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March 7 2024 - KBR
Welcome!
Housekeeping
● Language
○ slides in English
○ talks in Dutch/French/English
● Online participants
● photo policy
Social handles:
#publiekdomeindag
#PublicDomainDay
#openGLAM
Organisations (in order):
@meemoo_be (@bartdeelt)
@kbrbe
@wikimedia_BE (@Geertivp)
Camera door Alfa Design, the Noun Project
Program
9:35 - 9:55: What is the public domain? (Ellen Van Keer - meemoo)
9:55- 10:50: Showcase of recently unlocked works in the public domain
● Piet Janssens (KBR)
● Tanguy Habrand (AML)
● Lie Cauwelier (Éperon d’Or)
● Bart Magnus (meemoo)
● Joeri Steegmans (Musea Brugge)
10:50 - 11:15: Break
11:15 - 12:30: (Re)use of public domain material
● Project Vrouwen van papier and activities on Wikimedia platforms (Els Depuydt, Collyn Verlinde and Liesbeth Langouche - Guido
Gezellearchief)
● Project Boeketje Kunst (Dieter Dewitte and Kenzo Milleville - UGent)
● Possibilities of IIIF stories (Rein Debrulle - meemoo)
● Game Please, Touch the Artwork (Thomas Meynen - Studio Waterzooi and Kristof Uittebroek - Departement CJM)
12:30 - 12:40: Future activities
● MetaBelgica (Sven Lieber - KBR)
● Upload workshop Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons (Bart Magnus - meemoo)
12:40 - 13:00: Award ceremony Wiki Loves Heritage (Geert Van Pamel - Wikimedia België)
What is the public domain?
Ellen Van Keer
Public domain…
general meaning
> owned by / belonging to the people
> as a commons or by the government
specific use
> context = intellectual property rights
> content = NOT protected by copyright, because:
- excluded e.g. law texts
- expired e.g. artworks
- not applicable e.g. factual information
Public domain…
Copyright / author’s rights
- who? author of “literary or artistic” works : creativity
- what? exclusive rights : permission from rightsholder
- how long? until 70 years “post auctorem mortis”
Public domain
- when? following year Jan 1st
- what? free to use : no copyright restrictions
- who? everyone
Public domain…
Copyright term calculation
● hard rule = life of the author + 70 years
● Jan. 1ste next year in the public domain
● collaborative work : longest living author
ex. writer George Orwell died on 21 jan 1950 > public domain 1 jan 2021
ex. artist couple Christo (✝ 2020) and Jeanne-Claude (✝ 2009) > collaborative works will fall
in the public domain on 1 jan 2091
Fallback = risk-assessment
● when? author’s date of death is unknown
● what ? risk assessment based on creation date (cf. DO-it)
Anonymous / pseudonymous work
Jac. de Nijs / Anefo / CC0
● 70 years from the date it was lawfully made
available to the public
● but: when (during this period) the identity of
the author is established the general regime
will apply
ex. the writer George Simenon, who died in 1989, also published
under the pseudonym Jean Du Perry but since this identity was
established this work will also remain protected until 2059 (based
on the date of death of the author).
Public domain…
Public domain Mark
= label used for PD works
> no copyright restrictions
> free to (re)use : without permission, without payment
But in some situations
- other fees may apply, e.g. handling fee
- other legal restrictions may apply, e.g. donor agreement
Copyright terms and laws vary
Public domain VS vs. EU… in 2037
Public domain…
vs. Copyright
- personal right
- exclusive rights to use, reproduce, communicate…
- = economic right
- limitation to the free circulation of goods & free market economy
- balancing > limited in time, legal exceptions
> “rule” / “exception”
Economic rights
CC0 1.0
mainly:
● right to reproduce
● right to communicate
= exclusive rights of the author
> which he can licence /
transfer to any other third party
(against payment)
<> legal exceptions : no prior
permission required ex. freedom
of panorama
> EU harmonised
Moral rights
Peter Paul Rubens / Public domain
● right of disclosure (when ready)
● right of paternity (& attribution)
● right of (respect of) integrity
! Not harmonized
! Inalienable
> “in name of”
> can be waived
> but core will always persist
> works will never fully be in the
public domain before the full
copyright term has expired
Public Domain Mark
- no copyright restrictions (anymore)
- free to use
Creative Commons Zero
- (still) copyright protected
- rights are maximally waived
- licenced without user restrictions
Public domain…
> in practice not a big difference for the user
Related rights
● Neighboring rights
○ on performances
■ performing artists, ex. singers, dancers, actors…
■ producers of phonograms and films
■ broadcasting organisations
■ press publishers
○ term(s):
■ 50 years > performances
■ prolongation : new term of 50 years / 70 years >
phonograms
■ 2 years > press publication
ex. the national orchestra perform the “Barber of Sevilla” by Rossini in 2008. Ths
performance is recorded and first broadcasted in 2020. The opera is in the public
domain because Rossini died in 1868 but the neighboring rights of the musicians run
until 2058 and those of the broadcasting company until 2070.
Yo-Yo Ma, Cellist, USA plays the cello
during the 'Presentation of the Crystal
Award' at the Annual Meeting 2008 of
the World Economic Forum in Davos,
Switzerland, January 25, 2008.photo
by Andy Mettler, CC BY SA 4.0
Public domain…
Surrogate rights
● Digital Resources :
○ Layered rights > work + reproduction
○ rights on digital surrogates > licences on images of public domain works
● <> Article 14 DSM (2019) :
○ “works of art in the public domain”
○ materials resulting from reproduction is NOT subject to copyright or related
rights
○ <> new / related right for ‘other’ - non-original - photos e.g. DE
○ not transposed in Belgian law
○ does not apply when the act of reproduction is original
○ practice: 2D vs. 3D works of art
Public domain…
Ex. Works of Vermeer are in
the public domain => PDM
But reproductions are licenced by
the majority of the institutions
● 0 > ‘to be sure’
● BY > requirement to reference
the institution
● NC > retain control over
commercial exploitation by the
institution
= problematic practice
➔ (digital copies of) art works in
the public domain cannot be
licenced
➔ licences can only be applied
by rightsholder <> heritage
institutions
Analyse: Douglas Mc Carthy -
https://douglasmccarthy.com/2023/03/28-vermeers/ - CC BY 4.0
Public domain…
Publiek domein...
for the users
- no permission required
- by anyone
- to copy, adapt, communicate…
- for any purposes, including commercial use
for the institutions
- low hanging fruit for online accessibility and visibility of collections
- great potential for creative reuse and cultural participation
- well-suited for the implementation of an open access/data policy
Jan Van Imschoot, Typecasting of a Remembrance, 2001 ©
Veel
plezier!
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
The starting points for wikifying our collections:
- Authentic and unique Belgian
- Visible and accessible
- Activation and actualisation via collaboration
Enrich Wikipedia page with Wikimedia image
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
The starting points for PDD objectives and KBR aspects of our
collections:
- Selection and planning
• Catalogue
• Curators
- Production environment
• Digitization
• Conservation
- External cooperation
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
The starting points for PDD objectives and KBR aspects of our
collections:
KBR Collections
• Numismatics 25 works 50 scans
• Music scores and letters 95 2166
• Print, drawings & etching plates 153 153
• Modern Printed books 28 4069
• Records 7 14
AML Collection JdB 121 181
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
under-catalogued numismatic objects by Belgian artist (sculptors, designers) Arsène Matton
- Commons image donation (6 works) in categorie Arsène Matton
works_in_the_Royal_Library_of_Belgium
- Selection of images at Arsène Matton wikipedia (NL)
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
under-catalogued digitizing music archives by author/publisher Joseph Jongen and Jules
Van Nuffel (30 Ms and printed scores) deceased in 1952:
• 7 scores (2 Ms, 5 prints) Letters & Sheet music of Joseph Jongen
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
Wikidata items + Commons image donation (200 files)
• 7 sound recordings (1890-1950) speed 78 rpm in categorie
Sound_recordings_with_musical_work_by_Joseph_Jongen and
• 7 record labels in categorie Columbia_records_in_the_Royal_Library_of_Belgium_(KBR)
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
Wikidata items + Commons image donation (200 files)
• Images & sound recording Joseph Jongen Wikipedia page (NL, Fr, En )
• Lunchtime concert @ KBR
Joseph Jongen - Wikipedia
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
under-catalogued Etching plates, Prints and Drawings by Jean Brusselmans (Wikimedia
category)
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
KBR category: Jean_Delville & Elisabeth_Wesmael
Wikipedia page:
Jean Brusselmans NL, En, Fr
Jean Delville Nl, En, Fr
Elisabeth Wesmael NL, En, Fr
Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR)
To Do in 2024
- Jean Brusselmans reproductions on panels in the streetscape Dilbeek and expo in
cooperation with Culture Platform Dilbeek
- Wikifying of Jean Boosschère's complementary collections with AML. The selected works
will be partly digitised by KBR.
- Musical works public domainers @ KBR Lunchconcert’s
HERITAGE OF BELGIAN SHOE
FACTORIES
IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
Lie Cauwelier
Eperon d’Or
SCOPE
▪ Unique information about persons, institutions
and companies relevant to the heritage
of the shoe industry in Belgium
Making this data available to the general public
as LOD via Wikiplatforms:
-Wikidata
-Wikimedia Commons
-Wikipedia
WHAT?
Which objects are we going to make available to the public on Wikimedia Commons?
-Shoes
-Letterheads
LINKED OPEN DATA
HOW? RIGHTS RESEARCH
▪ Object
▪ Image
▪ Data
First things first: rights of what?
SEARCHING FOR BEST
PRACTICES
SEARCHING FOR BEST
PRACTICES
SEARCHING FOR BEST
PRACTICES
INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE IN THE PUBLIC
DOMAIN
1. Public Domain 70 years after the author's death
2. Public Domain if the author is unknown and the work is made/published
over 70 years ago (in EU! In USA > 95 years from the year of it’s first
publication)
Designers
=> responsible for the creative process
Manufacturers?
Craftsmen?
WIKIMEDIA COMMONS: LICENSING
OTHER IDEAS? LET US KNOW
NEXT STEPS
FOLLOW OUR PROJECT
▪Project page on Wikipedia:
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Wikiproject/Schoenfabrieken_in_België
▪Commons Categories:
▪Category:Shoe factories in Belgium
▪Category:Images from museum Eperon d'Or Izegem
CONTACT
Collection:
Lie Cauwelier - lie.cauwelier@izegem.be
051335528
Conservator:
Leen Breyne – leen.breyne@izegem.be
051335523
DO IT! Identifying public domain material in
cultural heritage collections
Bart Magnus (meemoo)
Artist unknown. Photo: Mictlancihuatl, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
Context
● Determining rights statuses =
time-consuming
● Public Domain Tool
(publiekdomeintool.be) to the rescue,
but…
● Boost the use of the tool and create
time
● Project: Fall 2022 - Fall 2023
J. Howard Miller, via Wikimedia
Commons - Public domain
Partners
● Musea Brugge
● Jakob Smitsmuseum
● Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens
● Mu.ZEE
● S.M.A.K.
● M Leuven
● Archief Gent
● STAM
● Museum van Deinze en de Leiestreek
- Mudel
● VKC
● meemoo
Project goals
1. Semi-automatic determination of rights status, based on
a. collection data
b. Wikidata
2. Where possible, add enriched data to collection management systems
3. Enrich data about creators on Wikidata
4. Optimisation of Public Domain Tool
5. Improve GLAM staff’s knowledge about copyright
Results
Results
public domain
in copyright
unknown
soon in the public domain…
Results
Original metadata versus public domain tool outcome
Deliverables
● CEST:
https://tinyurl.com/cest-doit
Lessons learned: a selection
● Public Domain Tool makes rights status determination for large quantities of
objects more efficient
● Diverse ways of registering rights metadata. Need for:
○ clear guidance in registration
○ collection management systems that can correctly capture all needed rights
metadata
● Public Domain Tool is not the Holy Grail!
○ GLAMs need a clear rights policy (e.g. risk management)
Publiekdomeindag 2024
HUB!
• Duration: January 2021 - December 2023
• Grant: Flemish Government (inhaalbeweging digitale collectiedata)
• Focus: Registration, digitization, and dissemination through (linked) open data and IIIF
In a nutshell: Hub! Van depot naar digicollectie
In a nutshell: Hub! Van depot naar digicollectie
• Duration: January 2021 - December 2023
• Grant: Flemish Government (inhaalbeweging digitale collectiedata)
• Focus: Registration, digitization, and dissemination through (linked) open data and IIIF
Print collection Van Hoorebeke:
• Acquisition in 2014
• Estimated 2000 prints, actual size 3100 prints
• Many types
• 16th to 21st century
Publiekdomeindag 2024 – HUB! 78
Print collection Van Hoorebeke
• Registration and conservation
• Digitalization
• Open access
Print collection Van Hoorebeke
• Registration and conservation
• Description rules for heritage objects
• Conservation efforts
• Preventative measures
• Treatments
Print collection Van Hoorebeke
• Digitization
• HR Photography
• Digital Asset Management
Print collection Van Hoorebeke
• Access
• Linked Open Data
• Open access and free usage
• IIIF
Upload wiki
Public Domain Status
Data Accuracy
Data Consistency Checks
Consistent Formatting
Language and Localization
Unique Identifiers
Clear descriptions
Image Quality
Authority Control
Compliance with Wikidata Policies
Documentation
Community Engagement
…
Upload wiki
• DO IT!
• Publiekdomeintool
• Determining copyright status through reconciliation
• Axiell • Wikidata
Upload wiki
• Axiell • Wikidata
Upload wiki
______________________________________________________________
• Axiell • Wikidata
Upload wiki
• Excel
• Editing
• Translating
• OpenRefine
• Cleaning
• Mapping
• Reconciliation
• PattyPan
• Matching images with Q-items
• Images to Commons
Upload wiki
Thanks
Break
Koffiedrinkers, by Constant
Permeke, public domain,
collection: KMSKA
Paper Women
Public Domain Day, Brussels
07.03.2024
OPENBARE
BIBLIOTHEEK
Bruges Public
Library
Recognised National
Heritage Library
Guido Gezelle Archives
8000 letters
Paper Women
• Els Depuydt: Project
• Collyn Verlinde:
Wikidata and Wikimedia
Commons
• Liesbeth Langouche:
Wikipedia edit-a-thon
Project: Paper Women
Subsidised by the Flemish Government
Online edition of 600 letters from 200 women in
GezelleBrOn
Through Participation
Digitisation of Letter (fragments)
Gender Gap Wikidata/Wikipedia/Odis
Scientific Anchoring
Public Outreach
Participation Project
Main Partners
•University of Antwerp, Prof. Piet Couttenier
•Volunteers of the Guido Gezelle Society & C°
•Guido Gezelle Archives Bruges Public Library
•Royal Academy of Dutch Language and Literature
Collection Partners
Expert Group
Engagement Through Data
•Research by Volunteers
• Giving historical women a voice
• Closing the gender gap
• Storytelling on gezelle.be
• Odis / Wikipedia / Wikidata
• Writing sessions on International
Women's Day 8th March 2024
Scientific Anchoring
•Interuniversity postgraduate master's
programme in literary studies: Marianne
Van Remoortel & Julie Birkholz UGent
• Helena Walton
• Jemima Stroud
• Named-Ententy Recognition
• Transkribus
• Linked Open data
• …
•LT3 UGent: emotion analysis
Public Outreach
•Podcast Schik: September 2024
•Magazine – Poetry Centre
•Exhibition: 24th October 2024 - 5th
January 2025
> Curator Han Decorte
•Congres– Guido Gezelle Society
November 2024
• Artists
• Sammy Slabbinck
• Annelotte Lammertse
• Nina Van Denbempt
• Lisa Ottenburgh
• Authors
• Nuala O’Connor
• Fixdit authors: Sanneke van
Hassel, Gaea Schoeters
• Nele Van Den Broeck
• Aya Sabi
• Gerda Dendooven
• Gita Deneckere
• Poets
• Iduna Paalman
• Delphine Lecompte
• Els Moors
• Lut De Block
• Hester Knibbe
• Annemarie Estor
• Sylvie Marie
• Yousra Benfquih
• Astrid Lampe
Paper Women:
Wikidata and Wikimedia
Commons
Planemad, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Пəленшеев Пəленше, CC BY-SA 4.0
<https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Starting Point: Large Information
Reservoir
• Spreadsheet with over 3.400 individuals
• Family, friends, colleagues, correspondents…
• But also…
• … family, friends, colleagues… of family, friends, colleagues…
• … historical people discussed in letters
• Photography collection (1.000+) of the Gezelle Archives
• Guido Gezelle, friends, family, colleagues, correspondents…
• Houses, landscapes…
• (Missing) letters, poems, etc.
Starting Point: Large Information
Reservoir
• Spreadsheet with over 3.400 individuals
• Family, friends, colleagues, correspondents…
• But also…
• … family, friends, colleagues… of family, friends, colleagues…
• … historical people discussed in letters
• Photography collection (1.000+) of the Gezelle Archives
• Guido Gezelle, friends, family, colleagues, correspondents…
• Houses, landscapes…
• (Missing) letters, poems, etc.
Wikidata: Just Upload the Spreadsheet?
• Multiple problems:
• Records of women are priority, but also work in progress
• Valuable information in free-text fields
• How do we keep everything up-to-date?
• Script to date every chance per row
• …but use of spreadsheet in scripts limits flexibility
• (Semi-)manual approach
• Manual designation of ‘finished’ records
• Periodic gathering of these records
• Semi-manual input of these records into Wikidata
• Thank you, Rony
• Manually registering Q-numbers in spreadsheet
Wikimedia Commons
•Not ready for large upload
• Metadata insufficient
• Varying degree of digitization
• Specific for women we want to make a
Wikipedia page for
• Tested batches with UploadWizard and
OpenRefine
• Relatively small number, so manual input
• 25 pictures for first session
• 26 pictures for second session
• Category Correspondentie Guido Gezelle
Wikidata Results
• Paper Women
• 380 records created or modified for women
• 275 records created or modified about men
• Previous Gezelle Projects
• 20 records created or modified for printers in Bruges
• 94 records created or modified for members of the Royal Academy
• 150 records created or modified relevant to the Sint-Lodewijks College
• 809 records created or modified relevant to Gezelles correspondence
• Enriching Gezelles record
Wikidata Results - Visualized
• Examples of Wikidata Queries:
• https://w.wiki/6pyH
• https://w.wiki/9Kcm
• https://w.wiki/9Kci
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
What?
• 08/03/2024
= edit-a-thon about ‘Paper Women’
= International Women’s Day
• Edit-a-thon
= writing & publishing on Wikipedia
= improving Wikipedia together
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Why?
• Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female
correspondents on Wikipedia
• Gender gap
• ODIS: 27% is a woman
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Why?
• Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female
correspondents on Wikipedia
• Gender gap
• ODIS: 27% is a woman
• Wikipedia
Readers 44% women
Writers 11-16% women
Articles 16,3% about women
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Why?
• Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female
correspondents on Wikipedia
• Gender gap
• ODIS: 27% is a woman
• Wikipedia
WikiProjects:
o Women in Red
English Wikipedia biographies about women
October 2014 15,53%
February 2024 19,75%
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Why?
• Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female
correspondents on Wikipedia
• Gender gap
• ODIS: 27% is a woman
• Wikipedia
WikiProjects:
o Women in Red
o Dutch version
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Why?
• Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female
correspondents on Wikipedia
• Gender gap
• ODIS: 27% is a woman
• Wikipedia
WikiProjects:
o Women in Red
o Dutch version
o Paper Women
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Who?
• Bruges Public Library
• Erfgoedcel Brugge
• State Archives Bruges/Courtrai
• City Archives Bruges
• Provincial Archives Western-Flanders
• Werkplaats Immaterieel Erfgoed
• Hendrik Conscience Heritage Library
• Letterenhuis
Who?
• Iedereen Leest
• meemoo
• KANTL
• Poëziecentrum
• UGent
• CEMPER
• KADOC
• Cultureel erfgoed Annunciaten
Heverlee
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Who?
• Bruges Public Library
• Erfgoedcel Brugge
• State Archives Bruges/Courtrai
• City Archives Bruges
• Provincial Archives Western-Flanders
• Werkplaats Immaterieel Erfgoed
• Hendrik Conscience Heritage Library
• Letterenhuis
Who?
• Iedereen Leest
• meemoo
• KANTL
• Poëziecentrum
• UGent
• CEMPER
• KADOC
• Cultureel erfgoed Annunciaten
Heverlee
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
How?
• Preparation 🡪 online manual via
https://zender.be/erfgoed-ontsluiten-via-wi
kipedia-de-handleiding/
• Wikipedia-account
• Writing of article
• Edit-a-thon = basic training + social
meetup
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Edit-a-thon 2023
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Edit-a-thon 2023
Wikipedia Edit-a-thon
Edit-a-thon 08/03/2024
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Wikiproject
/Erfgoed/Vlaanderen/Guido_Gezellearchief/Vrouwe
n_van_papier
124
Flower Picking in the
Public Domain
prof. Dieter De Witte and dr. Kenzo Milleville - 06/03/2024
1 FED-tWIN, 2 institutions, 2* #friends
Team G:
Team B:
Topics:
FAIR Data Pub
Provenance
CV: Enrichment
CV: Visual IR
Heritage
Media
Mental healthcare
Education
Heritage ENrichment Spatial Object Relations
126
Getting the team on board? (1)
Objective: Music instruments
How? Object detection + Classification
Dataset? Minerva dataset with 11,765 images
127
https://zenodo.org/records/3732580
Challenges:
- Labeling unpleasant, repetitive,
error-prone
- ROI is unclear
- Impact?
- research ≠ public services
- Support
- internal + external
To NOT be continued…
Another ML experiment? Conservator-driven!
129
Jan Brueghel de Oude, Aarden vaas met bloemen, olieverf op hout, Fitzwilliam
Museum, inv n°2406684
Lara, our Rubens’ conservator, studies flowers!
RQ: Can AI trace the provenance of botanical models
in art?
130
More specifically, whether they are related!
Jan Brueghel de Oude, Aarden vaas met bloemen, olieverf op hout, Fitzwilliam
Museum, inv n°2406684
P. Vallet, Jardin du Roy très chrestien..., 1608 Johann Theodore de Bry, Florilegium novum hoc est. 1611. Emanuel Sweert, Florilegium, 1612
Data: current* CMS: opac-fabritius.be ~10k artworks
(>=1 pictures)
131
Auto-labeling via botanical archives Sam Segal
- Sam Segal archive @ RKD (no remote access)
- Support of dr. Klara Alen (Rubenshuis)
- Most of the botanical studies are only available
on paper
132
https://rkd.nl/artists/366077
Segal’s books are almost labeled datasets!
133
botanical
standard!
1. We proceeded to gather a large collection of Sam Segal’s
archive.
2. We scanned the RKD collection with over 90,000 images
3. Extracted the pages with bouquets.
4. Created a mapping algorithm to assign the Latin names to the
flower heads
5. We suddenly had no idea what time it is, how we got here,
why we did what we did in the first place, but…
6. We archived everything to Zenodo
7. Rinse & Repeat
NOT!
Intermediate milestone: 14 / 05 / 2023
- Concrete deadline!
- Well-defined customer:
- Primary: KMSKB (Karine & Lies)
- Secondary: general public
- Dedicated team
- Student team* + supervisors
- 3rd bach with no prior AI experience
135
Assignment: Boeketje kunst
Create a web app where you can (i) select paintings from KMSKB (ii) select flowers
in multiple paintings and (iii) generate an attractive bouquet with Mother day's
wishes
Technical Implementation 1: Data Augmentation
- CNN fine-tuning with wikimedia [83 images]
- Bounding box annotations (no flower types) in Roboflow
- Basic data augmentations in Roboflow:
- rotation, mirroring, extension, etc.
- Training dataset [213 images]
136
Roboflow
TI.2: Flower Detection
- YOLOv8
- SotA model for object detection
- detects up to 80 classes
- no flowers!
- Labeled dataset needed for tuning the model! (prev. slide)
- Train/Validation/Test: 92%-6%-2%
- Resulting model mAP = 71%
137
TI.3: Flower Segmentation
- Segmentation: ‘create a mask to extract
the flower head’
-
-
- Challenges:
- complex shapes
- densely packed (appear connected to
the algorithm)
- overlap
- Classical computer vision approaches are
not satisfactory 138
opencv pipeline
opencv pipeline
TI.3: Flower Segmentation cont’d
- 5/4/2023: Meta introduces ‘Segment
Anything Model’ (SAM)
- trained on 11 million images
- trained on 1 billion masks
139
TI.4: Flower Selection
140
2
1
masks => json list[coords]
TI.5: Bouquet Generation
- Flower selection & information
- Select background and vase (AI-generated)
- Input custom message
- Composition templates used (3-7 flowers)
- Add stems and position randomly
141
1
2 3
Early milestones, early reach out!
- Demo online
+ blogpost LinkedIn
+ social media KMSKB
142
Future work in progress
1. Flower picking IN the museum: open
source Flutter app
2. Flower provenance (original RQ)
3. Image2Image improvement (diffusion)
4. CCL: interlinking of different
data sources (Segal)...
maybe even automatically
5. KMSKB: new CMS (better access)
+ gradual review of copyright
143
Getting the team on board? (second edition)
144
Challenges:
- Labeling unpleasant,
repetitive, error-prone
- ROI is unclear
- Impact?
- research != public services
- Support
- internal + external
Recommendations:
- Avoid labeling altogether or
create an AI companion
- RQ driven by the institution
- Research + Data pub as a
‘side effect’ of the public goal
- Momentum:
- Early milestones!
- Reach out!
Questions?
- Read the blog post (linkedin)
- Check the app yourself:
boeketjekunst.idlab.ugent.be
145
Possibilities of IIIF stories
Public domain day - 07.03.2024
Jan Beerblock, “The infirmary of the Hospital of Saint John,” Musea Brugge, artinflanders.be, Public Domain.
Context
?
?
a series of standards or agreements that make it possible to exchange
and use images and audiovisual material with metadata across
institutional boundaries.
shared protocol for delivering images, presentation of images and
metadata, searchability, access, …
?
Example of a IIIF-manifest, Musea Brugge
IIIF-Manifest = main building block
● JSON-file with all necessary data
● https://iiif.io/api/presentation/3.0/
https://dam.museabrugge.be/iiif/3
/13432/manifest.json
?
Tools and infrastructure based on
the set of standards
Uniform practice in different
environments and with images of
different institutions
https://dam.museabrugge.be/iiif/3/13432/manifest.json
https://dam.museabrugge.be/iiif/3/13432/manifest.json
https://adore.ugent.be/IIIF/manifests/archive.
ugent.be:018970A2-B1E8-11DF-A2E0-A70579F6
4438
Storytelling
Storytelling
No storage Context Rich viewing +/- Accessible Free
No need to
request and store
high-resolution
images
Link with
managing
institution
Deep zoom, free
navigation
Easy to use
Free to use
and open
source
Automatic
update of
metadata
Exhibit
StrollView
Annonatate
Storytelling
Not only good news
Copyright info Basic Specific focus
Re-use is only possible
with copyright info
Possibilities and
adjustments are limited
No umbrella tool
=> carefully consider whether IIIF storytelling can be of added
value for you.
Paying tools
Rein Debrulle
Expertise officer
rein.debrulle@meemoo.be
TOUCHING ART
TOUCHING ART
Who Am I?
Thomas Waterzooi
■ Game designer
■ Game developer.
■ Game animator
■ Game musician
Jack of all trades
Sometimes: teacher at LUCA School Of Arts (Gent)
Larian Studios
■ Dragon Commander
■ Divinity Original Sin
IO-Interactive
■ HITMAN
Previously
Solo-Dev 2018
What I didn’t want to make:
■ Games where the main mechanic is violence
■ Games for young kids (-12)
■ Hardcore games, skill-based
■ Time-pressure
Solo-Dev 2018
What to make? Something…
■ .. my non-gamer friends would like
■ .. my mom would like
■ .. closer to my world
■ .. with a good story
So basically: A movie?? A game for non-gamers???
MANIFESTO REJECTA
A New Audience
■ Adults with adult-interests
■ Games don’t represent these interests
■ Museums, city-tripping, art
■ Friends, relationships, food, culture
■ Lifestyle, illness, depression
■ Learn how to make games for these people
■ Games can be(come) art
Accessibility
■ No previous skills
■ No time pressure
■ Short
■ Author-driven
■ For adults
■ Embed culture => ART
What if we
DO
touch the artwork?
But…. I’m poor
Please, Touch The Artwork 2
■ Hidden object adventure
■ No stress
■ 83+ paintings
■ Hints when stuck
■ Age 12 to 99
Where’s Waldo
+
James Ensor
+
Monty Python
Gameloop
Creative Process
Process
1. Collect paintings
Process
2. Bundle by theme
Process
3. What do characters need?
Process
4. Animation
Process
5. Player should stand out
1000% GRATIS
THE FUTURE?
Statistics
■ Downloaded 250.000 times in the first two weeks
■ 1000+ Overwhelmingly positive reactions:
■ ‘Love to visit a museum with his works’
■ ‘Re-sparked my love for art’
■ Over 90.000 hours played (that’s over 10 years)
■ Over 8 million views
(on Twitch & YouTube & other socials)
Other painters
Other painters
Please,
Touch The Artwork
VR
Questions?
@thomaswaterzooi
info@studiowaterzooi.com
PLEASE, TOUCH THE ARTWORK
www.studiowaterzooi.com
MetaBelgica: A shared
entity management
between Federal
Scientific Institutes
Sven Lieber 0000-0002-7304-3787
Public Domain Day, 07 March, 2024
Big question:
When do
works by whom
will come
into public domain?
Example of Spain,
but how is it for Belgium? …
Duplicate data of shared entities leads to problems
Duplicate efforts to curate data about entities + efforts for data consumers
to integrate and identify/fix
inconsistencies
Varying quality and correctness of data
Shared entity management (open source and FAIR)
MetaBelgica
Coordinated data management
for enriched data of high quality
Persistent identifiers and a single
trustworthy source for users
Partners keep their own records,
but the public will get uniform persistent identifiers
and from there can explore linked collections
https://opac.kbr.be/LIBRARY/doc/AUTHORITY/14159426
MetaBelgica
metabelgica.be/Q123
Project duration 2023 - 2026
Technologies Resource Description Framework (RDF, Linked Data), Wikibase
MetaBelgica: A shared entity management between
Federal Scientific Institutes
Entity types persons, organizations, time/events, locations
Follow-up committee Archives and Museum of Literature
CegeSoma at the Belgian State Archives
Dutch Heritage Network
FID Benelux
KBR ICT department
Meta4Books
National Library of Germany
National Library of Luxembourg
OCLC
Open Science Lab at the German
National Library of Science and
Technology (TIB)
University of Antwerp
Wikibase Stakeholder Group
Wikimedia Belgium
Wikimedia Germany
Metadata experts
Domain experts / Stakeholders
Technology experts
We want to become a dot in the Wikimedia joint-vision for Linked Open Data
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/LinkedOpenData/Strategy2021/Joint_Vision
Wikimedia upload workshop
● Thursday, March 28
● Location: meemoo (Ghent)
● Data cleaning + publishing on
Wikimedia and Wikidata
● Test set of 10 records/images
● Register before March 21:
https://meemoo.be/nl/vormingen-en-
events/wikimedia-uploadworkshop-1
● In Dutch
Wiki Loves Heritage 2023
● 4 photo contests - one jury:
○ WLH - Wiki Loves Heritage
○ WLLH - Wiki Loves Living Heritage
○ WLM - Wiki Loves Monuments
○ WLPZ - Wiki Loves Pajot-Zenne
● 1381 photos
● 63 participants
● 13 jury members
● 10 winners
● Juryrapport
https://w.wiki/8PEd
10. Bloementapijt Grote Markt
Brussel WLM
Dossid CC BY-SA
9. Diefstal van de hosties
Poederlee WLLH
Ommegang van de Heeg CC BY-SA
8. Reus Contios
Kontich WLH
Onurb Streappats CC BY-SA
7. Bunker
Roosdaal WLPZ
Erik Bourgeois CC BY-SA
6. Venetiaanse parade in Kasteel van Gaasbeek
Gaasbeek WLPZ
Anja Meert CC BY-SA
5. Close-up Atomium
Brussel WLM
Guy Fagot CC BY-SA
4. Onze-Lieve-Vrouwkapel
Geraardsbergen WLH
Leo Van Vreckem CC BY-SA
3. Bibliothèque des sciences
Louvain-la-Neuve WLM
EmDee CC BY-SA
2. Deusterkapel
Peer WLH
Paul Hermans CC BY-SA
1. Pikkeling Festival dansers
Aalst WLLH
Herman.vandenbroeck CC BY-SA
Friends of Wikimedia Belgium Fund
● Fiscal certificate for gifts via the Koning
Boudewijnstichting
● We can support your own
Wikimedia-project for up to 7.500 €
● More info: https://w.wiki/U$L
● https://friends.wikimedia.be
● Contact: friends@wikimedia.be
Lunch Break, by Sigfrid Keinänen,
Public domain,
via Wikimedia Commons

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07/03/2024 Publiekdomeindag - voormiddag

  • 1. March 7 2024 - KBR
  • 2. Welcome! Housekeeping ● Language ○ slides in English ○ talks in Dutch/French/English ● Online participants ● photo policy Social handles: #publiekdomeindag #PublicDomainDay #openGLAM Organisations (in order): @meemoo_be (@bartdeelt) @kbrbe @wikimedia_BE (@Geertivp) Camera door Alfa Design, the Noun Project
  • 3. Program 9:35 - 9:55: What is the public domain? (Ellen Van Keer - meemoo) 9:55- 10:50: Showcase of recently unlocked works in the public domain ● Piet Janssens (KBR) ● Tanguy Habrand (AML) ● Lie Cauwelier (Éperon d’Or) ● Bart Magnus (meemoo) ● Joeri Steegmans (Musea Brugge) 10:50 - 11:15: Break 11:15 - 12:30: (Re)use of public domain material ● Project Vrouwen van papier and activities on Wikimedia platforms (Els Depuydt, Collyn Verlinde and Liesbeth Langouche - Guido Gezellearchief) ● Project Boeketje Kunst (Dieter Dewitte and Kenzo Milleville - UGent) ● Possibilities of IIIF stories (Rein Debrulle - meemoo) ● Game Please, Touch the Artwork (Thomas Meynen - Studio Waterzooi and Kristof Uittebroek - Departement CJM) 12:30 - 12:40: Future activities ● MetaBelgica (Sven Lieber - KBR) ● Upload workshop Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons (Bart Magnus - meemoo) 12:40 - 13:00: Award ceremony Wiki Loves Heritage (Geert Van Pamel - Wikimedia België)
  • 4. What is the public domain? Ellen Van Keer
  • 5. Public domain… general meaning > owned by / belonging to the people > as a commons or by the government specific use > context = intellectual property rights > content = NOT protected by copyright, because: - excluded e.g. law texts - expired e.g. artworks - not applicable e.g. factual information
  • 6. Public domain… Copyright / author’s rights - who? author of “literary or artistic” works : creativity - what? exclusive rights : permission from rightsholder - how long? until 70 years “post auctorem mortis” Public domain - when? following year Jan 1st - what? free to use : no copyright restrictions - who? everyone
  • 7. Public domain… Copyright term calculation ● hard rule = life of the author + 70 years ● Jan. 1ste next year in the public domain ● collaborative work : longest living author ex. writer George Orwell died on 21 jan 1950 > public domain 1 jan 2021 ex. artist couple Christo (✝ 2020) and Jeanne-Claude (✝ 2009) > collaborative works will fall in the public domain on 1 jan 2091 Fallback = risk-assessment ● when? author’s date of death is unknown ● what ? risk assessment based on creation date (cf. DO-it)
  • 8. Anonymous / pseudonymous work Jac. de Nijs / Anefo / CC0 ● 70 years from the date it was lawfully made available to the public ● but: when (during this period) the identity of the author is established the general regime will apply ex. the writer George Simenon, who died in 1989, also published under the pseudonym Jean Du Perry but since this identity was established this work will also remain protected until 2059 (based on the date of death of the author).
  • 9. Public domain… Public domain Mark = label used for PD works > no copyright restrictions > free to (re)use : without permission, without payment But in some situations - other fees may apply, e.g. handling fee - other legal restrictions may apply, e.g. donor agreement
  • 10. Copyright terms and laws vary
  • 11. Public domain VS vs. EU… in 2037
  • 12. Public domain… vs. Copyright - personal right - exclusive rights to use, reproduce, communicate… - = economic right - limitation to the free circulation of goods & free market economy - balancing > limited in time, legal exceptions > “rule” / “exception”
  • 13. Economic rights CC0 1.0 mainly: ● right to reproduce ● right to communicate = exclusive rights of the author > which he can licence / transfer to any other third party (against payment) <> legal exceptions : no prior permission required ex. freedom of panorama > EU harmonised
  • 14. Moral rights Peter Paul Rubens / Public domain ● right of disclosure (when ready) ● right of paternity (& attribution) ● right of (respect of) integrity ! Not harmonized ! Inalienable > “in name of” > can be waived > but core will always persist > works will never fully be in the public domain before the full copyright term has expired
  • 15. Public Domain Mark - no copyright restrictions (anymore) - free to use Creative Commons Zero - (still) copyright protected - rights are maximally waived - licenced without user restrictions Public domain… > in practice not a big difference for the user
  • 16. Related rights ● Neighboring rights ○ on performances ■ performing artists, ex. singers, dancers, actors… ■ producers of phonograms and films ■ broadcasting organisations ■ press publishers ○ term(s): ■ 50 years > performances ■ prolongation : new term of 50 years / 70 years > phonograms ■ 2 years > press publication ex. the national orchestra perform the “Barber of Sevilla” by Rossini in 2008. Ths performance is recorded and first broadcasted in 2020. The opera is in the public domain because Rossini died in 1868 but the neighboring rights of the musicians run until 2058 and those of the broadcasting company until 2070. Yo-Yo Ma, Cellist, USA plays the cello during the 'Presentation of the Crystal Award' at the Annual Meeting 2008 of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, January 25, 2008.photo by Andy Mettler, CC BY SA 4.0
  • 17. Public domain… Surrogate rights ● Digital Resources : ○ Layered rights > work + reproduction ○ rights on digital surrogates > licences on images of public domain works ● <> Article 14 DSM (2019) : ○ “works of art in the public domain” ○ materials resulting from reproduction is NOT subject to copyright or related rights ○ <> new / related right for ‘other’ - non-original - photos e.g. DE ○ not transposed in Belgian law ○ does not apply when the act of reproduction is original ○ practice: 2D vs. 3D works of art
  • 18. Public domain… Ex. Works of Vermeer are in the public domain => PDM But reproductions are licenced by the majority of the institutions ● 0 > ‘to be sure’ ● BY > requirement to reference the institution ● NC > retain control over commercial exploitation by the institution = problematic practice ➔ (digital copies of) art works in the public domain cannot be licenced ➔ licences can only be applied by rightsholder <> heritage institutions Analyse: Douglas Mc Carthy - https://douglasmccarthy.com/2023/03/28-vermeers/ - CC BY 4.0
  • 20. Publiek domein... for the users - no permission required - by anyone - to copy, adapt, communicate… - for any purposes, including commercial use for the institutions - low hanging fruit for online accessibility and visibility of collections - great potential for creative reuse and cultural participation - well-suited for the implementation of an open access/data policy
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  • 32. Jan Van Imschoot, Typecasting of a Remembrance, 2001 ©
  • 34. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) The starting points for wikifying our collections: - Authentic and unique Belgian - Visible and accessible - Activation and actualisation via collaboration Enrich Wikipedia page with Wikimedia image
  • 35. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) The starting points for PDD objectives and KBR aspects of our collections: - Selection and planning • Catalogue • Curators - Production environment • Digitization • Conservation - External cooperation
  • 36. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) The starting points for PDD objectives and KBR aspects of our collections: KBR Collections • Numismatics 25 works 50 scans • Music scores and letters 95 2166 • Print, drawings & etching plates 153 153 • Modern Printed books 28 4069 • Records 7 14 AML Collection JdB 121 181
  • 37. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) under-catalogued numismatic objects by Belgian artist (sculptors, designers) Arsène Matton - Commons image donation (6 works) in categorie Arsène Matton works_in_the_Royal_Library_of_Belgium - Selection of images at Arsène Matton wikipedia (NL)
  • 38. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) under-catalogued digitizing music archives by author/publisher Joseph Jongen and Jules Van Nuffel (30 Ms and printed scores) deceased in 1952: • 7 scores (2 Ms, 5 prints) Letters & Sheet music of Joseph Jongen
  • 39. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) Wikidata items + Commons image donation (200 files) • 7 sound recordings (1890-1950) speed 78 rpm in categorie Sound_recordings_with_musical_work_by_Joseph_Jongen and • 7 record labels in categorie Columbia_records_in_the_Royal_Library_of_Belgium_(KBR)
  • 40. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) Wikidata items + Commons image donation (200 files) • Images & sound recording Joseph Jongen Wikipedia page (NL, Fr, En ) • Lunchtime concert @ KBR Joseph Jongen - Wikipedia
  • 41. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) under-catalogued Etching plates, Prints and Drawings by Jean Brusselmans (Wikimedia category)
  • 42. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) KBR category: Jean_Delville & Elisabeth_Wesmael Wikipedia page: Jean Brusselmans NL, En, Fr Jean Delville Nl, En, Fr Elisabeth Wesmael NL, En, Fr
  • 43. Wiki upload (Piet Janssens, KBR) To Do in 2024 - Jean Brusselmans reproductions on panels in the streetscape Dilbeek and expo in cooperation with Culture Platform Dilbeek - Wikifying of Jean Boosschère's complementary collections with AML. The selected works will be partly digitised by KBR. - Musical works public domainers @ KBR Lunchconcert’s
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  • 53. HERITAGE OF BELGIAN SHOE FACTORIES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN Lie Cauwelier Eperon d’Or
  • 54. SCOPE ▪ Unique information about persons, institutions and companies relevant to the heritage of the shoe industry in Belgium Making this data available to the general public as LOD via Wikiplatforms: -Wikidata -Wikimedia Commons -Wikipedia
  • 55. WHAT? Which objects are we going to make available to the public on Wikimedia Commons? -Shoes -Letterheads
  • 57. HOW? RIGHTS RESEARCH ▪ Object ▪ Image ▪ Data First things first: rights of what?
  • 60. INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN 1. Public Domain 70 years after the author's death 2. Public Domain if the author is unknown and the work is made/published over 70 years ago (in EU! In USA > 95 years from the year of it’s first publication) Designers => responsible for the creative process Manufacturers? Craftsmen?
  • 62. OTHER IDEAS? LET US KNOW
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  • 65. FOLLOW OUR PROJECT ▪Project page on Wikipedia: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Wikiproject/Schoenfabrieken_in_België ▪Commons Categories: ▪Category:Shoe factories in Belgium ▪Category:Images from museum Eperon d'Or Izegem
  • 66. CONTACT Collection: Lie Cauwelier - lie.cauwelier@izegem.be 051335528 Conservator: Leen Breyne – leen.breyne@izegem.be 051335523
  • 67. DO IT! Identifying public domain material in cultural heritage collections Bart Magnus (meemoo) Artist unknown. Photo: Mictlancihuatl, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
  • 68. Context ● Determining rights statuses = time-consuming ● Public Domain Tool (publiekdomeintool.be) to the rescue, but… ● Boost the use of the tool and create time ● Project: Fall 2022 - Fall 2023
  • 69. J. Howard Miller, via Wikimedia Commons - Public domain Partners ● Musea Brugge ● Jakob Smitsmuseum ● Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens ● Mu.ZEE ● S.M.A.K. ● M Leuven ● Archief Gent ● STAM ● Museum van Deinze en de Leiestreek - Mudel ● VKC ● meemoo
  • 70. Project goals 1. Semi-automatic determination of rights status, based on a. collection data b. Wikidata 2. Where possible, add enriched data to collection management systems 3. Enrich data about creators on Wikidata 4. Optimisation of Public Domain Tool 5. Improve GLAM staff’s knowledge about copyright
  • 73. Results Original metadata versus public domain tool outcome
  • 75. Lessons learned: a selection ● Public Domain Tool makes rights status determination for large quantities of objects more efficient ● Diverse ways of registering rights metadata. Need for: ○ clear guidance in registration ○ collection management systems that can correctly capture all needed rights metadata ● Public Domain Tool is not the Holy Grail! ○ GLAMs need a clear rights policy (e.g. risk management)
  • 77. • Duration: January 2021 - December 2023 • Grant: Flemish Government (inhaalbeweging digitale collectiedata) • Focus: Registration, digitization, and dissemination through (linked) open data and IIIF In a nutshell: Hub! Van depot naar digicollectie
  • 78. In a nutshell: Hub! Van depot naar digicollectie • Duration: January 2021 - December 2023 • Grant: Flemish Government (inhaalbeweging digitale collectiedata) • Focus: Registration, digitization, and dissemination through (linked) open data and IIIF Print collection Van Hoorebeke: • Acquisition in 2014 • Estimated 2000 prints, actual size 3100 prints • Many types • 16th to 21st century Publiekdomeindag 2024 – HUB! 78
  • 79. Print collection Van Hoorebeke • Registration and conservation • Digitalization • Open access
  • 80. Print collection Van Hoorebeke • Registration and conservation • Description rules for heritage objects • Conservation efforts • Preventative measures • Treatments
  • 81. Print collection Van Hoorebeke • Digitization • HR Photography • Digital Asset Management
  • 82. Print collection Van Hoorebeke • Access • Linked Open Data • Open access and free usage • IIIF
  • 83. Upload wiki Public Domain Status Data Accuracy Data Consistency Checks Consistent Formatting Language and Localization Unique Identifiers Clear descriptions Image Quality Authority Control Compliance with Wikidata Policies Documentation Community Engagement …
  • 84. Upload wiki • DO IT! • Publiekdomeintool • Determining copyright status through reconciliation
  • 85. • Axiell • Wikidata Upload wiki
  • 86. • Axiell • Wikidata Upload wiki ______________________________________________________________
  • 87. • Axiell • Wikidata Upload wiki
  • 88. • Excel • Editing • Translating • OpenRefine • Cleaning • Mapping • Reconciliation • PattyPan • Matching images with Q-items • Images to Commons Upload wiki
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  • 91. Break Koffiedrinkers, by Constant Permeke, public domain, collection: KMSKA
  • 92. Paper Women Public Domain Day, Brussels 07.03.2024 OPENBARE BIBLIOTHEEK
  • 93. Bruges Public Library Recognised National Heritage Library Guido Gezelle Archives 8000 letters
  • 94. Paper Women • Els Depuydt: Project • Collyn Verlinde: Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons • Liesbeth Langouche: Wikipedia edit-a-thon
  • 95. Project: Paper Women Subsidised by the Flemish Government Online edition of 600 letters from 200 women in GezelleBrOn Through Participation Digitisation of Letter (fragments) Gender Gap Wikidata/Wikipedia/Odis Scientific Anchoring Public Outreach
  • 96. Participation Project Main Partners •University of Antwerp, Prof. Piet Couttenier •Volunteers of the Guido Gezelle Society & C° •Guido Gezelle Archives Bruges Public Library •Royal Academy of Dutch Language and Literature Collection Partners Expert Group
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  • 99. Engagement Through Data •Research by Volunteers • Giving historical women a voice • Closing the gender gap • Storytelling on gezelle.be • Odis / Wikipedia / Wikidata • Writing sessions on International Women's Day 8th March 2024
  • 100. Scientific Anchoring •Interuniversity postgraduate master's programme in literary studies: Marianne Van Remoortel & Julie Birkholz UGent • Helena Walton • Jemima Stroud • Named-Ententy Recognition • Transkribus • Linked Open data • … •LT3 UGent: emotion analysis
  • 101. Public Outreach •Podcast Schik: September 2024 •Magazine – Poetry Centre •Exhibition: 24th October 2024 - 5th January 2025 > Curator Han Decorte •Congres– Guido Gezelle Society November 2024
  • 102. • Artists • Sammy Slabbinck • Annelotte Lammertse • Nina Van Denbempt • Lisa Ottenburgh • Authors • Nuala O’Connor • Fixdit authors: Sanneke van Hassel, Gaea Schoeters • Nele Van Den Broeck • Aya Sabi • Gerda Dendooven • Gita Deneckere • Poets • Iduna Paalman • Delphine Lecompte • Els Moors • Lut De Block • Hester Knibbe • Annemarie Estor • Sylvie Marie • Yousra Benfquih • Astrid Lampe
  • 103. Paper Women: Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons Planemad, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons Пəленшеев Пəленше, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
  • 104. Starting Point: Large Information Reservoir • Spreadsheet with over 3.400 individuals • Family, friends, colleagues, correspondents… • But also… • … family, friends, colleagues… of family, friends, colleagues… • … historical people discussed in letters • Photography collection (1.000+) of the Gezelle Archives • Guido Gezelle, friends, family, colleagues, correspondents… • Houses, landscapes… • (Missing) letters, poems, etc.
  • 105.
  • 106. Starting Point: Large Information Reservoir • Spreadsheet with over 3.400 individuals • Family, friends, colleagues, correspondents… • But also… • … family, friends, colleagues… of family, friends, colleagues… • … historical people discussed in letters • Photography collection (1.000+) of the Gezelle Archives • Guido Gezelle, friends, family, colleagues, correspondents… • Houses, landscapes… • (Missing) letters, poems, etc.
  • 107.
  • 108. Wikidata: Just Upload the Spreadsheet? • Multiple problems: • Records of women are priority, but also work in progress • Valuable information in free-text fields • How do we keep everything up-to-date? • Script to date every chance per row • …but use of spreadsheet in scripts limits flexibility • (Semi-)manual approach • Manual designation of ‘finished’ records • Periodic gathering of these records • Semi-manual input of these records into Wikidata • Thank you, Rony • Manually registering Q-numbers in spreadsheet
  • 109. Wikimedia Commons •Not ready for large upload • Metadata insufficient • Varying degree of digitization • Specific for women we want to make a Wikipedia page for • Tested batches with UploadWizard and OpenRefine • Relatively small number, so manual input • 25 pictures for first session • 26 pictures for second session • Category Correspondentie Guido Gezelle
  • 110. Wikidata Results • Paper Women • 380 records created or modified for women • 275 records created or modified about men • Previous Gezelle Projects • 20 records created or modified for printers in Bruges • 94 records created or modified for members of the Royal Academy • 150 records created or modified relevant to the Sint-Lodewijks College • 809 records created or modified relevant to Gezelles correspondence • Enriching Gezelles record
  • 111. Wikidata Results - Visualized • Examples of Wikidata Queries: • https://w.wiki/6pyH • https://w.wiki/9Kcm • https://w.wiki/9Kci
  • 112. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon What? • 08/03/2024 = edit-a-thon about ‘Paper Women’ = International Women’s Day • Edit-a-thon = writing & publishing on Wikipedia = improving Wikipedia together
  • 113. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Why? • Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female correspondents on Wikipedia • Gender gap • ODIS: 27% is a woman
  • 114. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Why? • Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female correspondents on Wikipedia • Gender gap • ODIS: 27% is a woman • Wikipedia Readers 44% women Writers 11-16% women Articles 16,3% about women
  • 115. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Why? • Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female correspondents on Wikipedia • Gender gap • ODIS: 27% is a woman • Wikipedia WikiProjects: o Women in Red English Wikipedia biographies about women October 2014 15,53% February 2024 19,75%
  • 116. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Why? • Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female correspondents on Wikipedia • Gender gap • ODIS: 27% is a woman • Wikipedia WikiProjects: o Women in Red o Dutch version
  • 117. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Why? • Only a fraction of Gezelle’s female correspondents on Wikipedia • Gender gap • ODIS: 27% is a woman • Wikipedia WikiProjects: o Women in Red o Dutch version o Paper Women
  • 118. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Who? • Bruges Public Library • Erfgoedcel Brugge • State Archives Bruges/Courtrai • City Archives Bruges • Provincial Archives Western-Flanders • Werkplaats Immaterieel Erfgoed • Hendrik Conscience Heritage Library • Letterenhuis Who? • Iedereen Leest • meemoo • KANTL • Poëziecentrum • UGent • CEMPER • KADOC • Cultureel erfgoed Annunciaten Heverlee
  • 119. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon Who? • Bruges Public Library • Erfgoedcel Brugge • State Archives Bruges/Courtrai • City Archives Bruges • Provincial Archives Western-Flanders • Werkplaats Immaterieel Erfgoed • Hendrik Conscience Heritage Library • Letterenhuis Who? • Iedereen Leest • meemoo • KANTL • Poëziecentrum • UGent • CEMPER • KADOC • Cultureel erfgoed Annunciaten Heverlee
  • 120. Wikipedia Edit-a-thon How? • Preparation 🡪 online manual via https://zender.be/erfgoed-ontsluiten-via-wi kipedia-de-handleiding/ • Wikipedia-account • Writing of article • Edit-a-thon = basic training + social meetup
  • 124. 124 Flower Picking in the Public Domain prof. Dieter De Witte and dr. Kenzo Milleville - 06/03/2024
  • 125. 1 FED-tWIN, 2 institutions, 2* #friends Team G: Team B: Topics: FAIR Data Pub Provenance CV: Enrichment CV: Visual IR Heritage Media Mental healthcare Education
  • 126. Heritage ENrichment Spatial Object Relations 126
  • 127. Getting the team on board? (1) Objective: Music instruments How? Object detection + Classification Dataset? Minerva dataset with 11,765 images 127 https://zenodo.org/records/3732580
  • 128. Challenges: - Labeling unpleasant, repetitive, error-prone - ROI is unclear - Impact? - research ≠ public services - Support - internal + external To NOT be continued…
  • 129. Another ML experiment? Conservator-driven! 129 Jan Brueghel de Oude, Aarden vaas met bloemen, olieverf op hout, Fitzwilliam Museum, inv n°2406684 Lara, our Rubens’ conservator, studies flowers!
  • 130. RQ: Can AI trace the provenance of botanical models in art? 130 More specifically, whether they are related! Jan Brueghel de Oude, Aarden vaas met bloemen, olieverf op hout, Fitzwilliam Museum, inv n°2406684 P. Vallet, Jardin du Roy très chrestien..., 1608 Johann Theodore de Bry, Florilegium novum hoc est. 1611. Emanuel Sweert, Florilegium, 1612
  • 131. Data: current* CMS: opac-fabritius.be ~10k artworks (>=1 pictures) 131
  • 132. Auto-labeling via botanical archives Sam Segal - Sam Segal archive @ RKD (no remote access) - Support of dr. Klara Alen (Rubenshuis) - Most of the botanical studies are only available on paper 132 https://rkd.nl/artists/366077
  • 133. Segal’s books are almost labeled datasets! 133 botanical standard!
  • 134. 1. We proceeded to gather a large collection of Sam Segal’s archive. 2. We scanned the RKD collection with over 90,000 images 3. Extracted the pages with bouquets. 4. Created a mapping algorithm to assign the Latin names to the flower heads 5. We suddenly had no idea what time it is, how we got here, why we did what we did in the first place, but… 6. We archived everything to Zenodo 7. Rinse & Repeat NOT!
  • 135. Intermediate milestone: 14 / 05 / 2023 - Concrete deadline! - Well-defined customer: - Primary: KMSKB (Karine & Lies) - Secondary: general public - Dedicated team - Student team* + supervisors - 3rd bach with no prior AI experience 135 Assignment: Boeketje kunst Create a web app where you can (i) select paintings from KMSKB (ii) select flowers in multiple paintings and (iii) generate an attractive bouquet with Mother day's wishes
  • 136. Technical Implementation 1: Data Augmentation - CNN fine-tuning with wikimedia [83 images] - Bounding box annotations (no flower types) in Roboflow - Basic data augmentations in Roboflow: - rotation, mirroring, extension, etc. - Training dataset [213 images] 136 Roboflow
  • 137. TI.2: Flower Detection - YOLOv8 - SotA model for object detection - detects up to 80 classes - no flowers! - Labeled dataset needed for tuning the model! (prev. slide) - Train/Validation/Test: 92%-6%-2% - Resulting model mAP = 71% 137
  • 138. TI.3: Flower Segmentation - Segmentation: ‘create a mask to extract the flower head’ - - - Challenges: - complex shapes - densely packed (appear connected to the algorithm) - overlap - Classical computer vision approaches are not satisfactory 138 opencv pipeline opencv pipeline
  • 139. TI.3: Flower Segmentation cont’d - 5/4/2023: Meta introduces ‘Segment Anything Model’ (SAM) - trained on 11 million images - trained on 1 billion masks 139
  • 140. TI.4: Flower Selection 140 2 1 masks => json list[coords]
  • 141. TI.5: Bouquet Generation - Flower selection & information - Select background and vase (AI-generated) - Input custom message - Composition templates used (3-7 flowers) - Add stems and position randomly 141 1 2 3
  • 142. Early milestones, early reach out! - Demo online + blogpost LinkedIn + social media KMSKB 142
  • 143. Future work in progress 1. Flower picking IN the museum: open source Flutter app 2. Flower provenance (original RQ) 3. Image2Image improvement (diffusion) 4. CCL: interlinking of different data sources (Segal)... maybe even automatically 5. KMSKB: new CMS (better access) + gradual review of copyright 143
  • 144. Getting the team on board? (second edition) 144 Challenges: - Labeling unpleasant, repetitive, error-prone - ROI is unclear - Impact? - research != public services - Support - internal + external Recommendations: - Avoid labeling altogether or create an AI companion - RQ driven by the institution - Research + Data pub as a ‘side effect’ of the public goal - Momentum: - Early milestones! - Reach out!
  • 145. Questions? - Read the blog post (linkedin) - Check the app yourself: boeketjekunst.idlab.ugent.be 145
  • 146. Possibilities of IIIF stories Public domain day - 07.03.2024 Jan Beerblock, “The infirmary of the Hospital of Saint John,” Musea Brugge, artinflanders.be, Public Domain.
  • 148. ?
  • 149. ? a series of standards or agreements that make it possible to exchange and use images and audiovisual material with metadata across institutional boundaries. shared protocol for delivering images, presentation of images and metadata, searchability, access, …
  • 150. ? Example of a IIIF-manifest, Musea Brugge IIIF-Manifest = main building block ● JSON-file with all necessary data ● https://iiif.io/api/presentation/3.0/ https://dam.museabrugge.be/iiif/3 /13432/manifest.json
  • 151. ? Tools and infrastructure based on the set of standards Uniform practice in different environments and with images of different institutions
  • 155. Storytelling No storage Context Rich viewing +/- Accessible Free No need to request and store high-resolution images Link with managing institution Deep zoom, free navigation Easy to use Free to use and open source Automatic update of metadata
  • 160. Not only good news Copyright info Basic Specific focus Re-use is only possible with copyright info Possibilities and adjustments are limited No umbrella tool => carefully consider whether IIIF storytelling can be of added value for you.
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  • 167. Who Am I? Thomas Waterzooi ■ Game designer ■ Game developer. ■ Game animator ■ Game musician Jack of all trades Sometimes: teacher at LUCA School Of Arts (Gent)
  • 168. Larian Studios ■ Dragon Commander ■ Divinity Original Sin IO-Interactive ■ HITMAN Previously
  • 169. Solo-Dev 2018 What I didn’t want to make: ■ Games where the main mechanic is violence ■ Games for young kids (-12) ■ Hardcore games, skill-based ■ Time-pressure
  • 170. Solo-Dev 2018 What to make? Something… ■ .. my non-gamer friends would like ■ .. my mom would like ■ .. closer to my world ■ .. with a good story So basically: A movie?? A game for non-gamers???
  • 172. A New Audience ■ Adults with adult-interests ■ Games don’t represent these interests ■ Museums, city-tripping, art ■ Friends, relationships, food, culture ■ Lifestyle, illness, depression ■ Learn how to make games for these people ■ Games can be(come) art
  • 173. Accessibility ■ No previous skills ■ No time pressure ■ Short ■ Author-driven ■ For adults ■ Embed culture => ART
  • 174. What if we DO touch the artwork?
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  • 180. Please, Touch The Artwork 2 ■ Hidden object adventure ■ No stress ■ 83+ paintings ■ Hints when stuck ■ Age 12 to 99 Where’s Waldo + James Ensor + Monty Python
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  • 194. Process 3. What do characters need?
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  • 209. Statistics ■ Downloaded 250.000 times in the first two weeks ■ 1000+ Overwhelmingly positive reactions: ■ ‘Love to visit a museum with his works’ ■ ‘Re-sparked my love for art’ ■ Over 90.000 hours played (that’s over 10 years) ■ Over 8 million views (on Twitch & YouTube & other socials)
  • 214. MetaBelgica: A shared entity management between Federal Scientific Institutes Sven Lieber 0000-0002-7304-3787 Public Domain Day, 07 March, 2024
  • 215. Big question: When do works by whom will come into public domain? Example of Spain, but how is it for Belgium? …
  • 216. Duplicate data of shared entities leads to problems Duplicate efforts to curate data about entities + efforts for data consumers to integrate and identify/fix inconsistencies Varying quality and correctness of data
  • 217. Shared entity management (open source and FAIR) MetaBelgica Coordinated data management for enriched data of high quality Persistent identifiers and a single trustworthy source for users
  • 218. Partners keep their own records, but the public will get uniform persistent identifiers and from there can explore linked collections https://opac.kbr.be/LIBRARY/doc/AUTHORITY/14159426 MetaBelgica metabelgica.be/Q123
  • 219. Project duration 2023 - 2026 Technologies Resource Description Framework (RDF, Linked Data), Wikibase MetaBelgica: A shared entity management between Federal Scientific Institutes Entity types persons, organizations, time/events, locations Follow-up committee Archives and Museum of Literature CegeSoma at the Belgian State Archives Dutch Heritage Network FID Benelux KBR ICT department Meta4Books National Library of Germany National Library of Luxembourg OCLC Open Science Lab at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) University of Antwerp Wikibase Stakeholder Group Wikimedia Belgium Wikimedia Germany Metadata experts Domain experts / Stakeholders Technology experts
  • 220. We want to become a dot in the Wikimedia joint-vision for Linked Open Data https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/LinkedOpenData/Strategy2021/Joint_Vision
  • 221. Wikimedia upload workshop ● Thursday, March 28 ● Location: meemoo (Ghent) ● Data cleaning + publishing on Wikimedia and Wikidata ● Test set of 10 records/images ● Register before March 21: https://meemoo.be/nl/vormingen-en- events/wikimedia-uploadworkshop-1 ● In Dutch
  • 222. Wiki Loves Heritage 2023 ● 4 photo contests - one jury: ○ WLH - Wiki Loves Heritage ○ WLLH - Wiki Loves Living Heritage ○ WLM - Wiki Loves Monuments ○ WLPZ - Wiki Loves Pajot-Zenne ● 1381 photos ● 63 participants ● 13 jury members ● 10 winners ● Juryrapport https://w.wiki/8PEd
  • 223. 10. Bloementapijt Grote Markt Brussel WLM Dossid CC BY-SA
  • 224. 9. Diefstal van de hosties Poederlee WLLH Ommegang van de Heeg CC BY-SA
  • 225. 8. Reus Contios Kontich WLH Onurb Streappats CC BY-SA
  • 226. 7. Bunker Roosdaal WLPZ Erik Bourgeois CC BY-SA
  • 227. 6. Venetiaanse parade in Kasteel van Gaasbeek Gaasbeek WLPZ Anja Meert CC BY-SA
  • 228. 5. Close-up Atomium Brussel WLM Guy Fagot CC BY-SA
  • 230. 3. Bibliothèque des sciences Louvain-la-Neuve WLM EmDee CC BY-SA
  • 231. 2. Deusterkapel Peer WLH Paul Hermans CC BY-SA
  • 232. 1. Pikkeling Festival dansers Aalst WLLH Herman.vandenbroeck CC BY-SA
  • 233. Friends of Wikimedia Belgium Fund ● Fiscal certificate for gifts via the Koning Boudewijnstichting ● We can support your own Wikimedia-project for up to 7.500 € ● More info: https://w.wiki/U$L ● https://friends.wikimedia.be ● Contact: friends@wikimedia.be
  • 234. Lunch Break, by Sigfrid Keinänen, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons