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Woody Plants Group 3b

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Woody Plants Group 3b

  1. 1. Group 3b Rose Family <ul><li>Prunus cerasifera </li></ul><ul><li>Prunus maackii </li></ul><ul><li>Prunus padus </li></ul><ul><li>Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’ </li></ul><ul><li>Prunus virginiana </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrus calleryana </li></ul><ul><li>Sorbus aucuparia </li></ul><ul><li>Purpleleaf Plum </li></ul><ul><li>Amur Chokecherry </li></ul><ul><li>European Bird Cherry </li></ul><ul><li>Kwanzan Cherry </li></ul><ul><li>Western Chokecherry </li></ul><ul><li>Ornamental Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain Ash </li></ul>
  2. 2. Prunus cerasifera ‘Newport’ Newport Purpleleaf Plum or Cherry Plum
  3. 3. Prunus cerasifera small, deciduous tree
  4. 4. Prunus cerasifera pinkish, white flowers
  5. 5. Prunus cerasifera ‘Newport’ in bloom
  6. 6. Prunus cerasifera Fruit
  7. 7. Prunus cerasifera <ul><li>alternate leaf arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>serrulate leaf margins (minutely serrated) </li></ul><ul><li>possibly glands on petiole </li></ul><ul><li>pubescent midrib </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prunus cerasifera liabilities <ul><li>short-lived, 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>aphids, borers, scale, tent caterpillars </li></ul><ul><li>canker, leaf spot </li></ul><ul><li>does not like compacted soil </li></ul>
  9. 9. Prunus cerasifera <ul><li>Small tree to shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Medium moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning needs </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrant flower </li></ul><ul><li>Good fall color </li></ul><ul><li>Good foliage color </li></ul><ul><li>Showy, edible fruit </li></ul>
  10. 10. Prunus maackii Amur Chokecherry <ul><li>30' to 40' tall x 25' to 35' wide </li></ul><ul><li>rounded to vase-shaped crown, dense </li></ul><ul><li>glands dot base </li></ul><ul><li>pubescent midrib </li></ul><ul><li>medium texture </li></ul><ul><li>moderate growth rate </li></ul><ul><li>white flowers, fragrant </li></ul><ul><li>round, fleshy fruit </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prunus maackii form
  12. 12. Prunus maackii
  13. 13. Prunus maackii leaf
  14. 14. Prunus maackii Showy white flowers
  15. 15. Prunus maackii Attractive copper colored birch-like bark ‘Copper’’
  16. 16. Prunus maackii Mature fruit is small, black in color and quickly eaten by birds
  17. 17. Prunus padus commutata European Bird Cherry <ul><li>Height 15-25’ Width 20-30’ Medium water </li></ul><ul><li>Oval to rounded shape </li></ul><ul><li>Ornamental multi-stem or single stem </li></ul><ul><li>Fall color yellow to orange </li></ul><ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth Gray bark </li></ul>
  18. 19. Prunus padus foliage effect
  19. 20. Prunus padus Foliage medium to dark green
  20. 21. Prunus padus leaf
  21. 22. Prunus padus flowers <ul><li>Fragrant white flowers in loose drooping racemes ½” to 6” long </li></ul>
  22. 23. Prunus padus Flower
  23. 24. Prunus padus buds
  24. 25. Prunus padus fruit <ul><li>Black drupe fruit </li></ul>
  25. 26. Prunus padus bark
  26. 27. Prunus serrulata ’Kwanzan’ Kwanzan Cherry <ul><li>Height 25-30’ Spread 25-30’ </li></ul><ul><li>High water needs </li></ul><ul><li>Kwanzan is sterile – no fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Tiny fruit red to black on species </li></ul>
  27. 28. Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’
  28. 29. Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’ Very showy, most commonly deep pink, double, occur in large clumps along the stem, in early spring
  29. 31. Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’ Dark green leaves turn yellow in fall
  30. 32. Prunus serrulata ‘Kwazan’ Gleaming mahogany red bark
  31. 33. Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’ twig Stout, reddish brown, conspicuous lenticels, and large reddish buds
  32. 34. Prunus virginiana Western Chokecherry
  33. 35. Prunus virginiana ‘Shubert’, ‘Canada Red’
  34. 36. Prunus virginiana leaf <ul><li>alternate, simple two glands at base of the petiole </li></ul><ul><li>finely serrated, 2-4 inches long </li></ul><ul><li>dark green above, light green below </li></ul>
  35. 37. Prunus virginiana White flowers, long raceme 3-6 inches long
  36. 38. Prunus virginiana ‘Schubert’
  37. 39. Prunus virginiana Reddish black fruit with seed inside
  38. 40. Prunus virginiana ‘Schubert’ Fruit
  39. 41. Prunus virginiana Bark <ul><li>Smooth, gray brown, conspicuous lenticels that develop into shallow fissures, young stems have shallowly peeling, curling layers. </li></ul>
  40. 42. Prunus virginiana Fall color
  41. 43. Prunus virginiana twig <ul><li>bitter almond fragrance when crushed </li></ul>
  42. 44. Pyrus calleryana Callery Pear <ul><li>tear-drop shaped tree </li></ul>
  43. 45. Pyrus calleryana Leaf very glossy
  44. 46. Pyrus calleryana Fall color
  45. 47. Pyrus calleryana White, malodorus flowers
  46. 48. Pyrus calleryana miniature pears on tree
  47. 49. Pyrus calleryana large terminal buds, 0.5&quot; long and extremely hairy
  48. 50. Pyrus calleryana Bark light brown to gray develops horizontal lenticels with age
  49. 51. Sorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash
  50. 52. Sorbus aucuparia <ul><li>a small to medium-sized, deciduous tree </li></ul><ul><li>typically 20' to 40' tall </li></ul><ul><li>shape is ovate to rounded </li></ul><ul><li>branching is strongly upright and spreading </li></ul><ul><li>main trunk is often short, becoming very multi-branched </li></ul>
  51. 53. Sorbus aucuparia Form – oval, upright
  52. 54. Sorbus aucuparia Foliage <ul><li>Alternate, pinnately compound </li></ul><ul><li>5&quot; to 9&quot; long </li></ul><ul><li>9 to 15 leaflets is most common </li></ul><ul><li>leaflets are .75&quot; to 2.5&quot; long with a pointed oval shape </li></ul><ul><li>margins of leaflets are serrated toward the tips </li></ul><ul><li>dark green above, frosty green below </li></ul>
  53. 55. Sorbus aucuparia
  54. 56. Sorbus aucuparia <ul><li>Fall color </li></ul><ul><li>Not reliable </li></ul>
  55. 57. Sorbus aucuparia white flowers in flat clusters
  56. 58. Sorbus aucuparia Flowers
  57. 59. Sorbus aucuparia Fruit -orange red fruit in terminal clusters
  58. 60. Sorbus aucuparia Fruit
  59. 61. Sorbus aucuparia short main trunk dividing into multiple trunks
  60. 62. Sorbus aucuparia Landscape Uses <ul><li>excellent for effect in fruit </li></ul><ul><li>good performer in cold climates </li></ul><ul><li>as a smaller shade tree </li></ul><ul><li>fruits attract birds </li></ul><ul><li>specimen </li></ul>
  61. 63. ID
  62. 64. ID by entire Tree
  63. 71. ID by Leaf
  64. 76. ID by Fruit
  65. 80. ID by Flower
  66. 85. ID by Bark or trunk
  67. 86. ‘Copper’’

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