SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 29
SLIDESMANIA.COM
World Religions
and Belief
Systems
November 26, 2021
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Life Performance
Outcome
I am a courageous, resourceful explorer
and problem solver, demonstrating my
creativity and charism.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Essential
Performance Outcome
Search voluntarily beyond readily available
sources of information, resources, and standard
techniques to generate new understandings
towards workable solutions to existing problems.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Intended Learning
Outcome
Search voluntarily beyond readily
available sources of information,
resources to identify the themes that
characterize indigenous religions.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
PROCESSING OF
LAST SDL
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• There are three subgroups, based on
dialects that constitute the Ifugao.
• The Tuwali are in the municipalities of
Kiangan and Lagawe; the Ayangan in
Banaue, Hingyon, and Hungduan,
and the Henanga in Mayoyao and
Aguinaldo.
Ifugao Worldview
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• The word Ifugao literally means
people from the earth as Pugaw, its
root word, refers to the earthworld, a
dimension in their cosmology
inhabited by human beings.
(Dulawan 2011)
Ifugao Worldview
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• The others are Kabunyan (skyworld),
Dalom (underworld), Daya (western
world), and Lagud (eastern world.
• The Ifugao traced their ancestry to Bugan
and Wigan, divine entities from Kabunyan,
who moved to Pugaw because of its
fertile soil and wild deer.
Ifugao Worldview
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Bugan and Wigan were, in fact, children
of Bakayawan who ordered them to
leave the skyworld for breaking the taboo
om incest.
• They settled along the Ibulao River in what
could have been the first human
settlement in the are called Kiyangan.
Ifugao Worldview
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• The Ifugao are their descendants.
• For their consumption, pigs and chicken
were sent by Kabunyan deities.
Ifugao Worldview
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Bugan and
Wigan
https://youtu.be/u6WnjqnETTQ
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Anito
The anito refers to the
essence of the individual,
typically understood as the soul.
These are ancestral deities to
whom sacrifices are mainly
offered because of their ongoing
involvement in the life of
community.
Classification of Ifugao Deities
https://youtu.be/zfj_NkWBzhY
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Namadjang
Namadjang is believed to be the
creator of the physical world. Although he is
no longer involved in its affairs, sacrifices are
also offered to him as a sign of respect and
not for supplication.
Classification of Ifugao Deities
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Mapatal
Mapatal is the sun diety in charge of
weather
• Pwulan
A feminine entity, Pulawan is the moon
deity concerned with fertility
Classification of Ifugao Deities
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Mihtalapi
These are deities that govern celestial
bodies such as stars, clouds, and comets
• Bunbuni
These are deities of the earth, which can
affect natural geological catastrophes
such as landslides and earthquakes.
Classification of Ifugao Deities
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Abat and Umichaw
Abat and Umichaw are deities of war,
vengeance, and hostility
• Penaching
These are commonly described as
demons but not all are evil nature. They are
seen as inflicting trouble especially on
children as they can cause pain and illness.
Classification of Ifugao Deities
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Pulay
These deities can be malevolent as they
can extract the soul of an individual from his
body while he is asleep. They can also
prevent the soul from returning to the same
body. It is believed, too, that mental
disorders are caused by Pulay, entering
one’s body.
Classification of Ifugao Deities
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• These deities or spirits are also called ba-i
• Deities are neither worshipped nor adored
in the Ifugao worldview
• Deities are approached through rituals –
known as baki – to either appease them
or seek their intervention especially in the
various stages of the life cycle or their
agricultural calendar
Classification of Ifugao Deities
SLIDESMANIA.COM
The Ifugao
Ritual
https://youtu.be/syrOMnuXXNg?t=356
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Individuals have to manage their
relationship with the ba-i to maintain that
person’s existence, basically to stay alive
• The priests who officiates the ceremony,
chants the prayer, and offers sacrifices to
the deities is called mombaki.
Classification of Ifugao Deities
https://youtu.be/GJ3WKTzqFLQ
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Mombaki
• He is familiar with which chants, derived
from the Alim, are appropriate for the
particular ritual.
• He is also aware of which materials to use
during the ritual.
• Betel nut, rice, a bolo, a hunting spear,
tobacco
Ifugao Rituals
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Rites are carried out based on the need
of a family or the community
• For example, a woman who is pregnant
needs to undergo Pahang, a home-
based ritual meant to call on linnnawa or
the soul of the woman from Kabunyan to
ensure normal delivery
Ifugao Rituals
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Before a wedding is officiated, bubun
is carried out to decide whether the
deities favor the union
• Pigs and chicken are sacrificed
Ifugao Rituals
https://youtu.be/GK360jrWOMM
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• When an Ifugao dies, the kate rite is carried
out, which involves animal sacrifices and a
nightly vigil, which includes chanting of myths
• A year or so after the person’s death, his
bones are exhumed for a cleansing rite called
bogwa
• Animal sacrifices and chanting are done too
Ifugao Rituals
https://youtu.be/JECJkeTmk7g
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Rice rites are carried out by the Ifugao to
seek protection for their produce and
blessing for a bountiful harvest
• These rites are conducted throughout the
year depending on the need of the
community
Ifugao Rituals
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• The lukya for example, is officiated by the
mombaki at the start of agricultural
calendar during which chickens are
sacrificed
• This is the time when the granary is
opened for rice to be consumed or sold
Ifugao Rituals
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• When seeds are sown at the appointed
time, panal is performed to seek the
blessing of the deities to ensure growth
• During the harvest, the mombaki performs
ani, which includes the recitation of
harvest narratives
Ifugao Rituals
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Chickens are generally offered but if the
owner of the field is affluent, a pig may
also be included
• Offering of the pigs embodies the
transaction that human beings make with
the deities
Ifugao Rituals
SLIDESMANIA.COM
• Compare and contrast the themes of
Indigenous religions, monotheistic, and
polytheistic religions.
Activity

More Related Content

Similar to Chapter 9.2 Indigenous Religions....pptx

Lit101 Tausug beliefs and practices
Lit101 Tausug beliefs and practicesLit101 Tausug beliefs and practices
Lit101 Tausug beliefs and practices
destinedforhim
 

Similar to Chapter 9.2 Indigenous Religions....pptx (20)

Native American Spirituality (Chris Verschage)
Native American Spirituality (Chris Verschage)Native American Spirituality (Chris Verschage)
Native American Spirituality (Chris Verschage)
 
Lit101 Tausug beliefs and practices
Lit101 Tausug beliefs and practicesLit101 Tausug beliefs and practices
Lit101 Tausug beliefs and practices
 
The Reciprocal influence between Islam and Bantu culture Presentation - Dr. U...
The Reciprocal influence between Islam and Bantu culture Presentation - Dr. U...The Reciprocal influence between Islam and Bantu culture Presentation - Dr. U...
The Reciprocal influence between Islam and Bantu culture Presentation - Dr. U...
 
Hopfe ch01 ppt
Hopfe ch01 pptHopfe ch01 ppt
Hopfe ch01 ppt
 
Primal Folk Religions
Primal Folk ReligionsPrimal Folk Religions
Primal Folk Religions
 
Vodou and Santeria: African and European Encounters in the Caribbean
Vodou and Santeria: African and European Encounters in the CaribbeanVodou and Santeria: African and European Encounters in the Caribbean
Vodou and Santeria: African and European Encounters in the Caribbean
 
Hopfe ch03 ppt
Hopfe ch03 pptHopfe ch03 ppt
Hopfe ch03 ppt
 
Oral-Lore-report powerpoint presentation
Oral-Lore-report powerpoint presentationOral-Lore-report powerpoint presentation
Oral-Lore-report powerpoint presentation
 
Native American Mythology
Native American MythologyNative American Mythology
Native American Mythology
 
Presentation2
Presentation2Presentation2
Presentation2
 
Da'wah towards alleviating spirit worship and devil possession (bori) in Haus...
Da'wah towards alleviating spirit worship and devil possession (bori) in Haus...Da'wah towards alleviating spirit worship and devil possession (bori) in Haus...
Da'wah towards alleviating spirit worship and devil possession (bori) in Haus...
 
Lesson 4
Lesson 4Lesson 4
Lesson 4
 
The Spiritual Self.pdf
The Spiritual Self.pdfThe Spiritual Self.pdf
The Spiritual Self.pdf
 
Mandaya Ethnic Tribe
Mandaya Ethnic TribeMandaya Ethnic Tribe
Mandaya Ethnic Tribe
 
Agpaanod culture
Agpaanod culture Agpaanod culture
Agpaanod culture
 
African indigenous religion
African indigenous religionAfrican indigenous religion
African indigenous religion
 
107 hoomana
107 hoomana107 hoomana
107 hoomana
 
Honey Child Goddess Circle
Honey Child Goddess CircleHoney Child Goddess Circle
Honey Child Goddess Circle
 
Animism and Folk Religion
Animism and Folk ReligionAnimism and Folk Religion
Animism and Folk Religion
 
OUR SPIRIT-SOUL
OUR SPIRIT-SOULOUR SPIRIT-SOUL
OUR SPIRIT-SOUL
 

More from PaulineMae5

Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptxLesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdfLesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptxLesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdfLesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptxChapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptxLesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptxLesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptxLesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptxLesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdfQ3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
PaulineMae5
 
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdfSIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdfQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdfQ3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdfQ4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptxQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdfQ4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdfQ3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdfQ3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
PaulineMae5
 
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptxQ4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
PaulineMae5
 

More from PaulineMae5 (20)

Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptxLesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
Lesson 5_Ang mga Organisasyon at Alyansa sa Daigdig .pptx
 
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdfLesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
Lesson 2_Food Safety Principles, Consumer Health and Foodborne Diseases.pdf
 
Lesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptxLesson 5.............................pptx
Lesson 5.............................pptx
 
Lesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdfLesson 1.............................pdf
Lesson 1.............................pdf
 
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptxChapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
Chapter 10.1 Interfaith Dialogue....pptx
 
Lesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptxLesson 3_............................pptx
Lesson 3_............................pptx
 
Lesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptxLesson 4............................pptx
Lesson 4............................pptx
 
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptxLesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
Lesson 7_Confucianism and Daoism....pptx
 
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptxLesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
Lesson 8_Shinto..........................pptx
 
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdfQ3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
Q3 - AP 7 Reviewer...................pdf
 
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdfSIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
SIBIKA 5 Balik-Aral..................pdf
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdfQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pdf
 
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdfQ3 AP 7 - pt.2  Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
Q3 AP 7 - pt.2 Karanasan ng mga Kababaihan.pdf
 
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdfQ4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
Q4 AP 8 - Kapayapaang Pandaigdig.....pdf
 
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptxQ4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
Q4 AP5 - Pananaw at Paniniwala ng mga Sultanato.pptx
 
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdfQ4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
Q4 AP7- Karanasan at Implikasyon ng Digmaang Pandaigdig.pdf
 
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdfQ3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
Q3 AP5 - Katutubong Pilipino.........pdf
 
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdfQ3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
Q3 AP5 - Tradisyunal at Di-tradisyunal.pdf
 
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
Q4 AP5 - Pagpapahalaga sa Partisipasyon ng Iba't-ibang Rehiyon at Sektor sa P...
 
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptxQ4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
Q4 AP 5 - Responsibilidad...........pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
EADTU
 
QUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lesson
QUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lessonQUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lesson
QUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lesson
httgc7rh9c
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
Understanding Accommodations and Modifications
Understanding  Accommodations and ModificationsUnderstanding  Accommodations and Modifications
Understanding Accommodations and Modifications
 
NO1 Top Black Magic Specialist In Lahore Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Ex...
NO1 Top Black Magic Specialist In Lahore Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Ex...NO1 Top Black Magic Specialist In Lahore Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Ex...
NO1 Top Black Magic Specialist In Lahore Black magic In Pakistan Kala Ilam Ex...
 
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptxWhat is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
 
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
 
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
 
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdfDiuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
 
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learningdusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
 
Unit 3 Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence.pdf
Unit 3 Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence.pdfUnit 3 Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence.pdf
Unit 3 Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence.pdf
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
QUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lesson
QUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lessonQUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lesson
QUATER-1-PE-HEALTH-LC2- this is just a sample of unpacked lesson
 
How to Add New Custom Addons Path in Odoo 17
How to Add New Custom Addons Path in Odoo 17How to Add New Custom Addons Path in Odoo 17
How to Add New Custom Addons Path in Odoo 17
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
 
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptxMichaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
How to setup Pycharm environment for Odoo 17.pptx
How to setup Pycharm environment for Odoo 17.pptxHow to setup Pycharm environment for Odoo 17.pptx
How to setup Pycharm environment for Odoo 17.pptx
 
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell TollsErnest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
 

Chapter 9.2 Indigenous Religions....pptx

  • 2. SLIDESMANIA.COM Life Performance Outcome I am a courageous, resourceful explorer and problem solver, demonstrating my creativity and charism.
  • 3. SLIDESMANIA.COM Essential Performance Outcome Search voluntarily beyond readily available sources of information, resources, and standard techniques to generate new understandings towards workable solutions to existing problems.
  • 4. SLIDESMANIA.COM Intended Learning Outcome Search voluntarily beyond readily available sources of information, resources to identify the themes that characterize indigenous religions.
  • 6. SLIDESMANIA.COM • There are three subgroups, based on dialects that constitute the Ifugao. • The Tuwali are in the municipalities of Kiangan and Lagawe; the Ayangan in Banaue, Hingyon, and Hungduan, and the Henanga in Mayoyao and Aguinaldo. Ifugao Worldview
  • 7. SLIDESMANIA.COM • The word Ifugao literally means people from the earth as Pugaw, its root word, refers to the earthworld, a dimension in their cosmology inhabited by human beings. (Dulawan 2011) Ifugao Worldview
  • 8. SLIDESMANIA.COM • The others are Kabunyan (skyworld), Dalom (underworld), Daya (western world), and Lagud (eastern world. • The Ifugao traced their ancestry to Bugan and Wigan, divine entities from Kabunyan, who moved to Pugaw because of its fertile soil and wild deer. Ifugao Worldview
  • 9. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Bugan and Wigan were, in fact, children of Bakayawan who ordered them to leave the skyworld for breaking the taboo om incest. • They settled along the Ibulao River in what could have been the first human settlement in the are called Kiyangan. Ifugao Worldview
  • 10. SLIDESMANIA.COM • The Ifugao are their descendants. • For their consumption, pigs and chicken were sent by Kabunyan deities. Ifugao Worldview
  • 12. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Anito The anito refers to the essence of the individual, typically understood as the soul. These are ancestral deities to whom sacrifices are mainly offered because of their ongoing involvement in the life of community. Classification of Ifugao Deities https://youtu.be/zfj_NkWBzhY
  • 13. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Namadjang Namadjang is believed to be the creator of the physical world. Although he is no longer involved in its affairs, sacrifices are also offered to him as a sign of respect and not for supplication. Classification of Ifugao Deities
  • 14. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Mapatal Mapatal is the sun diety in charge of weather • Pwulan A feminine entity, Pulawan is the moon deity concerned with fertility Classification of Ifugao Deities
  • 15. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Mihtalapi These are deities that govern celestial bodies such as stars, clouds, and comets • Bunbuni These are deities of the earth, which can affect natural geological catastrophes such as landslides and earthquakes. Classification of Ifugao Deities
  • 16. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Abat and Umichaw Abat and Umichaw are deities of war, vengeance, and hostility • Penaching These are commonly described as demons but not all are evil nature. They are seen as inflicting trouble especially on children as they can cause pain and illness. Classification of Ifugao Deities
  • 17. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Pulay These deities can be malevolent as they can extract the soul of an individual from his body while he is asleep. They can also prevent the soul from returning to the same body. It is believed, too, that mental disorders are caused by Pulay, entering one’s body. Classification of Ifugao Deities
  • 18. SLIDESMANIA.COM • These deities or spirits are also called ba-i • Deities are neither worshipped nor adored in the Ifugao worldview • Deities are approached through rituals – known as baki – to either appease them or seek their intervention especially in the various stages of the life cycle or their agricultural calendar Classification of Ifugao Deities
  • 20. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Individuals have to manage their relationship with the ba-i to maintain that person’s existence, basically to stay alive • The priests who officiates the ceremony, chants the prayer, and offers sacrifices to the deities is called mombaki. Classification of Ifugao Deities https://youtu.be/GJ3WKTzqFLQ
  • 21. SLIDESMANIA.COM Mombaki • He is familiar with which chants, derived from the Alim, are appropriate for the particular ritual. • He is also aware of which materials to use during the ritual. • Betel nut, rice, a bolo, a hunting spear, tobacco Ifugao Rituals
  • 22. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Rites are carried out based on the need of a family or the community • For example, a woman who is pregnant needs to undergo Pahang, a home- based ritual meant to call on linnnawa or the soul of the woman from Kabunyan to ensure normal delivery Ifugao Rituals
  • 23. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Before a wedding is officiated, bubun is carried out to decide whether the deities favor the union • Pigs and chicken are sacrificed Ifugao Rituals https://youtu.be/GK360jrWOMM
  • 24. SLIDESMANIA.COM • When an Ifugao dies, the kate rite is carried out, which involves animal sacrifices and a nightly vigil, which includes chanting of myths • A year or so after the person’s death, his bones are exhumed for a cleansing rite called bogwa • Animal sacrifices and chanting are done too Ifugao Rituals https://youtu.be/JECJkeTmk7g
  • 25. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Rice rites are carried out by the Ifugao to seek protection for their produce and blessing for a bountiful harvest • These rites are conducted throughout the year depending on the need of the community Ifugao Rituals
  • 26. SLIDESMANIA.COM • The lukya for example, is officiated by the mombaki at the start of agricultural calendar during which chickens are sacrificed • This is the time when the granary is opened for rice to be consumed or sold Ifugao Rituals
  • 27. SLIDESMANIA.COM • When seeds are sown at the appointed time, panal is performed to seek the blessing of the deities to ensure growth • During the harvest, the mombaki performs ani, which includes the recitation of harvest narratives Ifugao Rituals
  • 28. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Chickens are generally offered but if the owner of the field is affluent, a pig may also be included • Offering of the pigs embodies the transaction that human beings make with the deities Ifugao Rituals
  • 29. SLIDESMANIA.COM • Compare and contrast the themes of Indigenous religions, monotheistic, and polytheistic religions. Activity