SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Charterhouse ‘Philanthropy: The City Story’ seminar
Philanthropy and power
31.11.2013

Speech Notes: Cathy Pharoah
Power is a very difficult notion to get into perspective, multi-faceted, both good and
dark. When I made a trip to Moscow in 1998 for my first time, while on an
international voluntary sector study programme, not so long after the wall came
down, I was obviously interested to see at first hand what decades of socialism had
meant. Visiting the Kremlin with a young NGO leader from Kenya, I saw, in its
beautifully preserved Archangel Cathedral, the tomb of Ivan the Terrible. Royal,
celebrated for his cruelty, and ruthless self-preservation, his gleaming coffin had
survived not only for 600 years, but an era of socialist rule dedicated to the
elimination of aristocratic status and privilege. ‘That,’ breathed my companion in
awe, ‘is power’.
The issue of the power of philanthropy and philanthropists has been simmering
away in the public mind, I think, since George Osborne’s unsuccessful attempt to
introduce a cap on the total amount of personal tax relief which the wealthy
could claim.
The whole debacle unleashed controversy about how tax-breaks were being
used:
are donors using tax-breaks to promote their own self-interests through
philanthropy?
supporting things they enjoy themselves, buying status and reputation and
access?
should such huge sums of public money be spent without public
accountability, and wouldn’t the government spend the money better and
more fairly? shouldn’t they just pay more tax?
For example, in the recent book, ‘Giving is good for you’ by John Nickson, Polly
Toynbee, the influential Guardian journalist, is quoted as saying,
‘There is an awful lot of vanity in big donations. I don’t mind what people give to, as
long as I and other taxpayers are not paying for someone to sit in the Royal Box, and

1
have a lovely time in the Royal Opera House, in return for having their names all over
the place and being loved and admired.’
Well, personally opera is one of my ‘passions’, and I’m quite happy to have it, and
any opportunity to sit in the Royal Box, subsidised!
And isn’t that the point – philanthropy is a space within which, historically, we allow
individual citizens discretion to make their own choices about public spending
priorities?
This is well summed up by Evelyn Brody, a legal scholar in the US where research on
major philanthropy and foundations is much more developed than it is here. She
says ‘there is no public desire for greater control over foundation
philanthropy……the law is a relatively weak force in the realm of charity operations
….within broadly bounded charitable purposes…no laws tell (the foundation or
philanthropists) how to “do” charity’.
‘We do not want the state to run charity’, an observation which applies equally well
in the UK. (Brody, in Steinberg, 2006)
The tax cap foray, which you may have noticed was resurrected recently by Nick
Robinson at a charity seminar, was a most unfortunate and unhelpful way for issues
around philanthropists’ power, to erupt - it led to slanging matches, and a lot of
inappropriate discussion of tax fraud and tax dodging etc.
BUT, in an open and democratic society, as the scale and expectations of
philanthropy grow, in the UK and globally, major philanthropy needs to be viewed in
the clear light of day – up for debate, discussion, influencing – and so also that its
huge contribution to social well-being is properly understood and valued.
It is time to stop shying away from issues of philanthropic power.
The 2013 Cap Gemini World Wealth Report claims that high net worths are worth
$46 trillion dollars (£27 trillion or thereabout), and that increasing numbers of them
have ‘more complex wealth needs’, whose definition includes the management of
their philanthropy. Barclays Wealth too reports that increasing numbers of the
global wealthy want to get involved in philanthropy. So philanthropic power is going
to increase.
But wealthy people have a huge amount of power in many ways, as key producers,
consumers, investors and influencers in the global markets which determine our
lives today, and actually their philanthropy is a very tiny part of this – in the UK high
net worth giving is worth around £1.7 -2 billion, so should we be worrying about it at
all?

2
Well, one body which worried is the Parliamentary Select Committee on
International Development which, particularly influenced by the scale of the Gates
Foundation operations, carried out an enquiry into the power of foundations in the
UK. Its report concluded
‘It is important that large bodies such as the Gates Foundation do not create parallel
structures, or skew the priorities of other donors and importantly, recipient
governments. Both DFID and Gates denied that either of these risks pose a current
problem. ….However, as foundations continue to grow in size and influence, this is a
situation that needs watching. (Paragraph 64).
Although however, this recommendation was fairly low-key, the increasing power of
philanthropy to influence public policy is also making waves in another area – that of
primary and secondary education. Philanthropists have played a significant role in
the development of academy schools in the UK. And in the US, for example,
commentators such as the academic Rob Reich and Valerie Strauss in the
Washington Post, have drawn attention to the role of carefully targeted
philanthropic funds in funding and influencing the ethics and programmes of needy
state schools.
Other voices are actively promoting the need for philanthropy to become active in
public policy at this time, including the voice of government.
In the US, for example, New York’s Attorney General recently said ‘foundations have
an important role to play in “transformational politics”—namely, gradually changing
the way citizens view social issues, and opening their minds to better public policies.
The fact that this appeared to lead to a quick spat on the relative merits of right or
left-wing influences shows how important this issue is: and in the UK too, (as noted)
the question of charities’ role in lobbying has become a hot political issue.
In another example this year, this time from Australia, the fourth annual
Philanthropy and Ethics debate was entitled: Mind the Gap: Philanthropy, Social
Policy and Government. An issue it considered was whether ‘Australia is moving in
the US direction of philanthropy dictating social policy’.
Much of this debate, in the US, UK and Australia, involves the role of support for
think tanks of different policy persuasions, rather than the direct giving of
philanthropists who are more often individualist, sometimes have feet of clay – and
have huge power to promote the good, the innovative, the bad and even the weird.

3
Some examples of all of these:
Pierre Omidyar challenged the myth that social change could only generated by
non-profits, reserving the right to support either for-profit or non-profit, and is
now exploring social media power, so watch this space
Azim Ibrahim, the Glasgow-born self-made successful financial entrepreneur, set
up a non-charitable independent grant-making trust to provide support to some
of most the highly marginalised and disaffected communities in the UK, an
independent trust model also followed by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust to
pursue political reform
The African telecoms entrepreneur and philanthropist Mo Ibrahim has taken
over what might be considered core governmental functions, establishing a
leadership prize to foster good governance in Africa
The Dutch philanthropist Marcel Boekham supported a photography project
which became controversial when seen as a modern attempt to romanticise the
fate of the American Indians
The US Peter Thiel (founder of Paypal) offers young people support to skip
college time in favour of pursuing their entrepreneurial zeals and talents
Michael Green and Matthew Bishop told us in 2012 that giving was about to
become ‘more dangerous’ – though sadly provided few specific examples…..
In conclusion, the role of individual private passions in driving major philanthropy is
increasingly emphasised, and that fundraisers need to start from this point. Private
passion and choice may indeed be at the heart of much major philanthropy, as other
forms of consumption, but surely what needs to be at its heart is what is good for
the beneficiaries? Yes, it has too much power – but I’ve tried to argue here that this
is no bad thing where individual resources have been the source of so much public
good, as long as increasing transparency and open debate conspire to bring private
and public spheres ever closer together.

4

More Related Content

What's hot

Understanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew Baker
Understanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew BakerUnderstanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew Baker
Understanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew Baker
NICVA
 
Presentation science politic
Presentation science politicPresentation science politic
Presentation science politic
Roslan Amran
 
Civics report
Civics reportCivics report
Civics report
Aalivia Taylor
 
Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2
Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2
Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2
Mercedes Gonzalez
 
Transnational Feminism
Transnational Feminism Transnational Feminism
Transnational Feminism
LauraPuffyCloud
 
Social change &conflict
Social change &conflictSocial change &conflict
Social change &conflict
The Women University Multan
 
NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2
NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2
NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2
Olu Alake
 
Criminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASBCriminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASB
Phil302
 
Dissertation Final (3) (1)
Dissertation Final (3) (1)Dissertation Final (3) (1)
Dissertation Final (3) (1)
Sarah Harris
 
Cassandra_Samples
Cassandra_SamplesCassandra_Samples
Cassandra_Samples
Cassandra Osei
 
Article edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthy
Article   edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthyArticle   edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthy
Article edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthy
Ferris Corp
 
My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital
My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital
My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital
Charles Cole
 
Charitable legacies in an environment of change
Charitable legacies in an environment of changeCharitable legacies in an environment of change
Charitable legacies in an environment of change
Giving Centre
 
Scrapbook
ScrapbookScrapbook
Scrapbook
Ayesha Pervaiz
 
For Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits lifted
For Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits liftedFor Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits lifted
For Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits lifted
David Uberti
 

What's hot (15)

Understanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew Baker
Understanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew BakerUnderstanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew Baker
Understanding The Financial Crisis - Andrew Baker
 
Presentation science politic
Presentation science politicPresentation science politic
Presentation science politic
 
Civics report
Civics reportCivics report
Civics report
 
Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2
Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2
Chapter 12 - The Family and World Peace v2
 
Transnational Feminism
Transnational Feminism Transnational Feminism
Transnational Feminism
 
Social change &conflict
Social change &conflictSocial change &conflict
Social change &conflict
 
NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2
NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2
NEW_GENDER_RELATIONS_report FINAL-2
 
Criminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASBCriminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASB
 
Dissertation Final (3) (1)
Dissertation Final (3) (1)Dissertation Final (3) (1)
Dissertation Final (3) (1)
 
Cassandra_Samples
Cassandra_SamplesCassandra_Samples
Cassandra_Samples
 
Article edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthy
Article   edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthyArticle   edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthy
Article edited - philanthropy new status symbol for wealthy
 
My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital
My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital
My Take on Ginwright's Theory of Critical Social Capital
 
Charitable legacies in an environment of change
Charitable legacies in an environment of changeCharitable legacies in an environment of change
Charitable legacies in an environment of change
 
Scrapbook
ScrapbookScrapbook
Scrapbook
 
For Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits lifted
For Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits liftedFor Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits lifted
For Obama's second inaugural, fund-raising limits lifted
 

Similar to Power and Philanthropy: CP Charterhouse Presentation Sept 2013

Philanthropy and the case of Chicago
Philanthropy and the case of Chicago�Philanthropy and the case of Chicago�
Philanthropy and the case of Chicago
Yosef Meystel
 
Philanthropists as change makers
Philanthropists as change makersPhilanthropists as change makers
Philanthropists as change makers
Giving Centre
 
Philanthropy and a Better Society
Philanthropy and a Better SocietyPhilanthropy and a Better Society
Philanthropy and a Better Society
FCE
 
Corporations as people
Corporations as peopleCorporations as people
Corporations as people
Cierra Olivia Thomas-Williams
 
Part I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docx
Part I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docxPart I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docx
Part I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docx
danhaley45372
 
Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Essay
Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. EssayCoca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Essay
Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Essay
Amanda Burkett
 
Winning frames of the scottish independence movement
Winning frames of the scottish independence movementWinning frames of the scottish independence movement
Winning frames of the scottish independence movement
Joe Brewer
 
Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...
Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...
Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...
Michelle Wang
 
Briefing Template Example HQ Template Documents
Briefing Template Example HQ Template DocumentsBriefing Template Example HQ Template Documents
Briefing Template Example HQ Template Documents
Susan Campos
 
Plastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic Surgery
Plastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic SurgeryPlastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic Surgery
Plastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic Surgery
Wendy Emerson
 
“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo
“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo
“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo
Senate Group Financial Advisors
 
Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay Essay on Animal Right for Students ...
Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay  Essay on Animal Right for Students ...Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay  Essay on Animal Right for Students ...
Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay Essay on Animal Right for Students ...
Kimberly Balentine
 
Principles of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri Davies
Principles of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri DaviesPrinciples of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri Davies
Principles of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri Davies
rhoddavies1
 
Leadership Essays.pdf
Leadership Essays.pdfLeadership Essays.pdf
Leadership Essays.pdf
Camila Fernandes
 
Referendum2015
Referendum2015Referendum2015
Referendum2015
Philip Bergin
 
Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...
Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...
Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...
Liza Shirar
 
Asian banker wealth and society notes
Asian banker wealth and society notesAsian banker wealth and society notes
Asian banker wealth and society notes
rhoddavies1
 

Similar to Power and Philanthropy: CP Charterhouse Presentation Sept 2013 (17)

Philanthropy and the case of Chicago
Philanthropy and the case of Chicago�Philanthropy and the case of Chicago�
Philanthropy and the case of Chicago
 
Philanthropists as change makers
Philanthropists as change makersPhilanthropists as change makers
Philanthropists as change makers
 
Philanthropy and a Better Society
Philanthropy and a Better SocietyPhilanthropy and a Better Society
Philanthropy and a Better Society
 
Corporations as people
Corporations as peopleCorporations as people
Corporations as people
 
Part I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docx
Part I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docxPart I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docx
Part I Studying nonprofit organizationsThe study of nonprofit.docx
 
Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Essay
Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. EssayCoca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Essay
Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Essay
 
Winning frames of the scottish independence movement
Winning frames of the scottish independence movementWinning frames of the scottish independence movement
Winning frames of the scottish independence movement
 
Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...
Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...
Gay Marriage Argumentative Essay. Argumentative Essay For Gay Marriage Jokes ...
 
Briefing Template Example HQ Template Documents
Briefing Template Example HQ Template DocumentsBriefing Template Example HQ Template Documents
Briefing Template Example HQ Template Documents
 
Plastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic Surgery
Plastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic SurgeryPlastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic Surgery
Plastic Surgery Persuasive Essay. Persuasive Effect On Plastic Surgery
 
“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo
“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo
“Philanthorpy – A part of financial planning” – Inyathelo
 
Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay Essay on Animal Right for Students ...
Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay  Essay on Animal Right for Students ...Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay  Essay on Animal Right for Students ...
Animals Rights Essay. Animal Right Essay Essay on Animal Right for Students ...
 
Principles of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri Davies
Principles of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri DaviesPrinciples of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri Davies
Principles of philanthropy policymaking lecture 2019 - Rhodri Davies
 
Leadership Essays.pdf
Leadership Essays.pdfLeadership Essays.pdf
Leadership Essays.pdf
 
Referendum2015
Referendum2015Referendum2015
Referendum2015
 
Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...
Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...
Hitler Youth Essay. Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth moveme...
 
Asian banker wealth and society notes
Asian banker wealth and society notesAsian banker wealth and society notes
Asian banker wealth and society notes
 

More from Giving Centre

Family Foundation Giving report 2014
Family Foundation Giving report 2014Family Foundation Giving report 2014
Family Foundation Giving report 2014
Giving Centre
 
An insight into funding in ne slide presentation - cathy pharoah 31.03.14
An insight into funding in ne   slide presentation - cathy pharoah  31.03.14An insight into funding in ne   slide presentation - cathy pharoah  31.03.14
An insight into funding in ne slide presentation - cathy pharoah 31.03.14
Giving Centre
 
Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013
Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013
Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013
Giving Centre
 
Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013
Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013
Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013
Giving Centre
 
Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13
Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13
Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13
Giving Centre
 
Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...
Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...
Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...
Giving Centre
 
Women led philanthropy
Women led philanthropyWomen led philanthropy
Women led philanthropy
Giving Centre
 
The Canadian Experience. Susan Phillips
The Canadian Experience. Susan PhillipsThe Canadian Experience. Susan Phillips
The Canadian Experience. Susan Phillips
Giving Centre
 
Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...
Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...
Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...
Giving Centre
 
Love not Money. Paul Caulfield
Love not Money. Paul CaulfieldLove not Money. Paul Caulfield
Love not Money. Paul Caulfield
Giving Centre
 
Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...
Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...
Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...
Giving Centre
 
Just Giving? Rob Reich
Just Giving? Rob ReichJust Giving? Rob Reich
Just Giving? Rob Reich
Giving Centre
 
Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...
Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...
Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...
Giving Centre
 
Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...
Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...
Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...
Giving Centre
 
A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...
A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...
A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...
Giving Centre
 
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...
Giving Centre
 
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...
Giving Centre
 
Giving Circles and Democratizing Philanthropy
Giving Circles and Democratizing PhilanthropyGiving Circles and Democratizing Philanthropy
Giving Circles and Democratizing Philanthropy
Giving Centre
 
Speaker biographies Friday 10th May
Speaker biographies Friday 10th MaySpeaker biographies Friday 10th May
Speaker biographies Friday 10th May
Giving Centre
 
Speaker biographies Thursday 9th May
Speaker biographies Thursday 9th MaySpeaker biographies Thursday 9th May
Speaker biographies Thursday 9th May
Giving Centre
 

More from Giving Centre (20)

Family Foundation Giving report 2014
Family Foundation Giving report 2014Family Foundation Giving report 2014
Family Foundation Giving report 2014
 
An insight into funding in ne slide presentation - cathy pharoah 31.03.14
An insight into funding in ne   slide presentation - cathy pharoah  31.03.14An insight into funding in ne   slide presentation - cathy pharoah  31.03.14
An insight into funding in ne slide presentation - cathy pharoah 31.03.14
 
Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013
Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013
Trust Fundraising in the current context: IoF presentation CP Oct 2013
 
Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013
Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013
Understanding giving. Sharing knowledge. CGAP Five-year review 2008-2013
 
Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13
Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13
Cunningham History of Western Philanthropy occasional paper Nov 13
 
Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...
Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...
Austerity in another time: work and philanthropy in the International Union f...
 
Women led philanthropy
Women led philanthropyWomen led philanthropy
Women led philanthropy
 
The Canadian Experience. Susan Phillips
The Canadian Experience. Susan PhillipsThe Canadian Experience. Susan Phillips
The Canadian Experience. Susan Phillips
 
Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...
Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...
Corporate responsibility, boardroom representation and philanthropy. Matthew ...
 
Love not Money. Paul Caulfield
Love not Money. Paul CaulfieldLove not Money. Paul Caulfield
Love not Money. Paul Caulfield
 
Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...
Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...
Giving back to communities of residence and of origin. Cathy Pharoah and Tom ...
 
Just Giving? Rob Reich
Just Giving? Rob ReichJust Giving? Rob Reich
Just Giving? Rob Reich
 
Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...
Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...
Emerging opportunities and tensions in community foundations’ development in ...
 
Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...
Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...
Local empowerment through philanthropy – is the Community Foundation the righ...
 
A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...
A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...
A practitioner perspective on bringing community need and major philanthropy ...
 
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Cathy Pharoah and Tom...
 
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...
Giving, philanthropy and creating a democratic society. Findings from studies...
 
Giving Circles and Democratizing Philanthropy
Giving Circles and Democratizing PhilanthropyGiving Circles and Democratizing Philanthropy
Giving Circles and Democratizing Philanthropy
 
Speaker biographies Friday 10th May
Speaker biographies Friday 10th MaySpeaker biographies Friday 10th May
Speaker biographies Friday 10th May
 
Speaker biographies Thursday 9th May
Speaker biographies Thursday 9th MaySpeaker biographies Thursday 9th May
Speaker biographies Thursday 9th May
 

Recently uploaded

MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
Filippo64
 
Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...
Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...
Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...
MadholalHussain
 
projet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdf
projet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdfprojet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdf
projet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdf
EdouardHusson
 
Organisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhn
Organisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhnOrganisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhn
Organisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhn
bhavenpr
 
लालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHY
लालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHYलालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHY
लालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHY
VoterMood
 
Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...
Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...
Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...
The Lifesciences Magazine
 
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
The Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdf
The Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdfThe Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdf
The Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdf
ECSPE - Saving the Persecuted and Enslaved
 
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu BiographyYoungest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
VoterMood
 
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
dynamo777
 
ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...
ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...
ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...
SABC News
 
15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
LUMINATIVE MEDIA/PROJECT COUNSEL MEDIA GROUP
 
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
ckn2izdm
 
#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...
#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm  Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm  Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...
#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...
rittaajmal71
 
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
bhavenpr
 
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University
 
12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 

Recently uploaded (19)

MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
 
Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...
Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...
Saraikistan; unveiling the demand for a seperate province._20240522_011317_00...
 
projet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdf
projet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdfprojet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdf
projet de traité négocié à Istanbul (anglais).pdf
 
Organisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhn
Organisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhnOrganisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhn
Organisations.pdf k[poikdip-jhhohuhejhnjhn
 
लालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHY
लालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHYलालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHY
लालू यादव की जीवनी LALU PRASAD YADAV BIOGRAPHY
 
Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...
Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...
Federal Authorities Urge Vigilance Amid Bird Flu Outbreak | The Lifesciences ...
 
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
The Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdf
The Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdfThe Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdf
The Rise of Christian Persecution In Islamic Countries (1).pdf
 
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu BiographyYoungest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
 
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
 
ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...
ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...
ACSA confirms operational readiness ahead the arrival of Heads of State at OR...
 
15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
 
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
 
#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...
#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm  Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm  Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...
#WenguiGuo#WashingtonFarm Guo Wengui Wolf son ambition exposed to open a far...
 
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
 
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2024
 
12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 

Power and Philanthropy: CP Charterhouse Presentation Sept 2013

  • 1. Charterhouse ‘Philanthropy: The City Story’ seminar Philanthropy and power 31.11.2013 Speech Notes: Cathy Pharoah Power is a very difficult notion to get into perspective, multi-faceted, both good and dark. When I made a trip to Moscow in 1998 for my first time, while on an international voluntary sector study programme, not so long after the wall came down, I was obviously interested to see at first hand what decades of socialism had meant. Visiting the Kremlin with a young NGO leader from Kenya, I saw, in its beautifully preserved Archangel Cathedral, the tomb of Ivan the Terrible. Royal, celebrated for his cruelty, and ruthless self-preservation, his gleaming coffin had survived not only for 600 years, but an era of socialist rule dedicated to the elimination of aristocratic status and privilege. ‘That,’ breathed my companion in awe, ‘is power’. The issue of the power of philanthropy and philanthropists has been simmering away in the public mind, I think, since George Osborne’s unsuccessful attempt to introduce a cap on the total amount of personal tax relief which the wealthy could claim. The whole debacle unleashed controversy about how tax-breaks were being used: are donors using tax-breaks to promote their own self-interests through philanthropy? supporting things they enjoy themselves, buying status and reputation and access? should such huge sums of public money be spent without public accountability, and wouldn’t the government spend the money better and more fairly? shouldn’t they just pay more tax? For example, in the recent book, ‘Giving is good for you’ by John Nickson, Polly Toynbee, the influential Guardian journalist, is quoted as saying, ‘There is an awful lot of vanity in big donations. I don’t mind what people give to, as long as I and other taxpayers are not paying for someone to sit in the Royal Box, and 1
  • 2. have a lovely time in the Royal Opera House, in return for having their names all over the place and being loved and admired.’ Well, personally opera is one of my ‘passions’, and I’m quite happy to have it, and any opportunity to sit in the Royal Box, subsidised! And isn’t that the point – philanthropy is a space within which, historically, we allow individual citizens discretion to make their own choices about public spending priorities? This is well summed up by Evelyn Brody, a legal scholar in the US where research on major philanthropy and foundations is much more developed than it is here. She says ‘there is no public desire for greater control over foundation philanthropy……the law is a relatively weak force in the realm of charity operations ….within broadly bounded charitable purposes…no laws tell (the foundation or philanthropists) how to “do” charity’. ‘We do not want the state to run charity’, an observation which applies equally well in the UK. (Brody, in Steinberg, 2006) The tax cap foray, which you may have noticed was resurrected recently by Nick Robinson at a charity seminar, was a most unfortunate and unhelpful way for issues around philanthropists’ power, to erupt - it led to slanging matches, and a lot of inappropriate discussion of tax fraud and tax dodging etc. BUT, in an open and democratic society, as the scale and expectations of philanthropy grow, in the UK and globally, major philanthropy needs to be viewed in the clear light of day – up for debate, discussion, influencing – and so also that its huge contribution to social well-being is properly understood and valued. It is time to stop shying away from issues of philanthropic power. The 2013 Cap Gemini World Wealth Report claims that high net worths are worth $46 trillion dollars (£27 trillion or thereabout), and that increasing numbers of them have ‘more complex wealth needs’, whose definition includes the management of their philanthropy. Barclays Wealth too reports that increasing numbers of the global wealthy want to get involved in philanthropy. So philanthropic power is going to increase. But wealthy people have a huge amount of power in many ways, as key producers, consumers, investors and influencers in the global markets which determine our lives today, and actually their philanthropy is a very tiny part of this – in the UK high net worth giving is worth around £1.7 -2 billion, so should we be worrying about it at all? 2
  • 3. Well, one body which worried is the Parliamentary Select Committee on International Development which, particularly influenced by the scale of the Gates Foundation operations, carried out an enquiry into the power of foundations in the UK. Its report concluded ‘It is important that large bodies such as the Gates Foundation do not create parallel structures, or skew the priorities of other donors and importantly, recipient governments. Both DFID and Gates denied that either of these risks pose a current problem. ….However, as foundations continue to grow in size and influence, this is a situation that needs watching. (Paragraph 64). Although however, this recommendation was fairly low-key, the increasing power of philanthropy to influence public policy is also making waves in another area – that of primary and secondary education. Philanthropists have played a significant role in the development of academy schools in the UK. And in the US, for example, commentators such as the academic Rob Reich and Valerie Strauss in the Washington Post, have drawn attention to the role of carefully targeted philanthropic funds in funding and influencing the ethics and programmes of needy state schools. Other voices are actively promoting the need for philanthropy to become active in public policy at this time, including the voice of government. In the US, for example, New York’s Attorney General recently said ‘foundations have an important role to play in “transformational politics”—namely, gradually changing the way citizens view social issues, and opening their minds to better public policies. The fact that this appeared to lead to a quick spat on the relative merits of right or left-wing influences shows how important this issue is: and in the UK too, (as noted) the question of charities’ role in lobbying has become a hot political issue. In another example this year, this time from Australia, the fourth annual Philanthropy and Ethics debate was entitled: Mind the Gap: Philanthropy, Social Policy and Government. An issue it considered was whether ‘Australia is moving in the US direction of philanthropy dictating social policy’. Much of this debate, in the US, UK and Australia, involves the role of support for think tanks of different policy persuasions, rather than the direct giving of philanthropists who are more often individualist, sometimes have feet of clay – and have huge power to promote the good, the innovative, the bad and even the weird. 3
  • 4. Some examples of all of these: Pierre Omidyar challenged the myth that social change could only generated by non-profits, reserving the right to support either for-profit or non-profit, and is now exploring social media power, so watch this space Azim Ibrahim, the Glasgow-born self-made successful financial entrepreneur, set up a non-charitable independent grant-making trust to provide support to some of most the highly marginalised and disaffected communities in the UK, an independent trust model also followed by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust to pursue political reform The African telecoms entrepreneur and philanthropist Mo Ibrahim has taken over what might be considered core governmental functions, establishing a leadership prize to foster good governance in Africa The Dutch philanthropist Marcel Boekham supported a photography project which became controversial when seen as a modern attempt to romanticise the fate of the American Indians The US Peter Thiel (founder of Paypal) offers young people support to skip college time in favour of pursuing their entrepreneurial zeals and talents Michael Green and Matthew Bishop told us in 2012 that giving was about to become ‘more dangerous’ – though sadly provided few specific examples….. In conclusion, the role of individual private passions in driving major philanthropy is increasingly emphasised, and that fundraisers need to start from this point. Private passion and choice may indeed be at the heart of much major philanthropy, as other forms of consumption, but surely what needs to be at its heart is what is good for the beneficiaries? Yes, it has too much power – but I’ve tried to argue here that this is no bad thing where individual resources have been the source of so much public good, as long as increasing transparency and open debate conspire to bring private and public spheres ever closer together. 4