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DEVELOPMENT OF COTTON
INDUSTRY IN INDIA
TEXTILE INDUSTRY
Contribution of T&C industry to
India’s GDP 4%
Contribution of T&C industry to India’s
Industrial Production
14%
Contribution of T&C industry to
export earnings
12%
 Indian textile industry can be divided into several segments, some of
which can be listed as below:
• Cotton Textiles
• Silk Textiles
• Woolen Textiles
• Readymade Garments
• Hand-crafted Textiles
• Jute and Coir
 Second largest provider of employment after agriculture.
 Cotton textiles has registered a growth of 8.2% during
April-September 2010-11, while wool, silk and man-made
fibre textiles have registered a growth of 2.2 % while
textile products including wearing apparel have registered
a growth of 3 %.
 India has the potential to increase its textile and apparel
share in the world trade from the current level of 4.5% to
8 % and reach US$ 80 billion by 2020.
MARKET SIZE
 The Vision Statement for the textiles industry
for the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-12) sees
India securing a 7% share in the global
textiles trade by 2012.
 Currently, the Indian textiles industry is valued
at US$ 55 billion, 64 % of which caters to
domestic demand.
 Total textile exports during April-March 2010-
11 stood at US$ 12.5 billion.
(US$ BILLION)
VALUE
(US$
BILLION
)
SHARE IN WORLD
IMPORTS(%)
ANNUAL PERCENTAGE
CHANGE (%)
2010 1980 1990 2000 2010 2005-10 2008 2009 2010
EUROPEAN
UNION
164 - - 41.0 44.7 5 16 -11 2
Extra –EU
(27)imports
88 - - 19.8 23.8 6 10 -9 3
UNITED
STATES
82 16.4 24 33.1 22.3 0 -3 -13 14
JAPAN 27 3.6 7.8 9.7 7.3 4 7 -1 5
HONK0NG 17 - - - - -2 -3 -16 7
CANADA 8 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.3 7 8 -8 10
Source : WTO –International Trade Statistics
:
LEADING IMPORTERSLEADING IMPORTERS
PRODUCTION CENTRES
EXPORT GROWTH
2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
APPAREL EXPORT 17.52 19.5 22.15 20.94 22.42
0
5
10
15
20
25
PERCENTAGE
APPAREL EXPORT
SOURCE : MINISTRY OF
TEXTILES
REGION WISE EXPORTS
(COMPARISON)
2010-11 2009-10
2008-09
Source : Ministry of
Commerce
FOREIGN TRADE POLICY
(2009-2014)
 Duty free import of specified trimmings,
embellishment etc shall be available @ 3% on
exports of polyester made-ups in line with the
facility available to sectors like textiles &
leather.
 It will promote export of products such as
micro cloth, which has become popular in
home textiles.
 Readymade Garment sector granted
enhanced support under MLFPS for a period of
further 6 months from October, 2010 to March,
2011 for exports to 27 EU countries.
TEXTILE PRODUCTION
CENTRES
 Amritsar
 Phagwara
 Ludhiana
 Bhiwani
 Delhi
 Faridabad
 Modinagar
 Kanpur
 Kolkata
 Ahmadabad
 Surat
 Mumbai
 Bengaluru
 Chennai
 Coimbatore
 Madurai
 Raurkela
 Tirrupur
MAJOR PLAYERS IN TEXTILE
INDUSTRY
 Welspun India ltd.
 Vardhaman Group
 Alok Industries ltd.
 Raymond Industries
 Arvind Mills Limited
 Bombay Dyeing
 Garden Silk Mills
 ITC Lifestyle
TRENDS IN DOMESTIC MARKET
 Domestic Apparel market growing at 10%
p.a.
 Urban Consumers increasingly seeking
branded and lifestyle products.
 Semi-urban and rural Indian markets are
growing faster than expected.
 Helpful demographic profile and increase
in working female population
FACTS AND FIGURES
 Current share in world export of textiles – 3.5 - 4
%.
 Current share in world clothing export – 3 %.
 Largest export segment – Readymade
Garments.
 The apparel sector supports 7 million people as a
part of its workforce.
OPPORTUNITIES
 Integration of information technology.
 Emerging retail industry and malls.
 Increased disposable income.
Strengths
 India’s strong base in raw-materials
 Cotton dominates the industry
 Nearly 56% of yarn produced is made of cotton
 Country produces nearly 23 varieties of cotton
 India is the second largest player in the world cotton
trade
 India’s position is strong vis-à-vis other countries
in most raw materials
 Largest producer of jute
 Second largest producer of silk
 Third largest producer of cotton, accounting for nearly
16% of global production
 Third largest producer of cellulosic fibre/yarn
 Fifth largest producer of synthetic fibres/yarn
 Eleventh largest producer of wool
 Low cost skilled labour
 Presence across the value chain
 Reduced lead time
 Growing domestic market
Weakness
 Fragmented Industry
 Historical Regulations
 Lower Productivity and
Cost Competitiveness
 Technology
Obsolescence
Opportunities
 New Product Development
 Stress on product development
 New specialized fabrics
 Investing in design centers and sampling labs
 Increased use of CAD to develop designing
capabilities
 Investing in trend forecasting
Threats
 Competition in domestic market
 Ecological and social awareness
 Regional alliances
 China
Major Players of Indian Textile
Industry
 Arvind Mills
 Raymonds
 Reliance Textiles
 Vardhaman Spinning
 Welspun India
Impact on Indian Textile
Industry
 Decreasing demand in European and US
markets
 Decreasing demand for retail garments
 Mills in Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu
 reduced shifts (resulting in job loss)
 cut down capacity
 India was losing out to countries like
Bangladesh, Vietnam and Cambodia
The chairman, Confederation of Indian Textile Industry
(CITI), R.K. Dalmiya
Conclusion
A huge window of opportunity has opened up
for the Indian Cotton industry which is fast
closing up. Various players need to get act
together. It’s now for players to make
investments in building the capacities and
making them integrated manufacturers. They
need to invest more in R&D. This is the only
way they can compete with the Chinese
dragon.
PRESENTED BY :-
KUSH AGGARWAL
VIII-A
Cotton industry

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Cotton industry

  • 2. TEXTILE INDUSTRY Contribution of T&C industry to India’s GDP 4% Contribution of T&C industry to India’s Industrial Production 14% Contribution of T&C industry to export earnings 12%
  • 3.  Indian textile industry can be divided into several segments, some of which can be listed as below: • Cotton Textiles • Silk Textiles • Woolen Textiles • Readymade Garments • Hand-crafted Textiles • Jute and Coir
  • 4.  Second largest provider of employment after agriculture.  Cotton textiles has registered a growth of 8.2% during April-September 2010-11, while wool, silk and man-made fibre textiles have registered a growth of 2.2 % while textile products including wearing apparel have registered a growth of 3 %.  India has the potential to increase its textile and apparel share in the world trade from the current level of 4.5% to 8 % and reach US$ 80 billion by 2020.
  • 5. MARKET SIZE  The Vision Statement for the textiles industry for the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-12) sees India securing a 7% share in the global textiles trade by 2012.  Currently, the Indian textiles industry is valued at US$ 55 billion, 64 % of which caters to domestic demand.  Total textile exports during April-March 2010- 11 stood at US$ 12.5 billion.
  • 7. VALUE (US$ BILLION ) SHARE IN WORLD IMPORTS(%) ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE (%) 2010 1980 1990 2000 2010 2005-10 2008 2009 2010 EUROPEAN UNION 164 - - 41.0 44.7 5 16 -11 2 Extra –EU (27)imports 88 - - 19.8 23.8 6 10 -9 3 UNITED STATES 82 16.4 24 33.1 22.3 0 -3 -13 14 JAPAN 27 3.6 7.8 9.7 7.3 4 7 -1 5 HONK0NG 17 - - - - -2 -3 -16 7 CANADA 8 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.3 7 8 -8 10 Source : WTO –International Trade Statistics : LEADING IMPORTERSLEADING IMPORTERS
  • 9. EXPORT GROWTH 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 APPAREL EXPORT 17.52 19.5 22.15 20.94 22.42 0 5 10 15 20 25 PERCENTAGE APPAREL EXPORT SOURCE : MINISTRY OF TEXTILES
  • 10. REGION WISE EXPORTS (COMPARISON) 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 Source : Ministry of Commerce
  • 11. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY (2009-2014)  Duty free import of specified trimmings, embellishment etc shall be available @ 3% on exports of polyester made-ups in line with the facility available to sectors like textiles & leather.  It will promote export of products such as micro cloth, which has become popular in home textiles.  Readymade Garment sector granted enhanced support under MLFPS for a period of further 6 months from October, 2010 to March, 2011 for exports to 27 EU countries.
  • 12. TEXTILE PRODUCTION CENTRES  Amritsar  Phagwara  Ludhiana  Bhiwani  Delhi  Faridabad  Modinagar  Kanpur  Kolkata  Ahmadabad  Surat  Mumbai  Bengaluru  Chennai  Coimbatore  Madurai  Raurkela  Tirrupur
  • 13. MAJOR PLAYERS IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY  Welspun India ltd.  Vardhaman Group  Alok Industries ltd.  Raymond Industries  Arvind Mills Limited  Bombay Dyeing  Garden Silk Mills  ITC Lifestyle
  • 14. TRENDS IN DOMESTIC MARKET  Domestic Apparel market growing at 10% p.a.  Urban Consumers increasingly seeking branded and lifestyle products.  Semi-urban and rural Indian markets are growing faster than expected.  Helpful demographic profile and increase in working female population
  • 15. FACTS AND FIGURES  Current share in world export of textiles – 3.5 - 4 %.  Current share in world clothing export – 3 %.  Largest export segment – Readymade Garments.  The apparel sector supports 7 million people as a part of its workforce.
  • 16. OPPORTUNITIES  Integration of information technology.  Emerging retail industry and malls.  Increased disposable income.
  • 17. Strengths  India’s strong base in raw-materials  Cotton dominates the industry  Nearly 56% of yarn produced is made of cotton  Country produces nearly 23 varieties of cotton  India is the second largest player in the world cotton trade
  • 18.  India’s position is strong vis-à-vis other countries in most raw materials  Largest producer of jute  Second largest producer of silk  Third largest producer of cotton, accounting for nearly 16% of global production  Third largest producer of cellulosic fibre/yarn  Fifth largest producer of synthetic fibres/yarn  Eleventh largest producer of wool
  • 19.  Low cost skilled labour  Presence across the value chain  Reduced lead time  Growing domestic market
  • 20. Weakness  Fragmented Industry  Historical Regulations  Lower Productivity and Cost Competitiveness  Technology Obsolescence
  • 21. Opportunities  New Product Development  Stress on product development  New specialized fabrics  Investing in design centers and sampling labs  Increased use of CAD to develop designing capabilities  Investing in trend forecasting
  • 22. Threats  Competition in domestic market  Ecological and social awareness  Regional alliances  China
  • 23. Major Players of Indian Textile Industry  Arvind Mills  Raymonds  Reliance Textiles  Vardhaman Spinning  Welspun India
  • 24. Impact on Indian Textile Industry  Decreasing demand in European and US markets  Decreasing demand for retail garments  Mills in Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu  reduced shifts (resulting in job loss)  cut down capacity
  • 25.  India was losing out to countries like Bangladesh, Vietnam and Cambodia The chairman, Confederation of Indian Textile Industry (CITI), R.K. Dalmiya
  • 26. Conclusion A huge window of opportunity has opened up for the Indian Cotton industry which is fast closing up. Various players need to get act together. It’s now for players to make investments in building the capacities and making them integrated manufacturers. They need to invest more in R&D. This is the only way they can compete with the Chinese dragon.
  • 27. PRESENTED BY :- KUSH AGGARWAL VIII-A