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Conditional Sentences
Conditional Sentences Structure : A conditional sentence is composed of 2 parts : If-clause   + Main Clause Example : If it rains tomorrow, we will not come. If-clause Main Clause
Conditional Sentences Types : ,[object Object],       important.         But if the if-clause comes first, it must be followed by        a comma. If it rains, I’ll stay at home ,[object Object],      They are classified according to the degree of         probability that they express. ,[object Object],      tenses to show the difference in   the degree of           probability.
Conditional Sentences Zero Conditional: If /when + present tense ….. / modal Water boils if it reaches 100º First Conditional: If/unless + present,….. Future If I study, I’ll pass Second Conditional: If + past, ……would +inf. If I studied, I would pass Third Conditional: If + past perfect ….. would have + pp If I had studied, I would have passed
Zero Conditionals Tense : Present tense in both clauses Example : Present Tense Present Tense If you heat water to 100°C, it boils.    If you pour oil into water, it floats.
Zero Conditionals Use : ,[object Object],If you heat ice, it turns to water ,[object Object],IfIseea spider, I get very scared!
First Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Present Tense Main Clause ~ Future Tense Present Tense Future Tense If I feel sick tomorrow, I will not go to school.      If it rains, the match will be cancelled.
First Conditionals Use : ,[object Object],If the weather is as sunny tomorrow as it was today, we will go surfing. ,[object Object],If you forget my birthday, I’ll never speak to you again. ,[object Object],If you aretired, go to bed! In this case the verb in the main clause  is an Imperative
Exercise One. First Conditionals do not come If you ___________________ (not come),      You ________________ (miss ) the show. will miss will buy John __________________ (buy)a car if he       _____________ (get) a job. gets will get Mary ________________(get) a toothache if       she_________________ (eat) too many sweets. eats
Second Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Past Tense Main Clause ~ would + an infinitive Example : Past Tense Would + infinitive    If he were a bird, he would fly across the harbour. If I had $200,000 now, I would buy a car.
Second Conditionals MIND Were is often used instead of was in the 1st and 3rd person singular Use : ,[object Object],situations which are unlikely to happen. If I had any money I would lend it to you. If I were you I wouldn't do this.
Third Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Past Perfect Tense Main Clause ~ Would Have + Past  			     Participle                          Past Perfect Tense Would have+ Past Participle If I had had enough money, I would have bought the camera yesterday. If I had come home earlier, I would not havemissed the programme.
Third Conditionals Use : ,[object Object],If they’d gone by bus, they would have 	arrived much later. (They didn’t go by bus) He would have travelled around the world if he 	had  hadmore money. (Impossible to change, because he didn’t have the money)
Exercise Two were If I ________________ (be) four years old,  I       ________________ (learn) to play the piano.   would learn had not failed If I ________________ (not fail) in the        examination,  my mother_______________   (buy)       me a new computer. would have bought would have finished 3.  We ________________________ (finish) if we        ________________ (have) better preparation. had had
Conditional Sentences Other connectors: Type 1 : UNLESS If you don’t phone John, he’ll get very angry. Unless you phone John, he’ll get very angry. Unless can replace If in negative conditionals
Conditional Sentences Other connectors: PROVIDED / PROVIDING (THAT)/ WITH THE CONDITION THAT/ AS LONG AS You can stay with the condition that you  sleep on the couch. I will go to the party as long as you go there too IMAGINE / SUPPOSE /SUPPOSING THAT Imagine that you won a million pounds, what would you do?
Conditional Sentences Other connectors: EVEN IF I won’t go to the party even if they beg me IN CASE Take an umbrella in case it rains
Conditional Sentences Modal verbs in conditional sentences Variations: Type 1, 2 and 3 : If we are not careful, many species may become extinct. If I were an aeroplane, I could fly in the sky. If she hadn’t worn her helmet, she might have been seriously injured.
Exercises Identifying conditionals I. Choose the correct answer. 1 - If I drink tea in the morning, it makes me feel sick. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional
Exercises 2 - I'll tell her if she comes. ,[object Object]
 First Conditional
 Second Conditional
 Third Conditional        3 - If I were you, I'd buy it as soon as possible. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional
Exercises 4 - If I had the time, I’d help you ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional 5 – I would have done things differently if I had been the manager. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional
Exercises 6 - If you work hard enough, you may well pass. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional 7 – Water boils if you heat it to a hundred degrees celsius. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional
Exercises 8 -  I would be surprised if it rained. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional 9 – If she'd tried harder, she might have succeeded. ,[object Object]
   First Conditional
  Second Conditional
  Third Conditional
Exercises II. Choose the correct answer. 1 - If I ...... you, I would tell him straightaway ,[object Object]

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Conditional sentences

  • 2. Conditional Sentences Structure : A conditional sentence is composed of 2 parts : If-clause + Main Clause Example : If it rains tomorrow, we will not come. If-clause Main Clause
  • 3.
  • 4. Conditional Sentences Zero Conditional: If /when + present tense ….. / modal Water boils if it reaches 100º First Conditional: If/unless + present,….. Future If I study, I’ll pass Second Conditional: If + past, ……would +inf. If I studied, I would pass Third Conditional: If + past perfect ….. would have + pp If I had studied, I would have passed
  • 5. Zero Conditionals Tense : Present tense in both clauses Example : Present Tense Present Tense If you heat water to 100°C, it boils. If you pour oil into water, it floats.
  • 6.
  • 7. First Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Present Tense Main Clause ~ Future Tense Present Tense Future Tense If I feel sick tomorrow, I will not go to school. If it rains, the match will be cancelled.
  • 8.
  • 9. Exercise One. First Conditionals do not come If you ___________________ (not come), You ________________ (miss ) the show. will miss will buy John __________________ (buy)a car if he _____________ (get) a job. gets will get Mary ________________(get) a toothache if she_________________ (eat) too many sweets. eats
  • 10. Second Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Past Tense Main Clause ~ would + an infinitive Example : Past Tense Would + infinitive If he were a bird, he would fly across the harbour. If I had $200,000 now, I would buy a car.
  • 11.
  • 12. Third Conditionals Tense : If-clause ~ Past Perfect Tense Main Clause ~ Would Have + Past Participle Past Perfect Tense Would have+ Past Participle If I had had enough money, I would have bought the camera yesterday. If I had come home earlier, I would not havemissed the programme.
  • 13.
  • 14. Exercise Two were If I ________________ (be) four years old, I ________________ (learn) to play the piano. would learn had not failed If I ________________ (not fail) in the examination, my mother_______________ (buy) me a new computer. would have bought would have finished 3. We ________________________ (finish) if we ________________ (have) better preparation. had had
  • 15. Conditional Sentences Other connectors: Type 1 : UNLESS If you don’t phone John, he’ll get very angry. Unless you phone John, he’ll get very angry. Unless can replace If in negative conditionals
  • 16. Conditional Sentences Other connectors: PROVIDED / PROVIDING (THAT)/ WITH THE CONDITION THAT/ AS LONG AS You can stay with the condition that you sleep on the couch. I will go to the party as long as you go there too IMAGINE / SUPPOSE /SUPPOSING THAT Imagine that you won a million pounds, what would you do?
  • 17. Conditional Sentences Other connectors: EVEN IF I won’t go to the party even if they beg me IN CASE Take an umbrella in case it rains
  • 18. Conditional Sentences Modal verbs in conditional sentences Variations: Type 1, 2 and 3 : If we are not careful, many species may become extinct. If I were an aeroplane, I could fly in the sky. If she hadn’t worn her helmet, she might have been seriously injured.
  • 19.
  • 20. First Conditional
  • 21. Second Conditional
  • 22. Third Conditional
  • 23.
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  • 61. Exercises Finish these sentences using the correct verbal tense. If they had listened, they.............................. (understand) If he hadn’t worn the helmet, he.......................... (Be) injured. If he........................... (Speak) clearly, people would understand him. If we miss this train, we.................................. (Be) late for the interview. The bank............................................. (not / call) if we pay the bill. If you................................... (meet ) Tom, you wouldn’t like him. If I found 100 in the street, I …………………….......... (Keep) it. If I ……………... (Know) her number, I would phone her. If he gets late, I ………….. (be) angry. I …………………….. (Not/buy) that coat if I were you.. If I ……………….. (Know) that you were ill last week, I'd have gone to see you. If it stops raining, we …………………. (Go) on a trip. would have understood Would have been spoke Will be Won’t call met Would keep knew Will be won’t buy had known will go
  • 62. Exercises Choose the correct answer 1 If Teresa………more sensible, she wouldn’t get into trouble so often. a) will be b) were c) had been 2 ……… me some ice cream if you go to the supermarket. a) Got b) Get c) Have got 3 If I……...late, will you wait for me? a) be b) am c) will be 4 If Vanessa had……..me the truth, I would not have been so angry. a) told b) tells c) tell 5 If you listen to her, you’ll………in trouble. a) been b) being c) be 6 If you had listen to her, you……….have been in trouble. a) shouldn’t b) wouldn’t c) couldn’t 7 Nobody would……the secret if Danny hadn’t revealed it. a) have known b) knew c) known 8 Will you be all right by yourself if I………. out tonight? a) go b) will go c) would go 9 If I knew how to run my own business, I………..a rich man. a) am b) will be c) would be 10 If anyone………., say I’ll be back about 7.30. a) will phone b) phone c) phones B B B A C B A A C C
  • 63. I wish / If only We use wishand if only +past simple/continuous or could when we want a situation or thing in the present to be different or to change. The time of the action referred to in the subordinate clause is the same as the time of making the wish. He wishes that he were rich. I wish I didn’t have to leave. I wish he was waiting for me. I wish I could help you.
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  • 66. Exercises Pay attention to the underlined adverbs indicating time. Complete each of the following sentences with the correct form of the verb shown in brackets. 1. I wish he here now. (to be) 2. I wish that you here yesterday. (to be) 3. We wish you tomorrow. (to come) 4. You will wish you earlier. (to leave) 5. They wished he with them the next day. (to come) 6. We wish you yesterday. (to arrive) were Had been Would come Would come Would come Had arrived
  • 67. Exercises 7. I wish that he us next year. (to visit) 8. She wishes that she at home now. (to be) 9. You wish that he you last week. (to help) Would visit were had helped were 10. He will always wish he ____________ rich. (to be) 11. The boy wished that he ____________ the competition the next day. (to win) 12. She will wish she _____________ the arrangements earlier. (to make) 13. I wish the weather ____________ warmer now. (to be) 14. We always wished we ____________ fluent in other languages. (to be) 15. They wish he ________________ them next week. (to telephone) Would win Had made were were Would telephone
  • 68. Mixed exercises Choose the correct option 1.-Meg would do better at French if she worked harder. a. Meg will never succeed at French. b. Meg is very good at French. c. Meg usually works well at French. d. Meg doesn't work hard enough. D 2.-If the plane hadn't been delayed by bad weather, we wouldn't have been late a. Although the plane was late, we were on time b. The weather made us late. c. The bad weather did not interfere with the plane's arrival. d. We were not late although the weather was bad. B
  • 69. Mixed exercises 3. If you ask someone the way, you'll find the Modern Museum of Art easily. a. Most people can tell you where the Modern Museum of Art is. b. It is very difficult to find the Modern Museum of Art, even if you ask how to get there. c. Did you find the Modern Museum of Art when you wanted to go there? d. Did you ask someone the way to the Modern Museum of Art? A 4. If I were you, I’d get a job. a. I think you should get a job. b. I need a job. c. I had a good job, but I left it. d. You are going to get a job soon. A
  • 70. Mixed exercises 5. The doctor said that if Mrs Allen went on a diet, she would lose weight. a. Mrs Allen does not need to be careful with what she eats. b. Mrs Allen has always been careful with what she eats. . c. Mrs Allen should eat more. d. Mrs Allen should eat less. D 6. Jessica would have passed the exam even if I hadn't helped her. a. Jessica passed the exam without help. b. Jessica failed because no one helped her. c. Without my help, Jessica would not have passed. d. Jessica didn't really need any help at all. Note:For more practice click: if clauses, Conditional sentences - Grammar Exercises - Learning English D
  • 71. You are alone in the forest at night without a phone. Mixed exercises What would you do in these situations You met the genie. If I met the genie, I would ask him for my three wishes. If I were alone in the forest I would try to use the stars.
  • 72. One day you read in a newspaper an article about you. The article was telling about your private life. Mixed exercises What would you do in these situations Your favourite singer wrote a song for you. If I read an article about my private life, I’d look for a lawyer. If my fauvorite singer wrote a song for me, I’d be excited.
  • 73. You are going to a date. But suddenly a bird made your jacket dirty. Mixed exercises What would you do in these situations You enter the classroom and suddenly realize that you’ve forgotten to dress your trousers. If a bird made my jacket dirty, I’d run to buy other. If I forgot to dress my trousers, I’d try to invent some explanation.
  • 74. Third Conditional story Look at this photo story.
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  • 84. Web pages Note:For more practice use youyoucan click: http://www.isabelperez.com/conditionals1.htm http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/grammar/conditionals8.htm http://www.better-english.com/grammar/condit23.htm http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/intermediate/grammar/conditionals7.htm http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/conditional-sentences/type-1/exercises?02 http://www.geocities.com/athens/olympus/7583/condprac1.html http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/if-clauses.html
  • 86. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION HAVE A WONDERFUL DAY!