SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 32
World religions and
belief systems
LIFE PERFORMANCE
OUTCOME
I am a conscientious, adept
performer and achiever,
competently pursuing my mission
in life.
essential PERFORMANCE
OUTCOME
Devote focused time to
developing the competencies
required for sound achievement
in a chosen field and for
functioning effectively in the
face of life’s diverse challenges.
essential PERFORMANCE
OUTCOME
Devote focused time to
developing the competencies
required to understand the
origins and development of
Buddhism.
Origins and development of
buddhism
A Reaction to
Brahmanical Hinduism
•Buddhism arose in those parts of India wherein
Vedic forms of religious knowledge were
predominant.
•This is the reason why some teachings of
Buddhism closely resemble certain Vedic
teachings.
A Reaction to
Brahmanical Hinduism
•Because of the wide acceptance of Vedic
prescriptions of worship through mediation of
brahmins, sacrificing animals was common
during the Buddha’s time.
•They adhere to practice nonviolence (ahimsa)
that prohibited the killing of animals
Ahimsa
https://youtu.be/haxFgx4Hqrc
A Reaction to
Brahmanical Hinduism
•Buddhism also rejects the caste system.
Buddha’s teachings specifically state that the
caste system is unjust in imprisoning a person to
a specific caste.
Buddhist Councils
•In order to preserve the teachings of Buddha and
deal with new realities that challenge monastic
discipline, monks convened councils to resolve
urgent matters and provide guidance to later
generations.
Buddhist Councils
•The First Council met just few weeks after the
Buddha’s death, which was around 487 B.C.E in
Rajagrha (presently in Bihar, India)
•There were 500 monks present, including
Buddha’s closest disciple Ananda
Buddhist Councils
•At around 387 BCE, a century after Buddha’s death,
the monks again met in council of Vaisali (also in Bihar,
India) in order to resolve a dispute in monastic
discipline. This is the Second Council.
•They adhere to a more lax set of rules and upset the
others, who generally practiced a stricter monastic
rules.
Buddhist Councils
•The Third Council was convened during the reign of
King Ashoka and was held in the capital city of his
imperial city Pataliputra, at around 247 B.C.E
•During this council, the Therevada school established
itself as an orthodox interpretation of Buddha’s
teachings
Buddhist Councils
•The Fourth Council was held in Jullundhar (presently
Kashmir) under the reign of King Kanishka at around
78 C.E
•The council made it possible to translate major
Buddhist canonical works into Sanskrit
•It was during this time when Mahayana school gained
predominance
The Expansion and Decline of
Buddhism in India
•After the death of Buddha, the practice of his
teachings grew significantly in the north-eastern part of
India
•The monks particularly made steps to preserve the
teachings of the Buddha by chanting them during
communal meetings and recording them
The Expansion and Decline of
Buddhism in India
•Buddhism flourished in northern India until about 6th
century CE, after which it suffered a steep decline
•The reasons are: the rise of the Turks, who by this
time were already staunch Muslims and the challenge
of syncretism (mixing of religious ideas and practices
together)
The Expansion of Buddhism
Outside India
•The centuries following the Buddha’s death saw the
spread of Buddhism outside north India.
•It reached as far as Afghanistan in central Asia. It also
reached Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia.
The Expansion of Buddhism
Outside India
Main schools of thought in
buddhism
https://youtu.be/CSOnkztJ5Gk
Theravada
•The Theravada (Teachings of
the Elders) school in Buddhism
claims to be the oldest living
tradition because it follows more
closely the teachings and
monastic conduct during the
Buddha’s time
Theravada
•Their collection of sacred writings,
called the Pali Canon is written in
the language spoken by the Buddha
himself
Theravada
•Theravada Buddhists generally believe that the ideal
conditions for achieving enlightenment are found in
monastic life
•Monks generally receive everything they need, they also
receive financial support for the upkeep of temples and
monasteries
Theravada
•One practice is the alms rounds, monks go out of their
monastery toward villages or city streets after morning
chanting to beg for food; in exchange for an offering the
monks would usually chant a blessing over the donor
•After the alms round, monks are allowed one major meal in
the morning and another minor one before midday
Theravada
•The rules prevent monks from eating solid food after 12:00
noon, and any remaining food is disposed or fed to animals
•Theravada monks are not strict vegetarians; they would
accept meals cooked with meat as long as it is offered to
them during alms rounds
•After lunch hour, monks would do meditation
Mahayana
•A later development arose in north
India that came to be known as the
Mahayana (The Greater Vehicle)
school.
Mahayana
•The important contribution of the Mahayana school is a
philosophical understanding of the experience of
enlightenment, which Nagarjuna expressed in terms of
sunya (emptiness)
•This explanation has led Mahayana forms of meditation to
emphasize the superfluous character of all thoughts and
concepts
Mahayana
•The monastic practice of Mahayana monks slightly differs
from the practices of those from the Theravada tradition
•Mahayana monks do not go on alms rounds, although the
monastery accepts food donations
•In terms of diet, Mahayana monks are fully vegetarian
because of strict interpretation of the First Precept
Mahayana
•One of the distinctive characteristics of Mahayana school is
the bodhisattva
•The concept of bodhisattva refers to beings who have
already achieved enlightenment during their lifetime and
ready to enter into nirvana
The Bodhisattva Vows
Beings are infinite in number, I vow to save them all;
The obstructive passions are endless in number, I vow to
end them all;
The teachings for saving others are countless; I vow to attain
them all;
Buddhahood is the supreme achievement, I vow to attain
them all.
Vajrayana
•Another living tradition of Buddhism today is the Vajrayana
(Indestructible Vehicle)
•Its history and development, like that of Mahayana school,
was slow and at first almost indistinguishable from other
schools
Vajrayana
•It took a more definite form when the Tibetan people took
interest in Buddhism and incorporated their own
shamanistic practices into the teaching of the Dhamma
•The distinctive feature of the Vajrayana school is the
mixture of shamanistic practices from the Bon religion,
Tantric practices from Indian yoga practice, and Dhamma
principles from Suttas.
Tibetan
Buddhism
https://youtu.be/hiYaz7umcEE

More Related Content

Similar to Chapter 6.1 Origin and Development of Buddhism.pptx

Buddhism and Landscape.pptx
Buddhism and Landscape.pptxBuddhism and Landscape.pptx
Buddhism and Landscape.pptxBuneriLala
 
Buddhism and Landscape.pdf
Buddhism and Landscape.pdfBuddhism and Landscape.pdf
Buddhism and Landscape.pdfBuneriLala
 
Culture and Tradition of Different Religion
Culture and Tradition of Different ReligionCulture and Tradition of Different Religion
Culture and Tradition of Different ReligionMichelle Manimtim
 
Jainism and its philosophy
Jainism and its philosophyJainism and its philosophy
Jainism and its philosophyPooja Jain
 
BUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptx
BUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptxBUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptx
BUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptxSudhaPandeya
 
History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023
History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023
History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023MissionAryavart
 
Unit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathi
Unit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathiUnit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathi
Unit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathiThanavathi C
 
Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".
Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".
Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".AARTI WADHWA
 
Eastern philosophy: Indian and Chinese
Eastern philosophy: Indian and ChineseEastern philosophy: Indian and Chinese
Eastern philosophy: Indian and ChineseCharm B.
 
Buddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).pptBuddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).pptArbabAnwar2
 
Buddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).pptBuddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).pptArbabAnwar2
 
Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13
Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13
Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13zoeeloise
 

Similar to Chapter 6.1 Origin and Development of Buddhism.pptx (20)

Buddhism
BuddhismBuddhism
Buddhism
 
Budhism
Budhism Budhism
Budhism
 
Buddhist philosophy ppt
Buddhist philosophy pptBuddhist philosophy ppt
Buddhist philosophy ppt
 
Buddhist philosophy ppt
Buddhist philosophy pptBuddhist philosophy ppt
Buddhist philosophy ppt
 
Buddhism and Landscape.pptx
Buddhism and Landscape.pptxBuddhism and Landscape.pptx
Buddhism and Landscape.pptx
 
Buddhism and Landscape.pdf
Buddhism and Landscape.pdfBuddhism and Landscape.pdf
Buddhism and Landscape.pdf
 
Culture and Tradition of Different Religion
Culture and Tradition of Different ReligionCulture and Tradition of Different Religion
Culture and Tradition of Different Religion
 
ordination.ppt
ordination.pptordination.ppt
ordination.ppt
 
Religions of Asia.pptx
Religions of Asia.pptxReligions of Asia.pptx
Religions of Asia.pptx
 
Jainism and its philosophy
Jainism and its philosophyJainism and its philosophy
Jainism and its philosophy
 
BUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptx
BUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptxBUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptx
BUDDHIST__EDUCATION.pptx
 
00 buddha
00 buddha00 buddha
00 buddha
 
History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023
History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023
History of Buddhism Origin, Teachings & Practices | in 2023
 
Unit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathi
Unit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathiUnit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathi
Unit 5 buddhist period dr.c.thanavathi
 
Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".
Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".
Buddhism-"the path of compassion and wisdom".
 
Eastern philosophy: Indian and Chinese
Eastern philosophy: Indian and ChineseEastern philosophy: Indian and Chinese
Eastern philosophy: Indian and Chinese
 
Buddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).pptBuddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).ppt
 
Buddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).pptBuddhism (1).ppt
Buddhism (1).ppt
 
Buddhism.ppt
Buddhism.pptBuddhism.ppt
Buddhism.ppt
 
Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13
Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13
Buddhism group presentatin 18.10.13
 

More from PaulineMae5

Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptxLesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptxPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdfLesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdfPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptxLesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptxPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdfLesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdfPaulineMae5
 
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptxChapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptxPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptxLesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptxPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptxLesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptxPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptxLesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptxPaulineMae5
 
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptxLesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptxPaulineMae5
 
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdfQ3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdfPaulineMae5
 
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdfSIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdfQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdfQ3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdfQ4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptxQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptxPaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdfQ4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdfQ3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdfQ3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdfPaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptxQ4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptxPaulineMae5
 

More from PaulineMae5 (20)

Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptxLesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
 
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdfLesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
 
Lesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptxLesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptx
 
Lesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdfLesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdf
 
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptxChapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
 
Lesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptxLesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptx
 
Lesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptxLesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptx
 
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptxLesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
 
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptxLesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
 
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdfQ3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
 
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdfSIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdfQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
 
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdfQ3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
 
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdfQ4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptxQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
 
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdfQ4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
 
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdfQ3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
 
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdfQ3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
 
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
 
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptxQ4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
 

Recently uploaded

INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfbu07226
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptxmansk2
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17Celine George
 
Gyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptx
Gyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptxGyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptx
Gyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptxShibin Azad
 
Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptx
Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptxMbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptx
Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptxnuriaiuzzolino1
 
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptxfactors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptxSanjay Shekar
 
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdfVikramadityaRaj
 
Neurulation and the formation of the neural tube
Neurulation and the formation of the neural tubeNeurulation and the formation of the neural tube
Neurulation and the formation of the neural tubeSaadHumayun7
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17Celine George
 
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptxLiberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptxRizwan Abbas
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...Sayali Powar
 
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024CapitolTechU
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽中 央社
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文中 央社
 
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matricesApplication of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matricesRased Khan
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff17thcssbs2
 
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdfMichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdfmstarkes24
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. SalemOperations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
 
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
 
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
Gyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptx
Gyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptxGyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptx
Gyanartha SciBizTech Quiz slideshare.pptx
 
Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptx
Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptxMbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptx
Mbaye_Astou.Education Civica_Human Rights.pptx
 
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptxfactors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
 
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
....................Muslim-Law notes.pdf
 
Neurulation and the formation of the neural tube
Neurulation and the formation of the neural tubeNeurulation and the formation of the neural tube
Neurulation and the formation of the neural tube
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
 
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptxLiberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
Liberal & Redical Feminism presentation.pptx
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
 
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
 
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matricesApplication of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdfMichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
 

Chapter 6.1 Origin and Development of Buddhism.pptx

  • 2. LIFE PERFORMANCE OUTCOME I am a conscientious, adept performer and achiever, competently pursuing my mission in life.
  • 3. essential PERFORMANCE OUTCOME Devote focused time to developing the competencies required for sound achievement in a chosen field and for functioning effectively in the face of life’s diverse challenges.
  • 4. essential PERFORMANCE OUTCOME Devote focused time to developing the competencies required to understand the origins and development of Buddhism.
  • 6. A Reaction to Brahmanical Hinduism •Buddhism arose in those parts of India wherein Vedic forms of religious knowledge were predominant. •This is the reason why some teachings of Buddhism closely resemble certain Vedic teachings.
  • 7. A Reaction to Brahmanical Hinduism •Because of the wide acceptance of Vedic prescriptions of worship through mediation of brahmins, sacrificing animals was common during the Buddha’s time. •They adhere to practice nonviolence (ahimsa) that prohibited the killing of animals
  • 9. A Reaction to Brahmanical Hinduism •Buddhism also rejects the caste system. Buddha’s teachings specifically state that the caste system is unjust in imprisoning a person to a specific caste.
  • 10. Buddhist Councils •In order to preserve the teachings of Buddha and deal with new realities that challenge monastic discipline, monks convened councils to resolve urgent matters and provide guidance to later generations.
  • 11. Buddhist Councils •The First Council met just few weeks after the Buddha’s death, which was around 487 B.C.E in Rajagrha (presently in Bihar, India) •There were 500 monks present, including Buddha’s closest disciple Ananda
  • 12. Buddhist Councils •At around 387 BCE, a century after Buddha’s death, the monks again met in council of Vaisali (also in Bihar, India) in order to resolve a dispute in monastic discipline. This is the Second Council. •They adhere to a more lax set of rules and upset the others, who generally practiced a stricter monastic rules.
  • 13. Buddhist Councils •The Third Council was convened during the reign of King Ashoka and was held in the capital city of his imperial city Pataliputra, at around 247 B.C.E •During this council, the Therevada school established itself as an orthodox interpretation of Buddha’s teachings
  • 14. Buddhist Councils •The Fourth Council was held in Jullundhar (presently Kashmir) under the reign of King Kanishka at around 78 C.E •The council made it possible to translate major Buddhist canonical works into Sanskrit •It was during this time when Mahayana school gained predominance
  • 15. The Expansion and Decline of Buddhism in India •After the death of Buddha, the practice of his teachings grew significantly in the north-eastern part of India •The monks particularly made steps to preserve the teachings of the Buddha by chanting them during communal meetings and recording them
  • 16. The Expansion and Decline of Buddhism in India •Buddhism flourished in northern India until about 6th century CE, after which it suffered a steep decline •The reasons are: the rise of the Turks, who by this time were already staunch Muslims and the challenge of syncretism (mixing of religious ideas and practices together)
  • 17. The Expansion of Buddhism Outside India •The centuries following the Buddha’s death saw the spread of Buddhism outside north India. •It reached as far as Afghanistan in central Asia. It also reached Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia.
  • 18. The Expansion of Buddhism Outside India
  • 19. Main schools of thought in buddhism https://youtu.be/CSOnkztJ5Gk
  • 20. Theravada •The Theravada (Teachings of the Elders) school in Buddhism claims to be the oldest living tradition because it follows more closely the teachings and monastic conduct during the Buddha’s time
  • 21. Theravada •Their collection of sacred writings, called the Pali Canon is written in the language spoken by the Buddha himself
  • 22. Theravada •Theravada Buddhists generally believe that the ideal conditions for achieving enlightenment are found in monastic life •Monks generally receive everything they need, they also receive financial support for the upkeep of temples and monasteries
  • 23. Theravada •One practice is the alms rounds, monks go out of their monastery toward villages or city streets after morning chanting to beg for food; in exchange for an offering the monks would usually chant a blessing over the donor •After the alms round, monks are allowed one major meal in the morning and another minor one before midday
  • 24. Theravada •The rules prevent monks from eating solid food after 12:00 noon, and any remaining food is disposed or fed to animals •Theravada monks are not strict vegetarians; they would accept meals cooked with meat as long as it is offered to them during alms rounds •After lunch hour, monks would do meditation
  • 25. Mahayana •A later development arose in north India that came to be known as the Mahayana (The Greater Vehicle) school.
  • 26. Mahayana •The important contribution of the Mahayana school is a philosophical understanding of the experience of enlightenment, which Nagarjuna expressed in terms of sunya (emptiness) •This explanation has led Mahayana forms of meditation to emphasize the superfluous character of all thoughts and concepts
  • 27. Mahayana •The monastic practice of Mahayana monks slightly differs from the practices of those from the Theravada tradition •Mahayana monks do not go on alms rounds, although the monastery accepts food donations •In terms of diet, Mahayana monks are fully vegetarian because of strict interpretation of the First Precept
  • 28. Mahayana •One of the distinctive characteristics of Mahayana school is the bodhisattva •The concept of bodhisattva refers to beings who have already achieved enlightenment during their lifetime and ready to enter into nirvana
  • 29. The Bodhisattva Vows Beings are infinite in number, I vow to save them all; The obstructive passions are endless in number, I vow to end them all; The teachings for saving others are countless; I vow to attain them all; Buddhahood is the supreme achievement, I vow to attain them all.
  • 30. Vajrayana •Another living tradition of Buddhism today is the Vajrayana (Indestructible Vehicle) •Its history and development, like that of Mahayana school, was slow and at first almost indistinguishable from other schools
  • 31. Vajrayana •It took a more definite form when the Tibetan people took interest in Buddhism and incorporated their own shamanistic practices into the teaching of the Dhamma •The distinctive feature of the Vajrayana school is the mixture of shamanistic practices from the Bon religion, Tantric practices from Indian yoga practice, and Dhamma principles from Suttas.