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Chapter 5
Technology in
E-Commerce
By: Marya Sholevar
Department of Banking & Finance
Objectives
In this chapter, you will learn about:
• Finding and evaluating Web-hosting
services
• Basic functions of electronic commerce
software
• Advanced functions of electronic
commerce software
1- Web Hosting
Alternatives
A Web host is in the business of providing server space,
Web services and file maintenance for Web sites controlled
by individuals or companies that do not have their own web
server.
1-1 Self-hosting
– Running servers in-house
– Most often used by large companies
1-2 Commerce service providers (CSPs)
– Provide Internet access and Web-hosting services
– Help companies conduct electronic commerce
– Offer Web server management and rent application
software
2- Basic Functions of Electronic
Commerce Software
Software and hardware products for building sites
– Externally hosted stores with software tools
– Sophisticated electronic commerce software suites
Electronic commerce software needs determined by–
Expected enterprise size
– Projected traffic and sales
– Budget
• Consider online store creation costs versus brick and
mortar costs
• Consider external or in-house host costs
2- Basic Functions of Electronic
Commerce Software
– Catalog display
– Shopping cart capabilities
– Transaction processing
Larger complex sites may include:
– Software adding features and capabilities to basic
commerce tool set
2-1 Catalog Display
Catalog organizes goods and services being sold
– Organizes offerings into departments
– Web store advantage
• Single product may appear in multiple categories
Catalog: listing of goods and services
2-2 Shopping Cart
Electronic commerce early days
– Used forms-based shopping
• Shoppers selected items by filling out online forms
• Awkward if ordering more than one or two items
– Problems
• Need to write down product codes, unit prices, other
information before ordering
• Customers forgot whether submit button clicked
– Confusing and error prone
2-2 Shopping Cart
Electronic shopping carts:
– Now the standard method for processing sales
– Keep track of items customer selected
– May view cart contents, add items, remove items
– Ordering requires a simple click
• Item details stored automatically in cart
– Button click executes the purchase transaction
– Shopping cart software
• BIZNET Internet Services, SalesCart, WebGenie
Software–
Web unable to remember anything from one transmissionor
session to another
– To retrieve shopping cart information later use cookies
2-3- Transaction Processing
– Transaction processing: occurs when shopper proceeds
to virtual checkout counter
• Click checkout button
– Electronic commerce software performs necessary
calculations
– Web browser software and seller’s Web serversoftware
switch into secure communication state.
– Most companies use accounting software package
• Records sales and inventory movements
• Requires integration with accounting software
2-3- Transaction Processing
– FedEx and UPS shipping rate software integrates with e-
commerce software
Other calculations
• Coupons, special promotions, time-sensitive offers
– Large companies
• Integration may be complex
3- Advanced Functions of
Electronic Commerce Software
– Section topic
• Electronic commerce software features
– Most large companies have:
• Electronic commerce operations
• Substantial business activity
– Important to integrate
• Electronic commerce activities into the company’s other
operations
– Basic element: collection of databases
4- Databases
– Databases: Collection of information
• Stored on a computer in a highly structured way
– Database manager (database management software)
• Makes it easy for users to:Enter, edit, update, retrieve
information in the database
• Examples: Microsoft Access, IBM DB2, Microsoft SQL
Server, Oracle
– Distributed information systems
• Large information systems storing data in many
different physical locations
– Distributed database systems
• Databases within distributed information systems
– Determine database support level:
• Provided by any electronic commerce software
5- Middleware
• Takes sales and inventory shipments information from
electronic commerce software
• Transmits to accounting and inventory management
software
• Companies can write own middleware
• Companies can purchase customized middleware
– Interoperability
• Making information systems work together
• Important goal when installing middleware
6- Web Services
– Web services
• Software systems supporting interoperable machine-to-
machine interaction over a network
• Set of software and technologies allowing computers to
use the Web to interact with each other directly
– Application program interface (API)
• General name for the ways programs interconnect with
each other
– Web APIs: interaction over the Web
6-1 What Web services can do
– Offer improved customer service, reduced costs
– Transmit XML-tagged data
• From one enterprise integrated application to another
– Provide data feeds between two different companies
6-2 How Web services work
– Key element
• Programmers write software accessing business
application logic units without knowing details
– Machine-to-machine communication
• Allows programs written in different languages on
different platforms to communicate, accomplish
transaction processing, and perform other business
tasks
• Originally accomplished with HTML
• Implemented with XML today
– First Web services
• Information sources
• Incorporate information sources into software
applications
6-2 How Web services work
– More advanced example
• Web services purchasing software used to obtain
vendor price information
• Purchasing agent authorizes purchase using software
to submit order, track until shipment received
• Vendor's Web services software checks buyer’s
credit,contracts with freight company
7- Mall-Style Commerce Service
Providers
– Provide small businesses with:
• Internet connection, Web site creation tools
• Little or no banner advertising clutter Charges
• Low monthly fee
• One-time setup fees
• Percentage of (or fixed) amount for each transaction
7- Mall-Style Commerce Service
Providers
– Provides:
• Online store design tools and storefront templates
• Easy-to-use interface
• Web page-generation capabilities
• Page maintenance
• Shopping cart software capabilities
• Payment processing services
8- Customer Relationship
Managemen Software
– Goal
• Understand each customer’s specific needs
• Customize product or service to meet those needs
– Idea
• If customer needs met exactly
*Customer will pay more for goods or services
– Customer relationship management (CRM) software
• Obtains data from operations software
• Gathers data about customer activities
• Uses data to conduct analytical activities
8- Customer Relationship
Managemen Software
– Basic form of CRM
• Uses customer information to sell more goods or
services
– Advanced form of CRM
• Delivers extremely attractive, positive customer
experiences
– CRM business importance
• Maintaining customer loyalty
• Maintaining positive, consistent contacts at the
purchasing company
– CRM software source
• Companies create their own
9- Supply Chain Management
Software
– Helps companies coordinate planning and operations with
industry partners
– Two general function types: planning and execution
• SCM planning software: Uses information from each
supply chain participant
• SCM execution software: Helps with warehouse and
transportation management
10- Content Management Software
– Controls large amounts of text, graphics, media files
– Importance heightened due to:
• Increased use of smart phones, netbook computers,
pad computing devices
– E-commerce software
• May come with wizards and other automated helpers
for creating template driven pages
– Businesses often customize Web pages with company
and product pictures and text
11- Knowledge Management
Software
– Systems managing knowledge itself
• Rather than documentary representations of that
knowledge
– Four main tasks
• Collect and organize information
• Share information among users
• Enhance ability of users to collaborate
• Preserve knowledge gained through information use
Thank you!

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Chapter 5 tech in e commerce

  • 1. Chapter 5 Technology in E-Commerce By: Marya Sholevar Department of Banking & Finance
  • 2. Objectives In this chapter, you will learn about: • Finding and evaluating Web-hosting services • Basic functions of electronic commerce software • Advanced functions of electronic commerce software
  • 3. 1- Web Hosting Alternatives A Web host is in the business of providing server space, Web services and file maintenance for Web sites controlled by individuals or companies that do not have their own web server. 1-1 Self-hosting – Running servers in-house – Most often used by large companies 1-2 Commerce service providers (CSPs) – Provide Internet access and Web-hosting services – Help companies conduct electronic commerce – Offer Web server management and rent application software
  • 4. 2- Basic Functions of Electronic Commerce Software Software and hardware products for building sites – Externally hosted stores with software tools – Sophisticated electronic commerce software suites Electronic commerce software needs determined by– Expected enterprise size – Projected traffic and sales – Budget • Consider online store creation costs versus brick and mortar costs • Consider external or in-house host costs
  • 5. 2- Basic Functions of Electronic Commerce Software – Catalog display – Shopping cart capabilities – Transaction processing Larger complex sites may include: – Software adding features and capabilities to basic commerce tool set
  • 6. 2-1 Catalog Display Catalog organizes goods and services being sold – Organizes offerings into departments – Web store advantage • Single product may appear in multiple categories Catalog: listing of goods and services
  • 7.
  • 8. 2-2 Shopping Cart Electronic commerce early days – Used forms-based shopping • Shoppers selected items by filling out online forms • Awkward if ordering more than one or two items – Problems • Need to write down product codes, unit prices, other information before ordering • Customers forgot whether submit button clicked – Confusing and error prone
  • 9. 2-2 Shopping Cart Electronic shopping carts: – Now the standard method for processing sales – Keep track of items customer selected – May view cart contents, add items, remove items – Ordering requires a simple click • Item details stored automatically in cart – Button click executes the purchase transaction – Shopping cart software • BIZNET Internet Services, SalesCart, WebGenie Software– Web unable to remember anything from one transmissionor session to another – To retrieve shopping cart information later use cookies
  • 10.
  • 11. 2-3- Transaction Processing – Transaction processing: occurs when shopper proceeds to virtual checkout counter • Click checkout button – Electronic commerce software performs necessary calculations – Web browser software and seller’s Web serversoftware switch into secure communication state. – Most companies use accounting software package • Records sales and inventory movements • Requires integration with accounting software
  • 12. 2-3- Transaction Processing – FedEx and UPS shipping rate software integrates with e- commerce software Other calculations • Coupons, special promotions, time-sensitive offers – Large companies • Integration may be complex
  • 13.
  • 14. 3- Advanced Functions of Electronic Commerce Software – Section topic • Electronic commerce software features – Most large companies have: • Electronic commerce operations • Substantial business activity – Important to integrate • Electronic commerce activities into the company’s other operations – Basic element: collection of databases
  • 15. 4- Databases – Databases: Collection of information • Stored on a computer in a highly structured way – Database manager (database management software) • Makes it easy for users to:Enter, edit, update, retrieve information in the database • Examples: Microsoft Access, IBM DB2, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle – Distributed information systems • Large information systems storing data in many different physical locations – Distributed database systems • Databases within distributed information systems – Determine database support level: • Provided by any electronic commerce software
  • 16. 5- Middleware • Takes sales and inventory shipments information from electronic commerce software • Transmits to accounting and inventory management software • Companies can write own middleware • Companies can purchase customized middleware – Interoperability • Making information systems work together • Important goal when installing middleware
  • 17. 6- Web Services – Web services • Software systems supporting interoperable machine-to- machine interaction over a network • Set of software and technologies allowing computers to use the Web to interact with each other directly – Application program interface (API) • General name for the ways programs interconnect with each other – Web APIs: interaction over the Web
  • 18. 6-1 What Web services can do – Offer improved customer service, reduced costs – Transmit XML-tagged data • From one enterprise integrated application to another – Provide data feeds between two different companies
  • 19. 6-2 How Web services work – Key element • Programmers write software accessing business application logic units without knowing details – Machine-to-machine communication • Allows programs written in different languages on different platforms to communicate, accomplish transaction processing, and perform other business tasks • Originally accomplished with HTML • Implemented with XML today – First Web services • Information sources • Incorporate information sources into software applications
  • 20. 6-2 How Web services work – More advanced example • Web services purchasing software used to obtain vendor price information • Purchasing agent authorizes purchase using software to submit order, track until shipment received • Vendor's Web services software checks buyer’s credit,contracts with freight company
  • 21. 7- Mall-Style Commerce Service Providers – Provide small businesses with: • Internet connection, Web site creation tools • Little or no banner advertising clutter Charges • Low monthly fee • One-time setup fees • Percentage of (or fixed) amount for each transaction
  • 22. 7- Mall-Style Commerce Service Providers – Provides: • Online store design tools and storefront templates • Easy-to-use interface • Web page-generation capabilities • Page maintenance • Shopping cart software capabilities • Payment processing services
  • 23.
  • 24. 8- Customer Relationship Managemen Software – Goal • Understand each customer’s specific needs • Customize product or service to meet those needs – Idea • If customer needs met exactly *Customer will pay more for goods or services – Customer relationship management (CRM) software • Obtains data from operations software • Gathers data about customer activities • Uses data to conduct analytical activities
  • 25. 8- Customer Relationship Managemen Software – Basic form of CRM • Uses customer information to sell more goods or services – Advanced form of CRM • Delivers extremely attractive, positive customer experiences – CRM business importance • Maintaining customer loyalty • Maintaining positive, consistent contacts at the purchasing company – CRM software source • Companies create their own
  • 26. 9- Supply Chain Management Software – Helps companies coordinate planning and operations with industry partners – Two general function types: planning and execution • SCM planning software: Uses information from each supply chain participant • SCM execution software: Helps with warehouse and transportation management
  • 27. 10- Content Management Software – Controls large amounts of text, graphics, media files – Importance heightened due to: • Increased use of smart phones, netbook computers, pad computing devices – E-commerce software • May come with wizards and other automated helpers for creating template driven pages – Businesses often customize Web pages with company and product pictures and text
  • 28. 11- Knowledge Management Software – Systems managing knowledge itself • Rather than documentary representations of that knowledge – Four main tasks • Collect and organize information • Share information among users • Enhance ability of users to collaborate • Preserve knowledge gained through information use