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A Presentation
On
Carbon Footprints
Presented by
OĞUZ İNCE
Information Systems Engineering,
Doğuş University
Environmental Pollution
 Environmental Pollution can be defined as any undesirable
change in physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of any
component of the environment i.e. air, water, soil which can cause
harmful effects on various forms of life or property.
 Pollution: The term pollution can be defined as influence of any
substance causing nuisance, harmful effects, and uneasiness to
the organisms
 Pollutant:- Any substance causing Nuisance or harmful effects or
uneasiness to the organisms, then that particular substance may
be called as the pollutant.
Types of Pollution
WATER POLLUTION
AIR POLLUTION
LAND POLLUTION
NOISE POLLUTION
WATER POLLUTION
Municipal Waste Water
Land Pollution
Industrial Waste
Plastics factories, chemical plants, oil refineries,
nuclear waste disposal activity, large animal farms,
coal-fired power plants, metals production factories
and other heavy industry all contribute to land
pollution.
Air Pollution
Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals,
particulate matter, or biological materials that
cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living
organisms, or cause damage to the natural
environment or built environment, into the
atmosphere.
A substance in the air that can cause harm to
humans and the environment is known as an air
pollutant.
Causes of Air Pollution
Carbon dioxide-this happens because of
Deforestation and fossil fuel burning.
Sulfur dioxide –Due to the burning of sulfur
containing compounds of fossil fuels.
Sulfur oxides- very dangerous to humans at a
high concentration. Sulfur in the atmosphere
is responsible for acid rain.
Consequences of Air Pollution
 CO2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also
partially restricts infrared radiation going back
from the earth into space, which produces the so-
called greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic
cooling of the Earth during the night.
 CO2 in atmosphere --> GLOBAL WARMING
Some Proof of Global Warming
Portage Glacier Alaska then….
Portage Glacier Alaska now….
Colorado River, As of
June 2002
Colorado River, As of
December 2010
INTRODUCTION
Climate change is increasingly recognised as a major
challenge.
Greenhouse gas emissions are the driving force behind
climate change.
Greenhouse Gases
Greenhouse gases are those which contribute to the
greenhouse effect . The six regulated gases are:
• Carbon dioxide (CO2)
• Methane (CH4)
• Nitrous oxide (N2O)
• Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
• Perfluorocarbons (PFCs)
• Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
The most influential greenhouse gas for climate change is
carbon dioxide (CO2).
Where does all the Carbon dioxide come from?
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is released when we burn carbon based
fuels.
Almost all fuels are carbon-based, including:
• Petrol and diesel in our cars, vans and generators.
• Electricity generated from fossil fuel power stations.
• Coal, oil and gas in our power stations (and businesses).
• Jet fuel in aero planes.
Virtually all human activities cause CO2 emissions that lead to
climate change.
Hence every person is responsible for CO2 emissions.
So in actual its ‘carbon dioxide footprint’.
Effect of greenhouse gases on environment
• Easily trap the sun's heat.
• Keep the earth warm.
• Too much gases in the air leads to climate change, what we
call Global warming.
• Methane and nitrous oxide have high heat-trapping capacity
to carbon dioxide.
• But major role is played by carbon dioxide.
Classification of greenhouse gases
• Direct emissions that result from activities of the
organisation controls.
• Indirect emissions from the use of electricity.
• Indirect emissions from products and services.
Classification of Greenhouse gases
GLOBAL WARMING AND THE
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
Difference between Global
Warming and the Greenhouse
Effect
Global warming refers to a rise in the
temperature of the surface of the earth.
The Greenhouse Effect is a process by which
thermal radiation from a planetary surface is
absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases,
and is re-radiated in all directions.
What Is A Carbon Footprint?
• A carbon footprint is a
measure of the impact our
activities have on the
environment, and in
particular climate change.
It relates to the amount of
greenhouse gases
produced in our day-to-day
lives through burning fossil
fuels for electricity, heating
and transportation etc.
• The carbon
footprint is a
measurement of all
greenhouse gases
we individually
produce and has
units of tonnes (or
kg) of carbon
dioxide equivalent
• A carbon footprint is "the total
set of greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions caused by an
organization, event, product or
person." Greenhouse gases can
be emitted through transport,
land clearance, and the
production and consumption of
food, fuels,
• manufactured goods,
materials, wood, roads,
buildings, and services. For
simplicity of reporting, it is
often expressed in terms of
the amount of carbon
dioxide, or its equivalent of
other GHGs, emitted.
1-)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8q7_aV8eLUE
2-)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7JlaHeZnP0
TYPE OF FOOTPRINTS
Carbon footprint ranking
1) Forest fire – 100 million tons
CO2e
2) Having a child – 700 tons CO2e
3) 2.5 Acres deforestation – 500 tons
CO2e
4) A new car – 17 tons CO2e
5) Flight (LA to Spain) – 4.6 tons
CO2e
6) A new computer – 720 kg CO2e
7) Road trip: SF to LA – 500 Kg CO2e
8) Light on for a year – 400 kg CO2e
9) $100 on groceries – 62 kg CO2e
10) Moderate cell phone use (year) –
47 kg CO2e
11) 10 lbs of trash – 3.1 kg CO2e
12) Beef cheeseburger – 2.5 kg
CO2e
13) A pint of beer – 500g CO2e
14) Bottle of water – 200g CO2e
15) Cycling a mile – 100g CO2e
16) Banana – 80g CO2e
17) Walking through a door –
10g CO2e
18) A web search – 2g CO2e
The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol
•A widely used standard for emissions reporting.
•Covers project emissions reporting and corporate emissions
reporting.
•The corporate emissions reporting standard provides a
methodology for calculation of a carbon footprint.
ISO 140645
•ISO 140645 is an international standard for corporate
emissions reporting.
•It builds on the approach outlined in the Greenhouse Gas
Protocol.
CARBON CREDITS
• Certificates issued to countries those reduce their
emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) which causes global
warming.
• Came into existence as a result of increasing awareness of
the need for controlling emissions.
Key points
• One Carbon Credit is equal to one ton of Carbon Dioxide
• Methane and nitrous oxide have approximately 21 times
and 310 times, respectively, the heat-trapping capacity of
carbon dioxide.
• Reducing methane by one ton is equivalent to reducing
carbon dioxide by 21 tons.
How can we reduce our’s
carbon footprint?
1. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
2. Turn off and unplug all electrical
appliances when not in use
3. Walk, Cycle, Carpool, Use public
transport when possible
4. Take a shower instead of a bath
5. Reuse your shopping bags
6. Close doors to keep heat in
7. Use low energy light bulbs
8. Plant a tree
10. Only turn on the dishwasher/
washing machine when full
12. Separate your rubbish
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJwt9nwCElA
CONCLUSION
• It can be concluded that carbon footprints as well as
carbon credits carries an importance in our daily life.
• Everyone should realize its effect and should try to
protect the nature from its adverse effects.
• The carbon credit business is a rapidly changing
business, and people should be aware that market rates,
protocols, and registration programs can change
quickly.
ANY QUESTIONS??
THANKS
FOR LISTENING
Carbon footprint

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Carbon footprint

  • 1. A Presentation On Carbon Footprints Presented by OĞUZ İNCE Information Systems Engineering, Doğuş University
  • 2.
  • 3. Environmental Pollution  Environmental Pollution can be defined as any undesirable change in physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment i.e. air, water, soil which can cause harmful effects on various forms of life or property.  Pollution: The term pollution can be defined as influence of any substance causing nuisance, harmful effects, and uneasiness to the organisms  Pollutant:- Any substance causing Nuisance or harmful effects or uneasiness to the organisms, then that particular substance may be called as the pollutant.
  • 4. Types of Pollution WATER POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION LAND POLLUTION NOISE POLLUTION
  • 8. Industrial Waste Plastics factories, chemical plants, oil refineries, nuclear waste disposal activity, large animal farms, coal-fired power plants, metals production factories and other heavy industry all contribute to land pollution.
  • 10. Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment or built environment, into the atmosphere. A substance in the air that can cause harm to humans and the environment is known as an air pollutant.
  • 11. Causes of Air Pollution Carbon dioxide-this happens because of Deforestation and fossil fuel burning. Sulfur dioxide –Due to the burning of sulfur containing compounds of fossil fuels. Sulfur oxides- very dangerous to humans at a high concentration. Sulfur in the atmosphere is responsible for acid rain.
  • 12. Consequences of Air Pollution  CO2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the so- called greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic cooling of the Earth during the night.  CO2 in atmosphere --> GLOBAL WARMING
  • 13. Some Proof of Global Warming Portage Glacier Alaska then…. Portage Glacier Alaska now….
  • 14. Colorado River, As of June 2002 Colorado River, As of December 2010
  • 15. INTRODUCTION Climate change is increasingly recognised as a major challenge. Greenhouse gas emissions are the driving force behind climate change. Greenhouse Gases Greenhouse gases are those which contribute to the greenhouse effect . The six regulated gases are: • Carbon dioxide (CO2) • Methane (CH4) • Nitrous oxide (N2O) • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) • Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) • Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) The most influential greenhouse gas for climate change is carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • 16. Where does all the Carbon dioxide come from? Carbon dioxide (CO2) is released when we burn carbon based fuels. Almost all fuels are carbon-based, including: • Petrol and diesel in our cars, vans and generators. • Electricity generated from fossil fuel power stations. • Coal, oil and gas in our power stations (and businesses). • Jet fuel in aero planes. Virtually all human activities cause CO2 emissions that lead to climate change. Hence every person is responsible for CO2 emissions. So in actual its ‘carbon dioxide footprint’.
  • 17. Effect of greenhouse gases on environment • Easily trap the sun's heat. • Keep the earth warm. • Too much gases in the air leads to climate change, what we call Global warming. • Methane and nitrous oxide have high heat-trapping capacity to carbon dioxide. • But major role is played by carbon dioxide. Classification of greenhouse gases • Direct emissions that result from activities of the organisation controls. • Indirect emissions from the use of electricity. • Indirect emissions from products and services.
  • 19. GLOBAL WARMING AND THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT
  • 20. Difference between Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect Global warming refers to a rise in the temperature of the surface of the earth. The Greenhouse Effect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all directions.
  • 21. What Is A Carbon Footprint? • A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact our activities have on the environment, and in particular climate change. It relates to the amount of greenhouse gases produced in our day-to-day lives through burning fossil fuels for electricity, heating and transportation etc.
  • 22. • The carbon footprint is a measurement of all greenhouse gases we individually produce and has units of tonnes (or kg) of carbon dioxide equivalent
  • 23. • A carbon footprint is "the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person." Greenhouse gases can be emitted through transport, land clearance, and the production and consumption of food, fuels,
  • 24. • manufactured goods, materials, wood, roads, buildings, and services. For simplicity of reporting, it is often expressed in terms of the amount of carbon dioxide, or its equivalent of other GHGs, emitted.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 29. Carbon footprint ranking 1) Forest fire – 100 million tons CO2e 2) Having a child – 700 tons CO2e 3) 2.5 Acres deforestation – 500 tons CO2e 4) A new car – 17 tons CO2e 5) Flight (LA to Spain) – 4.6 tons CO2e 6) A new computer – 720 kg CO2e 7) Road trip: SF to LA – 500 Kg CO2e 8) Light on for a year – 400 kg CO2e 9) $100 on groceries – 62 kg CO2e 10) Moderate cell phone use (year) – 47 kg CO2e 11) 10 lbs of trash – 3.1 kg CO2e 12) Beef cheeseburger – 2.5 kg CO2e 13) A pint of beer – 500g CO2e 14) Bottle of water – 200g CO2e 15) Cycling a mile – 100g CO2e 16) Banana – 80g CO2e 17) Walking through a door – 10g CO2e 18) A web search – 2g CO2e
  • 30. The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol •A widely used standard for emissions reporting. •Covers project emissions reporting and corporate emissions reporting. •The corporate emissions reporting standard provides a methodology for calculation of a carbon footprint. ISO 140645 •ISO 140645 is an international standard for corporate emissions reporting. •It builds on the approach outlined in the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.
  • 31. CARBON CREDITS • Certificates issued to countries those reduce their emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) which causes global warming. • Came into existence as a result of increasing awareness of the need for controlling emissions. Key points • One Carbon Credit is equal to one ton of Carbon Dioxide • Methane and nitrous oxide have approximately 21 times and 310 times, respectively, the heat-trapping capacity of carbon dioxide. • Reducing methane by one ton is equivalent to reducing carbon dioxide by 21 tons.
  • 32. How can we reduce our’s carbon footprint?
  • 33.
  • 34. 1. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
  • 35. 2. Turn off and unplug all electrical appliances when not in use
  • 36. 3. Walk, Cycle, Carpool, Use public transport when possible
  • 37. 4. Take a shower instead of a bath
  • 38. 5. Reuse your shopping bags
  • 39. 6. Close doors to keep heat in
  • 40. 7. Use low energy light bulbs
  • 41. 8. Plant a tree
  • 42. 10. Only turn on the dishwasher/ washing machine when full
  • 43. 12. Separate your rubbish
  • 44.
  • 46. CONCLUSION • It can be concluded that carbon footprints as well as carbon credits carries an importance in our daily life. • Everyone should realize its effect and should try to protect the nature from its adverse effects. • The carbon credit business is a rapidly changing business, and people should be aware that market rates, protocols, and registration programs can change quickly.