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Whitepaper : Reducing the Carbon emission
“Curb it.. Balance it” : Improving Your CarbonFootprint
Abstract
The Increased Industrial and developmental activities in last five decades all over the world has
increased the atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide by 30% and that of Methane and Nitrous
Oxides by about 15%.Fossil fuels, Industrial activities and Human activities detrimental to
Nature are the prime contributor to the phenomenon of “Greenhouse Gas effect”
In the business context, on one hand is the issue of the compliance to different air emission
regulations and rules framed by the respective Governments/Agencies (Air emission
regulations, Kyoto Protocol) and on the other hand is the overall corporate social responsibility
of reducing the overall Greenhouse Gas emissions.
The Business community can address these issues by adopting a strategy of “ Curb it ,,,Balance
it “Under this strategy , one is expected to put in place the policies ,procedures and technology
to curb the overall emissions from the industrial activity and also invest in “Clean Development
Mechanism” or “Green Technologies “ and the carbon credits earned through CDM mode can
be used to balance or offset the Overall Carbon limit the businesses are trying to
achieve.(Currently only European companies can avail Carbon credit as USA is yet to ratify
Kyoto protocol) This Dual strategy of “ Curb it..Balance it‘can be a good framework for
organizations to improve their Carbon Footprint. The operationalization of strategy with proper
processes and supporting IT systems is one of the key success factors in this whole process.
Besides regulatory compliance, the emission curb and Balance strategy helps the organizations
in improving their brand and public image. The emission initiatives can also be shown under
CSR initiatives
Business Environment –
Last decade saw plethora of legislation all over the world particularly USA and Europe in the
area of Environment, Health and Safety. In the area of Environment, Pollution control and waste
management regulations have put lot of onus on businesses to take corrective and preventive
measures for compliance to these regulations.
Major USA air emission regulations include
 Clean Air Act
 OAR Rules and Implementation .
 Air Toxics Rules and Implementation
Major Europe air and water emission regulations include.
 Integrated Pollution Prevention and control (Council Directive 2008/1/EC/2008)
 Large Combustion Plants (Directive 2001/80/EC)
 Waste Incineration Plants (Directive 2000/76/EC)
Besides the air emission regulations, Europe under the Kyoto protocol has guidelines and caps
the amount of carbon dioxide that can be emitted from large installations, such as power plants
and carbon intensive factories and covers almost half of the EU's Carbon Dioxide
emissions.USA is yet o ratify the Kyoto protocol.
The Business challenge in air, water and Green House Gas emission management are manifold
and includes
 Systems and Processes to address the emission compliance
 Availability of In-house experts on emission
 Integrated IT systems supporting Emission Management
 Technical Limitations of existing technology for reducing emission
 Investments in new technology for further reduction in emissions
 Measurements, analysis and tracking of emissions.
Satyam’s Perspective
The Compliance to air emissions and caps put up by Kyoto protocol needs to be part of the
overall compliance strategy of the business. Treating regulations in isolated buckets creates
problem such as duplication of efforts, communication, multiple investments in equipments. The
holistic view also helps to plan proper compliance strategies. Optimize and minimize the
technological investments, seek and address the opportunities and finally keep the business
protected from litigations, actions, Fines and negative public image.
We recommend following a six step approach in addressing the emission and GHG compliance
for a business
1. Understanding the Business obligations
2. Drawing an Emission and GHG strategy
3. Put in place long term and short term plan
4. Operationalization of the Plan
5. Reports ,KPI and Dashboard
6. Continuous Review and improvements
1. Understanding the Business obligations
The first important step is to understand the business obligations under the respective
regulations .It is necessary the compliance team thoroughly understands the provisions ,
compliance requirements ,submissions. The best way in such cases is to avail the services of
the expert or expert firms.
Besides the regulations, compliance team also has to look at corporate social responsibility
policies of the business and integrate those related objectives in the overall requirements.
2. Drawing an Emission and GHG strategy
It should be part of the overall compliance strategy. The best strategy for Emissions and GHG is
the combined strategy of “Curb it..Balance it”. The strategy calls for planning for emission
reduction as well aims at offsetting through carbon credits earned through various clean
development programs. The aim is to avoid the failure to emission and GHG Compliance even if
the curb and curtail efforts are not enough? Currently carbon credit market is available for EU
countries and USA is yet to join the Kyoto (Eventually it has to join)
The strategy is an integrated strategy which looks after various aspects such as current
technology, Operational constraints, new equipment required, Processes and systems required
and opportunities for acquiring credits through internal programs. The strategy build up is
essentially a cross functional effort and cannot be left to technical stream alone.
Under the “Curb it..Balance it”, the offsetting is aimed to be achieved through the “CDM “(Clean
Development Mechanism). This mechanism has come into existence under “Kyoto Protocol”
and currently applicable to EU companies only.
The carbon credit scheme was set up to allow EU countries or companies that fail to meet
designated emission reduction targets to avoid paying penalties by purchasing carbon credits.
Carbon credits are issued on projects around the world that result in reductions in the emissions
of greenhouse gases. They are also a traded by brokers to facilitate exchange.
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol
allowing industrialized countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment to invest in
projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive
emission reductions in their own countries. A crucial feature of an approved CDM carbon project
is that it has established that the planned reductions would not occur without the additional
incentive provided by emission reductions credits, a concept known as "additionality".
An industrialized country that wishes to get credits from a CDM project must obtain the consent
of the developing country hosting the project that the project will contribute to sustainable
development. Then, using methodologies approved by the CDM Executive Board (EB), the
applicant (the industrialized country) must make the case that the carbon project would not have
happened anyway (establishing additionality), and must establish a baseline estimating the
future emissions in absence of the registered project. The case is then validated by a third party
agency, called a Designated Operational Entity (DOE), to ensure the project results in real,
measurable, and long-term emission reductions. The EB then decides whether or not to register
(approve) the project. If a project is registered and implemented, the EB issues credits, called
Certified Emission Reductions (CERs, commonly known as carbon credits, where each unit is
equivalent to the reduction of one metric tonne of CO2e, e.g. CO2 or its equivalent), to project
participants based on the monitored difference between the baseline and the actual emissions,
verified by the DOE.
3. Put in place the long term and short term Plans
Addressing the emission and GHG compliance requires a blend of both long term and a short
term planning. The low hanging fruits and initiatives which are possible in current technology
and operational constraints to curtail the emission are addressed under short term plans. The
new technology investment for better emission controls, earning of carbon credits through CDM
or Joint ventures are generally part of long term plan.
These short term and long term plans needs to be based on the overall strategy and must be
developed by the corporate compliance and the cross functional team.
4. Operationalization of Plan
Meticulous Planning, clear communication, pinpoint responsibility and availability of the
resources are the key success factors required for operationalzing the short term and long term
plans for emission and GHG compliance.
Another key success factor is the availability of the proper processes and systems to measure
monitor and review the emissions. The processes must be integrated and the system used for
monitoring must be an integrated system.
The enabling of the process with IT systems is one of the key points. As the emission
compliance consist of continuous cycle of Measure, Compare, Report and Improve it is
necessary to have a system which is comprehensive, user friendly and capable of supporting
the various emission regulations.
The second aspect , the IT system needs to be integrated one with the other functions such as
Manufacturing ,Logistics and Finance as emission preventive and corrective actions a happens
in manufacturing and Logistics and the cost and benefits are recorded in Financial systems. The
standalone emission management software’s are of little help as they work in isolation and does
not offer integrated management benefits.
Similarly the Carbon credit purchasing, selling and offsetting also requires strong support in
form of a proper IT system. Again what is important is not a standalone specialized software but
a system integrated to overall compliance and logistics, Finance system.
The choice of IT systems in such a scenario falls on Integrated Enterprise resource planning
software’s which can offer emission compliance functionalities.
5. Reports, KPI and Dashboard
The emission regulations call for different type of reports with varying frequencies and details to
be submitted to Government bodies and institutions.
Internally within the companies, we need to distribute the emission compliance status reports,
dashboards so that the concerned departments are aware of the emission compliance status
and for also initiating the corrective and preventive action in their respective departments.
The integrated emission management should be able to produce the mandatory submission
reports, KPI and dashboards required for decision making.
6. Continuous Review and improvements
Continuous review of the emissions is a must as any violation above the allowable limits is liable
to punishments, fines and negative public image. Based on the review, continuous improvement
in different areas of the business must happen.
This six step methodology will help businesses to put in place the emission and GHG
compliance in place,
Conclusion
Business must adopt an integrated strategy for “Emission and Green House gas reduction”
which will be part of overall compliance strategy of the Business. The recommended approach
is to “ Curb it …Balance it”, reduce the emissions and still there is a gap in fulfilling the emission
cap under GHG , then offset with Carbon credit generated through “CDM “
The recommended six step methodology helps businesses to address the Emission and GHG
compliance in a structured way. It is necessary to have separate emission and GHG strategy
which should be a part of overall Compliance strategy. The strategy and development of short
term and long term plans must be done by a cross functional group and not by Compliance
team alone as the execution of emission plans requires involvement and active participation
from the entire organization (More Particularly Manufacturing and Logistics)
This whole initiative needs to be supported through an integrated emission management system
.The emission management system must be closely integrated with the rest of supply chain and
finance. The standalone software’s on Emission management may not serve the purpose.
Author Profile
The Author is a Competency head of SAP EHS and PLM at Satyam Computer Services Ltd
.India. He has over 19 years of experience. Out of which 11 years in Industry which includes
Automobiles, Textiles and specialty Chemicals and eight years in SAP Logistics, EHS and PLM.
He has worked on SAP EH&S implementations and rollouts, His area of interests includes
Product safety, Dangerous Goods management, REACh and Emission Management.
He can be contacted at Prakash_wagh@satyam.com
Acknowledgement
Kyoto Protocol: United Nations framework convention on climate change

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Curb it balance it emission management &cc using sap (2)

  • 1. Whitepaper : Reducing the Carbon emission “Curb it.. Balance it” : Improving Your CarbonFootprint Abstract The Increased Industrial and developmental activities in last five decades all over the world has increased the atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide by 30% and that of Methane and Nitrous Oxides by about 15%.Fossil fuels, Industrial activities and Human activities detrimental to Nature are the prime contributor to the phenomenon of “Greenhouse Gas effect” In the business context, on one hand is the issue of the compliance to different air emission regulations and rules framed by the respective Governments/Agencies (Air emission regulations, Kyoto Protocol) and on the other hand is the overall corporate social responsibility of reducing the overall Greenhouse Gas emissions. The Business community can address these issues by adopting a strategy of “ Curb it ,,,Balance it “Under this strategy , one is expected to put in place the policies ,procedures and technology to curb the overall emissions from the industrial activity and also invest in “Clean Development Mechanism” or “Green Technologies “ and the carbon credits earned through CDM mode can be used to balance or offset the Overall Carbon limit the businesses are trying to achieve.(Currently only European companies can avail Carbon credit as USA is yet to ratify Kyoto protocol) This Dual strategy of “ Curb it..Balance it‘can be a good framework for organizations to improve their Carbon Footprint. The operationalization of strategy with proper processes and supporting IT systems is one of the key success factors in this whole process. Besides regulatory compliance, the emission curb and Balance strategy helps the organizations in improving their brand and public image. The emission initiatives can also be shown under CSR initiatives Business Environment – Last decade saw plethora of legislation all over the world particularly USA and Europe in the area of Environment, Health and Safety. In the area of Environment, Pollution control and waste management regulations have put lot of onus on businesses to take corrective and preventive measures for compliance to these regulations. Major USA air emission regulations include  Clean Air Act  OAR Rules and Implementation .
  • 2.  Air Toxics Rules and Implementation Major Europe air and water emission regulations include.  Integrated Pollution Prevention and control (Council Directive 2008/1/EC/2008)  Large Combustion Plants (Directive 2001/80/EC)  Waste Incineration Plants (Directive 2000/76/EC) Besides the air emission regulations, Europe under the Kyoto protocol has guidelines and caps the amount of carbon dioxide that can be emitted from large installations, such as power plants and carbon intensive factories and covers almost half of the EU's Carbon Dioxide emissions.USA is yet o ratify the Kyoto protocol. The Business challenge in air, water and Green House Gas emission management are manifold and includes  Systems and Processes to address the emission compliance  Availability of In-house experts on emission  Integrated IT systems supporting Emission Management  Technical Limitations of existing technology for reducing emission  Investments in new technology for further reduction in emissions  Measurements, analysis and tracking of emissions. Satyam’s Perspective The Compliance to air emissions and caps put up by Kyoto protocol needs to be part of the overall compliance strategy of the business. Treating regulations in isolated buckets creates problem such as duplication of efforts, communication, multiple investments in equipments. The holistic view also helps to plan proper compliance strategies. Optimize and minimize the technological investments, seek and address the opportunities and finally keep the business protected from litigations, actions, Fines and negative public image. We recommend following a six step approach in addressing the emission and GHG compliance for a business 1. Understanding the Business obligations 2. Drawing an Emission and GHG strategy 3. Put in place long term and short term plan 4. Operationalization of the Plan
  • 3. 5. Reports ,KPI and Dashboard 6. Continuous Review and improvements 1. Understanding the Business obligations The first important step is to understand the business obligations under the respective regulations .It is necessary the compliance team thoroughly understands the provisions , compliance requirements ,submissions. The best way in such cases is to avail the services of the expert or expert firms. Besides the regulations, compliance team also has to look at corporate social responsibility policies of the business and integrate those related objectives in the overall requirements. 2. Drawing an Emission and GHG strategy It should be part of the overall compliance strategy. The best strategy for Emissions and GHG is the combined strategy of “Curb it..Balance it”. The strategy calls for planning for emission reduction as well aims at offsetting through carbon credits earned through various clean development programs. The aim is to avoid the failure to emission and GHG Compliance even if the curb and curtail efforts are not enough? Currently carbon credit market is available for EU countries and USA is yet to join the Kyoto (Eventually it has to join) The strategy is an integrated strategy which looks after various aspects such as current technology, Operational constraints, new equipment required, Processes and systems required and opportunities for acquiring credits through internal programs. The strategy build up is essentially a cross functional effort and cannot be left to technical stream alone. Under the “Curb it..Balance it”, the offsetting is aimed to be achieved through the “CDM “(Clean Development Mechanism). This mechanism has come into existence under “Kyoto Protocol” and currently applicable to EU companies only. The carbon credit scheme was set up to allow EU countries or companies that fail to meet designated emission reduction targets to avoid paying penalties by purchasing carbon credits. Carbon credits are issued on projects around the world that result in reductions in the emissions of greenhouse gases. They are also a traded by brokers to facilitate exchange. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol allowing industrialized countries with a greenhouse gas reduction commitment to invest in projects that reduce emissions in developing countries as an alternative to more expensive emission reductions in their own countries. A crucial feature of an approved CDM carbon project is that it has established that the planned reductions would not occur without the additional incentive provided by emission reductions credits, a concept known as "additionality". An industrialized country that wishes to get credits from a CDM project must obtain the consent of the developing country hosting the project that the project will contribute to sustainable
  • 4. development. Then, using methodologies approved by the CDM Executive Board (EB), the applicant (the industrialized country) must make the case that the carbon project would not have happened anyway (establishing additionality), and must establish a baseline estimating the future emissions in absence of the registered project. The case is then validated by a third party agency, called a Designated Operational Entity (DOE), to ensure the project results in real, measurable, and long-term emission reductions. The EB then decides whether or not to register (approve) the project. If a project is registered and implemented, the EB issues credits, called Certified Emission Reductions (CERs, commonly known as carbon credits, where each unit is equivalent to the reduction of one metric tonne of CO2e, e.g. CO2 or its equivalent), to project participants based on the monitored difference between the baseline and the actual emissions, verified by the DOE. 3. Put in place the long term and short term Plans Addressing the emission and GHG compliance requires a blend of both long term and a short term planning. The low hanging fruits and initiatives which are possible in current technology and operational constraints to curtail the emission are addressed under short term plans. The new technology investment for better emission controls, earning of carbon credits through CDM or Joint ventures are generally part of long term plan. These short term and long term plans needs to be based on the overall strategy and must be developed by the corporate compliance and the cross functional team. 4. Operationalization of Plan Meticulous Planning, clear communication, pinpoint responsibility and availability of the resources are the key success factors required for operationalzing the short term and long term plans for emission and GHG compliance. Another key success factor is the availability of the proper processes and systems to measure monitor and review the emissions. The processes must be integrated and the system used for monitoring must be an integrated system. The enabling of the process with IT systems is one of the key points. As the emission compliance consist of continuous cycle of Measure, Compare, Report and Improve it is necessary to have a system which is comprehensive, user friendly and capable of supporting the various emission regulations. The second aspect , the IT system needs to be integrated one with the other functions such as Manufacturing ,Logistics and Finance as emission preventive and corrective actions a happens in manufacturing and Logistics and the cost and benefits are recorded in Financial systems. The standalone emission management software’s are of little help as they work in isolation and does not offer integrated management benefits.
  • 5. Similarly the Carbon credit purchasing, selling and offsetting also requires strong support in form of a proper IT system. Again what is important is not a standalone specialized software but a system integrated to overall compliance and logistics, Finance system. The choice of IT systems in such a scenario falls on Integrated Enterprise resource planning software’s which can offer emission compliance functionalities. 5. Reports, KPI and Dashboard The emission regulations call for different type of reports with varying frequencies and details to be submitted to Government bodies and institutions. Internally within the companies, we need to distribute the emission compliance status reports, dashboards so that the concerned departments are aware of the emission compliance status and for also initiating the corrective and preventive action in their respective departments. The integrated emission management should be able to produce the mandatory submission reports, KPI and dashboards required for decision making. 6. Continuous Review and improvements Continuous review of the emissions is a must as any violation above the allowable limits is liable to punishments, fines and negative public image. Based on the review, continuous improvement in different areas of the business must happen. This six step methodology will help businesses to put in place the emission and GHG compliance in place, Conclusion Business must adopt an integrated strategy for “Emission and Green House gas reduction” which will be part of overall compliance strategy of the Business. The recommended approach is to “ Curb it …Balance it”, reduce the emissions and still there is a gap in fulfilling the emission cap under GHG , then offset with Carbon credit generated through “CDM “ The recommended six step methodology helps businesses to address the Emission and GHG compliance in a structured way. It is necessary to have separate emission and GHG strategy which should be a part of overall Compliance strategy. The strategy and development of short term and long term plans must be done by a cross functional group and not by Compliance team alone as the execution of emission plans requires involvement and active participation from the entire organization (More Particularly Manufacturing and Logistics)
  • 6. This whole initiative needs to be supported through an integrated emission management system .The emission management system must be closely integrated with the rest of supply chain and finance. The standalone software’s on Emission management may not serve the purpose. Author Profile The Author is a Competency head of SAP EHS and PLM at Satyam Computer Services Ltd .India. He has over 19 years of experience. Out of which 11 years in Industry which includes Automobiles, Textiles and specialty Chemicals and eight years in SAP Logistics, EHS and PLM. He has worked on SAP EH&S implementations and rollouts, His area of interests includes Product safety, Dangerous Goods management, REACh and Emission Management. He can be contacted at Prakash_wagh@satyam.com Acknowledgement Kyoto Protocol: United Nations framework convention on climate change