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Dining with Dysphagia
A Cookbook
Food is something
everyone should
be able to enjoy.
So when it comes to food that is both appetizing
and accessible, good eating shouldn’t be limited to
highbrow foodies. Now, “Dining with Dysphagia:
A Cookbook” makes the winning recipes from NYU
Steinhardt’s Iron Chef Dysphagia Challenge accessible
to all. The cookbook outlines eight diverse recipes
— all easy to follow and easy to swallow:
1.	 Rosemary Mashed Potatoes
2.	 Pumpkin Soup
3.	 Picadillo Ground Beef with Tomatoes, Olives,
and Raisins
4.	 Gefilte Fish with Beet-Horseradish Cream
5.	 Goat Cheese and Fig Jam Knife-and-Fork Burger
6.	Vegetarian Squash Chili
7.	 Asian Chicken Meatballs
8.	 Chocolate Chia Pudding
During this cooking competition hosted by
NYU Steinhardt, contestants prepare food for judges to
identify recipes that maximize nutrition, texture, and
taste for people with dysphagia — the medical term for
chewing and swallowing difficulties. The recipe book
provides a meticulously crafted compilation of foods to
be truly enjoyed.
While the recipes were evaluated for the overall joy
of eating good food, the judges also took into
consideration that dysphagia clients come from
different cultural backgrounds. Diversity in ingredients
and balanced tastes should be enjoyed by everyone.
Each year, the simple act of eating becomes a
serious challenge for millions. Older adults are
disproportionately affected, but dysphagia can become
a challenge for just about anyone — including those
with diseases such as Parkinson’s, head and neck
cancers, AIDS, and many more. Caregivers, hospitals,
and families caring for those with dysphagia prepare
pureed foods in order to meet nutritional and medical
needs. Unfortunately, they all too often find that
the food is unappetizing and doesn’t take into account
cultural food preferences. Likewise, a minimal focus is
placed on aesthetics; these foods are often presented
as a mushy mess.
The recipes presented in this cookbook take things
up a notch, elevating pureed food to a higher standard.
By focusing on all of the values foodies appreciate
— enhancing flavor, texture, aroma, and, of course,
deliciousness — these recipes make the joy of eating
simple for everyone. Rosemary mashed potatoes are
blended to perfection while tomatoes, olives, and
raisins are combined for a scrumptious Picadillo ground
beef. And for dessert? Chia seeds, full of omega
nutrients and fiber, come together with chocolate
perfection for a chocolate chia pudding.
“Food should always nourish the body and soul,” says
Lisa Sasson, clinical associate professor in the NYU
Steinhardt Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and
Public Health. “We should never assume that because
a patient has swallowing problems that their food
choices will be limited to pureed mush.”
Note: You should consult with your doctor regarding
your dietary or medical requirements based on your
condition prior to using these recipes. They represent
only suggestions to improve flavor and eating
experience not a medical opinion.
1 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
2 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
45 minutes (20 active)
Servings
12
Ingredients
8 large russet potatoes
(approximately 4 pounds)
1½ teaspoons salt, divided
¾ cup heavy whipping cream
¼ cup butter
½ teaspoon fresh rosemary
¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg
¼ teaspoon black pepper
Method
Prepare ingredients: Wash, peel, and quarter the
potatoes. Mince the rosemary leaves. Cube the butter
and set aside to bring it down to room temperature.
1.	 Place potatoes in a large pot and cover with water.
Add 1 teaspoon of salt and bring to a boil.
2.	 Reduce heat. Cover and simmer the potatoes for
15-20 minutes until fork-tender. Drain.
3.	 Place potatoes in a large bowl. Add cream, butter,
rosemary, nutmeg, pepper, and remaining salt. Use
an electric mixer to beat until smooth and creamy.
4.	Divide the potatoes between bowls and serve
with additional butter and a few sprigs of rosemary
if desired.
Rosemary Mashed Potatoes
3 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Rosemary Mashed PotatoesRosemary Mashed Potatoes
4 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
55 minutes (35 active)
Servings
8-10
Ingredients
2 tablespoons onion powder
2 tablespoons butter
2 teaspoons garlic
¼ teaspoon freshly grated ginger
2 teaspoons cumin
1 teaspoon black pepper
⅛ teaspoon cardamom
1 teaspoon coriander
15-ounce can of pure pumpkin
2 sweet potatoes
2 cups of water
14.5-ounce can of chicken or vegetable
broth
14.5-ounce can of coconut milk
¼ cup heavy cream and extra virgin olive
oil, for serving
Method
Prepare ingredients: Peel and grate the ginger. Peel
and quarter the sweet potatoes.
1.	 Place sweet potatoes in a large pot and cover with
water. Add 1 teaspoon of salt and bring to a boil.
2.	 Reduce heat. Cover and simmer the potatoes for
20-30 minutes until fork-tender. Drain.
3.	 Add the sweet potatoes to a food processor and
pulse until smooth.
4.	While the potatoes are boiling, heat butter in a soup
pot over medium heat. Once the butter is frothy and
golden, add the spices, garlic, and ginger and reduce
the heat. Cook for about 20 seconds, or until very
fragrant, being careful not to burn them.
5.	 Add the pumpkin, water, broth, coconut milk, and
sweet potato puree, and stir to combine. Bring the
liquid to a boil and then reduce heat to low. Simmer
for about 20 minutes.
6.	 Before serving, season the soup with salt and
pepper or more of the spices if desired. Once
seasoned to your liking, allow the soup to cool a bit.
7.	 To serve, divide the soup between bowls and garnish
with a swirl of heavy cream or a drizzle of extra
virgin olive oil if desired.
Pumpkin Soup
5 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Pumpkin Soup
6 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
1 hour (30 minutes active)
Servings
3-4
Ingredients
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 pound ground beef
½ white onion
5 cloves of garlic
1-2 jalapenos
4 medium tomatoes
8 green olives
2 tablespoons of liquid from the olives
¼ cup raisins
1 poblano chile or green bell pepper
1 teaspoon cumin
¼ teaspoon ground cloves
1 small cone of piloncillo (can substitute
with 1 teaspoon of sugar dissolved into
1 teaspoon of molasses)
Salt and black pepper to taste
Note: Control the heat by reducing how much jalapeno
you add to the dish. For a milder dish, choose a green
bell pepper instead of the poblano pepper.
Method
Prepare ingredients: Soak the raisins in warm water
until softened, about 20 minutes. Drain and set aside.
Thinly slice the onion. Roughly chop the garlic. Dice
the jalapeno and remove the seeds and membranes.
Remove the seeds from the tomatoes and dice.
Remove the pits from the olives and quarter
the flesh. Remove the seeds from the poblano or green
bell pepper and roughly chop.
1.	 Add the olive oil to a large frying pan over medium
heat. Once shimmering and very hot, add the
jalapenos and onions and cook until the onions are
beginning to brown and soften, about 10 minutes.
2.	 Add the ground beef to the pan and brown, using
a fork to break up the meat. Season with salt and
pepper to taste. Once the beef is cooked through,
carefully drain the fat into a heatproof dish and
discard.
3.	 Return the beef mixture to the skillet over medium
heat and add the garlic. Cook for 2 minutes.
4.	Add the tomatoes, green olives, reserved olive liquid,
raisins, chopped pepper, cumin, ground cloves,
and piloncillo. Season lightly with salt and pepper
and stir to combine all the ingredients.
5.	 Reduce the heat to low and simmer, partially
covered, for 30 minutes.
6.	 Divide the stew between bowls and serve.
Picadillo Ground Beef
with Tomatoes, Olives, and Raisins
7 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Picadillo Ground Beef with Tomatoes, Olives, and Raisins
8 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
25 hours 40 minutes (40 minutes active)
Servings
8-10
Ingredients
2 tablespoons of olive oil
Nonstick cooking spray
3 carrots
2 leeks, white and light green portions
only
3 eggs
¼ cup matzo meal
¾ cup chicken stock, fish stock, or water
1½ pounds finely ground whitefish or
whitefish/pike mixture
2 teaspoons salt
¾ teaspoon freshly ground white pepper
½ teaspoon sugar
Juice of ½ lemon
¼ teaspoon paprika
5 ounces prepared kosher horseradish
cream
2 canned whole beets
Lemon slices and fresh parsley sprigs
for garnish
Method
Prepare ingredients: Heat the oven to 350 F. Lightly
coat an 8½-by-4½-by-2¾-inch loaf pan with nonstick
cooking spray and set aside. Peel the carrots and finely
chop. Remove the tough outer layer from the leeks and
chop off any tough, dark green leaves. Thoroughly rinse
and then finely chop the white and light green parts.
1.	 Add the olive oil to a skillet and heat over medium
high until simmering. Add the chopped carrots and
leeks and cook, stirring regularly, until softened and
browning in spots, about 5-7 minutes.
2.	 Remove from the heat and let cool for 10 minutes.
3.	 Using an electric mixer, combine the eggs and matzo
meal and beat on medium speed for about 1 minute.
Add the stock, fish, carrot-leek mixture, salt,
white pepper, and sugar and beat until blended.
4.	Pour the mixture into the prepared pan and smooth
the top with a spatula. Drizzle the lemon juice over
the top and sprinkle with the paprika.
5.	 Bake until a wooden skewer inserted into the center
of the loaf comes out clean — about 50-60 minutes.
6.	 Let cool to room temperature, then cover the pan
with aluminum foil and refrigerate overnight.
7.	 Meanwhile, in a food processor fitted with the metal
blade, combine the horseradish cream and beets and
process until pureed. Transfer to a small bowl, cover,
and refrigerate until ready to serve.
8.	 To serve, invert the loaf onto a platter and lift off
the pan. Garnish with lemon slices and parsley and
accompany with the beet-horseradish cream. Cut
into slices and serve.
Gefilte Fish with Beet-Horseradish Cream
9 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Gefilte Fish with Beet-Horseradish Cream
10 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
50 minutes (35 active)
Servings
4-5
Ingredients
2 pounds ground hamburger with a fat
ratio of 90/10 or 85/15
1½ tablespoons shallot
3 tablespoons fig jam
2 ounces crumbled goat cheese
Salt and black pepper to taste
1 tablespoon olive oil
Minced herbs, such as sage, thyme,
or parsley leaves, and soft, baby greens
for serving
Goat Cheese and Fig Jam
Knife-and-Fork Burger
Method
Prepare ingredients: Peel and mince the shallot.
Preheat the grill — or stove-top grill pan — to
medium-high.
1.	 In a medium mixing bowl, add salt and pepper to the
ground beef and gently mix by hand until combined.
2.	 In a small mixing bowl, combine the goat cheese, fig
jam, and minced shallots.
3.	 Divide meat into four even sections, about 8 ounces
each. Take one section and divide it in half. Flatten
both pieces into even patties, about ½-inch thick.
Spoon about 2 tablespoons of the cheese and jam
mixture into one patty, leaving about ½ inch of space
around the edges. Take the other patty and place it
gently on top of the cheese and jam mixture. Gently
pinch around the sides to seal the burger.
Tip: You may wish to wet your fingers with water
to help glue the meat together and smooth out
the edges.
4.	Complete the other three sections and then put the
patties in the freezer for about 15-20 minutes until
firm.
5.	 Lightly brush each burger with olive oil.
6.	 Grill burgers over high heat for about 7-10 minutes
per side until the beef is cooked through with an
internal temperature of 160 F.
7.	 To serve, plate the burger on a bed of baby
greens, if desired, and sprinkle with minced herbs
of your choice.
11 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Fig Jam and Goat Cheese Burger
12 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
1 hour
Servings
8-10
Ingredients
1 tablespoon olive oil
1 medium red onion
1½ cups bell peppers
2 celery stalks
1 butternut squash
4 small garlic cloves, minced
1 tablespoon chili powder
2 teaspoons ground cumin
2 teaspoons unsweetened cocoa powder
1-2 tablespoons chopped chipotle in
adobo, depending on how spicy you
want your dish to be
28-ounce can of diced tomatoes
5 cups cooked black beans
4 cups vegetable broth (for a richer
flavor, replace 1 cup of vegetable broth
with 1 cup of brewed coffee)
Salt and black pepper to taste
Sour cream, minced chives, and lime
wedges for serving
Method
Prepare ingredients: Chop the red onion and the bell
peppers. Small dice the celery and set aside with the
onion and peppers. Peel the butternut squash, remove
seeds, and chop into ½-inch cubes. Mince the garlic
cloves. Drain and rinse the black beans. Prepare the
coffee, if using, and set aside.
1.	 In a 4-6 quart Dutch oven or stockpot, heat olive oil
over medium-high until shimmering. Saute the onion,
bell pepper, celery, and butternut squash until
the onions begin to soften, about 7-8 minutes. Once
the onions become translucent, reduce the heat to
medium-low.
2.	 Add garlic, chili powder, cumin, cocoa powder, and
chopped chipotle and cook, stirring regularly, until
the spices are fragrant and the vegetables are evenly
coated, about 30 seconds.
3.	 Add tomatoes, beans, and vegetable broth (and
coffee, if using) and stir to incorporate all the
ingredients. Bring the mixture to a boil and then
reduce the heat to a simmer, cooking for 30 minutes
or until the vegetables are very soft and the liquid
has reduced and thickened a bit. Before serving,
season with salt and black pepper to taste.
4.	To serve, divide the chili between bowls and top with
a dollop of sour cream and a sprinkle of chives and
lime wedges on the side.
Vegetarian Squash Chili
13 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Vegetarian Squash Chili
14 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
40 minutes
Servings
4
Ingredients
¼ cup breadcrumbs
½ cup fresh cilantro
1 pound ground chicken
1 egg
1 teaspoon onion powder
2 tablespoons soy sauce
Dash of ground ginger, to taste
1½ teaspoon garlic powder
Salt and black pepper to taste
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
Optional: Lime wedges, for serving
Method
Prepare ingredients: Thoroughly rinse the cilantro and
roughly chop the leaves and tender stems.
1.	 Add all the ingredients in a mixing bowl. Using
your hands, gently knead the mixture until evenly
combined.
2.	 Form the mixture into 1-inch diameter meatballs and
set aside.
3.	 Heat the oil in a large skillet until shimmering and
add the meatballs, being careful not to crowd the
pan. Fry in batches, depending on the size of the
skillet. Cook, turning occasionally, until the meatballs
are golden brown all over and cooked through,
about 10 minutes total. Transfer to a plate and keep
warm.
4.	Garnish with a bit of chopped cilantro and
lime wedges.
Asian Chicken Meatballs
15 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Asian Chicken Meatballs
16 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Start to Finish
15 minutes
Servings
2
Ingredients
1 cup unsweetened almond milk
2 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa
powder
⅓ cup chia seeds
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
¼ teaspoon chocolate liquid stevia —
or ¼ teaspoon chocolate syrup — or
granulated sugar to taste
Method
1.	 In a medium bowl, whisk cocoa powder into the
almond milk until smooth.
2.	 Add the chia seeds, vanilla extract, and chocolate
liquid stevia, and whisk to combine.
3.	 Divide the mixture between two serving glasses and
chill in the fridge until set, about 10-15 minutes or
overnight.
4.	To serve, drizzle with coconut milk, mint leaves, or
cacao nibs, if desired.
Chocolate Chia Pudding
17 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
Chocolate Chia Pudding
Visit the Speech@NYU blog for more resources on communicative sciences and disorders.
speech.steinhardt.nyu.edu/blog
Photography by Kylie Thompson

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Dining with Dysphagia: A Cookbook

  • 2. Food is something everyone should be able to enjoy. So when it comes to food that is both appetizing and accessible, good eating shouldn’t be limited to highbrow foodies. Now, “Dining with Dysphagia: A Cookbook” makes the winning recipes from NYU Steinhardt’s Iron Chef Dysphagia Challenge accessible to all. The cookbook outlines eight diverse recipes — all easy to follow and easy to swallow: 1. Rosemary Mashed Potatoes 2. Pumpkin Soup 3. Picadillo Ground Beef with Tomatoes, Olives, and Raisins 4. Gefilte Fish with Beet-Horseradish Cream 5. Goat Cheese and Fig Jam Knife-and-Fork Burger 6. Vegetarian Squash Chili 7. Asian Chicken Meatballs 8. Chocolate Chia Pudding During this cooking competition hosted by NYU Steinhardt, contestants prepare food for judges to identify recipes that maximize nutrition, texture, and taste for people with dysphagia — the medical term for chewing and swallowing difficulties. The recipe book provides a meticulously crafted compilation of foods to be truly enjoyed. While the recipes were evaluated for the overall joy of eating good food, the judges also took into consideration that dysphagia clients come from different cultural backgrounds. Diversity in ingredients and balanced tastes should be enjoyed by everyone. Each year, the simple act of eating becomes a serious challenge for millions. Older adults are disproportionately affected, but dysphagia can become a challenge for just about anyone — including those with diseases such as Parkinson’s, head and neck cancers, AIDS, and many more. Caregivers, hospitals, and families caring for those with dysphagia prepare pureed foods in order to meet nutritional and medical needs. Unfortunately, they all too often find that the food is unappetizing and doesn’t take into account cultural food preferences. Likewise, a minimal focus is placed on aesthetics; these foods are often presented as a mushy mess. The recipes presented in this cookbook take things up a notch, elevating pureed food to a higher standard. By focusing on all of the values foodies appreciate — enhancing flavor, texture, aroma, and, of course, deliciousness — these recipes make the joy of eating simple for everyone. Rosemary mashed potatoes are blended to perfection while tomatoes, olives, and raisins are combined for a scrumptious Picadillo ground beef. And for dessert? Chia seeds, full of omega nutrients and fiber, come together with chocolate perfection for a chocolate chia pudding. “Food should always nourish the body and soul,” says Lisa Sasson, clinical associate professor in the NYU Steinhardt Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health. “We should never assume that because a patient has swallowing problems that their food choices will be limited to pureed mush.” Note: You should consult with your doctor regarding your dietary or medical requirements based on your condition prior to using these recipes. They represent only suggestions to improve flavor and eating experience not a medical opinion. 1 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK
  • 3. 2 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 45 minutes (20 active) Servings 12 Ingredients 8 large russet potatoes (approximately 4 pounds) 1½ teaspoons salt, divided ¾ cup heavy whipping cream ¼ cup butter ½ teaspoon fresh rosemary ¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg ¼ teaspoon black pepper Method Prepare ingredients: Wash, peel, and quarter the potatoes. Mince the rosemary leaves. Cube the butter and set aside to bring it down to room temperature. 1. Place potatoes in a large pot and cover with water. Add 1 teaspoon of salt and bring to a boil. 2. Reduce heat. Cover and simmer the potatoes for 15-20 minutes until fork-tender. Drain. 3. Place potatoes in a large bowl. Add cream, butter, rosemary, nutmeg, pepper, and remaining salt. Use an electric mixer to beat until smooth and creamy. 4. Divide the potatoes between bowls and serve with additional butter and a few sprigs of rosemary if desired. Rosemary Mashed Potatoes
  • 4. 3 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Rosemary Mashed PotatoesRosemary Mashed Potatoes
  • 5. 4 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 55 minutes (35 active) Servings 8-10 Ingredients 2 tablespoons onion powder 2 tablespoons butter 2 teaspoons garlic ¼ teaspoon freshly grated ginger 2 teaspoons cumin 1 teaspoon black pepper ⅛ teaspoon cardamom 1 teaspoon coriander 15-ounce can of pure pumpkin 2 sweet potatoes 2 cups of water 14.5-ounce can of chicken or vegetable broth 14.5-ounce can of coconut milk ¼ cup heavy cream and extra virgin olive oil, for serving Method Prepare ingredients: Peel and grate the ginger. Peel and quarter the sweet potatoes. 1. Place sweet potatoes in a large pot and cover with water. Add 1 teaspoon of salt and bring to a boil. 2. Reduce heat. Cover and simmer the potatoes for 20-30 minutes until fork-tender. Drain. 3. Add the sweet potatoes to a food processor and pulse until smooth. 4. While the potatoes are boiling, heat butter in a soup pot over medium heat. Once the butter is frothy and golden, add the spices, garlic, and ginger and reduce the heat. Cook for about 20 seconds, or until very fragrant, being careful not to burn them. 5. Add the pumpkin, water, broth, coconut milk, and sweet potato puree, and stir to combine. Bring the liquid to a boil and then reduce heat to low. Simmer for about 20 minutes. 6. Before serving, season the soup with salt and pepper or more of the spices if desired. Once seasoned to your liking, allow the soup to cool a bit. 7. To serve, divide the soup between bowls and garnish with a swirl of heavy cream or a drizzle of extra virgin olive oil if desired. Pumpkin Soup
  • 6. 5 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Pumpkin Soup
  • 7. 6 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 1 hour (30 minutes active) Servings 3-4 Ingredients 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 pound ground beef ½ white onion 5 cloves of garlic 1-2 jalapenos 4 medium tomatoes 8 green olives 2 tablespoons of liquid from the olives ¼ cup raisins 1 poblano chile or green bell pepper 1 teaspoon cumin ¼ teaspoon ground cloves 1 small cone of piloncillo (can substitute with 1 teaspoon of sugar dissolved into 1 teaspoon of molasses) Salt and black pepper to taste Note: Control the heat by reducing how much jalapeno you add to the dish. For a milder dish, choose a green bell pepper instead of the poblano pepper. Method Prepare ingredients: Soak the raisins in warm water until softened, about 20 minutes. Drain and set aside. Thinly slice the onion. Roughly chop the garlic. Dice the jalapeno and remove the seeds and membranes. Remove the seeds from the tomatoes and dice. Remove the pits from the olives and quarter the flesh. Remove the seeds from the poblano or green bell pepper and roughly chop. 1. Add the olive oil to a large frying pan over medium heat. Once shimmering and very hot, add the jalapenos and onions and cook until the onions are beginning to brown and soften, about 10 minutes. 2. Add the ground beef to the pan and brown, using a fork to break up the meat. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Once the beef is cooked through, carefully drain the fat into a heatproof dish and discard. 3. Return the beef mixture to the skillet over medium heat and add the garlic. Cook for 2 minutes. 4. Add the tomatoes, green olives, reserved olive liquid, raisins, chopped pepper, cumin, ground cloves, and piloncillo. Season lightly with salt and pepper and stir to combine all the ingredients. 5. Reduce the heat to low and simmer, partially covered, for 30 minutes. 6. Divide the stew between bowls and serve. Picadillo Ground Beef with Tomatoes, Olives, and Raisins
  • 8. 7 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Picadillo Ground Beef with Tomatoes, Olives, and Raisins
  • 9. 8 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 25 hours 40 minutes (40 minutes active) Servings 8-10 Ingredients 2 tablespoons of olive oil Nonstick cooking spray 3 carrots 2 leeks, white and light green portions only 3 eggs ¼ cup matzo meal ¾ cup chicken stock, fish stock, or water 1½ pounds finely ground whitefish or whitefish/pike mixture 2 teaspoons salt ¾ teaspoon freshly ground white pepper ½ teaspoon sugar Juice of ½ lemon ¼ teaspoon paprika 5 ounces prepared kosher horseradish cream 2 canned whole beets Lemon slices and fresh parsley sprigs for garnish Method Prepare ingredients: Heat the oven to 350 F. Lightly coat an 8½-by-4½-by-2¾-inch loaf pan with nonstick cooking spray and set aside. Peel the carrots and finely chop. Remove the tough outer layer from the leeks and chop off any tough, dark green leaves. Thoroughly rinse and then finely chop the white and light green parts. 1. Add the olive oil to a skillet and heat over medium high until simmering. Add the chopped carrots and leeks and cook, stirring regularly, until softened and browning in spots, about 5-7 minutes. 2. Remove from the heat and let cool for 10 minutes. 3. Using an electric mixer, combine the eggs and matzo meal and beat on medium speed for about 1 minute. Add the stock, fish, carrot-leek mixture, salt, white pepper, and sugar and beat until blended. 4. Pour the mixture into the prepared pan and smooth the top with a spatula. Drizzle the lemon juice over the top and sprinkle with the paprika. 5. Bake until a wooden skewer inserted into the center of the loaf comes out clean — about 50-60 minutes. 6. Let cool to room temperature, then cover the pan with aluminum foil and refrigerate overnight. 7. Meanwhile, in a food processor fitted with the metal blade, combine the horseradish cream and beets and process until pureed. Transfer to a small bowl, cover, and refrigerate until ready to serve. 8. To serve, invert the loaf onto a platter and lift off the pan. Garnish with lemon slices and parsley and accompany with the beet-horseradish cream. Cut into slices and serve. Gefilte Fish with Beet-Horseradish Cream
  • 10. 9 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Gefilte Fish with Beet-Horseradish Cream
  • 11. 10 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 50 minutes (35 active) Servings 4-5 Ingredients 2 pounds ground hamburger with a fat ratio of 90/10 or 85/15 1½ tablespoons shallot 3 tablespoons fig jam 2 ounces crumbled goat cheese Salt and black pepper to taste 1 tablespoon olive oil Minced herbs, such as sage, thyme, or parsley leaves, and soft, baby greens for serving Goat Cheese and Fig Jam Knife-and-Fork Burger Method Prepare ingredients: Peel and mince the shallot. Preheat the grill — or stove-top grill pan — to medium-high. 1. In a medium mixing bowl, add salt and pepper to the ground beef and gently mix by hand until combined. 2. In a small mixing bowl, combine the goat cheese, fig jam, and minced shallots. 3. Divide meat into four even sections, about 8 ounces each. Take one section and divide it in half. Flatten both pieces into even patties, about ½-inch thick. Spoon about 2 tablespoons of the cheese and jam mixture into one patty, leaving about ½ inch of space around the edges. Take the other patty and place it gently on top of the cheese and jam mixture. Gently pinch around the sides to seal the burger. Tip: You may wish to wet your fingers with water to help glue the meat together and smooth out the edges. 4. Complete the other three sections and then put the patties in the freezer for about 15-20 minutes until firm. 5. Lightly brush each burger with olive oil. 6. Grill burgers over high heat for about 7-10 minutes per side until the beef is cooked through with an internal temperature of 160 F. 7. To serve, plate the burger on a bed of baby greens, if desired, and sprinkle with minced herbs of your choice.
  • 12. 11 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Fig Jam and Goat Cheese Burger
  • 13. 12 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 1 hour Servings 8-10 Ingredients 1 tablespoon olive oil 1 medium red onion 1½ cups bell peppers 2 celery stalks 1 butternut squash 4 small garlic cloves, minced 1 tablespoon chili powder 2 teaspoons ground cumin 2 teaspoons unsweetened cocoa powder 1-2 tablespoons chopped chipotle in adobo, depending on how spicy you want your dish to be 28-ounce can of diced tomatoes 5 cups cooked black beans 4 cups vegetable broth (for a richer flavor, replace 1 cup of vegetable broth with 1 cup of brewed coffee) Salt and black pepper to taste Sour cream, minced chives, and lime wedges for serving Method Prepare ingredients: Chop the red onion and the bell peppers. Small dice the celery and set aside with the onion and peppers. Peel the butternut squash, remove seeds, and chop into ½-inch cubes. Mince the garlic cloves. Drain and rinse the black beans. Prepare the coffee, if using, and set aside. 1. In a 4-6 quart Dutch oven or stockpot, heat olive oil over medium-high until shimmering. Saute the onion, bell pepper, celery, and butternut squash until the onions begin to soften, about 7-8 minutes. Once the onions become translucent, reduce the heat to medium-low. 2. Add garlic, chili powder, cumin, cocoa powder, and chopped chipotle and cook, stirring regularly, until the spices are fragrant and the vegetables are evenly coated, about 30 seconds. 3. Add tomatoes, beans, and vegetable broth (and coffee, if using) and stir to incorporate all the ingredients. Bring the mixture to a boil and then reduce the heat to a simmer, cooking for 30 minutes or until the vegetables are very soft and the liquid has reduced and thickened a bit. Before serving, season with salt and black pepper to taste. 4. To serve, divide the chili between bowls and top with a dollop of sour cream and a sprinkle of chives and lime wedges on the side. Vegetarian Squash Chili
  • 14. 13 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Vegetarian Squash Chili
  • 15. 14 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 40 minutes Servings 4 Ingredients ¼ cup breadcrumbs ½ cup fresh cilantro 1 pound ground chicken 1 egg 1 teaspoon onion powder 2 tablespoons soy sauce Dash of ground ginger, to taste 1½ teaspoon garlic powder Salt and black pepper to taste 2 tablespoons vegetable oil Optional: Lime wedges, for serving Method Prepare ingredients: Thoroughly rinse the cilantro and roughly chop the leaves and tender stems. 1. Add all the ingredients in a mixing bowl. Using your hands, gently knead the mixture until evenly combined. 2. Form the mixture into 1-inch diameter meatballs and set aside. 3. Heat the oil in a large skillet until shimmering and add the meatballs, being careful not to crowd the pan. Fry in batches, depending on the size of the skillet. Cook, turning occasionally, until the meatballs are golden brown all over and cooked through, about 10 minutes total. Transfer to a plate and keep warm. 4. Garnish with a bit of chopped cilantro and lime wedges. Asian Chicken Meatballs
  • 16. 15 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Asian Chicken Meatballs
  • 17. 16 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Start to Finish 15 minutes Servings 2 Ingredients 1 cup unsweetened almond milk 2 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder ⅓ cup chia seeds 1 teaspoon vanilla extract ¼ teaspoon chocolate liquid stevia — or ¼ teaspoon chocolate syrup — or granulated sugar to taste Method 1. In a medium bowl, whisk cocoa powder into the almond milk until smooth. 2. Add the chia seeds, vanilla extract, and chocolate liquid stevia, and whisk to combine. 3. Divide the mixture between two serving glasses and chill in the fridge until set, about 10-15 minutes or overnight. 4. To serve, drizzle with coconut milk, mint leaves, or cacao nibs, if desired. Chocolate Chia Pudding
  • 18. 17 DINING WITH DYSPHAGIA: A COOKBOOK Chocolate Chia Pudding
  • 19. Visit the Speech@NYU blog for more resources on communicative sciences and disorders. speech.steinhardt.nyu.edu/blog Photography by Kylie Thompson