Solar passive architecture


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a brief of solar passive architecture

Solar passive architecture

  2. 2. Aims & Objective<br />AIM:<br /> To study different types of solar architectural and constructional techniques for designing different buildings and conclude the result.<br />OBJECTIVE:<br />To promote energy efficient building design ,i.e. to minimize energy use and negative environment effect of building<br />To maximize use of renewable and natural resources in building environment<br />Building Construction with optimum use of solar energy<br />Thermal comfort for the inhabitants<br />To reduce maintenance cost.<br />
  3. 3. Methodology<br />Research on Solar Passive features<br />Collect Definition of various terminology used in it.<br />Case studies of building in different climatic zones to understand the importance and usefulness of solar passive design features.<br />Conclusion<br />
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION<br />Passive design is design that does not require mechanical heating or cooling. <br />Buildings that are passively designed take advantage of natural energy flows to maintain thermal comfort.<br />When sunlight strikes a building, the building materials can reflect, transmit, or absorb the solar radiation. <br />Additionally, the heat produced by the sun causes air movement that can be predictable in designed spaces. <br />These basic responses to solar heat lead to design elements, material choices and placements that can provide heating and cooling effects in a building. <br />
  5. 5. HISTORY: 5TH CENTURY<br />The ancient Greeks planned whole cities in Greece, to allow every homeowner access to sunlight during winter to warm their homes. <br />By running the streets in a checkerboard pattern running east west and north-south pattern every home could face south, permitting the winter sun to flow into the house throughout the day.<br />The Romans used it as their south-facing rooms. They became much hotter in winter than similarly oriented Greek homes because the Romans covered their window spaces with mica or glass while the Greeks did not.<br />
  6. 6. Passive heating<br />Two primary elements of passive solar heating are -<br />South facing glass<br />Thermal mass to absorb, store, and distribute heat <br />There are three approaches to passive systems<br />direct gain, <br />indirect gain (trombe wall), and <br />isolated gain. <br />
  7. 7. Passive Cooling<br />Passive solar cooling can reduce or even eliminate the need for air conditioning in homes. <br />Cross Ventilation<br />Wing Walls<br />Thermal Chimney<br />Other Ventilating Strategies<br />
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  9. 9. Case Studies<br />Anokhi Industries, Jaipur By Nimeshpatel<br />Torrent Research Building, Ahmedabad<br />Youth Hostel, Jodhpur by Vinod Gupta<br />IIHMR, JAIPUR<br />HEMURAJA HOTEL,SHIMLA<br />