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A* GCSE Coursework Example 1


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A* GCSE Coursework Example 1

  1. 1. Cruise Seat Dubai British School Nia Walker, 11 s 1104
  2. 2. Design BriefI am going to design a play seat for children in the shape of a boat, which is why I call it the ‘Cruise Seat’. This is because we are following the Pirates theme. It would be a fun way for them to let their imagination run wild and escape the ordinary, by playing pretend. The boat will hopefully fit 4 children, so it should be quite a large size; I had to measure children from the fitted age group to come up with the actual size of the boat. Since our target market involve children, I will also have to make sure that it is safe and comfortable enough for them to use as a play area and of course make it look as attractive as possible. The main material to the making of the boat would be the types of wood: I chose to use 9 mm MDF wood because it is the easiest type of wood to work with, I will also use pine wood to create a frame of the boat and thin planks of plywood for the body of the boat, and also to create a nice boat effect. The boat will also have a flat base and cushioned seats for comfort. The boat will obviously be a classic dark brown woody colour, make it look as realistic as possible to get in the zone of sailing in the oceans. It will also be decorated
  3. 3. MarketResearch – Cilek furniture store for children I’ve been looking at kids’ furniture, such as beds and chairs in the shape of interesting sources of transport, which is of course to keep the children entertained. I couldn’t find the exact same product as the one I’m hoping to design, although I’ve found a few similar products. For example: The car shaped beds, they would come in bright colours considering they are targeted for children and these car shaped beds are mostly popular for young boys in the age between 4-8 years. Materials: The main material needed would be wood (MDF), wax, paint and other types of materials to cover up the wood making it smooth and pretty looking. Some parts are made of plastic, e.g. car window – glass free furniture, save for children ManufacturingProduct The function of the product is to be a comfort area for children, where they can just relax and play at the same time. The product had been designed in a creative way to encourage children to let their imagination free by having a normal solid furniture in the shape of a transporting source. It’s something that children as well as parents Function and Cost Product Analysis
  4. 4. These are boat shaped beds for children, mostly targeted at young boys between 4-8 years old. Secondary Research Boat shaped furniture – similar existing products From my secondary research, I have gathered pictures of boat shaped beds that helped me develop and come up with new ideas for my design. Beds are meant to have a flat base, which suggest that it will need to be presented in a different way, apart from its shape, to make it look like a boat. 1) This bed has a simple design, and shape, but we can still tell that it is in a boat form. It follows the same typical shape of a boat structure, with the pointy front and flat back. 2) This is a bigger bed, with more compartments and detail, and the design is more complex. It looks more like a pirate boat than picture 1. It has got a book shelf, a sail, and a helm for decoration. The bed is also perfected with beautifully designed 4) The last bed is also very complex, almost like a combination of picture 1 and 2. It includes a lot of features of a pirate ship, such as anchors at the front of the bed, helm and a mast with a sail. All four beds seem to share similar features, such as a flat base, flat backboards that act like the back of 1) 2) 3) 4)
  5. 5. SpecificationSize Base made up of three sections • Section A (helm/bow): 65 cm x 50 cm • Section B (middle): 78 cm x 90 cm • Section C (back): 80 cm x 80 cm Height: 63 cm Health & Safety The boat should be safe and comfortable enough for the children to play in. It will have smooth edges and surfaces, Function It is a play area to encourage young children to explore their imaginary worlds. Materials •Square poles of pine wood (2” x 2”) • MDF • Planks of Plywood (width: 10 cm, thickness: 9 mm) • Screws • Nails • Sawdust • Wood glue • Paints Aesthetics The boat will need be eye catching and full of excitement, it will be covered with bright colours that should attract the children. I will make sure that the boat refers to both boys and girls; it will have a masculine side e.g. shark and dolphins which are more feminine. My colour scheme is also very important, of course I will go in the direction of cool colours, such as blue, to emphasize the atmosphere of the ocean. filler Theme PIRATE S! Target Market • Children at the age of 3-5 years • Boys and Girls Make sure to express the oceanic atmosphere – to encourage their imagination
  6. 6. Initial Idea This was my first design idea. I was following more of a fairytale or dream like theme, and a little weak on the Pirates side. However this design should have a flat base and complemented with cushions for comfort. As you can see, it is still in the form of a boat, there are pluses and negatives to this design idea, but there were more negatives to it. This design is very simple, too simple; it is in the form of a small wooden rowing boat, with a wooden pole that stands in the middle that holds curtains in addition to that act like sails. On the other hand, I didn’t really like this idea and I did not believe that it would work; I also think On the other hand, I have also collected secondary evidence of wooden boats and boat shaped beds, these helped me to gather my ideas together. I kept the idea of having a flat
  7. 7. This drawing of the wooden boat really inspired me, and I tried to balance out the possibilities of what I can or cannot do. I took the things that I liked and developed my ideas. Here I liked the idea of the flat back, backboards and the seats, and I think that it is reasonable to have two of the seats with a back for comfort. I think that it is important to keep in mind whether it would be comfortable or not, because it links to my target market. As I developed my designs and sketches, in my progression I found that it would be better if the seats were opposite to each other, that way the people sitting on them could face each other. Developing Ideas On the right, I explored different shapes and colours of waves, as well as different tones of brown. This helped me figure out my colour scheme, as In conclusion to that, I picked the dark brown tone, with light blue that should be outlined with white, this should allow both colours to clash and stand out. I chose the smoothly rounded waves to refer to the calm sea, contrasting with
  8. 8. Height: 118 cm Width: 30 cm (shoulders) 22 cm (waist) Arm length: 54 cm Weight: 17.5 kg Client ProfileOur client would be a foundation teacher, since the product we are all making are for foundation students in our school. They would often have events, where they would dress up like pirates and play pretend, which is why our products are pirate themed. This is Evanna, she’s in foundation 2, and she is 5 years old. She adores the show Jake and the Neverland Pirates, which is a popular Disney junior programme, and she is extremely excited about my boat. When the boat is made, Evanna and her friends will be able to play pirates like Jake and his friends. Pupils in the foundation stage are aged between 3-5 years. They are at they stage where they are very active, and they just want to know everything, explore new things and be imaginative with minds filled with wonder. They are still at that stage where all they really PIRATES DAY!Pirates Day is when boys and girls dress up and parade around school. Boys dress up as pirates and girls would This is why I chose the idea of making a boat, to make their favourite event complete. How can pirates be pirates
  9. 9. This means that Evanna is quite tall for her age. I have based my ergonomics data on Evanna, because it is better to have a big boat than a boat that wont fit the slightly bigger kids. Ergonomics andAnthropometric data • The boat should fit four children, having two people sat at each end of the boat. There will be two seats in the mid section of the boat (140cm), one against the stern (back of the boat) and the other one is at the rear of the boat, where a back board will be built in to support it. • The rear seat will be 40 cm x 75cm and the seat at the stern will be 40 cm x 85 cm (the extra 5cm is to allow it to stick out of the boat as a step), these sizes are different due to the shape of the boat, the height of the seat will be 30cm which is half the height of the boat. Normal height and weight of children from the age of 3-5 years old: * Boys: 95cm – 110cm, 15kg -19kg * Girls: 95cm – 118 cm, 15kg-19kg Evanna’s shoulders are 34cm wide, therefore there should be a space between the two people sitting because being cramped together would not be very comfortable. The length from the waist to her knees when she is sitting down is 36cm, therefore the seat will need to be wider than that for her to fit in comfortably. When she is sitting down the top half of her body will be 52cm and the height of the boat from the seat will be 30cm which means that she
  10. 10. Beginning of Designing - Modelling I started designing by making models to help me with the shape and structure of my boat. Model 1) did not work out because MDF wood are not flexible enough to bend, and it was difficult to angle the pieces together. I used foam board for model 3), so it would be easier to bend and angle: this helped my decide what type of shape I want.I experimented with shapes in model 2), to establish the fact that not all boats are pointy. I was exploring with different shapes, and possibilities of what would work. For example, this traditional boat is rounded. Model 2), however, did not work due to the structure of the angles and the complexity, on the other hand I liked the 1) 3) 2)
  11. 11. Materials used for model designPieces of dowel wood and 9 mm of MDF were used to make models. They were cut in an angle, but they didn’t work as well as I expected. The dowel wood model was the most successful than the others.The dowel wood gave me the idea of having different pieces of wood ordered overlapping each other to create the body of the boat and the dense feature of MDF wood will be used as a base of the boat.I found it difficult to angle the pieces of wood together, I also had to think about the structure of the boat – what will hold the body of the boat. The dowel wood fortunately helped me figure out how: I could use “pillars” to structure the boat and the planks/pieces of dowel could be stuck onto the pillars of dowel.I found it easier to start modelling and learning quickly about the shape than doing sketches on paper; it is also more enjoyable to actually start making using the explored materials as I
  12. 12. MODELS EXPERIMENTS JOINTS I experimented with the strips/planks idea with these models The inside structure of the ‘U’ shaped MDF pieces here are used to convey the “pillars” method, however it will not work in a scaled model (the real boat), therefore this model did not work. This model would not work because it would take up too much space across the inside of the boat, also the MDF pieces would be too thin to hold the body of the boat. Again it was difficult to angle the pieces, but this model illustrates the shape I am looking for, however I didn’t like the overly sharp shape. I experimented with different joints, to structure the boat. I needed to join 3 pieces of wood together, and it had to be strong.
  13. 13. CAD drawing made By Google SKETCHES OF THE BOAT From different angles Different drawings showing the positioning of the seats. I preferred the idea of the seats facing each other than in a row.
  14. 14. Developing Design Sketch: figuring out the structure/frame The sketch above explains the interior of the boat. Above is a sketch to show the plain exterior of the boat. Each section of the body is made up of planks of plywood
  15. 15. Diary of Making Painted, Varnished and Decorated Structure of the boat Sanded and filed FRAME BODY
  16. 16. Materials and measurements for the base of the boat Length: 65cm x 78cm x 80cm Width: 50cm x 90cm x 80cm (front) (middle) (back) Height: 60 cm seats Drawn to scale 2”x2” pine wood (structure/fr ame) 9mm plywood (Planks – body) 2mm MDF board (front of boat – bow) 9mm MDF board (base) • Plywood is a manufactured wood panel made from thin sheets of wood veneer. Plywood is used instead of plain wood because of plywood's resistance to cracking, shrinkage, splitting, and twisting/warping, and because of its generally high strength. • MDF does not contain knots or rings, making it more uniform than natural woods during cutting and in service. Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) is formed by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, often in a defibrator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure. MDF is denser than plywood and it is made up of separated fibres, but can be used as a building material similar in application to plywood. • The most common type of Veneered MDF is by using Oak. This is a highly complex procedure which involved taking an extremely thin slice of hardwood (approx 1-2mm
  17. 17. Cutting and sanding the base I used fillers (sawdust and wood glue) to make an extra strong MAKING: STRUCTURE OF BOATShaping joints
  18. 18. B A A is a connector, the standing piece that connects bottom frame with the top frame. I also connects with B and C pieces.The back/front of the structure. Another piece of wood stands, to connect bottom part with the top, as well as the piece going across to connect the left side with the right side of the structure.The joint connects like a puzzle. The structure of the boat is made up of strongly jointed pine wood (2”x2”), cut in an angle to follow the shape of the boat. It is made up of twelve joints, top to bottom. Each joint are made up of three individual pine wood stuck together; two pieces would need to lay flat to support the one piece standing, which connects with the top part of the frame. Two pieces of wood needed to support the connector, both will need to be cut in an angle, this allows the frame to follow the shape of the boat: so it wouldn’t just look like a rectangle. The joints are stuck together with sawdust and wood glue
  19. 19. JOIN TS The joints were screwed together so they were super strong. STRUCTU RE Similar to a T- halving joint, except there are 3 pieces of wood and the two on the ground are in an angle. Dovetail joint to allow angling.
  20. 20. To create the body of the boat , I had to drill holes and used two screws for each surface being jointed together, this is to make sure that the bonds are strong. I also used fillers to fill in gaps and other errors, on top of that, nails and of Almost like isosceles triangles (in an angle) 2 screws This is the front (bow) of the boat. Here I am hammering the structure of the bow to allow planks to stick on it (inside structure at an angle) *This was a difficult part. Tenon and mortise joint
  21. 21. Decoration I also painted waves and sea creatures to enchant the tropical and pirate themed atmosphere. ste p Seats being put in, with legs for support.
  22. 22. The front (bow) is left to be simple. I painted waves all around the boat, with light blue and white outline. It stands out on the dark brown tone of the boat. On the left side of the boat we have got a shark, but only its tip and tail are showing, this should attract the boys. I wanted to make my product suitable for both girls and boys, so they can play together. I painted dolphins at the back of the boat, to emphasize the atmosphere of being in the middle of the ocean; I have used The blue represents a glass floor overlooking the water under the boat. Here we have friendly fishes with pretty, eye catching colours, and a jellyfish. Barnacl es
  24. 24. Testing
  25. 25. IT’S A SUCCESS! The children seemed to really like the boat, which is a success! It was an amazing experience watching them play in the Cruise Seat, it made me feel like I have achieved my goal. As active little pirates, they sailed the oceans with attitude. They took turns to be the Captain, and even brought their own additional props to make it even more exciting. Such a long day... And still not got the biggest catch of the day *sigh* AARRRR GGHHH!! ! YO-HO- LET’SGO!!! O-oh!Ithinkwe caughta shark!!! They pretended they were going out fishing with their fishing nets, and it seems like they have accidently
  26. 26. WHAT WORKED WHAT DIDN’T/ How it could be improved The structure of the boat worked quite well and I like how it has a flat base. The flat base makes the boat safer for the children to play in: they can walk around the boat without it rocking or tilting etc. Boats are curved, and they have a special shaped base that allows it to float in water, there features were unnecessary for the Cruise Seat. My secondary research supported the fact that having a flat base is ideal. The seats opposite each other allow the passengers of the boat to face each other, also it would provide more open space between them, when the seats are far apart. I didn’t like the seats laid out in a row, it would be more fun if the children could face each other. Also it would take too much space. The backboards goes well with the seats, useful for comfort. The seats are also complimented with cushions made of foam and sowed fabric, in a pillow case style covers. However this could be improved if the backboards also had foam for extra comfort. The back seat sticks out a little on the side, that work as a step which should help the children to climb into the boat. This could be a little unsafe because they could hit themselves or stumble on it, if they’re not aware. To improve this, I could make little rope ladders to help them climb WHAT WENT WELL
  27. 27. EVALUATING AGAINST MY SPECIFICATION SPECIFICATI ON X Health and Safety I believe that my boat is comfortable enough for the children to use as a play area, where I have provided seats with cushions to fulfil my point. The boat is also carefully sanded down and varnished to perfection, to make prevent the children from getting splinters from the wood, it also makes the boat look more attractive. However, my boat does not have a rounded shape that should allow it to have safe rounded edges. This means that the children could really injure themselves from e.g. Falling off and hitting their heads on the sharp edges. Function The boat is meant to be a play area for foundation children, it should work as a seat/bench for them to sit in, as well as pretend to be pirates in their pirate ship. I think that I have met this point very well. I believe that I have achieved the target that I have set for this point, however I think that I could improve the function of my design by adding more fascinating accessories e.g. A sail and a helm with a steering wheel, etc. Size The boat is very large, and its around 8 foundation children at once. I felt that the spacing inside the boat was ideal, and I’m glad that I chose to place the two seats opposite each other, which left a useful space in between for the children to move about in. The fact that more children fitted in the boat, meant that my predictions were wrong and I didn’t do my measurements correctly. Materials I thought that the materials I had chosen worked very well, and they were all very easy to work with. The filler was also very useful during the making of the boat. The 9mm plywood planks were not bendy and they were very stiff, which made the shape of the boat very straight. To improve this point, I would use 4mm MDF sheets all around the body of the boat, this should allow the shape of the boat to look more flexible and curved. Aesthetics I think that my boat looks very catchy and during the testing of my product, I got a lot of positive feedback, and from the way the quickly approached the boat told me they were attracted by it. I stuck to my colour scheme of using bright colours, and I perfected my design with fascinating creature of the sea, that seem to I wish that I had also decorated the inside of the boat to make it look more fun and enjoyable to the children to look at while sailing through their lunch breaks, for example I could have painted a treasure chest with coins scattered on the floor, etc.
  28. 28. EVALUATION I think that overall it was a successful tryout, I believe that the children loved the boat; they seemed to really enjoy themselves playing pretend, exploring their wide worlds of imagination and most of all just being kids. This was my goal, to see big smiles on their faces when they play on the Cruise Seat, because kids like to have fun and let their imagination run wild, and since they are still at that stage they should enjoy it the fullest, while they can. I was really pleased with the feedback I had gotten. The kids enjoyed themselves and I am happy, everything worked better than I expected it. As soon as we places the boat on the foundation playground, the children came running to it; started from a few, until about ten or more of them came running over. The boat actually fits more than I predicted; I predicted the boat would only fit 4 children but it really fits around 8 children, which I thought was absolutely brilliant! They didn’t seem to mind being all cramped together, what mattered more to them was the amount of fun they are having. The only thing they suggested that would make the Cruise Seat better was if it was bigger, and if it had wheels. If I had more time to improve my design, I would make more steps to help the children climb onto the boat, on the other hand they don’t really need it, but it is for health and safety reasons, so they won’t hurt themselves while jumping in and out of the boat. I think that in the future I
  29. 29. Manufacturing Processes I think that my product would be suitable for different organizations that involve children, for example schools, nursery, children play areas, etc. Throughout the perfecting of the Cruise Seat, I have also found that the age group of the targeted market is actually wider than I expected; not only foundation kids are interested in my product but primary kids are too.Party organizers could also use my product, because they often offer different themes of party venues etc, and my product should be perfect for an outstanding Buccaneers party. Instead of table and chairs they could use the Cruise Seat which is more unique; having my product being used by party organizers, should lead to both the party organizer and the Cruise Seat to gain good image and increase of sales, because of their uniqueness and the Cruise Seat would get free advertising. My product could be a featured limited edition at an online shop, that could be ordered online and shipped. If there was a lot of it made, I think that the business would go into bankrupt because not many people would want to buy it; in other words, it would be rare to have a family of young children owning their personal Cruise Seat. In one hand, the Cruise Seat would be quite difficult to produce and it would cost quite a lot to manufacture.My product will need to be batch produced, and it will be set at a high price because it will be hand made. There will need to be a team with different sections, and individual teams in charge of different sections of structure, internal and external which would be the body of the boat, and the decoration of the boat. To maintain the uniqueness of the Cruise Seat, I think that there should be different designs for the decoration of the boat, for example, we could have a girly version with a mermaid painted on with a girly colour scheme., etc. Therefore I think that the most suitable way of putting my product in the market at all is by having it displayed and advertised as a limited edition product. It could also be ideal of selling it at a high market children shop: for example where I had done my primary research,