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Verb forms tenses class 9 cbse

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Structures and form of all tenses with examples and related workbook exercises. Apt for cbse class 9.

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Verb forms tenses class 9 cbse

  1. 1. VERB FORMS Class 9 – ENGLISH GRAMMAR Mrs. Sheetal Thomas
  2. 2. Verb Forms - Tenses • Tenses indicate time of action At the time of speaking Already taken place Expected to take place at or before a certain time in the future • Each of these tenses has 4 forms: 1. Simple 2. Continuous 3. Perfect 4. Perfect Continuous THREE MAIN TENSES PRESENT PAST FUTURE
  3. 3. FORMS OF SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE I, we You They read do not read don’t read He She It reads does not read Doesn’t read Do I, we You They Read? Does He She It • Simple present tense expresses habitual actions, routine actions and universal truths. EXAMPLES: 1. Mina _________________________(verb: like) to be friends with naughty girls. 2. They ____________________(verb: want) to lose the match.
  4. 4. FORMS OF PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE I + am I + am not I’m I’m not Playing (verb+ing) We + are We + are not We’re We’re not He/she + is It + is not He’s/ she’s It isn’t You + are You + are not You’re You are not They + are They + are not They’re They aren’t Am I Studying (verb+ing) Is he, she it Are we you they EXAMPLES: 1. I_________________________(verb: attend) a friends wedding reception. 2. They ____________________(verb: buy) clothes at the mall. • Present continuous tense expresses actions going on at the time of speaking.
  5. 5. FORMS OF PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I have eaten We ’ve He, she It He’s, she’s Has hasn’t You Have not They Haven’t Am I studying (verb+ing) Is he, she it Are we you they • Present perfect tense expresses an action completed in the past but linked with the present. EXAMPLES: 1. He_________________________(verb: beat) all the girls in the drawing competition. 2. You ____________________(verb: eat) up all the chocolates.
  6. 6. FORMS OF PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE I , we I’ve, we’ve been reading He, she It Has hasn’t You Have not They Haven’t Have I we you they been studying (verb+ing) Has he, she it • Present perfect continuous tense lays emphasis on the period of time for which an action has been going on. • For is used to indicate the time for which an action has been going on. • Since is used to indicate the point of time at which an action started. SOLVE (workbook): Page 4- q4. Page 9- q9, q10, q11 Page 10- q12.1, q12.2
  7. 7. FORMS OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE I , we Ate Didn’t eat Did not eat Did not eat He, she It You They Did I we you they Eat? he, she it • Simple past tense expresses actions in the past. EXAMPLE: • She________(verb: have) to cross the road to reach the station. • Shruthi ________(verb: run) and ________(verb: help) her get up.
  8. 8. FORMS OF PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE I was was not wasn’t were were not weren’t eating (verb+ing) He, she It You, we They Were Was we you they eating? I, he, she it • Past continuous tense expresses an action going on at sometime in the past. EXAMPLE: • The players ________(verb: play) with complete concentration. • They ________(verb: read NEGATIVE) story books in class yesterday.
  9. 9. FORMS OF PAST PERFECT TENSE I, we had had not ’d (you’d) hadn’t spoken He, she You They, it • Past perfect tense expresses an action that was completed before another action took place. EXAMPLE: • They ________(verb: speak NEGATIVE) to me. • I ________(verb: taken) the newspaper.
  10. 10. FORMS OF PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE I, we had had not ’d (you’d) hadn’t been speaking He, she You They, it • Past perfect tense expresses an action had been going on before another past action or an action that was recently completed. EXAMPLE: • You _________(verb: play) in the garden all along. • It ______(verb: use NEGATIVE) until now. SOLVE (workbook): Page 1- q1.1, q2, q2.2, Page 3 - q3 Page 5 - q5 Page 6 - q7
  11. 11. • Would and used (to) have very similar meanings and can often be used in the same situations. • Would expresses that an activity was routine, typical behavior, frequently repeated. • Use (to) (used in the past tense) expresses that an activity was a past habit; it occurred at an earlier stage of life but not now. It focuses on the habit, not duration or frequency. SOLVE (workbook): Page 13- q14
  12. 12. The Verb - To Have Forms of To Have Present Past Continuous I / you / we / they have had having he / she / it has had having • As a main verb “to have” implies the meaning of possession. • For example: “I have a job.” • The verb “to have” is used as an auxiliary verb to help other verbs create the perfect tense. - auxiliary verb have [+ past participle] • For example, “I have read a lot of books,” • It does not take the continuous form "I having" - for that we have to use the auxiliary verb be. • For example: “I am having a shower.” SOLVE (workbook): Page 7 – q8
  13. 13. A. The underlined words in the following passage have not been used appropriately. Replace them by choosing the most appropriate option from the ones given below the passage. Write your answers in your answer sheet with the correct number. Do not copy the whole passage. Residents of neighbouring colonies could be seen (a) packed their valuables and moving out to safer areas. As an (b) emergent measure, five companies of police were posted in the adjoining colonies for the (c) protect of the life and property of the residents. (a) (i) pack (ii) packing (iii) packet (iv) packer (b) (i) emergence (ii) emergency (iii) emerged (iv) emerging (c) (i) protection (ii) protected (iii) protecting (iv) protector
  14. 14. B. Complete the following passage by choosing the correct passive form of the verbs given in brackets from the alternatives given. Write your answers in the answer sheet against the correct blank number. People of Delhi (a)___________(loot) and massacred by the soldiers of Nadir Shah in 1739. It (b)____________ (write) in history that many important buildings (c)____________(destroy) by him. (a) (i) are looted (ii) were looted (iii) had been looted (iv) have been looted (b) (i) is written (ii) were written (iii) have written (iv) had written (c) (i) had destroyed (ii) have destroyed (iii) were destroyed (iv) was destroyed

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