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AUTOMATION
Presented by
K. VADIVELU
III YEAR EEE
SARANATHAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, TRICHY
 Automation is the use of various control
systems for operating equipment
 Automation has been achieved by
Mechanical
Hydraulic
 Pneumatic
 Electrical and electronic devices
 computers, usually in combination
INTRODUCTION
Discrete control
PID controller
System state control
Computer control
Control Actions
ANN - Artificial neural network
DCS - Distributed Control System
HMI - Human Machine Interface
SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
PLC - Programmable Logic Controller
Instrumentation
Motion control
Robotics
Automation Tools
Depends upon current technology
Supervising is necessary
Few non automated process
Continuation in Error
LIMITATIONS
To reduce the working time
High degree of accuracy
To do hard physical tasks
Tasks under dangerous environment
NEEDS OF AUTOMATION
Food and drink
Stores
Automated mining
Automated video surveillance
Automated highway systems
Automated waste management
Home automation
Laboratory automation
Industrial automation
Industrial robotics
APPLICATIONS
Replaces hard monotonous work
Tasks in hazardous environment
Faster production
Cheaper labor cost
Easily maintained
Task beyond human capabilities
ADVANTAGES - SOCIALLY
Increased productivity
Improved quality
Increased consistency of output
Reduced labor costs
ADVANTAGES - INDUSTRIALLY
All tasks cannot be automated
Some tasks are more expensive
Initial cost is high
Failure to maintain – Heavy loss
Unemployment
DISADVANTAGES
CURRENT EMERGING
TECHNOLOGIES IN AUTOMATION
BIOBOTS
E-HIGHWAY
Automation
SELF-DRIVING CAR
DRONES
AUTOMATIC BUS
ULO ANATOMY
INTERNET OF THINGS
Automation

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