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Walter Castelnovo
Department of Theoretical
and Applied Sciences
University of Insubria
Third International Panel on
Innovation in Government (IPGov)
CONTECSI 2015
The ladder of
Citizens’
‘smartness’
Citizens
participation in
smart cities
the objective is not to enable people
to participate, but to enable powerholders
to "educate" (Manipulation) or "cure" the
participants (Therapy).
the havenots are
allowed to hear (In-
forming), to have a voice
(Consultation) and to ad-
vise, but the powerholders
retain the right to decide
(Placation)
Citizens can engage in trade-offs with powerholders
(Partnership), obtain the majority of decision-making
seats (Delegated Power), or full
managerial power (Citizen Control).
Arnstein’s ladder
of participation
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
smart city initiatives are designed to have impacts on the
quality of life of citizens, to foster more informed and
educated citizens and to allow members of the city to
participate in the governance and management of the city,
thus becoming active users.
H. Chourabi, T. Nam, S. Walker, J. R. Gil-Garcia, S. Mellouli, K. Nahon, T. Pardo, and
H.J. Scholl (2012). Understanding Smart Cities: An Integrative Framework. 2012.
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
Persuading citizens to change their behaviors as a way to
foster environmentally sustainable cities means asking them
to ‘participate’ in making cities smarter
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
Citizens are pushed to embrace smart and sustainable
behaviors by means of social regulation, sanction, inducement,
exhortation and cajolery
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
a smart city has to
better know citizens’
wants, needs and
opinions, which
could be done by
consulting them
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
Citizens participate in government
initiatives by exerting a role in the
execution of public programs and
in the delivery of
public services
Since the ‘80s,
this form of citizens’
participation has been
considered as a form
of co-production
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
‘the provision of
services through
regular, long-term
relationships between
professionalized service
providers (in any sector)
and service users or
other members of the
community, where all
parties make
substantial resource
contributions’’
Bovaird, and Loeffler, 2012
What
resources
citizens
contribute to the
smart city?
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
Access to real-time
information at the level of
individual citizen’s choices
and actions
The instrumentation of the city
enables the capture and integration
of live real-world data
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
‘consumer-centric’
mobile sensing and
computing devices
Participatory
Sensing - Mobile
Crowdsensing
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
“Personal data is
the new oil of the
Internet and the
new currency of
the digital world.”
Meglena Kuneva,
European Consumer
Commissioner, March
2009
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
give people back
the control over their
personal data
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
DIY urbanism
Doctors.net.uk
OpenstreetMap
Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015

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The ladder of Citizens ‘smartness’ Citizens participation in smart cities - 12th CONTECSI

  • 1. Walter Castelnovo Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences University of Insubria Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) CONTECSI 2015 The ladder of Citizens’ ‘smartness’ Citizens participation in smart cities
  • 2. the objective is not to enable people to participate, but to enable powerholders to "educate" (Manipulation) or "cure" the participants (Therapy). the havenots are allowed to hear (In- forming), to have a voice (Consultation) and to ad- vise, but the powerholders retain the right to decide (Placation) Citizens can engage in trade-offs with powerholders (Partnership), obtain the majority of decision-making seats (Delegated Power), or full managerial power (Citizen Control). Arnstein’s ladder of participation Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
  • 3. smart city initiatives are designed to have impacts on the quality of life of citizens, to foster more informed and educated citizens and to allow members of the city to participate in the governance and management of the city, thus becoming active users. H. Chourabi, T. Nam, S. Walker, J. R. Gil-Garcia, S. Mellouli, K. Nahon, T. Pardo, and H.J. Scholl (2012). Understanding Smart Cities: An Integrative Framework. 2012. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015
  • 4. Persuading citizens to change their behaviors as a way to foster environmentally sustainable cities means asking them to ‘participate’ in making cities smarter Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 Citizens are pushed to embrace smart and sustainable behaviors by means of social regulation, sanction, inducement, exhortation and cajolery
  • 5. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 a smart city has to better know citizens’ wants, needs and opinions, which could be done by consulting them
  • 6. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 Citizens participate in government initiatives by exerting a role in the execution of public programs and in the delivery of public services Since the ‘80s, this form of citizens’ participation has been considered as a form of co-production
  • 7. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 ‘the provision of services through regular, long-term relationships between professionalized service providers (in any sector) and service users or other members of the community, where all parties make substantial resource contributions’’ Bovaird, and Loeffler, 2012 What resources citizens contribute to the smart city?
  • 8. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 Access to real-time information at the level of individual citizen’s choices and actions The instrumentation of the city enables the capture and integration of live real-world data
  • 9. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 ‘consumer-centric’ mobile sensing and computing devices Participatory Sensing - Mobile Crowdsensing
  • 10. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 “Personal data is the new oil of the Internet and the new currency of the digital world.” Meglena Kuneva, European Consumer Commissioner, March 2009
  • 11. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 give people back the control over their personal data
  • 12. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015 DIY urbanism Doctors.net.uk OpenstreetMap
  • 13. Third International Panel on Innovation in Government (IPGov) – CONTECSI 2015