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A Nutrition-sensitive
approach for quinoa
development
Dr. Ana Islas Ramos, Nutrition Officer and Ruobin Wu, MS, Intern
Table of Contents
• Quinoa’s nutrient profile
• Nutrition-sensitive Approach
- From quinoa production to
healthy diets, nutrition and
sustainability
Quinoa’s nutrient profile
Good source of bioavailable protein,
polyunsaturated fats, vitamins and
minerals.
• Protein
– Quantity depends on the variety, (11%-
19%)
– Bioavailable
• Fat
– More fat than other grains
– linoleic (omega-6) and linolenic
(omega-3) acid.
Source: FAO. 2013. Nutritional value- International Year of Quinoa
URL: http://www.fao.org/quinoa-2013/what-is-quinoa/nutritional-
• Carbohydrate and Fiber
– Low glycemic index
– 10% both soluble and insoluble
• Vitamins and Minerals
– Carotenoids, B vitamins, C and E
– Calcium, copper, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, potassium and zinc
Other bioactive compounds
• Saponins
– Possible antifungal, antiviral, anticancer,
hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycemic,
antithrombotic, diuretic, and
anti‐inflammatory effects
• Phytosterols
– Possible anti‐inflammatory,
antioxidative, and anticarcinogenic
effects
• Phytoecdysteroids, phenolycs, betalains,
and others
Source: Graf et al 2015 https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12135
Source: 1) FAO. 2017. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in
practice. Options for intervention. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7848e.pdf
2) FAO. 2020. FAO Nutrition Marker Guidance Note
2013-14 (298 children in 4 Andean communities in
Ecuador)
• 48.6% of stunted
• 43.3% overweight
• 67.8% lived in a household with food insecurity
What is the Nutrition-sensitive approach?
• Nutrition-sensitive agriculture
– Maximize agriculture’s contribution
to nutrition
– Food-based (variety, nutritional value,
social-rural livelihoods)
– Poverty, gender equity, nutrition
education
– Multisectoral
Source: 1) FAO. 2017. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in
practice. Options for intervention. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7848e.pdf
2) FAO. 2020. FAO Nutrition Marker Guidance Note
What is the Nutrition-sensitive approach?
Source: 1) FAO. 2017. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in
practice. Options for intervention. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7848e.pdf
2) FAO. 2020. FAO Nutrition Marker Guidance Note
• Criteria
 Improving diets and nutrition is a
significant and/or a principal objective
 Dietary and nutrition challenges are
clearly identified
 A theory of change is formulated
(impact, indicators)
 Human and/or financial resources are
allocated
 Do no harm
Steps of Nutrition-sensitive Approach
Nutrition situation analysis
Prevalence of malnutrition?
Dietary patterns and needs?
Availability and accessibility?
Health and sanitation?
Policy context? …
Source: 1) FAO. Design and monitor Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture and Food Systems
Programmes (Unpublished).
2) FAO. 2018. How to conduct a Nutrition Situation Analysis. URL:
https://elearning.fao.org/course/view.php?id=393
Partnership, resources, and expertise
Steps of Nutrition-sensitive programme
Output OutcomeIntermediate outcome Impact
Supply of nutritious
quinoa product
Increased
Increased
income
and assets
Income used
to enable
practice
healthy diets
Consumption of quinoa
products and other nutritious
foods promoted
Healthy behaviours and
practices promoted
Own-
consumption
of quinoa
products
Increased
Conducive policy environment
for quinoa production and
consumption enabled
Wider community
increased demand for
quinoa and other
nutritious foods
Sociocultural
norms support
healthy diets
Robust quinoa
value chain
Developed
Output: Tested and
demonstrated promising
Quinoa varieties
Output: Determined
mechanisms of adaptation and
nutritional characteristics
Output: Integrated crop and
pest management practices
Output: Supported small seed
enterprises
Output: Increased awareness
and demand
Output: Enhanced capacity of
stakeholders for value chain
development
Output: Developed policy
frameworks
Stability and efficiency of
production enhanced
Acceptability and nutrient value
of quinoa increased
Seeds systems strengthened
Adaptability to abiotic stresses
enhanced
Market and businesses
opportunities identified
Value-added quinoa products
promoted
Post-harvest practice improved
Product
quality
Improved
Crop
production and
productivity
Increased
Greater retailer
purchases of
quinoa products
Income IPConsumption own IP Nutrition Knowledge IPFood environment IP
Availability and affordability of
quinoa products Increased
Contribute
Healthy
diets
Women Empowerment Impact Pathway
Quinoa Development
Impact Pathways
Improved
Nutrition
Output OutcomeIntermediate outcome Impact
Supply of nutritious
quinoa product
Increased
Increased
income
and assets
Income used
to enable
practice
healthy diets
Consumption of quinoa
products and other nutritious
foods promoted
Healthy behaviours and
practices promoted
Own-
consumption
of quinoa
products
Increased
Conducive policy environment
for quinoa production and
consumption enabled
Wider community
increased demand for
quinoa and other
nutritious foods
Sociocultural
norms support
healthy diets
Robust quinoa
value chain
Developed
Output: Tested and
demonstrated promising
Quinoa varieties
Output: Determined
mechanisms of adaptation and
nutritional characteristics
Output: Integrated crop and
pest management practices
Output: Supported small seed
enterprises
Output: Increased awareness
and demand
Output: Enhanced capacity of
stakeholders for value chain
development
Output: Developed policy
frameworks
Stability and efficiency of
production enhanced
Acceptability and nutrient value
of quinoa increased
Seeds systems strengthened
Adaptability to abiotic stresses
enhanced
Market and businesses
opportunities identified
Value-added quinoa products
promoted
Post-harvest practice improved
Product
quality
Improved
Crop
production and
productivity
Increased
Greater retailer
purchases of
quinoa products
Income IPConsumption own IP Nutrition Knowledge IPFood environment IP
Availability and affordability of
quinoa products Increased
Contribute
Healthy
diets
Women Empowerment Impact Pathway
Quinoa Development
Impact Pathways
Improved
Nutrition
Improved
production
and
marketing
Improved
• Acceptability
• Nutrient value
• Stability of production
• Value chains
• Demand
• Women empowerment
• Etc…
Improved
•Income
•Assets
•Diets
•Nutrition
Women Empowerment Impact Pathway
Nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa development
Improved
Nutrition
Promote
healthy diets
1) Consumption of own
production improved
2) Income used to enable
practice of healthy diets
Nutrition situation
and challenges?
Dietary patterns and
needs?
Food environment?
How quinoa
contribute to local
diet?
Is quinoa the best solution?
Is quinoa acceptable?
Understand the value of
quinoa?
Post-harvest processing and
storage
Food preparation and
cooking practice
Knowledge and
practice?
Income increased?
Robust quinoa
value chain
developed
Quinoa
production and
product quality
improved
Availability, affordability
and accessibility of
nutritious foods
Cognitive, skills,
aspirational factors?
Abilities, desires,
preferences and knowledge
Source: 1) FAO. 2015. Designing Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Investments Checklist and guidance
for programme formulation. URL: ttp://www.fao.org/3/a-i5107e.pdf
2) Fanzo J, Haddad L, McLaren R, et al. The Food Systems Dashboard is a new tool to inform better
food policy. Nat Food. 2020.
Women Empowerment Impact Pathway
Nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa development
Improved
Nutrition
Promote
healthy diets
1) Own-consumption of
quinoa products increased
2) Income used to enable
practice of healthy diets
increased
Nutrition situation
and challenges?
Dietary patterns and
needs?
Food environment?
How quinoa
contribute to local
diet?
Is quinoa acceptable?
Understand the value of
quinoa?
Post-harvest processing and
storage
Food preparation and
cooking practice
Knowledge and
practice?
Income increased?
Robust quinoa
value chain
Developed
Quinoa
production and
product quality
Improved
Availability, affordability
and accessibility of
nutritious foods
Cognitive and
aspirational factors?
Information, desires,
preferences and knowledge
Source: 1) FAO. 2015. Designing Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Investments Checklist and guidance
for programme formulation. URL: ttp://www.fao.org/3/a-i5107e.pdf
2) Fanzo J, Haddad L, McLaren R, et al. The Food Systems Dashboard is a new tool to inform better
food policy. Nat Food. 2020.
Do No HarmWhat is the best available
solution?
Project formulation - Nutrition-sensitive Approach
Co-development of
solutions
Value chain
development
Monitor and
evaluation
Participatory nutrition
situation analysis
Nutrition Education and
Behaviour Change
Communication strategy
Implementation
Sustainable food
value chain (SFVC)
approach
Improved quinoa production practices
Improve seed supply system
Market facilitation
Conduct of value chain analysis
Improve policy frameworks
Quinoa development initiative – an example
Nutrition
analysis
Additional
selection
criteria:
Nutrition
improvement
potential
Improved quinoa production practices
Improve seed supply system
Market facilitation
Conduct of value chain analysis
Improve policy frameworks
Quinoa development initiative – an example
Nutrition
analysis
Additional
selection
criteria:
Nutrition
improvement
potential
Nutrition
value, food
safety and
food loss;
Demand from
market/ from
target group
Addressing constraints
in supply, demand and
nutrition value
Improved quinoa production practices
Improve seed supply system
Market facilitation
Conduct of value chain analysis
Improve policy frameworks
Linking NSVC to SFVC
Nutrition
analysis
Additional
selection
criteria:
Nutrition
improvement
potential
Nutrition
value, food
safety and
food loss;
Demand from
market/ from
target group
Addressing constraints
in supply, demand and
nutrition value
CapacityDevelopmentforNutrition
Activities -- Nutrition-sensitive Approach
Learn about the
consumers
Adapt to local practices and
preferences
Nutrition situation analysis
Hands-on Food and
Nutrition Education Address consumer needs
Communication activities
In summary
• Quinoa is a whole grain with an interesting nutrition
profile
• However, its potential to improve nutrition depends
on many factors:
– Is it the best solution in the context where it is proposed?
• Does it address the nutrition issues?
• Alternative solutions (could be simpler)
– Not only acceptance by consumers, but access ($ and
physical), competition of other products/practices,
addressing real needs, etc
– Do no harm

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A nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa developmen

  • 1. A Nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa development Dr. Ana Islas Ramos, Nutrition Officer and Ruobin Wu, MS, Intern
  • 2. Table of Contents • Quinoa’s nutrient profile • Nutrition-sensitive Approach - From quinoa production to healthy diets, nutrition and sustainability
  • 3. Quinoa’s nutrient profile Good source of bioavailable protein, polyunsaturated fats, vitamins and minerals. • Protein – Quantity depends on the variety, (11%- 19%) – Bioavailable • Fat – More fat than other grains – linoleic (omega-6) and linolenic (omega-3) acid. Source: FAO. 2013. Nutritional value- International Year of Quinoa URL: http://www.fao.org/quinoa-2013/what-is-quinoa/nutritional- • Carbohydrate and Fiber – Low glycemic index – 10% both soluble and insoluble • Vitamins and Minerals – Carotenoids, B vitamins, C and E – Calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc
  • 4. Other bioactive compounds • Saponins – Possible antifungal, antiviral, anticancer, hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycemic, antithrombotic, diuretic, and anti‐inflammatory effects • Phytosterols – Possible anti‐inflammatory, antioxidative, and anticarcinogenic effects • Phytoecdysteroids, phenolycs, betalains, and others Source: Graf et al 2015 https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12135
  • 5. Source: 1) FAO. 2017. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in practice. Options for intervention. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7848e.pdf 2) FAO. 2020. FAO Nutrition Marker Guidance Note 2013-14 (298 children in 4 Andean communities in Ecuador) • 48.6% of stunted • 43.3% overweight • 67.8% lived in a household with food insecurity
  • 6. What is the Nutrition-sensitive approach? • Nutrition-sensitive agriculture – Maximize agriculture’s contribution to nutrition – Food-based (variety, nutritional value, social-rural livelihoods) – Poverty, gender equity, nutrition education – Multisectoral Source: 1) FAO. 2017. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in practice. Options for intervention. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7848e.pdf 2) FAO. 2020. FAO Nutrition Marker Guidance Note
  • 7. What is the Nutrition-sensitive approach? Source: 1) FAO. 2017. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in practice. Options for intervention. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7848e.pdf 2) FAO. 2020. FAO Nutrition Marker Guidance Note • Criteria  Improving diets and nutrition is a significant and/or a principal objective  Dietary and nutrition challenges are clearly identified  A theory of change is formulated (impact, indicators)  Human and/or financial resources are allocated  Do no harm
  • 8. Steps of Nutrition-sensitive Approach Nutrition situation analysis Prevalence of malnutrition? Dietary patterns and needs? Availability and accessibility? Health and sanitation? Policy context? … Source: 1) FAO. Design and monitor Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture and Food Systems Programmes (Unpublished). 2) FAO. 2018. How to conduct a Nutrition Situation Analysis. URL: https://elearning.fao.org/course/view.php?id=393 Partnership, resources, and expertise Steps of Nutrition-sensitive programme
  • 9. Output OutcomeIntermediate outcome Impact Supply of nutritious quinoa product Increased Increased income and assets Income used to enable practice healthy diets Consumption of quinoa products and other nutritious foods promoted Healthy behaviours and practices promoted Own- consumption of quinoa products Increased Conducive policy environment for quinoa production and consumption enabled Wider community increased demand for quinoa and other nutritious foods Sociocultural norms support healthy diets Robust quinoa value chain Developed Output: Tested and demonstrated promising Quinoa varieties Output: Determined mechanisms of adaptation and nutritional characteristics Output: Integrated crop and pest management practices Output: Supported small seed enterprises Output: Increased awareness and demand Output: Enhanced capacity of stakeholders for value chain development Output: Developed policy frameworks Stability and efficiency of production enhanced Acceptability and nutrient value of quinoa increased Seeds systems strengthened Adaptability to abiotic stresses enhanced Market and businesses opportunities identified Value-added quinoa products promoted Post-harvest practice improved Product quality Improved Crop production and productivity Increased Greater retailer purchases of quinoa products Income IPConsumption own IP Nutrition Knowledge IPFood environment IP Availability and affordability of quinoa products Increased Contribute Healthy diets Women Empowerment Impact Pathway Quinoa Development Impact Pathways Improved Nutrition
  • 10. Output OutcomeIntermediate outcome Impact Supply of nutritious quinoa product Increased Increased income and assets Income used to enable practice healthy diets Consumption of quinoa products and other nutritious foods promoted Healthy behaviours and practices promoted Own- consumption of quinoa products Increased Conducive policy environment for quinoa production and consumption enabled Wider community increased demand for quinoa and other nutritious foods Sociocultural norms support healthy diets Robust quinoa value chain Developed Output: Tested and demonstrated promising Quinoa varieties Output: Determined mechanisms of adaptation and nutritional characteristics Output: Integrated crop and pest management practices Output: Supported small seed enterprises Output: Increased awareness and demand Output: Enhanced capacity of stakeholders for value chain development Output: Developed policy frameworks Stability and efficiency of production enhanced Acceptability and nutrient value of quinoa increased Seeds systems strengthened Adaptability to abiotic stresses enhanced Market and businesses opportunities identified Value-added quinoa products promoted Post-harvest practice improved Product quality Improved Crop production and productivity Increased Greater retailer purchases of quinoa products Income IPConsumption own IP Nutrition Knowledge IPFood environment IP Availability and affordability of quinoa products Increased Contribute Healthy diets Women Empowerment Impact Pathway Quinoa Development Impact Pathways Improved Nutrition Improved production and marketing Improved • Acceptability • Nutrient value • Stability of production • Value chains • Demand • Women empowerment • Etc… Improved •Income •Assets •Diets •Nutrition
  • 11. Women Empowerment Impact Pathway Nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa development Improved Nutrition Promote healthy diets 1) Consumption of own production improved 2) Income used to enable practice of healthy diets Nutrition situation and challenges? Dietary patterns and needs? Food environment? How quinoa contribute to local diet? Is quinoa the best solution? Is quinoa acceptable? Understand the value of quinoa? Post-harvest processing and storage Food preparation and cooking practice Knowledge and practice? Income increased? Robust quinoa value chain developed Quinoa production and product quality improved Availability, affordability and accessibility of nutritious foods Cognitive, skills, aspirational factors? Abilities, desires, preferences and knowledge Source: 1) FAO. 2015. Designing Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Investments Checklist and guidance for programme formulation. URL: ttp://www.fao.org/3/a-i5107e.pdf 2) Fanzo J, Haddad L, McLaren R, et al. The Food Systems Dashboard is a new tool to inform better food policy. Nat Food. 2020.
  • 12. Women Empowerment Impact Pathway Nutrition-sensitive approach for quinoa development Improved Nutrition Promote healthy diets 1) Own-consumption of quinoa products increased 2) Income used to enable practice of healthy diets increased Nutrition situation and challenges? Dietary patterns and needs? Food environment? How quinoa contribute to local diet? Is quinoa acceptable? Understand the value of quinoa? Post-harvest processing and storage Food preparation and cooking practice Knowledge and practice? Income increased? Robust quinoa value chain Developed Quinoa production and product quality Improved Availability, affordability and accessibility of nutritious foods Cognitive and aspirational factors? Information, desires, preferences and knowledge Source: 1) FAO. 2015. Designing Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Investments Checklist and guidance for programme formulation. URL: ttp://www.fao.org/3/a-i5107e.pdf 2) Fanzo J, Haddad L, McLaren R, et al. The Food Systems Dashboard is a new tool to inform better food policy. Nat Food. 2020. Do No HarmWhat is the best available solution?
  • 13. Project formulation - Nutrition-sensitive Approach Co-development of solutions Value chain development Monitor and evaluation Participatory nutrition situation analysis Nutrition Education and Behaviour Change Communication strategy Implementation Sustainable food value chain (SFVC) approach
  • 14. Improved quinoa production practices Improve seed supply system Market facilitation Conduct of value chain analysis Improve policy frameworks Quinoa development initiative – an example Nutrition analysis Additional selection criteria: Nutrition improvement potential
  • 15. Improved quinoa production practices Improve seed supply system Market facilitation Conduct of value chain analysis Improve policy frameworks Quinoa development initiative – an example Nutrition analysis Additional selection criteria: Nutrition improvement potential Nutrition value, food safety and food loss; Demand from market/ from target group Addressing constraints in supply, demand and nutrition value
  • 16. Improved quinoa production practices Improve seed supply system Market facilitation Conduct of value chain analysis Improve policy frameworks Linking NSVC to SFVC Nutrition analysis Additional selection criteria: Nutrition improvement potential Nutrition value, food safety and food loss; Demand from market/ from target group Addressing constraints in supply, demand and nutrition value CapacityDevelopmentforNutrition
  • 17. Activities -- Nutrition-sensitive Approach Learn about the consumers Adapt to local practices and preferences Nutrition situation analysis Hands-on Food and Nutrition Education Address consumer needs Communication activities
  • 18. In summary • Quinoa is a whole grain with an interesting nutrition profile • However, its potential to improve nutrition depends on many factors: – Is it the best solution in the context where it is proposed? • Does it address the nutrition issues? • Alternative solutions (could be simpler) – Not only acceptance by consumers, but access ($ and physical), competition of other products/practices, addressing real needs, etc – Do no harm

Editor's Notes

  1. Laguna (2011)