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Advocacy
By: Resty Hezron C. Damaso
Introduction
The act or process of
supporting a cause or proposal;
the act or process of
advocating something…
Advocacy definitions
• Advocacy is taking action to help people
say what they want, secure their rights,
represent their interests and obtain the
services they need.
• “Advocates and advocacy schemes work in
partnership with the people they support
and take their side.
• “Advocacy promotes social inclusion,
equality and social justice.” Advocacy
Charter, Action for Advocacy (2002)
4
What is advocacy?
Befriending Counselling Choices Mediation
Legal support Rights Having a voice Support
Advice Dependency Empowerment
Making
decisions
Impartial Representation
Why Advocacy is Necessary?
 Rights – concerned with law & social
structures
 Participation – concerned with move to
inclusion, citizenship, & involvement in
recovery (e.g. Individualized funding)
 Power – concerned with shifting power to
families & individuals & distributing valued
resources more equitably
Purpose of Advocacy
Empowering
Speaking up
Safeguarding
Enabling
Supporting
History of advocacy
stay
•1950s – scandals in long
hospitals
•1960s – increasing awareness of
rights and the way people are treated
who need services
•1966 – Wolfensburger established the
first Citizen Advocacy project in
America 8
History of advocacy cont…
• 1979 – first Citizen Advocacy project in
London
• 1983 and 1984 – developments in
advocacy for mental health patients,
people with learning difficulties, and
children
• 1980s – till date – legislative and policy
changes based on the rights of individuals
to have a voice, choice and representation
Types of Advocacy
Here we will refer to five types of
advocacy:
•Individual Advocacy
•Citizen Advocacy
•Systems Advocacy
•Parent Advocacy
•Self Advocacy
Individual Advocacy
Here the advocate concentrates their
only.
efforts
There
on one or two people
are two common forms of
individual advocacy
•Informal Advocacy
•Formal advocacy
Informal Advocacy
like parents,
• When
friends,
agencies
people
family
speak
members or
out and
advocate for vulnerable people
this is termed informal
advocacy
Formal advocacy
advocacy more
involves
•Formal
frequently
organizations that pay their
staff to advocate for someone
or for a group of individuals.
Citizen Advocacy
• A Citizen advocacy is a partnership
between an individual who is vulnerable
and not in a good position to exercise or
defend their rights as a citizen, and a
member of the community who is
independent of those providing direct
services.
• A person may be vulnerable because of
disability, old age or mental health
difficulties.
Citizen Advocacy cont…
•A Citizen Advocate is someone
who volunteers their time and is
recruited by a paid, trained
advocate coordinator.
•The coordinators role is to create
and support relationships
between an advocate and partner
(vulnerable person). .
Citizen Advocacy is NOT a:
• Buddy Program
• Volunteer Program
• Complaints Service
• Paid Advocacy Service
• Legal Service
Citizen Advocates are involved because they have
made a voluntary commitment to be a loyal
supporter of a person with intellectual disability, to
be a friend, who can, when necessary, protect and
safeguard their interests.
System Advocacy
•This form of advocacy is primarily
concerned with influencing and
changing the system (legislation,
policy and practices) in ways that
will benefit people with a
disability as a group within
society.
Systems Advocacy cont,,,
This can include influencing:
• the creation of new laws or changes to
current laws
• the priorities and plans of government and
non-government agencies
• the policies and procedures that relate to
services or systems
• the way in which government and non-
government agencies provide services.
Parent Advocacy
•Parent advocacy is concerned with
advocating on issues that affect
the person with a disability and
their family.
•The focus is on the needs of the
person with a disability, not the
parents or family.
Parent Advocacy cont….
•However, some parent advocacy
focuses on the needs of parents
first.
•Whilst parents have substantial
needs for support and resources,
when we talk about parent
advocacy we mean advocacy by
parent groups for people with a
disability.
Self Advocacy
•Self-advocacy is the
speak-up for yourself
ability to
and the
things that are important to you.
•Self-advocacy means you are able
to ask for what you need and
want and tell people about your
thoughts and feelings.
Self Advocacy cont….
•self-advocacy means you know
your rights and
responsibilities, you speak-up
for your rights, and you are
able to make choices and
decisions that affect your life.
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Advocay.pptx

  • 2.
  • 3. Introduction The act or process of supporting a cause or proposal; the act or process of advocating something…
  • 4. Advocacy definitions • Advocacy is taking action to help people say what they want, secure their rights, represent their interests and obtain the services they need. • “Advocates and advocacy schemes work in partnership with the people they support and take their side. • “Advocacy promotes social inclusion, equality and social justice.” Advocacy Charter, Action for Advocacy (2002) 4
  • 5. What is advocacy? Befriending Counselling Choices Mediation Legal support Rights Having a voice Support Advice Dependency Empowerment Making decisions Impartial Representation
  • 6. Why Advocacy is Necessary?  Rights – concerned with law & social structures  Participation – concerned with move to inclusion, citizenship, & involvement in recovery (e.g. Individualized funding)  Power – concerned with shifting power to families & individuals & distributing valued resources more equitably
  • 7. Purpose of Advocacy Empowering Speaking up Safeguarding Enabling Supporting
  • 8. History of advocacy stay •1950s – scandals in long hospitals •1960s – increasing awareness of rights and the way people are treated who need services •1966 – Wolfensburger established the first Citizen Advocacy project in America 8
  • 9. History of advocacy cont… • 1979 – first Citizen Advocacy project in London • 1983 and 1984 – developments in advocacy for mental health patients, people with learning difficulties, and children • 1980s – till date – legislative and policy changes based on the rights of individuals to have a voice, choice and representation
  • 10. Types of Advocacy Here we will refer to five types of advocacy: •Individual Advocacy •Citizen Advocacy •Systems Advocacy •Parent Advocacy •Self Advocacy
  • 11. Individual Advocacy Here the advocate concentrates their only. efforts There on one or two people are two common forms of individual advocacy •Informal Advocacy •Formal advocacy
  • 12. Informal Advocacy like parents, • When friends, agencies people family speak members or out and advocate for vulnerable people this is termed informal advocacy
  • 13.
  • 14. Formal advocacy advocacy more involves •Formal frequently organizations that pay their staff to advocate for someone or for a group of individuals.
  • 15.
  • 16. Citizen Advocacy • A Citizen advocacy is a partnership between an individual who is vulnerable and not in a good position to exercise or defend their rights as a citizen, and a member of the community who is independent of those providing direct services. • A person may be vulnerable because of disability, old age or mental health difficulties.
  • 17. Citizen Advocacy cont… •A Citizen Advocate is someone who volunteers their time and is recruited by a paid, trained advocate coordinator. •The coordinators role is to create and support relationships between an advocate and partner (vulnerable person). .
  • 18. Citizen Advocacy is NOT a: • Buddy Program • Volunteer Program • Complaints Service • Paid Advocacy Service • Legal Service Citizen Advocates are involved because they have made a voluntary commitment to be a loyal supporter of a person with intellectual disability, to be a friend, who can, when necessary, protect and safeguard their interests.
  • 19. System Advocacy •This form of advocacy is primarily concerned with influencing and changing the system (legislation, policy and practices) in ways that will benefit people with a disability as a group within society.
  • 20. Systems Advocacy cont,,, This can include influencing: • the creation of new laws or changes to current laws • the priorities and plans of government and non-government agencies • the policies and procedures that relate to services or systems • the way in which government and non- government agencies provide services.
  • 21. Parent Advocacy •Parent advocacy is concerned with advocating on issues that affect the person with a disability and their family. •The focus is on the needs of the person with a disability, not the parents or family.
  • 22. Parent Advocacy cont…. •However, some parent advocacy focuses on the needs of parents first. •Whilst parents have substantial needs for support and resources, when we talk about parent advocacy we mean advocacy by parent groups for people with a disability.
  • 23. Self Advocacy •Self-advocacy is the speak-up for yourself ability to and the things that are important to you. •Self-advocacy means you are able to ask for what you need and want and tell people about your thoughts and feelings.
  • 24. Self Advocacy cont…. •self-advocacy means you know your rights and responsibilities, you speak-up for your rights, and you are able to make choices and decisions that affect your life.