illegality
Some other substantial reason
Automatically unfair dismissals
There are circumstances where if your dismissal was related to any of the reasons below you should have a
strong case to make to an Employment Tribunal.
• Pregnancy and the birth of a child
• Health and Safety reasons
• Victimisation
• Being summoned for jury service and therefore are absent from work
• Acting as a trade union representative
• Discrimination
• Seeking flexible working hours
If you are contemplating an employment tribunal proceeding we would highly recommend and believe you
should seek expert unfair dismissal advice. It is essential to be guided through the correct procedural steps
before making an unfair dismissal claim to an employment tribunal.
The Employment Rights Act sets out 5 potentially
fair reasons that an employer may use to lawfully
dismiss an employer within the workplace. However
if an employer was to use one or more of these
reasons it does not automatically mean that the
dismissal is fair and you may still be able to make a
claim to an Employment Tribunal. A dismissal is
rarely concluded depending on the circumstances as
the employee may be entitled to reinstatement,
redeployment and sometimes compensation. In
addition an employer may also be liable for a
redundancy payment and notice pay. The potentially
fair reasons for dismissal and what any employee
must consider when relying on one of those
reasons is listed below.
Gross misconduct is not a very precise term and
therefore is often misused by employers who often
abuse it. Employment Tribunals find that gross
misconduct is a term used by an employer in an
attempt to justify summary dismissal. If your
employer has dismissed you due to misconduct your
employer must have a genuine belief that that you
are guilty. Usually a full investigation is carried out
internally as genuine gross misconduct is taken very
seriously and entitles an employer to dismiss the
employee immediately without notice and without
going through the process of giving warnings first.
As an employee you should check your contract to
see what constitutes as misconduct. Are these rules
applied fairly and to all employees within the
workplace? Are there any mitigating circumstances?
When employers make decisions on redundancy
they should keep in mind that a position is made
redundant, not the person. Employers must carry
out a fair and unbiased redundancy process. As an
employee you should have been offered any
alternative positions if they were available.
You should check the selection criteria that has been
used by employees and compare this to colleagues
that have kept their job. If you are on maternity leave
special protection is given when the
redundancy process is carried out.
This is where illegality prevents you from doing
your job. A working example of this would be a lorry
driver who has lost his/her driving licence and
therefore is legally unable to carry out their job.
If this is the case your employer should discuss any
other job roles and opportunities that you may be
suited for other than dismissal, however if you are to
blame and there are no alternative roles available
This category is fairly vague and seeks to catch any
other reasons which allows employers to fairly
dismiss an employee. The employer must follow a
procedure that is fair and unbiased and the
Employment Tribunal must agree that the reasoning
behind the dismissal was substantial based on the
circumstances of the case.
If you have been dismissed on the grounds of some
other substantial reason we would advise you to
seek legal advice. A specialist employment solicitor
would be able to offer advice on your Employment
Tribunal claim and discuss your options.
this is likely to be classed as a fair dismissal.

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An Unfair Dismissal Guide for Employees

  • 1. 5 Regional offices Insurance backed employment scheme We do workplace mediation 96% of our clients would recommend us to a friend 96% Over 135 years of experience Variety of specialist lawyers 135YEARS Why Choose Banner Jones? Ranked in the Legal 500 Unfair Dismissal Guide For Employees The general rule is that if you have been employed with two years continuous service (one years service if the employment commenced before April 2012) and are sacked without your employer providing a fair reason you have the right to claim unfair dismissal. In this guide we highlight what constitutes as unfair dismissal and provide useful information for employees who are looking to make an unfair dismissal claim to an Employment Tribunal. Employment rights Join our Social Networks Don’t hesitate to get in touch with one of our expert employment law solicitors for specialist advice: Phone: 0333 200 2300 Web: www.bannerjones.co.uk Redundancy Capability Poor performance: If your performance has dropped to a level that is lower than what is expected of you this could be a reason for dismissal. Were you offered any additional training or support from your employer so that you could improve your performance? Were you offered a job that demanded less allowing you to prove that you are capable and suited to the job role. Were you given any warning previously by your employer? Are the same standard and expectations applied to other employees within the workplace? Poor health: Do you have a disability within the definition of the equality act? If so, did your employer make any adjustments to your job or within the workplace itself to accommodate your disability and allow you to do your job? Did your employer find another role which you would be more suited to? Did your employer offer you ill health retirement (this generally applies to individuals that are seriously ill and are unable to carry out their job on a permanent basis). Are there any other jobs within the workplace that you are capable of doing? Conduct Below we have listed some examples of gross misconduct: • Serious bullying • Fraud • Deliberate damage to any property • Theft • Sexual harassment • Physical violence Illegality Some other substantial reason Automatically unfair dismissals There are circumstances where if your dismissal was related to any of the reasons below you should have a strong case to make to an Employment Tribunal. • Pregnancy and the birth of a child • Health and Safety reasons • Victimisation • Being summoned for jury service and therefore are absent from work • Acting as a trade union representative • Discrimination • Seeking flexible working hours If you are contemplating an employment tribunal proceeding we would highly recommend and believe you should seek expert unfair dismissal advice. It is essential to be guided through the correct procedural steps before making an unfair dismissal claim to an employment tribunal. The Employment Rights Act sets out 5 potentially fair reasons that an employer may use to lawfully dismiss an employer within the workplace. However if an employer was to use one or more of these reasons it does not automatically mean that the dismissal is fair and you may still be able to make a claim to an Employment Tribunal. A dismissal is rarely concluded depending on the circumstances as the employee may be entitled to reinstatement, redeployment and sometimes compensation. In addition an employer may also be liable for a redundancy payment and notice pay. The potentially fair reasons for dismissal and what any employee must consider when relying on one of those reasons is listed below. Gross misconduct is not a very precise term and therefore is often misused by employers who often abuse it. Employment Tribunals find that gross misconduct is a term used by an employer in an attempt to justify summary dismissal. If your employer has dismissed you due to misconduct your employer must have a genuine belief that that you are guilty. Usually a full investigation is carried out internally as genuine gross misconduct is taken very seriously and entitles an employer to dismiss the employee immediately without notice and without going through the process of giving warnings first. As an employee you should check your contract to see what constitutes as misconduct. Are these rules applied fairly and to all employees within the workplace? Are there any mitigating circumstances? When employers make decisions on redundancy they should keep in mind that a position is made redundant, not the person. Employers must carry out a fair and unbiased redundancy process. As an employee you should have been offered any alternative positions if they were available. You should check the selection criteria that has been used by employees and compare this to colleagues that have kept their job. If you are on maternity leave special protection is given when the redundancy process is carried out. This is where illegality prevents you from doing your job. A working example of this would be a lorry driver who has lost his/her driving licence and therefore is legally unable to carry out their job. If this is the case your employer should discuss any other job roles and opportunities that you may be suited for other than dismissal, however if you are to blame and there are no alternative roles available This category is fairly vague and seeks to catch any other reasons which allows employers to fairly dismiss an employee. The employer must follow a procedure that is fair and unbiased and the Employment Tribunal must agree that the reasoning behind the dismissal was substantial based on the circumstances of the case. If you have been dismissed on the grounds of some other substantial reason we would advise you to seek legal advice. A specialist employment solicitor would be able to offer advice on your Employment Tribunal claim and discuss your options. this is likely to be classed as a fair dismissal.